苩helred 1 (Male) Lord of the Mercians, 879-911
m ix-l x

Notes: BDDAB, p. 27; BEASE, p. 14; Fletcher, pp. 144-6; Marios Costambeys, ?苩helred (d. 911)?, ODNB.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (54)
(1)
 ASC   
... Eadredo ... (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  75
... 苩heredo ... (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  83
Ae㧐lred (1)
 S219   
Athelred (1)
 S222   
Athelret (1)
 S371   
Eadred (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  80
Ea餰lred (1)
 S367   
Edelfrid (1)
 AnnalsFragIrel  168.429
Edred (2)
 S371   
 S371   
Elredus (1)
 S371   
Etheldredus (1)
 S349   
E餰red (1)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49)
苐fstan (1)
 S217   
苩hered (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  80
苩heredus (1)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 52)
起eldred (1)
 S223   
起elred (5)
 S1255   
 S216   
 S346   
 S1442   
 S1446   
起elredus (1)
 S367   
起elr鎑 (1)
 S218   
起ered (7)
 ASC  893 A (p. 57), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63)
 ASC  911 A
 ASC  887 C
 S361   
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 46)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 53)
 S221   
掐elred (10)
 ASC  912 D
 ASC (MR)  919 D
 ASC  886 D
 ASC (DEF)  910 D
 S1441   
 S361   
 S367a   
 S397   
 S222   
 S1280   
掐elredus (3)
 S220   
 S361   
 S367a   
掐ered (9)
 ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 D (p. 32)
 ASC  <912> B, 912 CG
 ASC (MR)  [911] B, 911 C
 ASC (MR)  [919] B, 919 C
 ASC  886 AEG, <887> B
 ASC (DEF)  910 E
 S216   
 S217   
 S396   
Personal Information (1)
moral (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  80 (the force and tyranny of 苩helred 1 [= 苩helred] and the Mercians)
Office (39)
Dominus (1)
 S219    (principatus and dominus of the Mercian people)
Dux (12)
 S216    (dux and patricius of the Mercian people)
 S218   
 S219   
 S349    (dux of the Mercians)
 S217   
 S217   
 S361   
 S396   
 S397   
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 46)
 S222    (dux of the Mercians)
 S1282   
Ealdorman (8)
 ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63)
 ASC  911 A, <912> B, 912 CDG (Ealdorman among the Mercians)
 ASC  886 ADEG, <887> B, 887 C
 S218   
 S223   
 S1441    (ealdorman of all Mercia)
 S1280   
 S1507   
Gubernator (1)
 S221    (holding by the assisting grace of God the monarchy of the Mercians and governing and defending them in honourable manner)
King (5)
 S1255    (king of the Mercians)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49) (King of the Mercians)
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 52) (King of the Mercians and the Northumbrians)
 S371   
Lord of (6)
 ASC (DEF)  910 DE (Lord of the Mercians)
 S361    (Lord of the Mercians)
 S367    (held dominion and power over the Mercian people with 苩helfl鎑 1 under Edward 1)
 S367a    (held power and dominion over the Mercian people under the aforesaid king [Edward 1])
 S371    (held dominion and power over the Mercian people under [Edward 1])
 S1446    (lord of the Mercians)
Monarchus (1)
 S221    (holding by the assisting grace of God the monarchy of the Mercians and governing and defending them in honourable manner)
Patricius (2)
 S216    (dux and patricius of the Mercian people)
 S346    (subregulus and patricius of the Mercians)
Principatus (1)
 S219    (principatus and dominus of the Mercian people)
Procurator (1)
 S220   
Subregulus (1)
 S346    (subregulus and patricius of the Mercians)
Status (7)
Comes (3)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  83
 Asser.VitAlfredi  75
 Asser.VitAlfredi  80
Lord (4)
 ASC (MR)  [911] B, 911 C
 ASC (MR)  [919] B, 919 CD
 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 53)
 S1280   
Personal Relationship (8)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of 苩helred 1 (1)
 苩helbald 13: of 苩helred 1: S1507   
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of 苩helred 1 (1)
 苐fwynn 2: of 苩helred 1: ASC (MR)  [919] B, 919 CD
~ Friend (General relationship) of 苩helred 1 (1)
 W鎟frith 6: of 苩helred 1: S223   
苩helred 1 Godfather (Ritual kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Anonymous 314: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 (p. 64)
~ Godson (Ritual kinship) of 苩helred 1 (1)
 Anonymous 314: of 苩helred 1: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63)
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of 苩helred 1 (3)
 苩helfl鎑 4: of 苩helred 1: Asser.VitAlfredi  75
 苩helfl鎑 4: of 苩helred 1: S217   
 苩helfl鎑 4: of 苩helred 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.155.3
Event (83)
Agreement (1)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
Assistance (1)
 Edward 2.siege of Anonymi 2531 at Thorney: The Danes (Anonymi 2531) were held besieged on an island in the marsh, Thorney. 苩helred 1 set out from London and helped Edward 2.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49) (893)
Battle (2)
 Anonymi 2078-Anonymi 2079-Anonymi 2080.battle at Chester: The armies of the Danes (Anonymi 2079) and Norwegians (Anonymi 2080) attacked Chester and were repulsed by the troops (Anonymi 2078).: AnnalsFragIrel  170.429
 苩helhelm 7.battle at Buttington with others against the Danes: The Anglo-Saxons [sc. 苩helhelm 7 with others] fought against the Danes [sc. H鎠ten 1 and others] at Buttington and gained the victory.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50) (893)
Bequeathing/will-making (2)
 Alfred 8.S1507 bequeathing sword to 苩helred 1: King Alfred 8 to Ealdorman 苩helred 1; bequest of a sword worth 100 mancuses.: S1507    (873 x 888)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, 苩helwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that 苐ffl鎑 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by 苩helred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to 苩helwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
Burh - building (1)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.ordering burh at Worcester to be built: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4 ordered the burh at Worcester to be built for the protection of all the people and to exalt the praise of God therein: S223    ( x 899)
Burh - capture (1)
 Alfred 8.siege of London: Alfred 8 besieged London and was well received by all (Anonymi 2534).: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 46)
Burial (1)
 苩helred 1.burial at Gloucester: 苩helred 1 was buried in peace in the citadel called Gloucester.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 53) (911)
Burning (1)
 S371 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewing landbook and confirming land for 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renews a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
Charter confirmation (6)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S371 confirming land of 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewed a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
 S361 - Edward 2 confirming sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2: Edward 2, 苩helred 1, and 苩hefl鎑 1 confirm the sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2 of 5 hides (manentes) at Water Eaton, Oxon., the earlier landbook having been lost: S361    (904)
 S361 - Wigfrith 2 requesting Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 for confirmation of land: Wigfrith 2 requested that Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 confirm Hungyth's sale of land to him: S361    (904)
 S367 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by 苩helwulf 30 to 苩helgyth 1, his daughter, of 30 hides (cassati) at Monks Risborough, Bucks.: S367    (903)
 S367a - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (903)
 S371 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewing landbook and confirming land for 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renews a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
Charter-witnessing (19)
 S1280 - W鎟frith 6 leasing land to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: W鎟frith 6, bishop, and the community at Worcester 1, to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, their lords; lease, for their lives and that of 苐fwynn 2 [their daughter] of a messuage (haga) in Worcester and land at Barbourne in North Claines, Worcs., with reversion to the bishop.: S1280    (904)
 S1282 - W鎟frith 6 leasing land to Cynehelm 9: W鎟frith 6, bishop (of Worcester), with the permission of King Alfred 8 and of 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, to Cynehelm 9, his kinsman; lease, for three lives, of 10 hides (manentes) at Bengeworth, Worcs., with reversion to the bishopric. The land had been granted to the church of Worcester by Burgred 5, king of the Mercians, and Bishop Ealhhun 2.: S1282    (907)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, 苩helwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that 苐ffl鎑 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by 苩helred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to 苩helwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
 S1446 - W鎟frith 6-Eadnoth 4 settling dispute: Settlement of a dispute between W鎟frith 6, bishop, and Eadnoth 4, concerning land at Sodbury, Gloucs. : S1446    (903)
 S217 - 苩helred 1 granting land to the diocese of Worcester 1: 苩helred 1, dux et patricius of Mercian people, to the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 6 hides (mansiones) at Brightwell Baldwin and 8 at Watlington, Oxon., to pertain to the church at Readanoran (i.e. Pyrton, Oxon): S217    (887)
 S218 - 苩helred 1 selling privileges to Berkeley Abbey and leasing land to Cynewulf 11: (a) 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses. (b) 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of the land at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1: S218    (883)
 S219 - 苩helred 1 granting land and salt-works to 苩helwulf 25: 苩helred 1, principatus and dominus the Mercians, to 苩helwulf 25; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Himbleton, Worcs., with appurtenant salt-workings etc: S219    (884)
 S220 - 苩helred 1 granting land: 苩helred 1, procurator of Mercians, to Wulfgar 2, minister; grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Walden, Herts.: S220    (888)
 S221 - 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 exchanging with Much Wenlock: 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 S222 - 苩helred 1 regranting land to Cuthwulf 9: 苩helred 1, dux Merciorum, to Cuthwulf 9, minister; renewal of the grant by King Burgred 5 to Cered 1, Cuthwulf 9's propinquus, of 10 hides (manentes) at Marlcliff in Cleeve Prior, Worcs., the ancient landbook having been carried off by 'pagans' (Vikings); with a note that the beneficiary later granted the land to the church of Worcester 1: S222    (883 x 911)
 S223 - 苩helred 1 & 苩helfl鎑 4 granting rights to Worcester: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4, with the witness of King Alfred 8, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's; grant of legal and trading rights at Worcester: land-rent, the fine for fighting, or theft, or dishonest trading, and damages to the borough-wall, and all the [fines for] offences which admit of compensation, are to belong half to the lord of the church, for the sake of God and St Peter, exactly as it has been laid done as regards this market-place and the streets; outside the market-place, the bishop is to be entitled to his lands and all his rights.: S223    (884 x 889)
 S346 - Alfred 8 & 苩helred 1 granting land and commercial privileges to W鎟frith 6: Alfred 8, king of the English and the Saxons, and 苩helred 1, subregulus et patricius Merciorum, to W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester; grant of land 鎡 Hw鎡mundes stane in London, with commercial privileges: S346    (889)
 S349 - Alfred 8 granting land to Burgric 1: Alfred 8, king of the Saxons, to Burgric 1, bishop of Rochester; grant of land at Freckenham, Suffolk, and at Isleham, Cambs.: S349    (895)
 S361 - Edward 2 confirming sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2: Edward 2, 苩helred 1, and 苩hefl鎑 1 confirm the sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2 of 5 hides (manentes) at Water Eaton, Oxon., the earlier landbook having been lost: S361    (904)
 S361 - Wigfrith 2 requesting Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 for confirmation of land: Wigfrith 2 requested that Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 confirm Hungyth's sale of land to him: S361    (904)
 S367 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by 苩helwulf 30 to 苩helgyth 1, his daughter, of 30 hides (cassati) at Monks Risborough, Bucks.: S367    (903)
 S367a - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (903)
 S371 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewing landbook and confirming land for 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renews a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 苩helfl鎑 4-苩helred 1.building of Gloucester monastery: In Gloucester at the time of King Alfred 8 his daughter 苩helfl鎑 4 and her husband 苩helred 1 had built a well-provisioned monastery on which no expense was spared; and they had transferred there from Bardney the remains of King Oswald 1, all Mercia being under their sway.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.155.3
Commendation (2)
 Anarawd 1-Anonymi 146.submission to lordship of Alfred 8: Anarawd 1 with all his people (Anonymi 146) submitted himself to the lordship of the king (Alfred 8).: Asser.VitAlfredi  80
 Hywel 1.submission with others to lordship of Alfred 8: Hywel 1 and others sought the king (Alfred 8) to have his lordship and protection.: Asser.VitAlfredi  80
Confirmation of land/privileges (5)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S371 confirming land of 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewed a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
 S222 - 苩helred 1 regranting land to Cuthwulf 9: 苩helred 1, dux Merciorum, to Cuthwulf 9, minister; renewal of the grant by King Burgred 5 to Cered 1, Cuthwulf 9's propinquus, of 10 hides (manentes) at Marlcliff in Cleeve Prior, Worcs., the ancient landbook having been carried off by 'pagans' (Vikings); with a note that the beneficiary later granted the land to the church of Worcester 1: S222    (883 x 911)
 S361 - Edward 2 confirming sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2: Edward 2, 苩helred 1, and 苩hefl鎑 1 confirm the sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2 of 5 hides (manentes) at Water Eaton, Oxon., the earlier landbook having been lost: S361    (904)
 S361 - Wigfrith 2 requesting Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 for confirmation of land: Wigfrith 2 requested that Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 confirm Hungyth's sale of land to him: S361    (904)
 苩helred 1.S222 confirming lands of Cuthwulf 9: 苩helred 1, dux Merciorum, to Cuthwulf 9, minister; renewal of the grant by King Burgred 5 to Cered 1, Cuthwulf 9's propinquus, of 10 hides (manentes) at Marlcliff in Cleeve Prior, Worcs., the ancient landbook having been carried off by 'pagans' (Vikings); with a note that the beneficiary later granted the land to the church of Worcester 1: S222    (883 x 911)
Death/dying (1)
 苩helred 1.death: 苩helred 1 passed from the world.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 53) (911)
Disputing/dispute-settling (2)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, 苩helwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that 苐ffl鎑 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by 苩helred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to 苩helwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
 S1446 - W鎟frith 6-Eadnoth 4 settling dispute: Settlement of a dispute between W鎟frith 6, bishop, and Eadnoth 4, concerning land at Sodbury, Gloucs. : S1446    (903)
Exhumation (1)
 苩helfl鎑 4-苩helred 1.building of Gloucester monastery: In Gloucester at the time of King Alfred 8 his daughter 苩helfl鎑 4 and her husband 苩helred 1 had built a well-provisioned monastery on which no expense was spared; and they had transferred there from Bardney the remains of King Oswald 1, all Mercia being under their sway.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.155.3
Freeing captives (1)
 Alfred 8.return to H鎠ten 1 of his family: Alfred 8 handed back the wife (Anonymous 312) and sons (Anonymous 313 and Anonymous 314) to H鎠ten 1.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63) (893)
Governing (2)
 Alfred 8.granting of London to the care of 苩helred 1: Alfred 8 gave London to 苩helred 1 to protect.: Asser.VitAlfredi  83
 Alfred 8.terms of alliance with various Welsh rulers: All had goodwill, protection and defence in every respect in which the king (Alfred 8) was able to defend himself and all his people.: Asser.VitAlfredi  81
Grant and Gift (25)
 Alfred 8-苩helred 1.granting land and commercial privileges to W鎟frith 6: Alfred 8, king of the English and the Saxons, and 苩helred 1, subregulus et patricius Merciorum, to W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester 1; grant of land 鎡 Hw鎡mundes stane in London, with commercial privileges: S346    (889)
 Alfred 8.entrusting of fortification of London to 苩helred 1: Alfred 8 entrusted the fortified settlement to 苩helred 1 to hold.: ASC  886 ADEG, <887> B, 887 C (886)
 Alfred 8.granting land to Canterbury and Worcester: Alfred 8, king, and 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, to Plegmund 1, archbishop, and to Christ Church, and to W鎟frith 6, bishop, and the church of Worcester; grant of 2 iugera of land at 苩heredes hyd (Queenhithe) on the Thames, one to each.: S1628    (898 x 899)
 Alfred 8.granting of London to the care of 苩helred 1: Alfred 8 gave London to 苩helred 1 to protect.: Asser.VitAlfredi  83
 Edward 2-苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S371 confirming land of 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewed a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
 Much Wenlock 1.S221 exchanging with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: 苩helred 15 and 苩helfl鎑 7, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock 1; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 S1282 - W鎟frith 6 leasing land to Cynehelm 9: W鎟frith 6, bishop (of Worcester), with the permission of King Alfred 8 and of 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, to Cynehelm 9, his kinsman; lease, for three lives, of 10 hides (manentes) at Bengeworth, Worcs., with reversion to the bishopric. The land had been granted to the church of Worcester by Burgred 5, king of the Mercians, and Bishop Ealhhun 2.: S1282    (907)
 S217 - 苩helred 1 granting land to the diocese of Worcester 1: 苩helred 1, dux et patricius of Mercian people, to the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 6 hides (mansiones) at Brightwell Baldwin and 8 at Watlington, Oxon., to pertain to the church at Readanoran (i.e. Pyrton, Oxon): S217    (887)
 S218 - 苩helred 1 selling privileges to Berkeley Abbey and leasing land to Cynewulf 11: (a) 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses. (b) 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of the land at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1: S218    (883)
 S219 - 苩helred 1 granting land and salt-works to 苩helwulf 25: 苩helred 1, principatus and dominus the Mercians, to 苩helwulf 25; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Himbleton, Worcs., with appurtenant salt-workings etc: S219    (884)
 S220 - 苩helred 1 granting land: 苩helred 1, procurator of Mercians, to Wulfgar 2, minister; grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Walden, Herts.: S220    (888)
 S221 - 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 exchanging with Much Wenlock: 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 S222 - 苩helred 1 regranting land to Cuthwulf 9: 苩helred 1, dux Merciorum, to Cuthwulf 9, minister; renewal of the grant by King Burgred 5 to Cered 1, Cuthwulf 9's propinquus, of 10 hides (manentes) at Marlcliff in Cleeve Prior, Worcs., the ancient landbook having been carried off by 'pagans' (Vikings); with a note that the beneficiary later granted the land to the church of Worcester 1: S222    (883 x 911)
 S223 - 苩helred 1 & 苩helfl鎑 4 granting rights to Worcester: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4, with the witness of King Alfred 8, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's; grant of legal and trading rights at Worcester: land-rent, the fine for fighting, or theft, or dishonest trading, and damages to the borough-wall, and all the [fines for] offences which admit of compensation, are to belong half to the lord of the church, for the sake of God and St Peter, exactly as it has been laid done as regards this market-place and the streets; outside the market-place, the bishop is to be entitled to his lands and all his rights.: S223    (884 x 889)
 S346 - Alfred 8 & 苩helred 1 granting land and commercial privileges to W鎟frith 6: Alfred 8, king of the English and the Saxons, and 苩helred 1, subregulus et patricius Merciorum, to W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester; grant of land 鎡 Hw鎡mundes stane in London, with commercial privileges: S346    (889)
 S349 - Alfred 8 granting land to Burgric 1: Alfred 8, king of the Saxons, to Burgric 1, bishop of Rochester; grant of land at Freckenham, Suffolk, and at Isleham, Cambs.: S349    (895)
 S367 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by 苩helwulf 30 to 苩helgyth 1, his daughter, of 30 hides (cassati) at Monks Risborough, Bucks.: S367    (903)
 S367a - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (903)
 S371 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renewing landbook and confirming land for 苩helfrith 3: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, renews a landbook destroyed by fire for 苩helfrith 3, dux; confirmation of 20 hides (cassati) at Wrington, Somerset: S371    (903)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S221 exchanging with Much Wenlock 1: 苩helred 15 and 苩helfl鎑 7, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S223 granting rights to St Peter's, Worcester: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4, with the witness of King Alfred 8, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of legal and trading rights at Worcester: land-rent, the fine for fighting, or theft, or dishonest trading, and damages to the borough-wall, and all the [fines for] offences which admit of compensation, are to belong half to the lord of the church, for the sake of God and St Peter, exactly as it has been laid done as regards this market-place and the streets; outside the market-place, the bishop is to be entitled to his lands and all his rights.: S223    (884 x 901)
 苩helred 1.S217 granting land to the bishopric of Worcester 1: 苩helred 1, dux et patricius of Mercian people, to the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 6 hides (mansiones) at Brightwell Baldwin and 8 at Watlington, Oxon., to pertain to the church at Readanoran (i.e. Pyrton, Oxon): S217    (887)
 苩helred 1.S219 granting land to 苩helwulf: 苩helred 1, principatus and dominus the Mercians, to 苩helwulf 25; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Himbleton, Worcs., with appurtenant salt-workings etc: S219    (884)
 苩helred 1.S220 granting land to Wulfgar 2: 苩helred 1, procurator of Mercians, to Wulfgar 2, minister; grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Walden, Herts.: S220    (888)
 苩helred 1.S222 confirming lands of Cuthwulf 9: 苩helred 1, dux Merciorum, to Cuthwulf 9, minister; renewal of the grant by King Burgred 5 to Cered 1, Cuthwulf 9's propinquus, of 10 hides (manentes) at Marlcliff in Cleeve Prior, Worcs., the ancient landbook having been carried off by 'pagans' (Vikings); with a note that the beneficiary later granted the land to the church of Worcester 1: S222    (883 x 911)
Hospitality (1)
 Alfred 8.siege of London: Alfred 8 besieged London and was well received by all (Anonymi 2534).: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 46)
Hostage-giving/taking (2)
 Anonymi 2531.giving of hostages (Anonymi 2563): Hostages (Anonymi 2563) were given by the Danes (Anonymi 2531) [at Thorney].: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49)
 H鎠ten 1-Anonymi 2564.hostages given: The Danes [sc. H鎠ten 1 and Anonymi 2564] did not refuse hostages (Anonymi 2587).: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50) (893)
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (1)
 苩helred 1.death: 苩helred 1 died from an illness.: AnnalsFragIrel  168.429
Journey (1)
 Alfred 8.return to H鎠ten 1 of his family: Alfred 8 handed back the wife (Anonymous 312) and sons (Anonymous 313 and Anonymous 314) to H鎠ten 1.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63) (893)
Law-making/legislation (3)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, 苩helwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that 苐ffl鎑 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by 苩helred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to 苩helwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
 S223 - 苩helred 1 & 苩helfl鎑 4 granting rights to Worcester: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4, with the witness of King Alfred 8, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's; grant of legal and trading rights at Worcester: land-rent, the fine for fighting, or theft, or dishonest trading, and damages to the borough-wall, and all the [fines for] offences which admit of compensation, are to belong half to the lord of the church, for the sake of God and St Peter, exactly as it has been laid done as regards this market-place and the streets; outside the market-place, the bishop is to be entitled to his lands and all his rights.: S223    (884 x 889)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S223 granting rights to St Peter's, Worcester: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, and 苩helfl鎑 4, with the witness of King Alfred 8, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of legal and trading rights at Worcester: land-rent, the fine for fighting, or theft, or dishonest trading, and damages to the borough-wall, and all the [fines for] offences which admit of compensation, are to belong half to the lord of the church, for the sake of God and St Peter, exactly as it has been laid done as regards this market-place and the streets; outside the market-place, the bishop is to be entitled to his lands and all his rights.: S223    (884 x 901)
Lease (5)
 Cynewulf 11.S218 purchasing lease from 苩helred 1: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1, in exchange for 60 mancuses of gold.: S218    (883)
 S1280 - W鎟frith 6 leasing land to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: W鎟frith 6, bishop, and the community at Worcester 1, to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, their lords; lease, for their lives and that of 苐fwynn 2 [their daughter] of a messuage (haga) in Worcester and land at Barbourne in North Claines, Worcs., with reversion to the bishop.: S1280    (904)
 S218 - 苩helred 1 selling privileges to Berkeley Abbey and leasing land to Cynewulf 11: (a) 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses. (b) 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of the land at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1: S218    (883)
 W鎟frith 6.S1280 leasing land to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: W鎟frith 6, bishop, and the community at Worcester 1, to 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, their lords; lease, for their lives and that of 苐fwynn 2, their daughter, of a messuage (haga) in Worcester 1 and land at Barbourne in North Claines, Worcs., with reversion to the bishop.: S1280    (904)
 苩helred 1.leasing land to Cynewulf 11 S218: 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1, in exchange for 60 mancuses of gold.: S218    (883)
Liturgical celebration (1)
 W鎟frith 6-Worcester, Peter抯.appointing divine offices for 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: Bishop W鎟frith 6 and the community of Worcester, St Peter's, appointed the following divine offices to be said for 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 both during their lives and after their deaths: at every matins and at every vespers and at every tierce, the psalm De profundis as long as they live, and after their death Laudate Dominum; and every Saturday in St Peter's church 30 psalms and a mass for them.: S223    (889 x 899)
Marriage (1)
 苩helfl鎑 4.marriage to 苩helred 1 [= 苩helred 1]: 苩helfl鎑 4 was joined to 苩helred 1 [= 苩helred 1] in matrimony.: Asser.VitAlfredi  75
Meeting (3)
 Alfred 8-苩helred 1.earlier reception of sons of H鎠ten 1: Alfred 8 and 苩helred 1 had received the family of H鎠ten 1 before the latter came to Benfleet.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63)
 Alfred 8.return to H鎠ten 1 of his family: Alfred 8 handed back the wife (Anonymous 312) and sons (Anonymous 313 and Anonymous 314) to H鎠ten 1.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63) (893)
 苩helred 1.meeting with others: 苩helred 1 gathered at the Severn with a variety of people from burhs in a variety of places.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 68), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 64) (893)
Message-sending (1)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.request to the Irish (Anonymi 2081): 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 sent messengers (Anonymi 2082) to the Irish (Anonymi 2081).: AnnalsFragIrel  170.429, 172,429
Mustering (1)
 苩helhelm 7.mustering of forces with others: 苩helhelm 7, 苩helnoth 14 and 苩helred 1 mustered forces.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50) (893)
Ordering (2)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Ealdred 25 to purchase land from Anonymi 1821: Edward 2 and 苩helred 28 along with some comites and ministri ordered Ealdred 25 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1821 (pagans): S396    (899 x 911)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Uhtred 11 to purchase land from Anonymi 1822: Edward 2 and 苩helred 1 along with some comites and ministri ordered Uhtred 11 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1822 (pagans): S397    (926)
Patronage (1)
 Alfred 8.terms of alliance with various Welsh rulers: All had goodwill, protection and defence in every respect in which the king (Alfred 8) was able to defend himself and all his people.: Asser.VitAlfredi  81
Peace agreement (2)
 Anonymi 2531.peace agreement: Anonymi 2531 asked for a peace-treaty. They agreed to leave the realm of 苩helred 1 and did so.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (pp. 49-50) (893)
 H鎠ten 1-Anonymi 2564.peace confirmed: The Danes [sc. H鎠ten 1 and Anonymi 2564] again confirmed the peace. They promised to leave that region.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50) (893)
Peace agreement - breach (1)
 Anonymi 2538.breaking of peace with Edward 2 and 苩helred 1: The barbarians (Anonymi 2538) broke the agreement with Edward 2 and also 苩helred 1.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 52)
Promise (1)
 H鎠ten 1-Anonymi 2564.peace confirmed: The Danes [sc. H鎠ten 1 and Anonymi 2564] again confirmed the peace. They promised to leave that region.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50) (893)
Property-buying/purchasing (2)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Ealdred 25 to purchase land from Anonymi 1821: Edward 2 and 苩helred 28 along with some comites and ministri ordered Ealdred 25 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1821 (pagans): S396    (899 x 911)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Uhtred 11 to purchase land from Anonymi 1822: Edward 2 and 苩helred 1 along with some comites and ministri ordered Uhtred 11 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1822 (pagans): S397    (926)
Property-exchanging (8)
 Berkeley 1.S218 exchanging land and money for privileges with 苩helred 1: 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley 1 Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses: S218    (883)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Ealdred 25 to purchase land from Anonymi 1821: Edward 2 and 苩helred 28 along with some comites and ministri ordered Ealdred 25 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1821 (pagans): S396    (899 x 911)
 Edward 2-苩helred 1.ordering Uhtred 11 to purchase land from Anonymi 1822: Edward 2 and 苩helred 1 along with some comites and ministri ordered Uhtred 11 to purchase land at Chalgrave and Tebworth, Beds. from Anonymi 1822 (pagans): S397    (926)
 Much Wenlock 1.S221 exchanging with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: 苩helred 15 and 苩helfl鎑 7, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock 1; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 S218 - 苩helred 1 selling privileges to Berkeley Abbey and leasing land to Cynewulf 11: (a) 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses. (b) 苩helred 1, ealdorman, to Cynewulf 11, son of Ceoluht 1; lease, for three lives, of the land at Stoke Bishop, with reversion to the bishopric of Worcester 1: S218    (883)
 S221 - 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 exchanging with Much Wenlock: 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.S221 exchanging with Much Wenlock 1: 苩helred 15 and 苩helfl鎑 7, rulers of Mercia, to the community of the church of Much Wenlock; grant of 10 hides (cassatae) at Stanton Long and 3 hides (manentes) at Caughley in Barrow, Salop., in exchange for 3 hides (manentes) at Easthope and 5 at Patton, Salop. They also grant a gold chalice weighing 30 mancuses in honour of Abbess Mildburg 1.: S221    (901)
 苩helred 1.S218 exchanging privileges for land and money with Berkeley 1: 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley 1 Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses: S218    (883)
Property-giving/selling (4)
 Berkeley 1.S218 exchanging land and money for privileges with 苩helred 1: 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley 1 Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses: S218    (883)
 S361 - Edward 2 confirming sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2: Edward 2, 苩helred 1, and 苩hefl鎑 1 confirm the sale by Hungyth 1 to Wigfrith 2 of 5 hides (manentes) at Water Eaton, Oxon., the earlier landbook having been lost: S361    (904)
 S361 - Wigfrith 2 requesting Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 for confirmation of land: Wigfrith 2 requested that Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 confirm Hungyth's sale of land to him: S361    (904)
 苩helred 1.S218 exchanging privileges for land and money with Berkeley 1: 苩helred 1, ealdorman of Mercia, with the consent of King Alfred 8 and the whole Mercian witan, to Berkeley 1 Abbey; grant of privileges in exchange for 12 hides at Stoke Bishop, Gloucs., and 30 gold mancuses: S218    (883)
Property-transacting (2)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, 苩helwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that 苐ffl鎑 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by 苩helred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to 苩helwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
Raiding (1)
 H鎠ten 1.first raid on land under authority of 苩helred 1: H鎠ten 1 first raided the kingdom of Alfred 8 in that part under the control of 苩helred 1.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 64) (893)
Religious practice (1)
 W鎟frith 6-Worcester, Peter抯.appointing divine offices for 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4: Bishop W鎟frith 6 and the community of Worcester, St Peter's, appointed the following divine offices to be said for 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 both during their lives and after their deaths: at every matins and at every vespers and at every tierce, the psalm De profundis as long as they live, and after their death Laudate Dominum; and every Saturday in St Peter's church 30 psalms and a mass for them.: S223    (889 x 899)
Request (5)
 Ingimund 1.request to 苩helfl鎑 4 for land: Ingimund 1 asked 苩helfl鎑 4 for lands on which to settle.: AnnalsFragIrel  168.429
 S361 - Wigfrith 2 requesting Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 for confirmation of land: Wigfrith 2 requested that Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 confirm Hungyth's sale of land to him: S361    (904)
 S367 - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by 苩helwulf 30 to 苩helgyth 1, his daughter, of 30 hides (cassati) at Monks Risborough, Bucks.: S367    (903)
 S367a - Edward 2, 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 renewing a charter: King Edward 2, with 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 of Mercia, at the request of 苩helfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (903)
 苩helred 1-苩helfl鎑 4.request to the Irish (Anonymi 2081): 苩helred 1 and 苩helfl鎑 4 sent messengers (Anonymi 2082) to the Irish (Anonymi 2081).: AnnalsFragIrel  170.429, 172,429
Siege (4)
 Alfred 8.siege of London: Alfred 8 besieged London and was well received by all (Anonymi 2534).: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 46)
 Anonymi 2078-Anonymi 2079-Anonymi 2080.battle at Chester: The armies of the Danes (Anonymi 2079) and Norwegians (Anonymi 2080) attacked Chester and were repulsed by the troops (Anonymi 2078).: AnnalsFragIrel  170.429
 Edward 2.siege of Anonymi 2531 at Thorney: The Danes (Anonymi 2531) were held besieged on an island in the marsh, Thorney. 苩helred 1 set out from London and helped Edward 2.: 苩helweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 49) (893)
 苩helred 1.siege of Anonymi 968, Anonymi 970 and Anonymi 981 at Buttington: 苩helred 1 and others caught up with Anonymi 968 and Anonymi 970 at Buttington and besieged them on either side in a stronghold.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 68), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 64) (893)
Submission (3)
 Anarawd 1-Anonymi 146.submission to lordship of Alfred 8: Anarawd 1 with all his people (Anonymi 146) submitted himself to the lordship of the king (Alfred 8).: Asser.VitAlfredi  80
 Hywel 1.submission with others to lordship of Alfred 8: Hywel 1 and others sought the king (Alfred 8) to have his lordship and protection.: Asser.VitAlfredi  80
 苩helred 1-Anonymi 144.agreement to be obedient to Alfred 8: 苩helred 15 with the Mercians (Anonymi 144) had agreed to be obedient to the royal wish [i.e., of Alfred 8] in all matters.: Asser.VitAlfredi  80
Tomb-making/opening (1)
 苩helfl鎑 4-苩helred 1.building of Gloucester monastery: In Gloucester at the time of King Alfred 8 his daughter 苩helfl鎑 4 and her husband 苩helred 1 had built a well-provisioned monastery on which no expense was spared; and they had transferred there from Bardney the remains of King Oswald 1, all Mercia being under their sway.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.155.3
Treaty (1)
 Alfred 8.terms of alliance with various Welsh rulers: All had goodwill, protection and defence in every respect in which the king (Alfred 8) was able to defend himself and all his people.: Asser.VitAlfredi  81
Visit (1)
 Alfred 8-苩helred 1.earlier reception of sons of H鎠ten 1: Alfred 8 and 苩helred 1 had received the family of H鎠ten 1 before the latter came to Benfleet.: ASC  893 A (p. 57), <894> B (p. 42), 894 C (p. 67), 894 D (p. 32), 894 G (p. 63)
Factoids linked indirectly to 苩helred 1 (2)
Office (1)
Minister of 苩helred 1 (1)
 Wulfgar 2: S220   
Occupation (1)
Messenger of 苩helred 1 (1)
 Anonymi 2082: AnnalsFragIrel  170.429