Cynegils 1 (Male) King of the West Saxons, 611-?642
e/m vii

Factoid List

Recorded Name (24)
... Cynigislo (1)
 Bede.HE  iii.7
Cinegels (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6
Cinegils (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6
Cinigels (2)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6
Cynegils (8)
 ASC  611 ABCG
 ASC  614 ABCG
 ASC  628 ABCG
 ASC  634 E
 ASC  635 ABCF(OE and Lat.)G
 ASC  Pref. AG
 ASC  688 AG, <688> B
 NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 14r.3.i
Cynegils Ceolwulfing (1)
 ASC  676 AG, <676> B
Cynegilsing (1)
 ASC  648 AG, 647 BC
Cynegilsus (1)
 S343a   
Cynegisl (1)
 S376   
Cynegyls (2)
 ASC  676 C
 ASC  688 C
Kynegils (4)
 ASC  635 E
 ASC  611 BCE
 ASC  614 E
 ASC  628 E
Kynegilsing (1)
 ASC (E)  641 E
Office (15)
King (15)
 Bede.HE  iii.7
 ASC  611 ABCEG
 ASC  Pref. AG
 ASC  611 ABCEG (King of the West Saxons)
 ASC  635 BC
 ASC  Pref. AG
 S325   
 S817   
 S821   
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (King of the West Angles)
 NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 14r.3.i (King of the West Saxons)
 Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
 Anon.LiberEliensis  I.50 (king of the West Saxons)
Personal Relationship (23)
Cynegils 1 Ancestor (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Edward 2: S376   
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Cynegils 1 (1)
 Ceolwald 1: of Cynegils 1: ASC  688 ACG, <688> B
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of Cynegils 1 (1)
 Anonymous 215: of Cynegils 1: Bede.HE  iii.7
~ Descendant (Consanguineal kinship) of Cynegils 1 (1)
 Edgar 11: of Cynegils 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.50
~ Godfather (Ritual kinship) of Cynegils 1 (2)
 Oswald 1: of Cynegils 1: Bede.HE  iii.7
 Oswald 1: of Cynegils 1: ASC  635 AB
Cynegils 1 Godson (Ritual kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Oswald 1: ASC  635 ABCEF(Lat.)G
Cynegils 1 Nephew, brother’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Ceolwulf 2: ASC  Pref. AG
Cynegils 1 Predecessor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Alfred 8: S343a   
Cynegils 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (3)
 of Ceol 1: ASC  611 ABCG
 of Ceolwulf 2: ASC  676 ACG, <676> B
 of Cuthwine 5: ASC  688 ACG, <688> B
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Cynegils 1 (8)
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: Bede.HE  iii.7
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: ASC (E)  641 E
 Centwine 1: of Cynegils 1: ASC  676 ACG, <676> B
 Centwine 1: of Cynegils 1: ASC  Pref. AG
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: ASC  Pref. AG
 Cwichelm 1: of Cynegils 1: ASC  648 AG, 647 BC
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: S817   
 Ęthelwine 1: of Cynegils 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.92.3
Cynegils 1 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Ceolwulf 2: ASC  Pref. AG
~ Successor (General relationship) of Cynegils 1 (2)
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: ASC  Pref. AG
 Cenwealh 2: of Cynegils 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Event (22)
Advice/counsel (1)
 Birinus 1.mission to Britain: Birinus 1 came to Britain on the advice of Honorius 2 and first visited the race of the Gewisse (West Saxons).: Bede.HE  iii.7
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (2)
 Cynegils 1.accession to West Saxon kingdom: Here Cynegils 1 succeeded to the West Saxon kingdom and held it for 31 years.: ASC  611 ABCEG (611)
 Cynegils 1.accession to kingdom: Then Cynegils 1 acceded to the kingdom.: ASC  Pref. AG (611)
Baptism (5)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
 Birinus 1.baptising Cynegils 1 and Cenwealh 2: Birinus 1 baptised King Cynegils 1 and King Cenwealh 2: S821   
 Birinus 1.baptism of Cynegils 1: Cynegils 1 received baptism from Birinus 1 at Dorchester.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (635)
 Cynegils 1.baptism: Cynegils 1 was baptized by Birinus 1.: NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 14r.3.i (634 x 642)
 Cynegils 1.receiving of baptism: He [sc. Cynegils 1] was the first of the West Saxon kings to receive baptism.: ASC  Pref. AG
Battle (3)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.battle against Penda 1 near Cirencester: Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 waged a war against Penda 1 near a town called Cirencester.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (628)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.fighting against Penda 1: Here Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 fought against Penda 1 at Cirencester.: ASC  628 ABCEG (628)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.slaughter of 2,046 Wealas (Anonymi 788): Here Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 fought at Beandun and slew [AG: 2,046; BCE: 2,045] Wealas (Anonymi 788).: ASC  614 ABCEG (614)
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Edgar 11.S817 renewing privileges of Winchester, Old Minster 1: King Edgar 11 to Winchester, Old Minster 1; renewal of the privileges of Chilcomb, Hants.: S817    (963 x 975)
Conversion (3)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
 Birinus 1.preaching of baptism to West Saxons (Anonymi 801): Here Birinus 1 preached baptism [F (OE and Lat.) substitutes: belief in Christ] [ABCEF(Lat.)G: to the West Saxons (Anonymi 801)] [E adds: under King Cynegils 1].: ASC  634 ABCEF(OE and Lat.)G (634)
 Cynegils 1.conversion by Birinus 1: King Cynegils 1 was converted to Christianity by St Birinus 1.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.50
Death/dying (1)
 Cynegils 1.death: Cynegils 1 died: Bede.HE  iii.7
Episcopal see, acquisition/institution/division/merge (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Godparenting (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Grant and Gift (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Journey (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Killing/murder (2)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.killing of 2,040 of British army (Anonymi 2428): Having overcome the army (Anonymi 2428) of the Britons (Anonymi 2427) at Beamdun, Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 killed 2,040 of them.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (614)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.slaughter of 2,046 Wealas (Anonymi 788): Here Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 fought at Beandun and slew [AG: 2,046; BCE: 2,045] Wealas (Anonymi 788).: ASC  614 ABCEG (614)
Kingdom - accession to (2)
 Cynegils 1.accession to West Saxon kingdom: Here Cynegils 1 succeeded to the West Saxon kingdom and held it for 31 years.: ASC  611 ABCEG (611)
 Cynegils 1.accession to kingdom: Then Cynegils 1 acceded to the kingdom.: ASC  Pref. AG (611)
Marriage (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Miracle (1)
 Birinus 1.arrival: Birinus 1, who was the first bishop of the West Saxons under Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1, was sent to England by Honorius 2 and ordained by Asterius 1, bishop of Genoa. He was in such a hurry to leave that he left his corporals behind. Once out at the sea, he remembered his loss and, unwilling to interrupt the voyage, walked upon the water to the shore, found his corporals and returned to the ship in the same way. On arrival he converted King Cwichelm 1 and baptised him on the day of his daughter’s [Anonymous 215] wedding to Oswald 1, most holy king of the Northumbrians, who acted as Cwichelm 1’s godfather. Both kings then gave Birinus 1 Dorchester for is episcopal seat. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.75.2-7
Mission/mission-sending (1)
 Birinus 1.mission to Britain: Birinus 1 came to Britain on the advice of Honorius 2 and first visited the race of the Gewisse (West Saxons).: Bede.HE  iii.7
Pastoral activities/preaching (2)
 Birinus 1.preaching of baptism to West Saxons (Anonymi 801): Here Birinus 1 preached baptism [F (OE and Lat.) substitutes: belief in Christ] [ABCEF(Lat.)G: to the West Saxons (Anonymi 801)] [E adds: under King Cynegils 1].: ASC  634 ABCEF(OE and Lat.)G (634)
 Cynegils 1.baptism: After receiving instructions from Birinus 1, Cynegils 1 was cleansed from his sins in the waters of baptism together with all his people.: Bede.HE  iii.7
Peace agreement (1)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.agreement with Penda 1: [Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1] then reached an agreement [with Penda 1].: ASC  628 ABCEG (628)
War (3)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.battle against Penda 1 near Cirencester: Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 waged a war against Penda 1 near a town called Cirencester.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (628)
 Cynegils 1-Cwichelm 1.waging war against Britons (Anonymi 2427): Cynegils 1 and Cwichelm 1 began a war against the Britons (Anonymi 2427) at Beamdun.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.6 (614)
 Cynegils 1.warfare: Cynegils 1 waged war.: Ęthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.