苩helbald 4 (Male) King of the Mercians, 716-757
l vii-m x

Notes:

BDDAB, pp. 17-18; BEASE, pp. 11-13; CDNB 1:943; DNB 18:14-16 = 6:878-80; Fletcher, pp. 98-100; S. E. Kelly, ?苩helbald (d. 757)?, ODNB.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (97)
... Aedilbaldo (2)
 Bede.HE  v.23
 Bede.HE  v.24
Adelbald (1)
 S90   
Adelbaldus (1)
 ASC (F)  742 F(Lat.)
Aedilbald (1)
 Annals.ContBedae  574.757
Aedilbaldus (2)
 Annals.ContBedae  572.740
 Annals.ContBedae  574.750
Aethelbaldus (3)
 S86   
 Boniface.Ep.T69   
 Boniface.Ep.T75  p. 157
Aethilbaldus (1)
 Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 146
Aldhelmus (1)
 Lull.Ep.T71   
Athelbald (1)
 S257   
Athelbaldus (2)
 S1410   
 S1258   
A餰lbald (4)
 S90   
 ASC  740 F(OE)
 Anon.GenRegList1   
 ASC (F)  742 F(OE)
A餰lbold (1)
 ASC  733 F(OE)
Edalbald (1)
 AnnalsUlster  757.2
Edelbaldus (1)
 WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.4.2
Edilbalt (1)
 S89   
Edpald (1)
 AnnalsCamb  757 A
Edpalt (1)
 AnnalsCamb  757 C
Edphalt (1)
 AnnalsCamb  757 B
Ethelbaldus (2)
 S82   
 S92   
Ethilbaldus (2)
 S88   
 S143   
E餰lbaldus (1)
 S83   
E㱮lbaldus (1)
 S103b   
芼baldus (1)
 S86   
芼ilbaldus (1)
 S103b   
苩dilbalt (1)
 S89   
苩helbald (6)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  40
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
 S1186a   
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.14
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.18 (p. 24)
苩helbaldus (7)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  42
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  45
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  51
 S93   
 S100   
 Boniface.Ep.T74   
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
苩hilbald (2)
 S96   
 S29   
苩hilbaldus (5)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  Cap49
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  Cap52
 S87   
 S91   
 S103   
苩hilbalt (1)
 S89   
苩hilbalth (1)
 S94   
苩hilbealdus (1)
 Anon.Ep.T115  p. 249
起elbald (12)
 S90   
 S98   
 S99   
 S1257   
 S134   
 S137   
 S59   
 ASC  716 E
 ASC  743 E
 ASC  752 E
 ASC  755 EF(OE)
 Anon.GenRegList2   
起elbaldus (6)
 S83   
 S95   
 S97   
 S102   
 S147   
 ASC  755 F(Lat.)
起elbold (1)
 ASC  740 E
起elwold (1)
 ASC (DEF)  737 E
起ilbald (2)
 S102   
 S58   
起ilbaldus (1)
 S54   
起ilbold (1)
 S85   
掐elbald (12)
 S84   
 S101   
 S22   
 S1437   
 ASC (DEF)  737 D
 ASC  716 ADG, <716/17> B, <717> C
 ASC  733 ACDEG, <733> B
 ASC  741 AG, <740> B, 740 CD
 ASC  743 ACDG, <743> B
 ASC  752 ACDG, <752> B
 ASC  755 ACD, <755> B
 S1441   
掐elbaldus (3)
 S99   
 S1254   
 S146   
Personal Information (8)
ethnicity (1)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  40 (of renowned Mercian stock)
moral (1)
 Anon.Ep.T115  p. 249 (tyrant)
other (1)
 Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 146 (most dear lord, to be preferred in the love of Christ to all other kings)
physical (1)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  49 (when his strength was failing)
psychological (4)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52 (seized by sudden grief)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52 (weeping ... he bedewed his face with a repeated flood of tears)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52 (sorrowful mind)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52 ([苩helbald 4] was terrified)
Office (79)
King (78)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  51
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
 Bede.HE  v.23 (king of the Mercians)
 Bede.HE  v.24 (king of the Mercians)
 Annals.ContBedae  572.740 (King of the Mercians)
 Annals.ContBedae  574.750
 Annals.ContBedae  574.757 (King of the Mercians)
 S54    (king of the Mercians)
 S82    (king of the Mercians)
 S83    (king of the Mercians)
 S84    (king of the Mercians)
 S85    (king of the Mercians)
 S86    (king of the Mercians)
 S87    (king of the Mercians)
 S88    (king of the Mercians)
 S89    (king not only of the Mercians but also of all provinces which are called by the general name Sutangli)
 S89    (king of Britain)
 S89    (king of the South Angles)
 S90   
 S90    (king of the Mercians)
 S91    (king of the Mercians)
 S91    (king of Mercia)
 S92    (king of the Mercians)
 S93   
 S94    (king not only of the Mercians but of all the provinces called Suthengli)
 S95    (king of the Mercians)
 S96    (king not only of the Mercians but of all surrounding people)
 S97   
 S98    (king of the Mercians)
 S99    (king of the Mercians)
 S100    (king of the Mercians)
 S101    (king of the South Angles)
 S102    (king of the Mercians)
 S103    (king of the South Angles)
 S103    (king of the Mercians)
 S103b    (king of the Mercians)
 S257    (king of the Mercians)
 S22    (king of the Mercians)
 S1254    (king of the Mercians)
 S1410    (governing the monarchy of Britain)
 S1186a   
 S1258    (king of the Mercians)
 S1257   
 S134   
 S137   
 S143   
 S146   
 S147   
 S29    (king of the Mercians)
 S58   
 S59    (king of the Mercians)
 ASC (DEF)  737 D
 ASC (DEF)  752 DE (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C
 ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C
 ASC  741 AG, <740> B, 740 CDEF(OE) (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  752 DE (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  755 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <755> B (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  743 DE (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  752 DE (King of the Mercians)
 S1441   
 Boniface.Ep.T69    (king of the Mercians)
 Boniface-others.Ep.T73    (wielding the imperial and gubnatorial sceptre of the English)
 Boniface.Ep.T74    (king of the Mercians)
 Boniface.Ep.T75  p. 157 (king of the Mercians)
 Anon.Ep.T115  p. 249
 AnnalsUlster  757.2 (King of the Saxons)
 Anon.GenRegList1    (King of the Mercians)
 Anon.GenRegList2    (King of the Mercians)
 Anon.GenRegList2    (king of the Mercians)
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.14
 苩helweard.Chron  ii.18 (p. 24) (King of the Mercians)
 ASC (F)  742 F(OE and Lat.) (King of the Mercians)
 AnnalsCamb  757 ABC (King of the [Anglo-]Saxons)
 WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.4.2
 NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  31
Princeps (1)
 S89   
Status (6)
Exile (6)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  Cap49
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  Cap52
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  40
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  42
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
Personal Relationship (21)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of 苩helbald 4 (2)
 Heardberht 1: of 苩helbald 4: S89   
 Heardberht 1: of 苩helbald 4: S94   
苩helbald 4 Confidant (General relationship) of ~ (2)
 of 苩helbald 4: S83   
 of 苩helbald 4: S83   
~ Father (Honorific kinship) of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Guthlac 2: of 苩helbald 4: Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
苩helbald 4 Lord (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Boniface 5: Boniface.Ep.T69   
苩helbald 4 Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Offa 7: S1257   
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Orwald 1: of 苩helbald 4: S1782   
苩helbald 4 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Alweo 1: Anon.GenRegList1   
 of Alweo 1: Anon.GenRegList2   
苩helbald 4 Son (Honorific kinship) of ~ (8)
 of Boniface 5: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Wera 1: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Burchard 1: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p, 149
 of W鎟berht 1: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Abel 1: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Willibald 7: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Wintan 1: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
 of Leofwine 7: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 149
苩helbald 4 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Ceolred 1: ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C
~ Successor (General relationship) of 苩helbald 4 (2)
 Beornred 1: of 苩helbald 4: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 Beornred 1: of 苩helbald 4: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.18 (p. 24)
Event (128)
Adultery (1)
 Boniface 5.letter to Herefrith 2: Boniface 5 wrote to Herefrith 2 asking him to deliver to 苩helbald 4 the letter that Boniface 5 and other seven bishops had written to ask him to repent and abandon his lascivious and adulterous behaviour.: Boniface.Ep.T74    ([746] x [747])
Advice/counsel (2)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
 Boniface 5.letter to Herefrith 2: Boniface 5 wrote to Herefrith 2 asking him to deliver to 苩helbald 4 the letter that Boniface 5 and other seven bishops had written to ask him to repent and abandon his lascivious and adulterous behaviour.: Boniface.Ep.T74    ([746] x [747])
Agreement (2)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
 苩helheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: 苩helheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Alms-giving (1)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 苩helbald 4.accession to kingdom among Mercians: Then 苩helbald 4 acceded to the kingdom among the Mercians.: ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C (716)
Assistance (1)
 Boniface 5.letter to 苩helbald 4: Boniface 5 wrote to 苩helbald 4 to ask him to assist his messenger Ceola 1. He also thanked 苩helbald 4 for the help he had given to Boniface 5's messengers a year earlier.: Boniface.Ep.T69    ([745] x [746])
Battle (3)
 Cuthred 7.fighting against 苩helbald 4: [Cuthred 7] fought resolutely against 苩helbald 4.: ASC  741 AG, <740> B, 740 CDEF(OE) (740)
 Cuthred 7.fighting against 苩helbald 4 鎡 Beorgforda: Cuthred 7 took up arms against 苩helbald 4 in a place called Beorgford.: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.16 (752)
 苩helbald 4-Cuthred 7.fighting against Walas (Anonymi 815): Here 苩helbald 4 and Cuthred 7 fought against the Walas (Anonymi 815).: ASC  743 ACDEG, <743> B (743)
Betrayal/oath-breaking (2)
 苩helbald 4.killing: In 757 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, was treacherously killed by his bodyguard [Anonymous 10139], and in the same year the Mercians commenced a civil war among themselves. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42 (757)
 苩helbald 4.killing by his bodyguard: 苩helbald 4 was treacherously killed at night by his bodyguard in a wretched way.: Annals.ContBedae  574.757 (757)
Book circulating/making/reading/translating/writing (1)
 Boniface 5.letter to Ecgberht 7: Boniface 5 wrote to Ecgberht 7 asking him to read the letter he was sending to 苩helbald 4 and amend it if necessary. He also asked Ecgberht 7 to send him some works of Bede 1. Boniface 5 was sending him copies of letters by Gregory 1 together with a corporal-cloth and a towel.: Boniface.Ep.T75  pp. 156-8 ([746] x [747])
Building construction/restoration (1)
 苩helbald 4.erection of ornamented structures around tomb of Guthlac 2: 苩helbald 4 erected ornamented structures around the tomb of Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  51
Burh - capture (1)
 苩helbald 4.capture of Somerton: Here 苩helbald 4 captured Somerton.: ASC  733 ACDEF(OE)G, <733> B (733)
Burial (1)
 苩helbald 4.burial: The body of 苩helbald 4 reposed in the monasterium which is called Repton.: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.18 (p. 24)
Charter confirmation (4)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King 苩helbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings 苩helbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
 苩helbald 4.S1258 granting land to Cuthbert 7: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of the Saviour in Canterbury [Canterbury, Christ Church 1]; grant of the monastery of Cookham and all lands pertaining to it. 苩helbald 4 sent the deeds and a sod from the land and ordered that they be laid upon the altar at Canterbury, Christ Church 1.: S1258    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.grant of land to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 S93: 苩helbald 4, king, to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 Minster; confirmation of lands and grant of 27 hides (cassati) at Watchfield and 10 by Ginge Brook, Berks., with further confirmation by 苩helheard 6, king (of the West Saxons): S93    (726 x 737)
Charter-witnessing (29)
 S101 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Wilfrid 5: 苩helbald 4, king of the South Angles, to Wilfrid 5, bishop (of Worcester); grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Batsford, Gloucs: S101    (727 x 736)
 S102 - 苩helbald 4 exchanging salt works with Worcester 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of land south of the river Salwarp, Worcs., at Lootwic and Coolbeorg, for the construction of salt works, in exchange for salt works north of the same river: S102    (716 x 717)
 S103 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Worcester: 苩helbald 4, king of the South Angles, to the church of St Peter's, Worcester; grant of 3 hides (cassati) of woodland at Woodchester, Gloucs.: S103    (716 x 745)
 S103a 苩helbald 4 granting Ingwald 2 toll: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Ingwald 2, bishop of London; grant of toll from one ship: S103a    (716 x 745)
 S103b 苩helbald 4 witnessing 苩helbald 4 granting Ingwald 2 the toll on one ship: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Ingwald 2, bishop of London; grant of the toll on one ship: S103b    (716 x 745)
 S1254 - Wilfrid 5 leasing land to Leppa 1 & Beage 1: Wilfrid 5, bishop of the Hwicce, to Leppa 1, comes, and his daughter, Beage 1; lease, for two lives, of 5 hides (cassati) by the river Colne (at Bibury, Gloucs.), with reversion to the see of Worcester 1: S1254    (718 x 745)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King 苩helbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S1410 - Lulla 2 granting land to Glastonbury 1: Lulla 2, handmaid of Christ, to Glastonbury 1 Abbey; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Baltonsborough, Somerset, and at Scobbanwirht' with mention of land at Lottisham and Lydford, Somerset, placed at King 苩helbald 4's disposal: S1410    (744)
 S1437 - record of settlement of dispute in Worcestershire: Record of the settlement at Clofesho of a dispute concerning swine-pasture at Sinton in Leigh, Worcs.. : S1437    (825)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings 苩helbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
 S54 - 苩helbald 4 confirming S54: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, confirms 苩helweard 3's grant to St Mary's, Evesham : S54   
 S83 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Evesham, St Mary's 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to the church of St Mary's, Evesham 1; grant of 25 hides (mansae) at Acton Beauchamp, Herefords.; Bransford, Hampton Lovett near Droitwich, Upton Warren, Witton in Droitwich, Sheriffs Lench, Worcs.; at Weston-on-Avon, Warwicks.; and at Hidcote and Larkstoke in Admington, Gloucs: S83    (716)
 S84 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to B鎔ia 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to B鎔ia 1, servant of God; grant of 6 hides (cassati) at Daylesford, Gloucs., for the founding of a minster: S84    (727)
 S85 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Buca 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Buca 1, his comes; grant of 3 hides (manentes) at Acton Beauchamp, Herefords., to be a perpetual dwelling for the servants of God: S85    (718)
 S86 - 苩helbald 4 granting remission of toll to Mildrith 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her familia in Minster-in-Thanet 1; remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S86    (733)
 S87 - 苩helbald 4 granting remission of toll to Mildrith 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her church [Minster-in-Thanet]; remission of the toll due on one ship: S87    (716 x 717)
 S88 - 苩helbald 4 granting remission of toll to Ealdwulf 5: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Ealdwulf 5, bishop, and the church of St Andrew's, Rochester 1; remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S88    (733)
 S89 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Cyneberht 3: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians and of the South Angli, to Cyneberht 3, comes; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Ismere by the river Stour and land at Brochyl in Morfe forest, Worcs., for the construction of a minster: S89    (736)
 S90 - 苩helbald 4 confirming privileges of Kentish churches: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to the Kentish churches; confirmation of privileges: S90    (742)
 S91 - 苩helbald 4 granting Eadburg 4 and Thanet, St Mary's 1 and SS Peter and Paul, Thanet the toll on half a ship: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Eadburg 4, abbess, and her familia in the minsters of Thanet, St Mary's 1 and SS Peter and Paul, Thanet; remission of half the toll due on a ship (? at London): S91    (748)
 S92 - 苩helbald 4 granting privileges to minsters and churches: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, in favour of the minsters and churches (of Mercia); grant of privileges: S92    (749)
 S93 - 苩helbald 4 confirming land of Abingdon, St Mary's 1: 苩helbald 4, king, to Abingdon, St Mary's 1; confirmation of lands and grant of 27 hides (cassati) at Watchfield and 10 by Ginge Brook, Berks: S93    (726 x 737)
 S94 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to 苩helric 4: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians and of the South Angles, to 苩helric 4, comes; grant of 20 hides (cassati) in regione ... Stoppingas at Wootton, Warwicks: S94    (716 x 737)
 S95 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Cyneburg 2: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Cyneburg 2; grant of 6 hides (cassati) at Bradley near Inkberrow, Worcs: S95    (723 x 737)
 S96 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Eanberht 4: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Eanberht 4, abbot; grant of 10 hides (cassati) near the wood called Toccan sceaga (Tockenham, Wilts.) and the tumulus called Reada beorg: S96    (757)
 S97 - 苩helbald 4 granting to Evesham, St Mary's 1: 苩helbald 4, king, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of part of a mansio in Droitwich, Worcs: S97    (716 x 717)
 S98 - 苩helbald 4 granting toll on two ships to Milred 1 and Worcester 1: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Milred 1, bishop, and St Peter's, Worcester Minster; remission of the toll due on two ships at London: S98    (743 x 745)
 S99 - 苩helbald 4 granting land to Osred 2: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercians, to Osred 2, his faithful minister; grant of 20 hides (cassati) at Aston Blank and Notgrove, Gloucs., with note that the land was later granted to St Mary's, Worcester: S99    (737 x 740)
Church-adornment (1)
 苩helbald 4.erection of ornamented structures around tomb of Guthlac 2: 苩helbald 4 erected ornamented structures around the tomb of Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  51
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (2)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to B鎔ia 1 S84: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to B鎔ia 1, servant of God; grant of 6 hides (cassati) at Daylesford, Gloucs., for the founding of a minster: S84    (727)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Cyneberht 3 S89: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians and of the South Angli, to Cyneberht 3, comes; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Ismere by the river Stour and land at Brochyl in Morfe forest, Worcs., for the construction of a minster: S89    (736)
Confirmation of land/privileges (4)
 Cuthred 7.S257 confirmation of the lands of Glastonbury 1: Cuthred 7, king of the West Saxons, to the church at Glastonbury 1; confirmation of the grants of previous kings (Centwine 1, Baldred 1, C鎑walla 1, Ine 1, 苩helheard 4, and 苩helbald 4): S257    (744)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 苩helbald 4.S90 confirming privileges of Kentish churches: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the Kentish churches; confirmation of privileges - freedom from all secular burdens except military expedition, bridge- and castle-building: S90    (742)
 苩helbald 4.grant of land to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 S93: 苩helbald 4, king, to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 Minster; confirmation of lands and grant of 27 hides (cassati) at Watchfield and 10 by Ginge Brook, Berks., with further confirmation by 苩helheard 6, king (of the West Saxons): S93    (726 x 737)
Conquest (1)
 苩helbald 4.capture of Somerton: 苩helbald 4 took into his power the royal settlement which is called Somerton.: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.14 (733)
Correspondence (4)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
 Boniface 5.letter to Ecgberht 7: Boniface 5 wrote to Ecgberht 7 asking him to read the letter he was sending to 苩helbald 4 and amend it if necessary. He also asked Ecgberht 7 to send him some works of Bede 1. Boniface 5 was sending him copies of letters by Gregory 1 together with a corporal-cloth and a towel.: Boniface.Ep.T75  pp. 156-8 ([746] x [747])
 Boniface 5.letter to Herefrith 2: Boniface 5 wrote to Herefrith 2 asking him to deliver to 苩helbald 4 the letter that Boniface 5 and other seven bishops had written to ask him to repent and abandon his lascivious and adulterous behaviour.: Boniface.Ep.T74    ([746] x [747])
 Boniface 5.letter to 苩helbald 4: Boniface 5 wrote to 苩helbald 4 to ask him to assist his messenger Ceola 1. He also thanked 苩helbald 4 for the help he had given to Boniface 5's messengers a year earlier.: Boniface.Ep.T69    ([745] x [746])
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (2)
 Cuthbert 7.synod: [Cuthbert 7] assembled a great council of England for the suppression of vice, on the advice of Boniface 5 and with the help of King 苩helbald 4. The synod took place at the start of September near the place called Clovesho. There were present these bishops of the churches of Christ: the honourable archbishop Cuthbert 7; Dunn 2, the venerable bishop of Rochester; the very reverend bishops of the Mercians, Totta 2, Hwita 1, and Podda 1; the highly regarded bishops of the West Saxons Hunfrith 1 and Herewald 3; the venerable priests Eardwulf 1, bishop of the East Angles, Ecgwulf 1 bishop of the East Saxons, and Mildred 1 bishop of Hwicce; and the honourable bishops Alwig 1 of Lindsey and Sigefrith 4 of the South Saxons: in the year of our Lord 747, the fifteenth indiction, in the thirty-third year of the reign of 苩helbald 4 the king of the Mercians, who was present on that occasion with his princes and duces.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.4.1-2
 苩helbald 4-Cuthbert 7-Anonymi 2592.attendance at synod of Clofesho (AD 742): Here a great synod assembled at Clovesho; present there were 苩helbald 4, Cuthbert 7 and many other wise men [F(Lat.) has: other bishops] (Anonymi 2592).: ASC (F)  742 F(OE and Lat.) (742)
Crime (2)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
 苩helbald 4.lasciviousness: 苩helbald 4 was reported to have repeatedly indulged in lascivious crimes in convents with holy nuns and virgins consecrated to God.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 148-9
Death/dying (1)
 苩helbald 4.death: 苩helbald 4 died.: AnnalsCamb  757 ABC (757)
Disputing/dispute-settling (2)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King 苩helbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S1437 - record of settlement of dispute in Worcestershire: Record of the settlement at Clofesho of a dispute concerning swine-pasture at Sinton in Leigh, Worcs.. : S1437    (825)
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (2)
 Anonymous 859.vision: Anonymous 859 saw the destiny of several souls, including one woman who was released from her penitential pit by the celebration of Mass. In the same pit he saw two queens: Cuthburg 2 and Wiala 1. He also saw: Ceolla 1; the abbot (Anonymous 860) of the recipient of T115; 苩helbald 4 and a vast number of children who had died without baptism under Daniel 1. He also saw what was being prepared for two 'milites' (Daniel 2 and Bregwulf 1) who were still alive.: Anon.Ep.T115  pp. 247-50
 苩helbald 4.vision of Guthlac 2抯 predicting his gaining the throne: 苩helbald 4 had a vision of Guthlac 2, who foretold that he would gain the throne.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
Exile (1)
 苩helbald 4.visit to Guthlac 2: While in exile and harassed by Ceolred 1, 苩helbald 4 visited Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
Flight (1)
 Cuthred 7.putting of 苩helbald 4 to flight: [Cuthred 7] put 苩helbald 4 to flight.: ASC (DEF)  752 DE (752)
Freeing from dues (7)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings 苩helbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
 苩helbald 4.S88 granting remission of toll to Ealdwulf 5 and St Andrew's, (Rochester): 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Ealdwulf 5, bishop, and the church of St Andrew (Rochester, St Andrew's 1); remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S88    (733)
 苩helbald 4.S90 confirming privileges of Kentish churches: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the Kentish churches; confirmation of privileges - freedom from all secular burdens except military expedition, bridge- and castle-building: S90    (742)
 苩helbald 4.granting Mildrith 1 and Minster-in-Thanet 1 remission of toll S86: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her familia in Minster-in-Thanet 1 1; remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S86    (733)
 苩helbald 4.granting half toll on a ship to Eadburg 4, Thanet, St Mary's 1 and Thanet, SS Peter and Paul 1 S91: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Eadburg 4, abbess, and her familia in the minsters of Thanet, St Mary's 1 and Thanet, SS Peter and Paul 1; remission of half the toll due on a ship (? at London): S91    (748)
 苩helbald 4.granting remission of toll due on one ship S87: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her church [Minster-in-Thanet 1]; remission of the toll due on one ship: S87    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.granting remission of toll to Milred 1 and Worcester, St Peter's 1 S98: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Milred 1, bishop, and Worcester, St Peter's 1; remission of the toll due on two ships at London: S98    (743 x 745)
Friendship-making (1)
 Boniface 5.granting gifts to 苩helbald 4: Boniface 5 sent 苩helbald 4 a hawk, two falcons, two shields and two lances as a token of true friendship: Boniface.Ep.T69   
Grant and Gift (36)
 Boniface 5.granting gifts to 苩helbald 4: Boniface 5 sent 苩helbald 4 a hawk, two falcons, two shields and two lances as a token of true friendship: Boniface.Ep.T69   
 Boniface 5.letter to Ecgberht 7: Boniface 5 wrote to Ecgberht 7 asking him to read the letter he was sending to 苩helbald 4 and amend it if necessary. He also asked Ecgberht 7 to send him some works of Bede 1. Boniface 5 was sending him copies of letters by Gregory 1 together with a corporal-cloth and a towel.: Boniface.Ep.T75  pp. 156-8 ([746] x [747])
 Glastonbury 1.granting land to 苩helbald 4 S1410: Land at Lottisham and Lydford, Somerset, was placed at King 苩helbald 4's disposal.: S1410    (744)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 Worcester 1.exchanging land and salt-works with 苩helbald 4 S102: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of land south of the river Salwarp, Worcs., at Lootwic and Coolbeorg, for the construction of salt works, in exchange for salt works north of the same river: S102    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.S1258 granting land to Cuthbert 7: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of the Saviour in Canterbury [Canterbury, Christ Church 1]; grant of the monastery of Cookham and all lands pertaining to it. 苩helbald 4 sent the deeds and a sod from the land and ordered that they be laid upon the altar at Canterbury, Christ Church 1.: S1258    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.S88 granting remission of toll to Ealdwulf 5 and St Andrew's, (Rochester): 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Ealdwulf 5, bishop, and the church of St Andrew (Rochester, St Andrew's 1); remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S88    (733)
 苩helbald 4.exchanging land and salt-works with Worcester 1 S102: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of land south of the river Salwarp, Worcs., at Lootwic and Coolbeorg, for the construction of salt works, in exchange for salt works north of the same river: S102    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.grant of land to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 S93: 苩helbald 4, king, to Abingdon, St Mary's 1 Minster; confirmation of lands and grant of 27 hides (cassati) at Watchfield and 10 by Ginge Brook, Berks., with further confirmation by 苩helheard 6, king (of the West Saxons): S93    (726 x 737)
 苩helbald 4.granting Mildrith 1 and Minster-in-Thanet 1 remission of toll S86: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her familia in Minster-in-Thanet 1 1; remission of the toll due on one ship at London: S86    (733)
 苩helbald 4.granting half toll on a ship to Eadburg 4, Thanet, St Mary's 1 and Thanet, SS Peter and Paul 1 S91: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Eadburg 4, abbess, and her familia in the minsters of Thanet, St Mary's 1 and Thanet, SS Peter and Paul 1; remission of half the toll due on a ship (? at London): S91    (748)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Worcester, St Peter's 1 S103: 苩helbald 4, king of the South Angles, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of 3 hides (cassati) of woodland at Woodchester, Gloucs.: S103    (716 x 745)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to ?: 苩helbald 4, king, to ; concerning land at Wolverley, Worcs..: S1827    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Buca 1 S85: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Buca 1, his comes; grant of 3 hides (manentes) at Acton Beauchamp, Herefords., to be a perpetual dwelling for the servants of God: S85    (727)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to B鎔ia 1 S84: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to B鎔ia 1, servant of God; grant of 6 hides (cassati) at Daylesford, Gloucs., for the founding of a minster: S84    (727)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Cyneberht 3: 苩helbald 4, to Cyneberht 3, comes; grant of land at Efanworthig or Esanworthig.: S1823    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Cyneberht 3 S89: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians and of the South Angli, to Cyneberht 3, comes; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Ismere by the river Stour and land at Brochyl in Morfe forest, Worcs., for the construction of a minster: S89    (736)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Cyneburg 2 S95: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Cyneburg 2; grant of 6 hides (cassati) at Bradley near Inkberrow, Worcs.: S95    (723 x 737)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Eanberht 4 S96: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Eanberht 4, abbot; grant of 10 hides (cassati) near the wood called Toccan sceaga (Tockenham, Wilts.) and the tumulus called Reada beorg: S96    (757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Eanwulf 1: King 苩helbald 4 granted land at Yate, Gloucs. to Eanwulf 1, Offa 7's grandfather.: S147    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Evesham, St Mary's 1 S83: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of 25 hides (mansae) at Acton Beauchamp, Herefords.; Bransford, Hampton Lovett near Droitwich, Upton Warren, Witton in Droitwich, Sheriffs Lench, Worcs.; at Weston-on-Avon, Warwicks.; and at Hidcote and Larkstoke in Admington, Gloucs.: S83    (716)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Gloucester, St Peter's: King 苩helbald 4 to St Peter's, Gloucester; grant of land at Oddington and Badgeworth, Gloucs. in recompense for having struck 苩helmund 25, son of his kinsman Orwald 1.: S1782    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Hemele 3: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercia, to Hemele 3; grant of land at Hymelmore or Aethilmelmore (? near Himbleton, Worcs.).: S1825    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Osred 2 S99: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Osred 2, his faithful minister; grant of 20 hides (cassati) at Aston Blank and Notgrove, Gloucs.: S99    (737 x 740)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Tunberht 2: 苩helbald 4 (king of Mercia) to Tunberht 2, abbot of Glastonbury; grant of 4 hides at Jecesig and Bradanleghe.: S1679    (746)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Wihtred 2 and Ansith 1 S100: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Wihtred 2, his comes, and to Ansith 1, Wihtred 2's wife; grant of 7 hides (manentes) in the regio called Geddinges (cf. Yeading), Middx.: S100    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Wilfrid 5 S101: 苩helbald 4, king of the South Angles, to Wilfrid 5, bishop (of Worcester); grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Batsford, Gloucs.: S101    (727 x 736)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to 苩helric 4 S94: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians and of the South Angles, to 苩helric 4, comes; grant of 20 hides (cassati) in region ... Stoppingas at Wootton, Warwicks.: S94    (716 x 737)
 苩helbald 4.granting part of a mansio to Evesham, St Mary's 1 S97: 苩helbald 4, king, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of part of a mansio in Droitwich, Worcs.: S97    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.granting privileges to minsters and churches S92: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, in favour of the minsters and churches (of Mercia); grant of privileges: S92    (749)
 苩helbald 4.granting remission of toll due on one ship S87: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Mildrith 1, abbess, and her church [Minster-in-Thanet 1]; remission of the toll due on one ship: S87    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.granting remission of toll to Milred 1 and Worcester, St Peter's 1 S98: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Milred 1, bishop, and Worcester, St Peter's 1; remission of the toll due on two ships at London: S98    (743 x 745)
 苩helbald 4.granting saltworks to Eafe 2: 苩helbald 4, king of Mercia, to Eafe 2, a nun; grant of part of a building and two salt-furnaces in vico emptorio salis (Droitwich, Worcs.).: S1824    (716 x 757)
 苩helbald 4.granting toll on one ship to Ingwald 2 S103a: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Ingwald 2, bishop of London; grant of toll from one ship: S103a    (716 x 745)
 苩helbald 4.granting toll on one ship to Ingwald 2 S103b: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to Ingwald 2, bishop of London; grant of the toll on one ship: S103b    (716 x 745)
 苩helheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: 苩helheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Injury and wounding (1)
 苩helbald 4.striking 苩helmund 25: King 苩helbald 4 struck 苩helmund 25, son of Orwald 1.: S1782    (716 x 757)
Killing/murder (3)
 苩helbald 4.killing: In 757 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, was treacherously killed by his bodyguard [Anonymous 10139], and in the same year the Mercians commenced a civil war among themselves. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42 (757)
 苩helbald 4.killing at Seckington: 苩helbald 4 was killed in a place called Seckington.: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.18 (p. 24) (757)
 苩helbald 4.killing by his bodyguard: 苩helbald 4 was treacherously killed at night by his bodyguard in a wretched way.: Annals.ContBedae  574.757 (757)
Kingdom - accession to (1)
 苩helbald 4.accession to kingdom among Mercians: Then 苩helbald 4 acceded to the kingdom among the Mercians.: ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C (716)
Lust (3)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
 Boniface 5.letter to Herefrith 2: Boniface 5 wrote to Herefrith 2 asking him to deliver to 苩helbald 4 the letter that Boniface 5 and other seven bishops had written to ask him to repent and abandon his lascivious and adulterous behaviour.: Boniface.Ep.T74    ([746] x [747])
 苩helbald 4.lasciviousness: 苩helbald 4 was reported to have repeatedly indulged in lascivious crimes in convents with holy nuns and virgins consecrated to God.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 148-9
Message-sending (1)
 Boniface 5.letter to 苩helbald 4: Boniface 5 wrote to 苩helbald 4 to ask him to assist his messenger Ceola 1. He also thanked 苩helbald 4 for the help he had given to Boniface 5's messengers a year earlier.: Boniface.Ep.T69    ([745] x [746])
Monastery, violation of (3)
 Boniface 5-others.letter to 苩helbald 4: The bishops wrote to 苩helbald 4 to commend his almsgiving and his defence of the widows and the poor. However, they were particularly eager to condemn his adulterous lust and the atrocious crimes he committed with nuns. The bishops also condemned the king's violation of the privileges of churches and the stealing of monastic revenues. They reminded him of how Osred 1 and Ceolred 1 ended their lives because of their similar behaviour.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 146-55 ([746] x [747])
 苩helbald 4-Anonymi 2130.violation of monasteries: Both 苩helbald 4 and his 'comites' and prefects were reported to have destroyed privileges of churches and violated monasteries.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 152
 苩helbald 4.lasciviousness: 苩helbald 4 was reported to have repeatedly indulged in lascivious crimes in convents with holy nuns and virgins consecrated to God.: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  pp. 148-9
Pilgrimage (1)
 苩helbald 4.visit to sepulchre of Guthlac 2: 苩helbald 4 visited the burial place of Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
Property-exchanging (4)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 Worcester 1.exchanging land and salt-works with 苩helbald 4 S102: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of land south of the river Salwarp, Worcs., at Lootwic and Coolbeorg, for the construction of salt works, in exchange for salt works north of the same river: S102    (716 x 717)
 苩helbald 4.exchanging land and salt-works with Worcester 1 S102: 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of land south of the river Salwarp, Worcs., at Lootwic and Coolbeorg, for the construction of salt works, in exchange for salt works north of the same river: S102    (716 x 717)
 苩helheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: 苩helheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Property-transacting (1)
 S1441 - agreement between W鎟frith 6 and 苩helwald 31: Record of an agreement between W鎟frith 6, bishop of Worcester, and 苩helwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs: S1441    (896)
Prophecy (4)
 Guthlac 2.foreseeing of return of gloves taken by birds: Guthlac 2 foresaw the return of a pair of gloves belonging to Wilfrid 8.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  40
 Guthlac 2.fulfilment of his prophecy about future of 苩helbald 4: Events unfolded for 苩helbald 4 in the order and manner foretold by Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
 Guthlac 2.prophecy that 苩helbald 4 would rule his people: Guthlac 2 prophesied to 苩helbald 4 that he would rule his people, conquer his enemies and gain their possessions.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
 苩helbald 4.vision of Guthlac 2抯 predicting his gaining the throne: 苩helbald 4 had a vision of Guthlac 2, who foretold that he would gain the throne.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
Raiding (2)
 苩helbald 4.harrying of land of Northumbrians: In this same year 苩helbald 4 harried the land of the Northumbrians.: ASC (DEF)  737 DE (737)
 苩helbald 4.ravaging of part of Northumbria: 苩helbald 4 by wicked deceit devastated part of [the land of the] Northumbrians.: Annals.ContBedae  572.740, 574.740 (740)
Rebellion/sedition (2)
 Cuthred 7.rebellion against 苩helbald 4: In 750 Cuthred 7, king of the West Saxons, rose against 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  41 (750)
 Cuthred 7.rebellion against 苩helbald 4 and Angus 1: Cuthred 7 rose up against 苩helbald 4 and Angus 1.: Annals.ContBedae  574.750 (750)
Request (1)
 Boniface 5.letter to Ecgberht 7: Boniface 5 wrote to Ecgberht 7 asking him to read the letter he was sending to 苩helbald 4 and amend it if necessary. He also asked Ecgberht 7 to send him some works of Bede 1. Boniface 5 was sending him copies of letters by Gregory 1 together with a corporal-cloth and a towel.: Boniface.Ep.T75  pp. 156-8 ([746] x [747])
Restoration of land/property (1)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King 苩helbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
Visit (2)
 苩helbald 4.visit to Guthlac 2: While in exile and harassed by Ceolred 1, 苩helbald 4 visited Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  49
 苩helbald 4.visit to sepulchre of Guthlac 2: 苩helbald 4 visited the burial place of Guthlac 2.: Felix.VitGuthlaci  52
War (2)
 Cuthred 7.fighting against 苩helbald 4 鎡 Beorgforda: Cuthred 7 took up arms against 苩helbald 4 in a place called Beorgford.: 苩helweard.Chron  ii.16 (752)
 苩helbald 4.killing: In 757 苩helbald 4, king of the Mercians, was treacherously killed by his bodyguard [Anonymous 10139], and in the same year the Mercians commenced a civil war among themselves. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42 (757)
Wergeld payment (1)
 苩helbald 4.granting land to Gloucester, St Peter's: King 苩helbald 4 to St Peter's, Gloucester; grant of land at Oddington and Badgeworth, Gloucs. in recompense for having struck 苩helmund 25, son of his kinsman Orwald 1.: S1782    (716 x 757)
Factoids linked indirectly to 苩helbald 4 (15)
Office (8)
Comes of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Sigeweard 5: S1802   
Dux of 苩helbald 4 (4)
 Cyneberht 3: S89   
 Heardberht 1: S89   
 Ingeld 3: S58   
 Ingeld 3: S59   
King of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Beornred 1: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
Minister of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Osred 2: S99   
Praefectus of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Anonymi 2130: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 152
Occupation (1)
Bodyguard of 苩helbald 4 (1)
 Anonymous 10139: Annals.ContBedae  574.757
Status (6)
Comes of 苩helbald 4 (6)
 Ofa 5: Felix.VitGuthlaci  Cap45
 Ofa 5: Felix.VitGuthlaci  45
 Buca 1: S85   
 苩helric 4: S89   
 苩helric 4: S94   
 Anonymi 2130: Boniface-others.Ep.T73  p. 152