Ęthelweard 23 (Male) Ealdorman of the Western Provinces, c.975-c.998; author of a chronicle
m/l x

Notes: See Ęthelweard 21; Ęthelweard 36.

BDDAB, pp. 30-1; BEASE, p. 18; CDNB 1:945 DNB 18:35-6 = 6:899-900; Fletcher, pp. 190-2; Harmer, Writs, p. 555; MEE, pp. 9-10; Patrick Wormald, ?Ęthelweard (d. 998?)?, ODNB.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (10)
Eaželweard (1)
 ASC (C-F)  994 D
Fabius Etheluuerdus (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
Fabius Ethelwerdus (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
Patricius ... quaestor (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
quaestor patricius (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
Ęgeluuordus (1)
 ASC (C-F)  994 F(Lat.)
Ęgelword (1)
 ASC (C-F)  994 F(OE)
Ęšelward (1)
 ASC (C-F)  994 E
Ęželweard (2)
 ASC (C-F)  994 C
 NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 17r.14.xii
Personal Information (2)
other (2)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.Prol. (The more my mind measures out distant places, the more the spirit of love is engendered nearer by.)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.4 (p. 32) ('we have heard of no harder battle before the dawn of that day')
Authorship (8)
 Author of a letter to Matilda 1 (Letter): Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Letter): Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Chronicle): Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Chronicle): Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.Prol.
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Chronicle): Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.Prol.
 Author of a letter to Matilda 1 (Letter): Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 38)
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Chronicle): Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 39)
 Author of Chronicle of Ęthelweard (Chronicle): Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
Office (12)
Consul (1)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
Dux (4)
 ASC (C-F)  994 F(Lat.)
 NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 17r.14.xii
 S1378   
 S1380   
Ealdorman (1)
 ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE)
Patricius (4)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
Quaestor (2)
 Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.9
Personal Relationship (11)
~ Ancestor (Consanguineal kinship) of Ęthelweard 23 (1)
 Ęthelred 15: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 38)
Ęthelweard 23 Descendant (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (3)
 of Ęthelwulf 1: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 of Ęthelred 15: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 of Ęthelred 15: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 38)
Ęthelweard 23 Father (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Ęthelmęr 22: S911   
~ Female cousin (Consanguineal kinship) of Ęthelweard 23 (2)
 Matilda 1: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Matilda 1: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 38)
~ Great-Great-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Ęthelweard 23 (1)
 Ęthelred 15: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 39)
~ Parent (Consanguineal kinship) of Ęthelweard 23 (1)
 Anonymi 2412: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
~ Paternal kin (Consanguineal kinship) of Ęthelweard 23 (2)
 Matilda 1: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.Prol.
 Matilda 1: of Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.Prol.
Event (17)
Assembly (1)
 Ęthelred 32.sending of Ęlfheah 44 and Ęthelweard 23 to Olaf 5: Then the king [sc. Ęthelred 32] sent Ęlfheah 44 and Ęthelweard 23 for Olaf 5.: ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (994)
Bequeathing/will-making (2)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
 Ęthelweard 23.bequeathing land to Ęthelmęr 22: Ęthelweard 23 to Ęthelmęr 22; bequest of 20 hides at Esher, Surrey. Ęthelmęr 22 granted the land to Eynsham 1.: S911   
Book circulating/making/reading/translating/writing (1)
 Ęthelweard 23.reminder to Matilda 1 of the descent of their family: Ęthelweard 23 was composing the present passage to remind Matilda 1 of their common family ancestry.: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (pp. 38-9)
Charter-witnessing (4)
 S1378 - Ęscwig 3 returning land to Ęlfric 46: Ęscwig 3, bishop of Dorchester, to Ęlfric 46, archbishop, and Christ Church, Canterbury; return of land at Monks Risborough, Bucks., mortgaged to him by Archbishop Sigeric 9: S1378    (995)
 S1379 - Ęscwig 3 granting land to Ęlfstan 63: Ęscwig 3, bishop of Dorchester, to Ęlfstan 63, his man; grant of 5 hides (mansae) at Cuxham, Oxon.: S1379    (994)
 S1380 - Sigeric 9 confirming grant of Wulfrun 8 to Wolverhampton: Sigeric 9, archbishop of Canterbury, confirms a grant by Wulfrun 8 for the monastery at Wolverhampton 1 of land at Upper Arley, Worcs.; Eswich (? Ashwood), Bilston, Willenhall, Wednesfield, Pelsall, Ogley, Hilton near Wall, Hatherton, Kinvaston, Hilton near Wolverhampton, and Featherstone, all in Staffs.: S1380    (994)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
Confirmation of land/privileges (2)
 S1380 - Sigeric 9 confirming grant of Wulfrun 8 to Wolverhampton: Sigeric 9, archbishop of Canterbury, confirms a grant by Wulfrun 8 for the monastery at Wolverhampton 1 of land at Upper Arley, Worcs.; Eswich (? Ashwood), Bilston, Willenhall, Wednesfield, Pelsall, Ogley, Hilton near Wall, Hatherton, Kinvaston, Hilton near Wolverhampton, and Featherstone, all in Staffs.: S1380    (994)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
Correspondence (2)
 Ęthelweard 23-Matilda 1.correspondence: Ęthelweard 23 and Matilda 1 exchanged letters.: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Ęthelweard 23.original letter to Matilda 1: Ęthelweard 23 had stirred Matilda 1's memory by means of his original letter.: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 38)
Forfeiture (1)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
Grant and Gift (7)
 Beorhthelm 29.granting land to Ęthelweard 23: Beorhthelm 29, bishop to Ęthelweard 23; grant of 20 hides at Esher, Surrey.: S911   
 S1379 - Ęscwig 3 granting land to Ęlfstan 63: Ęscwig 3, bishop of Dorchester, to Ęlfstan 63, his man; grant of 5 hides (mansae) at Cuxham, Oxon.: S1379    (994)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
 Ęthelmęr 22.S911 exchanging land with Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelmęr 22 to Ęthelweard 23, his father; grant of 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda, in return for 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham.: S911   
 Ęthelweard 23.S911 exchanging with Ęthelmęr 26: Ęthelweard 23 to Ęthelmęr 22, his son; grant of 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]. Ęthelmęr 22 used the land to found Eynsham 1.: S911   
 Ęthelweard 23.S911 granting land to Ęthelmęr 22: Ęthelweard 23 to Ęthelmęr 22, his son; grant of 5 hides at Burton. Ęthelmęr 22 granted the land to Eynsham 1.: S911   
 Ęthelweard 23.bequeathing land to Ęthelmęr 22: Ęthelweard 23 to Ęthelmęr 22; bequest of 20 hides at Esher, Surrey. Ęthelmęr 22 granted the land to Eynsham 1.: S911   
Journey (1)
 Olaf 5.journey to Ęthelred 32 at Andover: They [sc. Ęlfheah 44 and Ęthelweard 23] led Olaf 5 with great honour to the king [sc. Ęthelred 32] at Andover.: ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (994)
Property-exchanging (3)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
 Ęthelmęr 22.S911 exchanging land with Ęthelweard 23: Ęthelmęr 22 to Ęthelweard 23, his father; grant of 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda, in return for 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham.: S911   
 Ęthelweard 23.S911 exchanging with Ęthelmęr 26: Ęthelweard 23 to Ęthelmęr 22, his son; grant of 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]. Ęthelmęr 22 used the land to found Eynsham 1.: S911   
Property-giving/selling (1)
 S911 - Ęthelred 32 confirming foundation endowment of Eynsham 1: King Ęthelred 32 to Eynsham 1 Abbey; confirmation of the foundation by Ęthelmęr 22, the endowment including (a) 30 hides (mansiunculae) at Eynsham 1 [acquired from his father Ęthelweard 23 in exchange for 3 hides at Upottery, Devon; 10 at Little Compton, Warwicks.; 10 at Lawling in Latchingdon, Essex; and 13 at Scildforda]; (b) 5 hides at Shipton-on-Cherwell and the vill at Shifford, Oxon [granted by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, dux, and bequeathed by Leofwine 32 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (c) Mickleton, Gloucs. [granted by charter by King Edgar 11 to Byrhtnoth 1, and bequeathed by Byrhtnoth 1 to Ęthelmęr 22]; (d) 5 hides at Burton [given to Ęthelmęr 22 by Ęthelweard 23]; (e) 1.5 hides at Marlcliff in Bidford-on-Avon and 2 at Bentley in Holt, Worcs. [among lands forfeited by Leofflęd 3, for which Ęthelmęr 22 gave 30 pounds to King Edgar 11]; (f) 10 hides at Yarnton, Oxon. [acquired from Godwine 34, in exchange for 5 hides at Studley, Warwicks. or Oxon., and 10 at Chesterton, Warwicks. or Oxon.]; (g) 20 hides at Esher, Surrey [granted by Beorhthelm 29, bishop, to Ęthelweard, and bequeathed by Ęthelweard 23 to his son, Ęthelmęr 22]; (h) land at Thames Ditton, Surrey (cf. S 847); and (i) Rameslege (lost, corresponds with Brede, Sussex) [bequeathed to Eynsham by Wulfin (Wulfwynn 5), Ęthelmęr 22's kinswoman]: S911    (1005)
Property-transacting (1)
 S1378 - Ęscwig 3 returning land to Ęlfric 46: Ęscwig 3, bishop of Dorchester, to Ęlfric 46, archbishop, and Christ Church, Canterbury; return of land at Monks Risborough, Bucks., mortgaged to him by Archbishop Sigeric 9: S1378    (995)
Reporting (2)
 Anonymi 2412.instruction of Ęthelweard 23 in family history: The parents (Anonymi 2412) of Ęthelweard 23 instructed him in who the relatives of him and Matilda 1 were and how and where [they were related].: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
 Ęthelweard 23.ignorance about family of Anonymous 921 and Anonymous 910: Ęthelweard 23 reported his ignorance about the descendants of Anonymous 921 and Anonymous 910.: Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.
Restoration of land/property (1)
 S1378 - Ęscwig 3 returning land to Ęlfric 46: Ęscwig 3, bishop of Dorchester, to Ęlfric 46, archbishop, and Christ Church, Canterbury; return of land at Monks Risborough, Bucks., mortgaged to him by Archbishop Sigeric 9: S1378    (995)
Writ-issuing/sending (1)
 S1242 - writ of Emma 2 concerning Ruishton: Writ of Emma 2 (the king's mother) giving testimony concerning an estate at Ruishton, Somerset.: S1242    (995 x 1002)
Factoids linked indirectly to Ęthelweard 23 (1)
Authorship (1)
Matilda 1:  Author of a letter to Ęthelweard 23 (Letter): Ęthelweard.Chron  Prol.