Balthild 1 (Female) St.; Anglo-Saxon Queen of the Franks, d. c.680
m/l vii

Factoid List

Recorded Name (3)
Baldhild (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  6
Baldhilda (1)
 Bede.HE  v.19
Balthilda (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
Personal Information (6)
ethnicity (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis    (Saxon)
moral (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  6 (evil)
physical (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis    (although she was from the race of the Saxons, the form of her body was pleasing, very slender, and beautiful to see.)
provenance (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis    (from overseas)
saintly status (1)
 RestingPlaces  II.34 (saint)
stated health (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis    (she suffered from a colic of the intestines)
Office (5)
Pincerna (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
Queen (4)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  6 (queen)
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
 RestingPlaces  II.34
Occupation (1)
Nun (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
Status (2)
Lady (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
Slave (1)
 Anon.VitBalthildis   
Personal Relationship (3)
~ Goddaughter (Ritual kinship) of Balthild 1 (1)
 Anonymous 1088: of Balthild 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
~ Husband (Affinal kinship) of Balthild 1 (1)
 Chlothar 2: of Balthild 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Balthild 1 (1)
 Chlothar 2: of Balthild 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Event (20)
Adoption, spiritual (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Affection (2)
 Balthild 1.desiring to enter Chelles: Balthild 1's holy vow was to dwell in the monastery which she had built at Chelles. But the Neustrians for love of her, delayed in this especially, nor would they have permitted it to come about had not an insurrection arisen because of Bishop Sigobrand 1 whose haughtiness among the Franks earned him mortal ruin. From this a dispute arose because they killed him against her will. After this they permitted her to enter the monastery.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Alms-giving (2)
 Balthild 1.charity: Through the hands of Abbot Genesius 1, her servant, Balthild 1 served the priests and the poor, fed the hungry, clothed the naked with garments, and conscientiously arranged the burial of the dead. Through him she sent gold and silver to the monasteries of men and women. At the petition of Genesius 1, King Clovis 1 provided generous alms of the king to all the poor throughout many places.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.sending gifts to Rome: Balthild 1 often sent many generous gifts to Rome, to the basilicas of blessed Peter and Paul and to the Roman poor.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Appointment - ecclesiastical (1)
 Balthild 1.founding Chelles: Balthild 1 founded the nunnery at Chelles, near Paris and placed the religious handmaiden of God, the girl Bertila 1, in the position of first mother.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of abbot (1)
 Balthild 1.founding Corbie: Balthild 1 had the monastery at Corbie founded at her own expense. Lord Theudofred 1, then abbot, had charge of a large flock of brothers which Balthild 1 had sought from Luxeuil, from Lord Abbot Waldebert 1.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Burial (1)
 Męrwynn 1-Balthild 1-Ęthelflęd 17.burial at Romsey: St Męrwynn 1, abbess of Romsey minster, St Balthild 1, queen, and St Ęthelflęd 17, with many other saints, rest in Romsey.: RestingPlaces  II.34
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (3)
 Balthild 1.founding Chelles: Balthild 1 founded the nunnery at Chelles, near Paris and placed the religious handmaiden of God, the girl Bertila 1, in the position of first mother.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.founding Corbie: Balthild 1 had the monastery at Corbie founded at her own expense. Lord Theudofred 1, then abbot, had charge of a large flock of brothers which Balthild 1 had sought from Luxeuil, from Lord Abbot Waldebert 1.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.granting forest to Filibert 1: To the religious man, Lord Filibert 1, at Jumičges, in order to build that monastery Balthild 1 conceded both a large forest from teh disc where this monastery of brothers is located, and many gifts and pastures from the royal fisc.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Balthild 1.ordering: Balthild 1 ordered the basilicas of Denis 1, German 2, Medard 1, and Anian 1, St Peter, and St Martin, to observe a holy regular order. In return she ordered a privilege to be confirmed for them and she also conceded them immunities. : Anon.VitBalthildis   
Death/dying (2)
 Balthild 1.being pursued by Erchinoald 1: Following the death of his wife [Anonymous 1087] Erchinoald 1 pursued Balthild 1, then his servant, with the intention of marrying her. She responded by hiding under a pile rags. On being unable to find her took another woman as wife [Leutsinda 1]. Balthild 1 later married Clovis 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.death: Balthild 1 died, preceded by her god-daughter [Anonymous 1088]: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Balthild 1.vision: Balthild 1 had a vision: 'it was as if a stairway was raised up, standing before the altar of St Mary, with its top reaching heaven, and with angels of God accompanying her, the Lady Balthild 1 ascended it. From this revelation it was clearly understood that her lofty merits, patience and humility would quickly lead her as one to be exalted in the height of the Eternal King and the crown of her reward.': Anon.VitBalthildis   
Education/teaching (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Execution (2)
 Balthild 1.ordering of death of bishops: Balthild 1 ordered nine bishops (Anonymi 303) to be killed, including Dalfinus 1. : Stephen.VitWilfridi  6
 Dalfinus 1.death: Balthild 1 sent soldiers and ordered the bishop to be executed. : Bede.HE  v.19
Exorcism (1)
 Balthild 1.miracles: At Balthild 1's tomb fevers were calmed, demons were purged, and tooth ache cured. Bishop Leudeganus 1's boy [Anonymous 1089] was one who had the demon driven out of him.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Freeing captives (1)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Governing (1)
 Balthild 1.preventing evil acts: Balthild 1, through the urging of good priests, stopped the impious act of simony among holy orders. 'Through her ... one in which many men were more eager to kill their offspring than to provide for them in order to avoid the royal exactions which were inflicted upon them by custom, and from which they incurred a very heavy loss of property.': Anon.VitBalthildis   
Grant and Gift (6)
 Balthild 1.charity: Through the hands of Abbot Genesius 1, her servant, Balthild 1 served the priests and the poor, fed the hungry, clothed the naked with garments, and conscientiously arranged the burial of the dead. Through him she sent gold and silver to the monasteries of men and women. At the petition of Genesius 1, King Clovis 1 provided generous alms of the king to all the poor throughout many places.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.granting forest to Filibert 1: To the religious man, Lord Filibert 1, at Jumičges, in order to build that monastery Balthild 1 conceded both a large forest from teh disc where this monastery of brothers is located, and many gifts and pastures from the royal fisc.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.granting gold and silver to Laigobert 1: Balthild 1 granted a large villa and many talents of gold and silver coin to Lord Laigobert 1 for the monastery at Coboin. She also donated her royal belt.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.granting land to St Wandrille 1 and Logium 1: Balthild 1 coinceded much property to St Wandrille 1, Logium 1, Luxeuil 1, Faremoutier 1.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.ordering: Balthild 1 ordered the basilicas of Denis 1, German 2, Medard 1, and Anian 1, St Peter, and St Martin, to observe a holy regular order. In return she ordered a privilege to be confirmed for them and she also conceded them immunities. : Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.sending gifts to Rome: Balthild 1 often sent many generous gifts to Rome, to the basilicas of blessed Peter and Paul and to the Roman poor.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Healing (1)
 Balthild 1.miracles: At Balthild 1's tomb fevers were calmed, demons were purged, and tooth ache cured. Bishop Leudeganus 1's boy [Anonymous 1089] was one who had the demon driven out of him.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Hiding/harbouring/sanctuary (1)
 Balthild 1.being pursued by Erchinoald 1: Following the death of his wife [Anonymous 1087] Erchinoald 1 pursued Balthild 1, then his servant, with the intention of marrying her. She responded by hiding under a pile rags. On being unable to find her took another woman as wife [Leutsinda 1]. Balthild 1 later married Clovis 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Introduction (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Journey (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Killing/murder (3)
 Balthild 1.desiring to enter Chelles: Balthild 1's holy vow was to dwell in the monastery which she had built at Chelles. But the Neustrians for love of her, delayed in this especially, nor would they have permitted it to come about had not an insurrection arisen because of Bishop Sigobrand 1 whose haughtiness among the Franks earned him mortal ruin. From this a dispute arose because they killed him against her will. After this they permitted her to enter the monastery.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.ordering of death of bishops: Balthild 1 ordered nine bishops (Anonymi 303) to be killed, including Dalfinus 1. : Stephen.VitWilfridi  6
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflęd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Kingdom - accession to (1)
 Chlothar 2-Childeric 1.acceptance as king: Chlothar 2 took the throne of the Franks [with the support of] Chrodbert 1, bishop of Paris, Lord Audoin 1, Ebroin 1, mayor of the palace. The Austrasians peacefully received Childeric 1 as king by arrangement of Lady Balthild 1.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Law-making/legislation (1)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Lust (1)
 Balthild 1.being pursued by Erchinoald 1: Following the death of his wife [Anonymous 1087] Erchinoald 1 pursued Balthild 1, then his servant, with the intention of marrying her. She responded by hiding under a pile rags. On being unable to find her took another woman as wife [Leutsinda 1]. Balthild 1 later married Clovis 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Manumission (1)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Marriage (1)
 Balthild 1.being pursued by Erchinoald 1: Following the death of his wife [Anonymous 1087] Erchinoald 1 pursued Balthild 1, then his servant, with the intention of marrying her. She responded by hiding under a pile rags. On being unable to find her took another woman as wife [Leutsinda 1]. Balthild 1 later married Clovis 1: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Martyrdom (1)
 Balthild 1.ordering of death of bishops: Balthild 1 ordered nine bishops (Anonymi 303) to be killed, including Dalfinus 1. : Stephen.VitWilfridi  6
Miracle (1)
 Balthild 1.miracles: At Balthild 1's tomb fevers were calmed, demons were purged, and tooth ache cured. Bishop Leudeganus 1's boy [Anonymous 1089] was one who had the demon driven out of him.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (2)
 Balthild 1.desiring to enter Chelles: Balthild 1's holy vow was to dwell in the monastery which she had built at Chelles. But the Neustrians for love of her, delayed in this especially, nor would they have permitted it to come about had not an insurrection arisen because of Bishop Sigobrand 1 whose haughtiness among the Franks earned him mortal ruin. From this a dispute arose because they killed him against her will. After this they permitted her to enter the monastery.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Ordering (3)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Balthild 1.ordering: Balthild 1 ordered the basilicas of Denis 1, German 2, Medard 1, and Anian 1, St Peter, and St Martin, to observe a holy regular order. In return she ordered a privilege to be confirmed for them and she also conceded them immunities. : Anon.VitBalthildis   
 Dalfinus 1.death: Balthild 1 sent soldiers and ordered the bishop to be executed. : Bede.HE  v.19
Praying (1)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Ransoming (1)
 Balthild 1.manumitting: Balthild 1 forbade Christian men to become captives, and issued precepts throughout each region [ordering] that absolutely no one ought to transfer a captive Christian in the kingdom of the Neustrians. And in addition she paid the price and ordered many captives to be bought back and she released them as free. Others of them, especially from her own race, men and also many girls, she sent into the monasteries as her own charges. However many she was able to attract, these she entrusted to the holy monasteries, and she ordered them to pray for her.: Anon.VitBalthildis   
Religious practice (1)
 Balthild 1.ordering: Balthild 1 ordered the basilicas of Denis 1, German 2, Medard 1, and Anian 1, St Peter, and St Martin, to observe a holy regular order. In return she ordered a privilege to be confirmed for them and she also conceded them immunities. : Anon.VitBalthildis   
Factoids linked indirectly to Balthild 1 (1)
Occupation (1)
Servant of Balthild 1 (1)
 Genesius 1: Anon.VitBalthildis