Ralph 3 (Male) Guader; Earl of Norfolk; Lord of Gael in Brittany, fl. 1075
l xi

Notes: He was the son of Ralph 2 the Staller.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (1)
Raulfus (1)
 Bates138   
Office (2)
Comes (1)
 Bates138   
Eorl (1)
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075
Personal Relationship (1)
Ralph 3 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Ralph 2: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075
Event (8)
Accusation (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Appointment of ealdorman (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Army-raising (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Battle (1)
 Bates37 - writ of William 1 seizing lands from Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3, and all his thegns of Suffolk and Norfolk that it is his will that Abbot Baldwin 5 of Bury St Edmunds hand over to him all the land of men of St Edmund’s soke who stood in battle against him and were slain. All those who were the men of the abbot’s predecessor [Leofstan 24] are to hold of him as before.: Bates37    (1066 x 1070)
Birth (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Capture (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Charter-witnessing (2)
 Bates138 - William 1 consents to Leofric 60's grant to Exeter: King William 1 consents to Bishop Leofric 60 of Exeter’s grant to the church of St Peter of Exeter to supplement the canons’ food of 7 hides (mansi) in Bampton, Aston and Chimney, all in Oxforshire, and Holcombe, Devon, with fields, woods, meadows, cultivated and uncultivated land, profits and revenues, free of all payments, with the exception of military service and the construction and restoration of bridges and towns.: Bates138   
 Bates254 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting to Paris, Saint-Denis: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant the church of Deerhurst, Gloucs., to the abbey of Saint-Denis, as King Edward 15 had given it to Baldwin 5 a monk of Saint-Denis, before he became abbot of Bury St Edmunds. They also confirm King Edward 15's gift of Taynton, Oxfordshire.: Bates254    (1069)
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Bates35 - writ of William 1 in favour of Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham and Earl Ralph 3 and all barons and French and English sheriffs wherever the abbey of Bury St Edmunds has land that he orders that the abbey’s demesnes are to be free of all scots and geld as in the time of King Edward.: Bates35    (1066 x 1070)
Confiscation (1)
 Bates37 - writ of William 1 seizing lands from Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3, and all his thegns of Suffolk and Norfolk that it is his will that Abbot Baldwin 5 of Bury St Edmunds hand over to him all the land of men of St Edmund’s soke who stood in battle against him and were slain. All those who were the men of the abbot’s predecessor [Leofstan 24] are to hold of him as before.: Bates37    (1066 x 1070)
Conspiracy/intent to murder (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Freeing from dues (1)
 Bates35 - writ of William 1 in favour of Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham and Earl Ralph 3 and all barons and French and English sheriffs wherever the abbey of Bury St Edmunds has land that he orders that the abbey’s demesnes are to be free of all scots and geld as in the time of King Edward.: Bates35    (1066 x 1070)
Grant and Gift (4)
 Bates138 - William 1 consents to Leofric 60's grant to Exeter: King William 1 consents to Bishop Leofric 60 of Exeter’s grant to the church of St Peter of Exeter to supplement the canons’ food of 7 hides (mansi) in Bampton, Aston and Chimney, all in Oxforshire, and Holcombe, Devon, with fields, woods, meadows, cultivated and uncultivated land, profits and revenues, free of all payments, with the exception of military service and the construction and restoration of bridges and towns.: Bates138   
 Bates254 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting to Paris, Saint-Denis: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant the church of Deerhurst, Gloucs., to the abbey of Saint-Denis, as King Edward 15 had given it to Baldwin 5 a monk of Saint-Denis, before he became abbot of Bury St Edmunds. They also confirm King Edward 15's gift of Taynton, Oxfordshire.: Bates254    (1069)
 Bates36 - writ of William 1 in favour of Baldwin 5 and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3 and all his thegns in Norfolk and Suffolk that he has granted one moneyer to Abbot Baldwin 5 and the abbey of Bury St Edmunds as freely as his kinsman King Edward 15 had also granted it.: Bates36    (1066 x 1070)
 Ralph 2-Ralph 3.granting land to Saint-Riquier: Grants to the abbey of Saint-Riquier made by Earl Ralph 2 and his son Ralph 3. These were the manor of Sporle, the vill of South Acre, Custthorpe, Achotes (?Caldecote), Pichenham, Narford, Swaffham, and East Winch.: Bates259    (1068)
Imprisonment (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Killing/murder (1)
 Bates37 - writ of William 1 seizing lands from Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3, and all his thegns of Suffolk and Norfolk that it is his will that Abbot Baldwin 5 of Bury St Edmunds hand over to him all the land of men of St Edmund’s soke who stood in battle against him and were slain. All those who were the men of the abbot’s predecessor [Leofstan 24] are to hold of him as before.: Bates37    (1066 x 1070)
Marriage (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Message-sending (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Monastery, violation of (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Plundering (1)
 Ralph 3-Roger 1.conspiracy at Norwich in 1075: MS D: In this year King William gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger 1 [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to drive their royal lord of his kingdom. And the king in Normandy was informed about this. Earl Ralph 3 and Earl Roger 1 were the ringleaders in the conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and they also sent to Denmark for a naval force. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, as he thought, but it turned out to his own great harm. Ralph 3 also wanted to go forward with the men of his earldom, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against them and prevented them all from doing anything; but he was glad to escape to the ships. And his wife remained behind in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England, and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and captured Earl Roger 1, his kinsman and put him in prison. And Earl Waltheof 2 went overseas and accused himself and asked for pardon and offered treasure. But the king made light of it until he came to England and then had him captured. And soon after this 200 ships came from Denmark, and the commanders aboard were Cnut 3, son of King Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but went to York and broke into St Peter’s minster and captured a large amount of property there and so departed. But all who took part in this scheme died – that is to say the son of Earl Hakon 2 and many others with him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave to Earl Ralph 3 the daughter of William 3 fitzOsbern [Emma 3]. This same Ralph 3 was Breton on his mother’s side, and Ralph 2 his father was English, and was born in Norfolk, and the king therefore gave the earldom there and Suffolk as well to his son. He then took the lady to Norwich. Earl Roger [of Bretueil, second son of William 3 fitzOsbern by his first wife and thus brother of the bride] was there and Earl Waltheof 2 and bishops and abbots, and there they plotted to expel the king from the realm of England. And soon the king in Normandy was informed about this, how it was planned. It was Earl Roger 1 and Earl Ralph 3 who were the principals in this conspiracy; and they lured the Bretons to their side; and also sent east to Denmark for a naval force to help them. And Roger 1 went west to his earldom [Hereford] and assembled his people for the king’s undoing, but he was prevented. And Ralph 3 also in his earldom wanted to go forward with his people, but the castle garrisons which were in England and also the local people came against him, and brought it about that he did nothing, but went on board ship at Norwich. And his wife was in the castle, and held it until she was given safe-conduct; and then she went out of England and all her men who wished to go with her. And the king afterwards came to England, and seized Earl Roger 1, his kinsman, and imprisoned him, and he seized Earl Waltheof 2 as well. And soon after that 200 ships came from the east from Denmark, and there were two commanders on board, Cnut 3, son of Swein 5, and Earl Hakon 2. And they dared not fight with King William 1 but proceeded overseas to Flanders.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076; E 1075 (1075)
Writ-issuing/sending (4)
 Bates35 - writ of William 1 in favour of Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham and Earl Ralph 3 and all barons and French and English sheriffs wherever the abbey of Bury St Edmunds has land that he orders that the abbey’s demesnes are to be free of all scots and geld as in the time of King Edward.: Bates35    (1066 x 1070)
 Bates36 - writ of William 1 in favour of Baldwin 5 and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3 and all his thegns in Norfolk and Suffolk that he has granted one moneyer to Abbot Baldwin 5 and the abbey of Bury St Edmunds as freely as his kinsman King Edward 15 had also granted it.: Bates36    (1066 x 1070)
 Bates37 - writ of William 1 seizing lands from Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3, and all his thegns of Suffolk and Norfolk that it is his will that Abbot Baldwin 5 of Bury St Edmunds hand over to him all the land of men of St Edmund’s soke who stood in battle against him and were slain. All those who were the men of the abbot’s predecessor [Leofstan 24] are to hold of him as before.: Bates37    (1066 x 1070)
 Bates38 - writ of William 1 in favour of Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 notifies Bishop Æthelmær 35 of Elmham, Earl Ralph 3, Northman 9, and all his thegns in Suffolk that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds is to have soke over eight and a half hundreds as fully as Ælfric 113, the son of Wihtgar 9, and Ordgar 10 administered it on behalf of Queen Emma 2, King Edward 15’s mother, with everything belonging to them, that is fyrdwite, fihtwite, æbæretheof, grithbreach, foresteall and hamsocn. He forbids anyone, English, French or Danish except the abbey of St Edmund and Abbot Baldwin 5 to control the soke.: Bates38    (1066 x 1070)