Geoffrey 2 (Male) de Montbray, d. 1093, bishop of Coutances
m/l xi

Factoid List

Event (33)
Advice/counsel (1)
 Bates317 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 informs Swein 9 the sheriff and all his French and English faithful men and officials that he has granted to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Feering, Essex, with the three houses in Colchester which are subject to it. All is to be held as Earl Harold 3 held it on the day on which King Edward 15 was alive and dead and as William 1 afterwards held it. The grant is made on the advice of William 1’s barons on account of an agreement and exchange involving Windsor.: Bates317    (1066 x 1086)
Agreement (1)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 William 1.coronation: [Ealdred 37], archbishop of York, addressed the English before William 1's coronation and asked them whether they would consent to him being crowned as their lord. They all shouted their joyful assent, joined by the Normans when [Geoffrey 2] asked them. Then [Ealdred 37] consecrated William 1, crowned him with the diadem of kings, and seated him on a royal throne, in the presence of many bishops and abbots, in the basilica of St Peter the apostle, which boasted of possessing the tomb of King Edward 15, on the holy feast of Christmas in the year of Our Lord 1066. : WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.30 (1066)
Assembly (3)
 1072 - Assembly at Penenden: A notice that after King William 1 had subdued the English kingdom, his brother, bishop Odo 3 of Bayeux, came to England before Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and settled in the county of Kent where he exercised great power. And because in those days there was no one strong enough to be able to resist, he appropriated many lands and customs of the archbishopric of Canterbury to his lordship. Subsequently, Lanfranc 1, abbot of the church of Caen, came to England on the king’s orders and was raised to primacy of the entire English kingdom. When he had lived in England for some time and found that many of the ancient lands of the church were missing, and had discovered that they had been distributed and alienated by his negligent predecessors, having diligently and thoroughly ascertained the truth, he informed the king as quickly as he could of his case. The king ordered the whole shire to deliberate without delay and all the Frenchmen and especially the Englishmen knowledgeable of the ancient laws and customs to convene in a single gathering. When they had assembled at Penenden, all alike considered the problem. Archbishop Lanfranc 1 regained many lands and re-established his rights within his lands.: Bates69    (1072)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
 William 1.coronation: [Ealdred 37], archbishop of York, addressed the English before William 1's coronation and asked them whether they would consent to him being crowned as their lord. They all shouted their joyful assent, joined by the Normans when [Geoffrey 2] asked them. Then [Ealdred 37] consecrated William 1, crowned him with the diadem of kings, and seated him on a royal throne, in the presence of many bishops and abbots, in the basilica of St Peter the apostle, which boasted of possessing the tomb of King Edward 15, on the holy feast of Christmas in the year of Our Lord 1066. : WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.30 (1066)
Birth (1)
 Bates293 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Oxfordshire that he orders that Abbot Edwin 38 and the abbey of Westminster shall hold the manor of Islip, in which King Edward 15 was born, with everything belonging to it, as the aforesaid king granted it, and as he endowed the church with it at the time of its dedication.: Bates293    (1067 x 1068)
Burial (1)
 William 1.coronation: [Ealdred 37], archbishop of York, addressed the English before William 1's coronation and asked them whether they would consent to him being crowned as their lord. They all shouted their joyful assent, joined by the Normans when [Geoffrey 2] asked them. Then [Ealdred 37] consecrated William 1, crowned him with the diadem of kings, and seated him on a royal throne, in the presence of many bishops and abbots, in the basilica of St Peter the apostle, which boasted of possessing the tomb of King Edward 15, on the holy feast of Christmas in the year of Our Lord 1066. : WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.30 (1066)
Charter-witnessing (11)
 Bates138 - William 1 consents to Leofric 60's grant to Exeter: King William 1 consents to Bishop Leofric 60 of Exeter’s grant to the church of St Peter of Exeter to supplement the canons’ food of 7 hides (mansi) in Bampton, Aston and Chimney, all in Oxforshire, and Holcombe, Devon, with fields, woods, meadows, cultivated and uncultivated land, profits and revenues, free of all payments, with the exception of military service and the construction and restoration of bridges and towns.: Bates138   
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
 Bates181 - William 1 confirming foundation of London, St Martin-le-Grand: King William 1, at Ingelric 1’s request, confirms the foundation of the collegiate church of St Martin-le-Grand, which Ingelric 1 and his brother Eirard 1 had built and endowed within the walls of the city of London out of their own possession.: Bates181    (1068)
 Bates193 - Matilda 2 granting land to Malmesbury: Queen Matilda 2 to Malmesbury Abbey; grant of 3 hides at Garsdon, Wilts..: Bates193    (1081)
 Bates194 - William 1 granting lands and rights to Malmesbury: King William 1, at the request of Queen Matilda 2 and of many bishops and barons, confirms to Abbot Warin 1 of Malmesbury and to his successors the grant of lands and possessions which all his predecessors have made to the abbey.: Bates194    (1081)
 Bates232 - William 1 granting land to Rouen, La Trinité-du-Mont: King William 1, at the suggestion of William 3 fitzOsbern, grants Hardmondsworth with its church and everything appertaining to the abbey of La Trinité-du-Mont of Rouen, in the presence of Abbot Rainier 1 and two monks named Nicholas 4 and William 26 . The grant was handed over with a knife, which the king in jest gave to the abbot as if making to drive it into the palm of his hand, saying ‘thus ought land to be given’.: Bates232    (1069)
 Bates254 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting to Paris, Saint-Denis: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant the church of Deerhurst, Gloucs., to the abbey of Saint-Denis, as King Edward 15 had given it to Baldwin 5 a monk of Saint-Denis, before he became abbot of Bury St Edmunds. They also confirm King Edward 15's gift of Taynton, Oxfordshire.: Bates254    (1069)
 Bates286 - William 1 restoring land to Wells: King William 1, moved by the prayers of Bishop Giso 1 of Wells, restores 30 hides at Banwell, Avon, to the cathedral church of Wells, which Giso 1’s predecessor, Duduc 6, had given to the church, and which King Harold 3 had taken away. These are given with everything belonging to them.: Bates286    (1068)
 Bates290 - William 1 confirming lands of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 confirms lands of the monks of St Peter's, Westminster, and concludes agreements with them concerning Windsor and the royal regalia.: Bates290    (1067)
 Bates60 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting land to Caen, La Trinité: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant Felstead, Essex, Minchinhampton and Penbury, Gloucs., and Tarrant, Dorset, to the abbey of La Trinité, Caen, as freely as they were held on the day that King Edward 15 was alive and dead.: Bates60    (1082)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 Bates181 - William 1 confirming foundation of London, St Martin-le-Grand: King William 1, at Ingelric 1’s request, confirms the foundation of the collegiate church of St Martin-le-Grand, which Ingelric 1 and his brother Eirard 1 had built and endowed within the walls of the city of London out of their own possession.: Bates181    (1068)
Confirmation of land/privileges (10)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Bates181 - William 1 confirming foundation of London, St Martin-le-Grand: King William 1, at Ingelric 1’s request, confirms the foundation of the collegiate church of St Martin-le-Grand, which Ingelric 1 and his brother Eirard 1 had built and endowed within the walls of the city of London out of their own possession.: Bates181    (1068)
 Bates194 - William 1 granting lands and rights to Malmesbury: King William 1, at the request of Queen Matilda 2 and of many bishops and barons, confirms to Abbot Warin 1 of Malmesbury and to his successors the grant of lands and possessions which all his predecessors have made to the abbey.: Bates194    (1081)
 Bates290 - William 1 confirming lands of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 confirms lands of the monks of St Peter's, Westminster, and concludes agreements with them concerning Windsor and the royal regalia.: Bates290    (1067)
 Bates293 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Oxfordshire that he orders that Abbot Edwin 38 and the abbey of Westminster shall hold the manor of Islip, in which King Edward 15 was born, with everything belonging to it, as the aforesaid king granted it, and as he endowed the church with it at the time of its dedication.: Bates293    (1067 x 1068)
 Bates294 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Hertfordshire that he has granted and confirmed to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Aldenham, Herts., which consists of 10 hides, with everything belonging to it as it was held in the time of King Edward 15 and his predecessors, and as it was sworn in King William 1’s time that the abbey had long held it.: Bates294    (1067 x 1068)
 Bates301 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop William 2 of London, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville and the sheriff and all French and English officials and faithful men of Middlesex that he wills and orders that the abbey of Westminster should have the estate of Chalkhill in Kingsbury, Middx, as freely as Thurstan 8, housecarl of King Edward 15, held it of that king, and as he gave it to that abbey, and as King Edward 15 confirmed it in his charges. : Bates301    (1066 x 1075)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Bates348 - writ of William 1 in favour of Worcester: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (1078 x 1085)
 Wulfstan 55.swearing to Worcester's rights: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (? - 1078 x 1085)
Conquest (1)
 1072 - Assembly at Penenden: A notice that after King William 1 had subdued the English kingdom, his brother, bishop Odo 3 of Bayeux, came to England before Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and settled in the county of Kent where he exercised great power. And because in those days there was no one strong enough to be able to resist, he appropriated many lands and customs of the archbishopric of Canterbury to his lordship. Subsequently, Lanfranc 1, abbot of the church of Caen, came to England on the king’s orders and was raised to primacy of the entire English kingdom. When he had lived in England for some time and found that many of the ancient lands of the church were missing, and had discovered that they had been distributed and alienated by his negligent predecessors, having diligently and thoroughly ascertained the truth, he informed the king as quickly as he could of his case. The king ordered the whole shire to deliberate without delay and all the Frenchmen and especially the Englishmen knowledgeable of the ancient laws and customs to convene in a single gathering. When they had assembled at Penenden, all alike considered the problem. Archbishop Lanfranc 1 regained many lands and re-established his rights within his lands.: Bates69    (1072)
Coronation (1)
 William 1.coronation: [Ealdred 37], archbishop of York, addressed the English before William 1's coronation and asked them whether they would consent to him being crowned as their lord. They all shouted their joyful assent, joined by the Normans when [Geoffrey 2] asked them. Then [Ealdred 37] consecrated William 1, crowned him with the diadem of kings, and seated him on a royal throne, in the presence of many bishops and abbots, in the basilica of St Peter the apostle, which boasted of possessing the tomb of King Edward 15, on the holy feast of Christmas in the year of Our Lord 1066. : WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.30 (1066)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (2)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
 Lanfranc 1.summoning the council of London: In 1075 there was a council at London summoned and presided over by Lanfranc 1.: Lanfranc, Ep. no. 11    (1075)
Disputing/dispute-settling (2)
 Bates347 - writ of William 1 concerning Worcester and Evesham: King William 1 requests Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances to settle the matter of sake and soke between Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester and Abbot Walter 13 of Evesham to as it was on the day when King Edward 15 last took geld for the construction of a ship. The case should be heard before Bishop Geoffrey 2 acting in William 1’s place, and Bishop Wulfstan 55 is to have fully his right and the houses which he claims against the abbot in Worcester. All those who hold his lands should be prepared to perform royal service and the bishop’s.: Bates347    (1078 x 1085)
 Wulfstan 55-Walter 7.dispute concerning Oswaldslow and Bengeworth: Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Countances, on the king’s order, heard the plea between Bishop Wulfstan 55 and Abbot [Walter 7] of Evesham, in which the bishop proved that the 4 hides in Bengeworth, Worcs., and the houses in the city of Worcester belonged to his holding, so that the abbot ought to do him service from them like his other tenants. The bishop also proved that the sake and soke of Hampton, Worcs., should belong to his hundred of Oswaldslow, so that they (i.e. the people of Hampton) should plead there, pay geld there, do military service and the other royal services required from these 15 hides, and pay church-scot and burial dues at the bishop’s vill of Cropthorne, Worcs.. This was proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2, Urse 1 d’Abetot, Osbern 16 fitzScrob, and others of the king’s barons, by the judgement of the whole shire.: Bates350    (? - 1086)
Expulsion (2)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
Grant and Gift (10)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates138 - William 1 consents to Leofric 60's grant to Exeter: King William 1 consents to Bishop Leofric 60 of Exeter’s grant to the church of St Peter of Exeter to supplement the canons’ food of 7 hides (mansi) in Bampton, Aston and Chimney, all in Oxforshire, and Holcombe, Devon, with fields, woods, meadows, cultivated and uncultivated land, profits and revenues, free of all payments, with the exception of military service and the construction and restoration of bridges and towns.: Bates138   
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
 Bates193 - Matilda 2 granting land to Malmesbury: Queen Matilda 2 to Malmesbury Abbey; grant of 3 hides at Garsdon, Wilts..: Bates193    (1081)
 Bates232 - William 1 granting land to Rouen, La Trinité-du-Mont: King William 1, at the suggestion of William 3 fitzOsbern, grants Hardmondsworth with its church and everything appertaining to the abbey of La Trinité-du-Mont of Rouen, in the presence of Abbot Rainier 1 and two monks named Nicholas 4 and William 26 . The grant was handed over with a knife, which the king in jest gave to the abbot as if making to drive it into the palm of his hand, saying ‘thus ought land to be given’.: Bates232    (1069)
 Bates254 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting to Paris, Saint-Denis: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant the church of Deerhurst, Gloucs., to the abbey of Saint-Denis, as King Edward 15 had given it to Baldwin 5 a monk of Saint-Denis, before he became abbot of Bury St Edmunds. They also confirm King Edward 15's gift of Taynton, Oxfordshire.: Bates254    (1069)
 Bates301 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop William 2 of London, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville and the sheriff and all French and English officials and faithful men of Middlesex that he wills and orders that the abbey of Westminster should have the estate of Chalkhill in Kingsbury, Middx, as freely as Thurstan 8, housecarl of King Edward 15, held it of that king, and as he gave it to that abbey, and as King Edward 15 confirmed it in his charges. : Bates301    (1066 x 1075)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Bates317 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 informs Swein 9 the sheriff and all his French and English faithful men and officials that he has granted to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Feering, Essex, with the three houses in Colchester which are subject to it. All is to be held as Earl Harold 3 held it on the day on which King Edward 15 was alive and dead and as William 1 afterwards held it. The grant is made on the advice of William 1’s barons on account of an agreement and exchange involving Windsor.: Bates317    (1066 x 1086)
 Bates60 - William 1 and Matilda 2 granting land to Caen, La Trinité: King William 1 and Matilda 2 grant Felstead, Essex, Minchinhampton and Penbury, Gloucs., and Tarrant, Dorset, to the abbey of La Trinité, Caen, as freely as they were held on the day that King Edward 15 was alive and dead.: Bates60    (1082)
Journey (1)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
Judicial decision/review (6)
 1072 - Assembly at Penenden: A notice that after King William 1 had subdued the English kingdom, his brother, bishop Odo 3 of Bayeux, came to England before Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and settled in the county of Kent where he exercised great power. And because in those days there was no one strong enough to be able to resist, he appropriated many lands and customs of the archbishopric of Canterbury to his lordship. Subsequently, Lanfranc 1, abbot of the church of Caen, came to England on the king’s orders and was raised to primacy of the entire English kingdom. When he had lived in England for some time and found that many of the ancient lands of the church were missing, and had discovered that they had been distributed and alienated by his negligent predecessors, having diligently and thoroughly ascertained the truth, he informed the king as quickly as he could of his case. The king ordered the whole shire to deliberate without delay and all the Frenchmen and especially the Englishmen knowledgeable of the ancient laws and customs to convene in a single gathering. When they had assembled at Penenden, all alike considered the problem. Archbishop Lanfranc 1 regained many lands and re-established his rights within his lands.: Bates69    (1072)
 Bates146 - plea regarding claims of William 18 de Briouze and Fécamp: Record of a plea heard before King William 1 at Lacock, Wilts., regarding the claims which William 18 de Briouze had made in respect of the possessions of the abbey of Fécamp.: Bates146    (1086)
 Bates347 - writ of William 1 concerning Worcester and Evesham: King William 1 requests Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances to settle the matter of sake and soke between Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester and Abbot Walter 13 of Evesham to as it was on the day when King Edward 15 last took geld for the construction of a ship. The case should be heard before Bishop Geoffrey 2 acting in William 1’s place, and Bishop Wulfstan 55 is to have fully his right and the houses which he claims against the abbot in Worcester. All those who hold his lands should be prepared to perform royal service and the bishop’s.: Bates347    (1078 x 1085)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
 Various.reviewing lands seized from Ely: A record of the lands which were identified as having been unjustly taken from the abbey of Ely at a plea convened by Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances and Remigius 1 of Lincoln, Earl Waltheof 2, and the sheriffs Picot 1 and Ilbert 1 on King William 1's order. When they had assembled the entire shire as William 1 had ordered, they determined which lands had been held in demesne by the abbey in King Edward 15’s day and then returned them to the demesne no matter who held them.: Bates117    (1071 x 1075)
 Wulfstan 55-Walter 7.dispute concerning Oswaldslow and Bengeworth: Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Countances, on the king’s order, heard the plea between Bishop Wulfstan 55 and Abbot [Walter 7] of Evesham, in which the bishop proved that the 4 hides in Bengeworth, Worcs., and the houses in the city of Worcester belonged to his holding, so that the abbot ought to do him service from them like his other tenants. The bishop also proved that the sake and soke of Hampton, Worcs., should belong to his hundred of Oswaldslow, so that they (i.e. the people of Hampton) should plead there, pay geld there, do military service and the other royal services required from these 15 hides, and pay church-scot and burial dues at the bishop’s vill of Cropthorne, Worcs.. This was proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2, Urse 1 d’Abetot, Osbern 16 fitzScrob, and others of the king’s barons, by the judgement of the whole shire.: Bates350    (? - 1086)
Marriage (1)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
Monastic reform (2)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
Oath-swearing/fealty (4)
 Bates294 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Hertfordshire that he has granted and confirmed to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Aldenham, Herts., which consists of 10 hides, with everything belonging to it as it was held in the time of King Edward 15 and his predecessors, and as it was sworn in King William 1’s time that the abbey had long held it.: Bates294    (1067 x 1068)
 Bates348 - writ of William 1 in favour of Worcester: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (1078 x 1085)
 Wulfstan 55-Walter 7.dispute concerning Oswaldslow and Bengeworth: Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Countances, on the king’s order, heard the plea between Bishop Wulfstan 55 and Abbot [Walter 7] of Evesham, in which the bishop proved that the 4 hides in Bengeworth, Worcs., and the houses in the city of Worcester belonged to his holding, so that the abbot ought to do him service from them like his other tenants. The bishop also proved that the sake and soke of Hampton, Worcs., should belong to his hundred of Oswaldslow, so that they (i.e. the people of Hampton) should plead there, pay geld there, do military service and the other royal services required from these 15 hides, and pay church-scot and burial dues at the bishop’s vill of Cropthorne, Worcs.. This was proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2, Urse 1 d’Abetot, Osbern 16 fitzScrob, and others of the king’s barons, by the judgement of the whole shire.: Bates350    (? - 1086)
 Wulfstan 55.swearing to Worcester's rights: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (? - 1078 x 1085)
Ordering (2)
 Bates301 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop William 2 of London, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville and the sheriff and all French and English officials and faithful men of Middlesex that he wills and orders that the abbey of Westminster should have the estate of Chalkhill in Kingsbury, Middx, as freely as Thurstan 8, housecarl of King Edward 15, held it of that king, and as he gave it to that abbey, and as King Edward 15 confirmed it in his charges. : Bates301    (1066 x 1075)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (1)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
Patronage (1)
 Bates305 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies all his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, and all his barons and officers, both French and English, throughout England in all the shires in which Westminster has lands and men that he has taken the abbey under his protection.: Bates305    (1076)
Property-exchanging (1)
 Bates317 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 informs Swein 9 the sheriff and all his French and English faithful men and officials that he has granted to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Feering, Essex, with the three houses in Colchester which are subject to it. All is to be held as Earl Harold 3 held it on the day on which King Edward 15 was alive and dead and as William 1 afterwards held it. The grant is made on the advice of William 1’s barons on account of an agreement and exchange involving Windsor.: Bates317    (1066 x 1086)
Request (1)
 Bates347 - writ of William 1 concerning Worcester and Evesham: King William 1 requests Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances to settle the matter of sake and soke between Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester and Abbot Walter 13 of Evesham to as it was on the day when King Edward 15 last took geld for the construction of a ship. The case should be heard before Bishop Geoffrey 2 acting in William 1’s place, and Bishop Wulfstan 55 is to have fully his right and the houses which he claims against the abbot in Worcester. All those who hold his lands should be prepared to perform royal service and the bishop’s.: Bates347    (1078 x 1085)
Restoration of land/property (5)
 Bates122 - writ of William 1 in favour of Ely: King William 1 informs all his faithful men and all his sheriffs in the shires in which the abbey of Ely has lands that he orders that the abbey is to have all its customs (which are described) and all other forfeitures from which fines are taken over its men within its lands. It shall have these as one the day of King Edward 15’s death and as was demonstrated on King William 1’s order at Kentford by several shires in the presence of the king’s barons.: Bates122    (1075 x 1087)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Bates286 - William 1 restoring land to Wells: King William 1, moved by the prayers of Bishop Giso 1 of Wells, restores 30 hides at Banwell, Avon, to the cathedral church of Wells, which Giso 1’s predecessor, Duduc 6, had given to the church, and which King Harold 3 had taken away. These are given with everything belonging to them.: Bates286    (1068)
 Bates83 - writ of William 1 in favour of Canterbury, St Augustine's: King William 1 commands Archbishop Lanfranc 1, Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances, Count Robert 17 of Eu, and Hugh 4 de Montfort to reseise Abbot Scotland 1 and the abbey of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, of Fordwich, which Hamo 2 the sheriff is holding and of all the other lands which Abbot Æthelsige 43 [Alsinus], his fugitive [fugitives meus], has given away or allowed to be alienated through carelessness, fear or greed. If anyone has taken anything away violently, they are to be forced to give it back.: Bates83    (1077)
 Various.reviewing lands seized from Ely: A record of the lands which were identified as having been unjustly taken from the abbey of Ely at a plea convened by Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances and Remigius 1 of Lincoln, Earl Waltheof 2, and the sheriffs Picot 1 and Ilbert 1 on King William 1's order. When they had assembled the entire shire as William 1 had ordered, they determined which lands had been held in demesne by the abbey in King Edward 15’s day and then returned them to the demesne no matter who held them.: Bates117    (1071 x 1075)
Seizure of land (2)
 1072 - Assembly at Penenden: A notice that after King William 1 had subdued the English kingdom, his brother, bishop Odo 3 of Bayeux, came to England before Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and settled in the county of Kent where he exercised great power. And because in those days there was no one strong enough to be able to resist, he appropriated many lands and customs of the archbishopric of Canterbury to his lordship. Subsequently, Lanfranc 1, abbot of the church of Caen, came to England on the king’s orders and was raised to primacy of the entire English kingdom. When he had lived in England for some time and found that many of the ancient lands of the church were missing, and had discovered that they had been distributed and alienated by his negligent predecessors, having diligently and thoroughly ascertained the truth, he informed the king as quickly as he could of his case. The king ordered the whole shire to deliberate without delay and all the Frenchmen and especially the Englishmen knowledgeable of the ancient laws and customs to convene in a single gathering. When they had assembled at Penenden, all alike considered the problem. Archbishop Lanfranc 1 regained many lands and re-established his rights within his lands.: Bates69    (1072)
 Various.reviewing lands seized from Ely: A record of the lands which were identified as having been unjustly taken from the abbey of Ely at a plea convened by Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances and Remigius 1 of Lincoln, Earl Waltheof 2, and the sheriffs Picot 1 and Ilbert 1 on King William 1's order. When they had assembled the entire shire as William 1 had ordered, they determined which lands had been held in demesne by the abbey in King Edward 15’s day and then returned them to the demesne no matter who held them.: Bates117    (1071 x 1075)
Service (4)
 Bates347 - writ of William 1 concerning Worcester and Evesham: King William 1 requests Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances to settle the matter of sake and soke between Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester and Abbot Walter 13 of Evesham to as it was on the day when King Edward 15 last took geld for the construction of a ship. The case should be heard before Bishop Geoffrey 2 acting in William 1’s place, and Bishop Wulfstan 55 is to have fully his right and the houses which he claims against the abbot in Worcester. All those who hold his lands should be prepared to perform royal service and the bishop’s.: Bates347    (1078 x 1085)
 Bates348 - writ of William 1 in favour of Worcester: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (1078 x 1085)
 Wulfstan 55-Walter 7.dispute concerning Oswaldslow and Bengeworth: Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Countances, on the king’s order, heard the plea between Bishop Wulfstan 55 and Abbot [Walter 7] of Evesham, in which the bishop proved that the 4 hides in Bengeworth, Worcs., and the houses in the city of Worcester belonged to his holding, so that the abbot ought to do him service from them like his other tenants. The bishop also proved that the sake and soke of Hampton, Worcs., should belong to his hundred of Oswaldslow, so that they (i.e. the people of Hampton) should plead there, pay geld there, do military service and the other royal services required from these 15 hides, and pay church-scot and burial dues at the bishop’s vill of Cropthorne, Worcs.. This was proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2, Urse 1 d’Abetot, Osbern 16 fitzScrob, and others of the king’s barons, by the judgement of the whole shire.: Bates350    (? - 1086)
 Wulfstan 55.swearing to Worcester's rights: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (? - 1078 x 1085)
Submission (1)
 1072 - Assembly at Penenden: A notice that after King William 1 had subdued the English kingdom, his brother, bishop Odo 3 of Bayeux, came to England before Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and settled in the county of Kent where he exercised great power. And because in those days there was no one strong enough to be able to resist, he appropriated many lands and customs of the archbishopric of Canterbury to his lordship. Subsequently, Lanfranc 1, abbot of the church of Caen, came to England on the king’s orders and was raised to primacy of the entire English kingdom. When he had lived in England for some time and found that many of the ancient lands of the church were missing, and had discovered that they had been distributed and alienated by his negligent predecessors, having diligently and thoroughly ascertained the truth, he informed the king as quickly as he could of his case. The king ordered the whole shire to deliberate without delay and all the Frenchmen and especially the Englishmen knowledgeable of the ancient laws and customs to convene in a single gathering. When they had assembled at Penenden, all alike considered the problem. Archbishop Lanfranc 1 regained many lands and re-established his rights within his lands.: Bates69    (1072)
Throne-sitting (1)
 William 1.coronation: [Ealdred 37], archbishop of York, addressed the English before William 1's coronation and asked them whether they would consent to him being crowned as their lord. They all shouted their joyful assent, joined by the Normans when [Geoffrey 2] asked them. Then [Ealdred 37] consecrated William 1, crowned him with the diadem of kings, and seated him on a royal throne, in the presence of many bishops and abbots, in the basilica of St Peter the apostle, which boasted of possessing the tomb of King Edward 15, on the holy feast of Christmas in the year of Our Lord 1066. : WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.30 (1066)
Writ-issuing/sending (15)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates122 - writ of William 1 in favour of Ely: King William 1 informs all his faithful men and all his sheriffs in the shires in which the abbey of Ely has lands that he orders that the abbey is to have all its customs (which are described) and all other forfeitures from which fines are taken over its men within its lands. It shall have these as one the day of King Edward 15’s death and as was demonstrated on King William 1’s order at Kentford by several shires in the presence of the king’s barons.: Bates122    (1075 x 1087)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Bates293 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Oxfordshire that he orders that Abbot Edwin 38 and the abbey of Westminster shall hold the manor of Islip, in which King Edward 15 was born, with everything belonging to it, as the aforesaid king granted it, and as he endowed the church with it at the time of its dedication.: Bates293    (1067 x 1068)
 Bates294 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Remigius 1 of Lincoln, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his French and English officials and faithful men of Hertfordshire that he has granted and confirmed to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Aldenham, Herts., which consists of 10 hides, with everything belonging to it as it was held in the time of King Edward 15 and his predecessors, and as it was sworn in King William 1’s time that the abbey had long held it.: Bates294    (1067 x 1068)
 Bates301 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop William 2 of London, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville and the sheriff and all French and English officials and faithful men of Middlesex that he wills and orders that the abbey of Westminster should have the estate of Chalkhill in Kingsbury, Middx, as freely as Thurstan 8, housecarl of King Edward 15, held it of that king, and as he gave it to that abbey, and as King Edward 15 confirmed it in his charges. : Bates301    (1066 x 1075)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
 Bates305 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies all his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, and all his barons and officers, both French and English, throughout England in all the shires in which Westminster has lands and men that he has taken the abbey under his protection.: Bates305    (1076)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Bates317 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 informs Swein 9 the sheriff and all his French and English faithful men and officials that he has granted to the abbey of Westminster the manor of Feering, Essex, with the three houses in Colchester which are subject to it. All is to be held as Earl Harold 3 held it on the day on which King Edward 15 was alive and dead and as William 1 afterwards held it. The grant is made on the advice of William 1’s barons on account of an agreement and exchange involving Windsor.: Bates317    (1066 x 1086)
 Bates347 - writ of William 1 concerning Worcester and Evesham: King William 1 requests Archbishop Lanfranc 1 and Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances to settle the matter of sake and soke between Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester and Abbot Walter 13 of Evesham to as it was on the day when King Edward 15 last took geld for the construction of a ship. The case should be heard before Bishop Geoffrey 2 acting in William 1’s place, and Bishop Wulfstan 55 is to have fully his right and the houses which he claims against the abbot in Worcester. All those who hold his lands should be prepared to perform royal service and the bishop’s.: Bates347    (1078 x 1085)
 Bates348 - writ of William 1 in favour of Worcester: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (1078 x 1085)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
 Bates83 - writ of William 1 in favour of Canterbury, St Augustine's: King William 1 commands Archbishop Lanfranc 1, Bishop Geoffrey 2 of Coutances, Count Robert 17 of Eu, and Hugh 4 de Montfort to reseise Abbot Scotland 1 and the abbey of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, of Fordwich, which Hamo 2 the sheriff is holding and of all the other lands which Abbot Æthelsige 43 [Alsinus], his fugitive [fugitives meus], has given away or allowed to be alienated through carelessness, fear or greed. If anyone has taken anything away violently, they are to be forced to give it back.: Bates83    (1077)
 Wulfstan 55.swearing to Worcester's rights: King William 1 orders Urse 1 the sheriff and Osbern 16 fitzScrob and all Frenchmen and Englishmen of Worcs. to ensure that Bishop Wulfstan 55 should have fully his sake and soke, his services, and all the customs belonging to his hundred (of Oswaldslow) and his lands, as he had them in the time of King Edward 15. He is to have the lands which he proved that the abbot of Evesham should hold of his fee, namely, 4 hides in Bengeworth and the houses in the city of Worcester, in such a way that if the abbot wished to hold them, he should do service the bishop’s other vassals. And for the 15 hides of Hampton, over which the bishop has proved his right to soke, geld, military service and other royal services as belonging to his hundred, and church-scot and burial dues which belong to his vill, William 1 orders that no one is to hold them against him. He is to have all things belonging to royal service and his own, as proved and sworn before Bishop Geoffrey 2 and the addressees, with the witness of the shire.: Bates348    (? - 1078 x 1085)