Thomas 2 (Male) of Bayeux, Thomas (I) of York, d. 1100, archbishop of York
m/l xi

Notes: H. E. J. Cowdrey, ?Thomas (d. 1100)?, ODNB.

Factoid List

Event (22)
Accusation (1)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
Agreement (2)
 Bates67 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates67    (1072)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 : Lanfranc 1 orders Wulfstan 55 and Peter 16 to assist Archbishop Thomas 2 in the consecration of ‘a certain cleric’ [Ralph 26] who has been elected bishop of the Orkneys at the command of Earl Paul 3. : Lanfranc, Ep. no. 13    (1072 x 1073)
Assembly (2)
 Bates67 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates67    (1072)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
Assistance (1)
 : Lanfranc 1 orders Wulfstan 55 and Peter 16 to assist Archbishop Thomas 2 in the consecration of ‘a certain cleric’ [Ralph 26] who has been elected bishop of the Orkneys at the command of Earl Paul 3. : Lanfranc, Ep. no. 13    (1072 x 1073)
Charter-witnessing (8)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
 Bates154 - William 1 agrees to Arnulf 3's grant to Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 attests and agrees to the grant of Linkenholt, Hants., to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, by Arnulf 3 de Hesdin.: Bates154    (1081)
 Bates176 - William 1 granting land to Lewes, St Pancras: King William 1 grants to the monastery of St Pancras of Lewes the manor of West Walton, Norfolk, with all its appurtenances which are held of him by William de Warenne. The monks of Lewes are permitted to possess the manor with the same liberties as other churches founded by the king’s barons and with his consent, and the king is to have the same rights in this benefaction as in the others.: Bates176    (1081 x 1086)
 Bates220 - William 1 confirms lands of Ramsey: King William 1 notifies all kings who reign after him, all archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, magnates and faithful men under his authority, both clerical and lay, that he has taken the abbey of Ramsey under his protection. He confirms all the grants of lands, churches and other things made in the time of previous kings, by whomever they were given.: Bates220    (1077)
 Bates67 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates67    (1072)
 Bates68 - charter establishing the primacy of Canterbury: In 1072 a meeting was convened at the command of Pope Alexander 1 II and with the agreement of King William 1, to discuss and decide on the primacy of the see of Canterbury over the see of York.: Bates68    (1072)
 Witnessing Gilbert 10 granting land to Selby: Gilbert 10, by concession of his wife and son, has granted to St German of Selby, for the souls of King William 1 and Queen Matilda 2 and the redemption of his own soul and those of his wife and children, 2 carucates of land in Gunby and his tithes in Averham and Ella, and 8 bovates at Lound, on condition that he be taken into the brotherhood. One of his men, Swein 11, gave 1 carucate at Duffield which Gilbert 10 confirms.: TRW Non-royal charters/Selby1    (1087 x 1100)
 Witnessing Ivo 1 granting land to Spalding: Ivo 1 Taillebois’s grant to Spalding.: TRW Non-royal charters/Spalding    (1087 x 1092)
Commemoration of the dead (1)
 Witnessing Gilbert 10 granting land to Selby: Gilbert 10, by concession of his wife and son, has granted to St German of Selby, for the souls of King William 1 and Queen Matilda 2 and the redemption of his own soul and those of his wife and children, 2 carucates of land in Gunby and his tithes in Averham and Ella, and 8 bovates at Lound, on condition that he be taken into the brotherhood. One of his men, Swein 11, gave 1 carucate at Duffield which Gilbert 10 confirms.: TRW Non-royal charters/Selby1    (1087 x 1100)
Confirmation of land/privileges (4)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Bates220 - William 1 confirms lands of Ramsey: King William 1 notifies all kings who reign after him, all archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, magnates and faithful men under his authority, both clerical and lay, that he has taken the abbey of Ramsey under his protection. He confirms all the grants of lands, churches and other things made in the time of previous kings, by whomever they were given.: Bates220    (1077)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Witnessing Gilbert 10 granting land to Selby: Gilbert 10, by concession of his wife and son, has granted to St German of Selby, for the souls of King William 1 and Queen Matilda 2 and the redemption of his own soul and those of his wife and children, 2 carucates of land in Gunby and his tithes in Averham and Ella, and 8 bovates at Lound, on condition that he be taken into the brotherhood. One of his men, Swein 11, gave 1 carucate at Duffield which Gilbert 10 confirms.: TRW Non-royal charters/Selby1    (1087 x 1100)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (4)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
 Lanfranc 1.council of London: In 1075 there was assembled in London in the church of the apostle St Paul a council of the entire district of England, composed of bishops, abbots, and many persons in religious orders. It was ordered and presided over by Lanfranc 1, archbishop of the holy church of Canterbury and primate of the whole island of Britain; and there sat with him venerable persons: Thomas 2 archbishop of York, William 2 bishop of London, Walkelin 1 of Winchester, Herman 2 of Sherborne, Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, Walter 2 of Hereford, Giso 1 of Wells, Remigius 1 of Dorchester or Lincoln, Herfast 1 of Elmham or Norwich, Stigand 5 of Selsey, Osbern 8 of Exeter, and Peter 10 of Lichfield.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.42.7(1-2) (1075)
 Lanfranc 1.summoning the council of London: In 1075 there was a council at London summoned and presided over by Lanfranc 1.: Lanfranc, Ep. no. 11    (1075)
Disobedience (1)
 : Archbishop Thomas 2 (I or II) of York to Algar 3, clericus, complaining that he had, contrary to the archbishop’s orders, given chrism and holy oil intended for the church at Glasgow, to clergy in Teviotdale in the diocese of Durham. The archbishop orders that the clergy are to refrain from using the chrism and oil within eight days of the receipt of the letter on pain of suspension of office.: TRW Non-royal charters/York    (1070 x 1114)
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
Expulsion (2)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
Grant and Gift (8)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
 Bates154 - William 1 agrees to Arnulf 3's grant to Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 attests and agrees to the grant of Linkenholt, Hants., to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, by Arnulf 3 de Hesdin.: Bates154    (1081)
 Bates176 - William 1 granting land to Lewes, St Pancras: King William 1 grants to the monastery of St Pancras of Lewes the manor of West Walton, Norfolk, with all its appurtenances which are held of him by William de Warenne. The monks of Lewes are permitted to possess the manor with the same liberties as other churches founded by the king’s barons and with his consent, and the king is to have the same rights in this benefaction as in the others.: Bates176    (1081 x 1086)
 Bates276 - writ of William 1 in favour of Stow, St Mary's: King William 1 notifies Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, Turold 4 and Earnwig 6 his sheriffs, and all his French and English thegns in Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire, that he has granted to the church of St Mary at Stow and the monks, Newarks, Notts., Fledborough, Notts., Brampton, Lincs., and the wapentake of Well, Lincs., with sake and soke and toll and team, as fully as Godgifu 2 formerly had them in the days of King Edward 15, and with the things that Bishop Remigius 1 can testify rightly belong to it. Whatever has been alienated shall be returned.: Bates276    (1070 x 1072)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Witnessing Gilbert 10 granting land to Selby: Gilbert 10, by concession of his wife and son, has granted to St German of Selby, for the souls of King William 1 and Queen Matilda 2 and the redemption of his own soul and those of his wife and children, 2 carucates of land in Gunby and his tithes in Averham and Ella, and 8 bovates at Lound, on condition that he be taken into the brotherhood. One of his men, Swein 11, gave 1 carucate at Duffield which Gilbert 10 confirms.: TRW Non-royal charters/Selby1    (1087 x 1100)
 Witnessing Ivo 1 granting land to Spalding: Ivo 1 Taillebois’s grant to Spalding.: TRW Non-royal charters/Spalding    (1087 x 1092)
Journey (1)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
Judicial decision/review (3)
 Bates146 - plea regarding claims of William 18 de Briouze and Fécamp: Record of a plea heard before King William 1 at Lacock, Wilts., regarding the claims which William 18 de Briouze had made in respect of the possessions of the abbey of Fécamp.: Bates146    (1086)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
Liturgical celebration (1)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
Marriage (1)
 Bates150 - William 1 granting to Ghent, St Peter's: King William 1 grants to the abbey of Saint-Pierre au Mont-Blandin of Ghent and to Abbot Everelm 1 the manor of Lewisham, with everything belonging to it, namely East Greenwich, Woolwich, Mottingham and Coombe, Kent, as they were granted by King Edward 15 and, long before, by Ælfthryth 5, a member of the royal kingdred, whom Count Baldwin 2 the Bald of Flanders took from England as his wife. William 1 also grants nearby lands within his forest which is called Andred (i.e. the Weald), namely Ashour in cowden, Ivelands, Wickenden, Shernden in Edenbridge and Sandherste (which comprised Wickens and The Moat in Cowden) to repair the houses belonging to the abbey. Within London, he grants the land given by King Edward 15, namely part of Warmansacre with the wharf which belongs to it, and with its fairs, markets, stalls and shops, and its revenues with customs, rights, toll and wharf-dues. : Bates150    (1081)
Monastic reform (2)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)
Ordering (2)
 : Lanfranc 1 orders Wulfstan 55 and Peter 16 to assist Archbishop Thomas 2 in the consecration of ‘a certain cleric’ [Ralph 26] who has been elected bishop of the Orkneys at the command of Earl Paul 3. : Lanfranc, Ep. no. 13    (1072 x 1073)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (1)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
Patronage (1)
 Bates305 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies all his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, and all his barons and officers, both French and English, throughout England in all the shires in which Westminster has lands and men that he has taken the abbey under his protection.: Bates305    (1076)
Restoration of land/property (2)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Lanfranc 1-Wulfstan 55.conflict: Lanfranc 1 accused Wulfstan 55 of illiteracy, while Thomas 1 the archbishop of York claimed that by ancient right he should be subject to him. In council Wulfstan 55 was told to answer both charges, and he left the chamber in order to give more careful thought to the presentation of his reply. But instead he summoned his monks to sing Nones. During the service Wulfstan 55 saw a vision of the blessed archbishops Dunstan 1 and Oswald 1. As the result of the council Wulfstan 55 was completely cleared, and even recovered every of the remaining vills of the bishopric which Archbishop Ealdred 37 had kept under his thumb; for Archbishop Lanfranc 1 was stout in his support, no doubt wishing to put pressure on a rival to his primacy and power [i. e. Thomas 2].: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.143 (1072)
Writ-issuing/sending (8)
 Bates110 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1 announces that, by order of Pope Gregory 8 VII, at the request and agreement of Bishop William 15 of Durham, and on the advice of Archbishops Lanfranc 1 and Thomas 2, he has granted and decreed that the secular canons serving the church of St Cuthbert, Durham, shall be removed and replaced by monks from the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, and that the monks shall have all the possessions that the canons formerly held, with all their estates, churches and revenues. The writ contains details of the monks’ liberties and rights.: Bates110    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates111 - writ of William 1 in favour of Durham: King William 1, in the presence of his archbishops and all his bishops and justices, by the order of Pope Gregory 8 VII and at the request of Bishop William 15 of Durham, announces that he has taken Prior Abbotsbury 1 and all his successors and all monks serving St Cuthbert in the future into his protection, and that of his heirs, for ever, along with everything that either Bishop William 15, his successors, or other faithful men shall give. The writ contains details of the monks liberties and rights.: Bates111    (1083 x 1084)
 Bates152 - writ of William 1 in favour of Gloucester, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Wulfstan 55 of Worcester, William 3 fitzOsbern and all his barons and officials in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire that he has restored and confirmed to the abbey of St Peter’s, Gloucester, all the lands held unjustly by Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, namely Northleach, Oddington and Standish.: Bates152    (1070 x 1087)
 Bates276 - writ of William 1 in favour of Stow, St Mary's: King William 1 notifies Archbishop Thomas 2 of York, Turold 4 and Earnwig 6 his sheriffs, and all his French and English thegns in Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire, that he has granted to the church of St Mary at Stow and the monks, Newarks, Notts., Fledborough, Notts., Brampton, Lincs., and the wapentake of Well, Lincs., with sake and soke and toll and team, as fully as Godgifu 2 formerly had them in the days of King Edward 15, and with the things that Bishop Remigius 1 can testify rightly belong to it. Whatever has been alienated shall be returned.: Bates276    (1070 x 1072)
 Bates303 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: Writ from a synod at Westminster at which King William 1 ordered that the bishop of London should not oppress the monks of Westminster.: Bates303    (1075)
 Bates305 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies all his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, and all his barons and officers, both French and English, throughout England in all the shires in which Westminster has lands and men that he has taken the abbey under his protection.: Bates305    (1076)
 Bates306 - writ of William 1 in favour of Westminster, St Peter's: King William 1 notifies Bishop Hugh 7 of London and all the bishops who will succeed him, Geoffrey 5 de Mandeville, and the sheriff and all future sheriffs, French and English nobles, barons and citizens of London that he has confirmed to the abbey of Westminster all the lands and customs in London which King Edward 15 had granted to the abbey.: Bates306    (1081)
 Bates39 - writ of William 1 concerning the adjudication of a dispute between Herfast and Bury St Edmunds: King William 1 informs all the faithful men of his kingdom that Bishop Herfast 1’s claim that the abbey of Bury St Edmunds should be his episcopal church has been brought to his attention and that he has decided that the matter should be heard in his court. On the set day, the bishop made his case eloquently, but produced neither written documents nor witnesses. Abbot Baldwin 5 then told how King Cnut 3 expelled the clerks and introduced monks, how the church had then been dedicated to on that king’s order by Archbishop Æthelnoth 43 of Canterbury, how the first abbot [Ufi 4] had been consecrated by the bishop of London [Ælfwig 13], the second [Leofstan 24] by the bishop of Winchester [Ælfwine 45], and Baldwin 5 himself by the archbishop of Canterbury [Stigand 1], and how the monks had been ordained by the bishops of their choice over a period of fifty-three years without any objection from Herfast 1’s predecessors. He also produced orders of King Cnut 3 and Edward 15 the Confessor which granted that the monastery should be free of all episcopal domination. Those present then decided in Bury St Edmunds favour.: Bates39    (1081)