Cenwulf 3 (Male) King of the Mercians, 796-821
l ix-e ix

Notes: All versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, s.a. 796, have Ceolwulf. See @Baker 2000, p. xlix, §61: 796.

See also Anonymous 758.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (208)
CEN VVLF (1)
 EMC Coin  2006.0239 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
CENVVLF (4)
 EMC Coin  1999.0037 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  2001.0776 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1997.0115 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 EMC Coin  2005.0123 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
COEHVVLF (4)
 EMC Coin  1985.0048 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  2001.0637 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  1997.0117 (N 343.11 (M / Cross type))
 EMC Coin  1996.0178 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
COENVVLF (117)
 EMC Coin  2008.0025 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1988.0154 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1992.764 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0542 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2005.0215 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2009.0225 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1973.6577 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1922.0007 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2009.0136 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1991.0124 (N 366 (Cn. 100))
 EMC Coin  1992.0258 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1992.7643 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  2000.0002 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1993.0197 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1987.0112 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1996.0177 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2007.0194 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2004.0218 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1987.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.005 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1996.0176 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2002.0266 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2008.0182 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2008.048 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1984.0006 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2006.0188 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2009.0101 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  2009.0249 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1990.0195 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2009.0233 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2008.0184 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1986.0085 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 EMC Coin  1989.0076 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  2001.1303 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 EMC Coin  2005.0197 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  2001.1033 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 EMC Coin  1983.9622 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1036.0072 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 EMC Coin  2001.054 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1988.01531 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0537 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.0051 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0535 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 EMC Coin  2001.0639 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2006.0177 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2001.1147 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1991.0237 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1997.0011 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  2002.0169 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1963.0003 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0551 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  2005.0226 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  2007.0262 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  2009.0099 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  1987.0113 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1992.7644 (N 355 (Cn. 67, 84, 94, 76))
 EMC Coin  1986.9151 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1992.0259 (N 351 (Cn. 68-9))
 EMC Coin  1996.0179 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 EMC Coin  1996.018 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 EMC Coin  2009.0102 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 EMC Coin  1986.9139 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.0052 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1998.0075 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.1227 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.036 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2007.0188 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2008.0183 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1036.0073 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 EMC Coin  2008.0108 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 EMC Coin  1991.5003 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1992.7642 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1994.018 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2001.0027 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  2001.0557 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1999.0168 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2002.0247 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1963.0007 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1922.0004 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1988.014 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1992.76242 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1994.0178 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1992.76241 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1986.914 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2004.0219 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2001.0976 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2003.0223 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2007.0214 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1963.0022 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1971.8085 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1973.6652 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1020.0653 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2004.0167 (Coenwulf of Mercia, gold mancus)
 EMC Coin  2008.0482 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2004.0245 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2001.0785 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 EMC Coin  1993.0198 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1986.0056 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2005.01 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1986.0216 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1988.0155 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.0123 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1998.2113 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1998.0076 (N 367 (Cn. 103))
 EMC Coin  1996.0181 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 EMC Coin  2002.0268 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2004.0055 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 EMC Coin  2007.0142 (Coenwulf of Mercia (East Anglian, N 362-375))
 EMC Coin  1987.0111 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1991.0123 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1995.0134 (N 375.05 (Coenwulf, obv. crude bust, rev. A (Cn 106)))
 EMC Coin  1999.0169 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1998.2114 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  2006.0055 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  2008.0216 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2008.0014 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
Cenuil (1)
 AnnalsCamb  818 B
Cenulf (7)
 S156   
 S166   
 S171   
 S182   
 S1258   
 S1430a   
 ASC  <819> BC
Cenulfus (1)
 S181   
Cenuulf (3)
 S170   
 S1442   
 S1861   
Cenuulfus (2)
 S136   
 ASC  822 F(Lat.)
Cenwlf (1)
 S152   
Cenwulf (3)
 S1431   
 ASC  819 ADEG, 822 F(OE)
 S1122   
Ceolf (2)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.Cap.
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.2
Ceoluulfus (1)
 ASC  796 F(Lat.)
Ceolwulf (1)
 ASC  796 ADEF(Lat.)G
Ceonulfus (1)
 S164   
Coenu'u'lf (1)
 S168   
Coenulf (3)
 S40   
 S658   
 Leo III.Ep.B288   
Coenulfus (6)
 Annals.RegFranc   
 S167   
 S39   
 S176   
 S183   
 Leo III.Ep.H2  p. 90
Coenulph (1)
 S160   
Coenuluus (1)
 Alcuin.Ep  123
Coenuulf (17)
 S153   
 S155   
 S158   
 S163   
 S41   
 S169   
 S172   
 S175   
 S176   
 S177   
 S178   
 S185   
 S1186a   
 S1264   
 S1435   
 Anon.GenRegList1   
 Anon.GenRegList2   
Coenuulfus (3)
 S157   
 S161   
 S1431a   
Coenwlf (1)
 S179   
Coenwulf (7)
 S154   
 S165   
 S173   
 S180   
 S1187   
 S1260   
 S1436   
Comulf (1)
 AnnalsUlster  821.2
Cronulfus (1)
 S367a   
Cynulf (2)
 ASC  <796> B, 796 C
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 28)
Cænuulfus (1)
 S151   
Kenulf (2)
 S171   
 S179   
Kenulfus (7)
 S174   
 Cenwulf.Ep  p. 124
 Leo III.Ep.B284  p. 393
 Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424
 Leo III.Ep.B337   
 Paschal.Ep.B363   
 WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
Kenwlf (1)
 S159   
Kenwlfus (1)
 NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  63
OENVVLF (1)
 EMC Coin  1963.0008 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
OFFA (1)
 EMC Coin  1963.0023 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
rex Merciorum (1)
 S184   
Personal Information (5)
moral (2)
 Alcuin.Ep  123 (your goodness, modesty and nobility of character)
 Alcuin.Ep  300 (For the kings among you have become tyrants, not rulers.)
other (1)
 Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424 (Your excellent Majesty)
reputation (1)
 Alcuin.Ep  123 ( very famous)
wealth (1)
 Alcuin.Ep  123 (poverty)
Authorship (3)
 Author of a letter to Leo 1 (Letter): Cenwulf.Ep  pp. 124-8
 Author of two letters to Leo 1 (Letter): Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424
 Author of a letter to Charlemagne 1 (Letter): Leo III.Ep.H2  p. 90
Office (330)
Emperor (1)
 S153    (emperor of the Mercians)
King (327)
 Annals.RegFranc   
 S153   
 S154   
 S155    (king of the Mercians)
 S156   
 S157    (king of the Mercians)
 S158    (king of the Mercians)
 S159    (king of the Mercians)
 S160    (king of the Mercians)
 S161    (king of the Mercians)
 S163    (king of the Mercians)
 S164    (king of the Mercians and the province of Kent)
 S165    (king of the Mercians)
 S166    (king of the Mercians)
 S167    (king of the Mercians)
 S168    (king of the Mercians)
 S39    (king of the Mercians)
 S40    (king of Mercia)
 S41    (king of the Mercians)
 S152    (king of the Mercians)
 S169   
 S170    (king of the Mercians)
 S171   
 S172    (king of the Mercians)
 S173    (king of the Mercians)
 S174    (king of the Mercians)
 S176    (king of the Mercians)
 S177    (king of the Mercians)
 S178    (king of the Mercians)
 S179    (king of the Mercians)
 S180    (king of the Mercians)
 S181    (king of the Mercians)
 S182    (king of the Mercians)
 S183    (king of the Mercians)
 S184    (king of the Mercians)
 S185    (king of the Mercians)
 S1186a    (king of the Mercians)
 S1187   
 S1258   
 S1260    (king of the Mercians)
 S1264   
 S1430a   
 S1431    (king of the Mercians)
 S1431a    (king of the Mercians)
 S1435   
 S1436   
 S136   
 S151    (king of the Mercians)
 ASC  796 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <796> B (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  819 ADEG, <819> BC, 822 F(OE and Lat.) (King of the Mercians)
 S1442   
 S367a    (king of the Mercians)
 Cenwulf.Ep  p. 124 (King of the Mercians)
 Leo III.Ep.B284  p. 393 (king of the Mercians)
 Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424 (king of the Mercians and the province of the Saxons)
 Leo III.Ep.H2  p. 90
 Leo III.Ep.B337   
 Paschal.Ep.B363   
 Alcuin.Ep  123 (King of the Mercians)
 Alcuin.Ep  123
 Alcuin.Ep  300
 S658   
 AnnalsUlster  821.2 (King of the Saxons)
 Anon.GenRegList1    (King of the Mercians)
 S673   
 S786   
 S788   
 S1293   
 Anon.GenRegList2    (King of the Mercians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.Cap. (King of the Mercians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.2 (King of the Mercians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 28) (King of the Mercians)
 S876   
 S175    (king of the Mercians)
 Leo III.Ep.B288    (king of the Mercians)
 S1122   
 WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
 NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
 NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
 EMC Coin  1985.0048 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  2008.0025 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1988.0154 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1992.764 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0542 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2005.0215 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2009.0225 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1973.6577 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1963.0002 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1922.0007 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1984.0032 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1009.0016 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1020.0576 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1042.0641 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2009.0136 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1030.0189 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1024.0337 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1991.0124 (N 366 (Cn. 100))
 EMC Coin  1994.0181 (N 366 var (Coenwulf, moneyer Botred, cross potent with pellets in angles))
 EMC Coin  2001.0938 (N 366 var (Coenwulf, moneyer Botred, cross potent with pellets in angles))
 EMC Coin  1030.0194 (N 366 (Cn. 100))
 EMC Coin  1002.0343 (N 361 (Cn. 95))
 EMC Coin  1992.0258 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1994.0179 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 EMC Coin  1004.0058 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1992.7643 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  2000.0002 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1004.0059 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1001.0398 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1002.0336 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1030.0192 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1020.0586 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1993.0197 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1006.0058 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1017.0085 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1020.0579 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1987.0112 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1996.0177 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2001.0955 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2007.0194 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1009.0018 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 EMC Coin  1002.0337 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1002.034 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1030.019 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1020.0583 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2004.0218 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1999.0037 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1987.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.005 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1996.0176 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2002.0266 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2008.0182 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2008.048 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1963.0005 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1984.0006 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1009.0015 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.0188 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2009.0101 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1001.0397 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2009.0249 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1020.0581 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1990.0195 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1967.804 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 EMC Coin  1002.0338 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 EMC Coin  2009.0233 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2008.0184 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1986.0085 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 EMC Coin  1989.0076 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  2001.1303 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 EMC Coin  2005.0197 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  2001.1033 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 EMC Coin  1983.9622 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1036.0072 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 EMC Coin  1002.0341 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  2000.0408 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.054 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1988.01531 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0537 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1006.0059 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.0051 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1999.0181 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1963.0001 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1985.0072 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1002.033 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1001.099 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0535 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 EMC Coin  2001.0639 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2001.0637 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2006.0177 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2001.1147 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 EMC Coin  1963.001 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 EMC Coin  1009.0019 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  1002.0345 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  1991.0237 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0776 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  1997.0011 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  2002.0169 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 EMC Coin  2007.0094 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1963.0004 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1963.0003 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.0239 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 EMC Coin  1995.0133 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  2001.0551 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  2005.0226 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  2007.0262 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  2008.0437 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  2009.0099 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  2008.0403 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1963.0009 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  1009.002 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1004.006 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1002.0335 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 EMC Coin  1002.0334 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1002.0333 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1002.0332 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1030.0193 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1020.0589 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1021.0956 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 EMC Coin  1987.0113 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1992.7644 (N 355 (Cn. 67, 84, 94, 76))
 EMC Coin  1986.9151 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1992.0259 (N 351 (Cn. 68-9))
 EMC Coin  1996.0179 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 EMC Coin  1996.018 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 EMC Coin  1001.0399 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1020.0588 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1021.0955 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1997.0115 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 EMC Coin  2009.0102 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 EMC Coin  1986.9139 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1986.0052 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1998.0075 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1996.0175 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.1227 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.0079 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.036 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1001.0401 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1002.0331 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1002.0339 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1016.0094 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1020.0578 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1997.0117 (N 343.11 (M / Cross type))
 EMC Coin  2002.0201 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2007.0188 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2008.0183 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1009.1124 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 EMC Coin  1963.0008 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 EMC Coin  1036.0073 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 EMC Coin  1020.0587 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 EMC Coin  2000.0232 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 EMC Coin  2008.0108 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 EMC Coin  1002.0342 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 EMC Coin  1016.0096 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 EMC Coin  1991.5003 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1992.7642 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1994.018 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2001.0027 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  2001.0557 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1999.0168 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2002.0247 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1963.0007 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 EMC Coin  1922.0004 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 EMC Coin  1050.0105 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1002.0344 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 EMC Coin  1001.0402 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1030.0191 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1020.0582 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1020.0584 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1988.014 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1992.76242 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1994.0178 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1992.76241 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1986.914 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1999.0043 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2004.0219 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2001.0976 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2003.0223 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  2007.0214 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1963.0022 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1971.8085 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1963.0023 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1973.6652 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1002.0393 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1002.0394 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1030.0218 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1020.0653 (N 232 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1986.0055 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1988.0156 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2001.1095 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2002.0202 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  2007.0045 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2004.0167 (Coenwulf of Mercia, gold mancus)
 EMC Coin  2008.0482 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2004.0245 (N 233 (Abp Æthelheard Group III with Coenwulf))
 EMC Coin  1993.0196 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1992.7639 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1991.0238 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2001.0733 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1996.0174 (Lead ticket, time of Coenwulf of Mercia)
 EMC Coin  2001.0785 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 EMC Coin  2002.02 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2002.0204 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2002.0203 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1004.0832 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1017.0732 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1017.0731 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1024.0879 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1993.0198 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1986.0056 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1996.0178 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  2005.0066 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 EMC Coin  2005.01 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1011.0008 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1001.0403 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1016.0095 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1020.0585 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 EMC Coin  1020.058 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 EMC Coin  1986.0216 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1988.0155 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2006.0123 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1002.0348 (N 365 (Cn. 107))
 EMC Coin  1998.2113 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1998.0076 (N 367 (Cn. 103))
 EMC Coin  1996.0181 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 EMC Coin  2002.0268 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2004.0055 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 EMC Coin  2005.0064 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 EMC Coin  2007.0142 (Coenwulf of Mercia (East Anglian, N 362-375))
 EMC Coin  2008.0433 (N 365 (Cn. 107))
 EMC Coin  1970.0733 (Lead ticket, time of Coenwulf of Mercia)
 EMC Coin  1002.0346 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1002.0347 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 EMC Coin  1009.0017 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 EMC Coin  2005.0123 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 EMC Coin  1987.0111 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  2001.0536 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 EMC Coin  1987.0109 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1991.0123 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1995.0134 (N 375.05 (Coenwulf, obv. crude bust, rev. A (Cn 106)))
 EMC Coin  1999.0169 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1998.2114 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  2006.0055 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  2005.0247 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  2008.0216 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2008.0014 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 EMC Coin  1016.0097 (N 369 (Cn. 111))
 EMC Coin  1020.059 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
Rector (1)
 S153    (rector of the Mercians)
Personal Relationship (29)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (2)
 Cuthred 11: of Cenwulf 3: S157   
 Cuthred 11: of Cenwulf 3: S160   
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (3)
 Cwenthryth 1: of Cenwulf 3: S165   
 Cwenthryth 1: of Cenwulf 3: S1436   
 Cwenthryth 1: of Cenwulf 3: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.3
Cenwulf 3 Father (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Cynehelm 1: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
~ Father (Honorific kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Leo 1: of Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 126
~ Heir (General relationship) of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Cwenthryth 1: of Cenwulf 3: S1446   
~ Lord (General relationship) of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Leo 1: of Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 124
~ Predecessor (General relationship) of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Offa 7: of Cenwulf 3: Alcuin.Ep  123
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (6)
 Eanberht 7: of Cenwulf 3: S159   
 Cyneberht 9: of Cenwulf 3: S165   
 Cenwald 2: of Cenwulf 3: S165   
 Cyneberht 9: of Cenwulf 3: S169   
 Cenwald 2: of Cenwulf 3: S169   
 Ceolwulf 5: of Cenwulf 3: S177   
~ Sister (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (2)
 Cyneswith 3: of Cenwulf 3: S184   
 Burghild 1: of Cenwulf 3: S184   
Cenwulf 3 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Cuthbert 12: Anon.GenRegList1   
 of Cuthbert 12: Anon.GenRegList2   
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (3)
 Cynehelm 1: of Cenwulf 3: S156   
 Cynehelm 1: of Cenwulf 3: S184   
 Cynehelm 1: of Cenwulf 3: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.3
Cenwulf 3 Son (Honorific kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Leo 1: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 126
 of Paschal 2: Paschal.Ep.B363   
Cenwulf 3 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Ecgfrith 7: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
~ Successor (General relationship) of Cenwulf 3 (2)
 Ceolwulf 5: of Cenwulf 3: ASC  819 ADEG, <819> BC, 822 F(OE and Lat.)
 Ceolwulf 5: of Cenwulf 3: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 28)
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Cynegyth 2: of Cenwulf 3: S156   
Event (172)
Advice/counsel (1)
 Alcuin 1.letter of exhortation to Cenwulf 3: Alcuin 1 counselled Cenwulf 3 as to appropriate behaviour for a king and wished him a long and prosperous reign.: Alcuin.Ep  123
Agreement (1)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Alms-giving (1)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of abbot (1)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Cenwulf 3.made king: In 796 Cenwulf 3, father of St Cynehelm 1 the martyr, gloriously received the crown of the kingdom of the Mercians, and held it with unconquered strength by the strong vigour of his government.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58 (796)
Archiepiscopal see - restoration (2)
 Cenwulf 3.reinstalling the primacy of Canterbury: Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians was advised by Æthelheard 13 and the archbishop of York, Eanbald 2, how wickedly his predecessor [Offa 7] had behaved, and brought back the old system in full; the king sent letters from himself and all the bishops of England to Leo 1, Hadrian 3's successor, and the archbishop in person actively forwarded the mission. This is proved by ancient sources such as letters by Alcuin 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
Army-raising (1)
 Eardwulf 4-Cenwulf 3.campaigning: In 801 Eardwulf 4, king of the Northumbrians, led an army against Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, because of his harbouring of his enemies. And the latter king collected an army and led many forces from other provinces with him. When there had been a long campaign between them, they finally made peace by the advice of the English bishops and nobles on both sides.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  63 (801)
Assembly (1)
 S1187 - Council of Clofesho 796x804: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, having with the knowledge if the synod being summoned to the synod and to appear for judgement in the place which is called Clofesho with the deeds of the estate, i.e. ‘Westminster’ [Westbury-on-Trym], which previously his kinsmen delivered and granted to him, Archbishop Æthelheard 13 directed him and gave judgment there with the witness of King Cenwulf 3 and his chief men in front of the whole synod when they perused his documents, that he was free to give his land and title-deeds wherever he wished.: S1187    (796 x 804)
Bequeathing/will-making (5)
 Cenwulf 3.S1442 bequeathing land to ?Cynethryth 4: King Cenwulf 3 of the Mercians bequeathed land in charters, amongst which were 10 manentes at Bockley which - it seems - he left to Cynethryth 4.: S1442   
 Cenwulf 3.S185 bequeathing land to Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of the reversion of 30 hides (tributarii) at Fladbury, Worcs., after his own death: S185    (798 x 821)
 Leo 1.letter to King Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 granted Cenwulf 3 comprehensive confirmation of his monasteries and their possessions. In particular, the privilege concerned the monastery in which Cenwulf 3 was going to be buried [Winchcombe]: Leo III.Ep.B337    (811)
 S1187 - Æthelric 8 declaring his will: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, declares his intention to bequeath land at Todenham, Gloucs.; Sture; Shrawley, Worcs.; and at Cohhanlea to Deerhurst; at Bromsgrove and Feckenham, Worcs., to Wærfrith 2 for life with reversion to Worcester 1; and land under Over, Gloucs., at Westmynster (Westbury-on-Trym) and at Stoce (Stoke Bishop, Gloucs. or Stoke Prior, Worcs.), to Ceolburg 1, his mother, for life, with reversion to the church at Worcester.: S1187    (804)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, Æthelwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that Ælfflæd 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by Æthelred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to Æthelwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
Blinding (1)
 Cenwulf 3.blinding of Eadberht 18: In 798 Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, invaded the province of the people of Kent with the whole strength of his army, and mightily devastated it with pillaging. At the same time Eadberht 18, king of the people of Kent, was captured, and the king of the Mercians ordered his eyes to be torn out and his hands ruthlessly cut off. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  59 (798)
Building construction/restoration (1)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
Burial (1)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
Campaigning (1)
 Eardwulf 4-Cenwulf 3.campaigning: In 801 Eardwulf 4, king of the Northumbrians, led an army against Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, because of his harbouring of his enemies. And the latter king collected an army and led many forces from other provinces with him. When there had been a long campaign between them, they finally made peace by the advice of the English bishops and nobles on both sides.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  63 (801)
Capture (3)
 Cenwulf 3.blinding of Eadberht 18: In 798 Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, invaded the province of the people of Kent with the whole strength of his army, and mightily devastated it with pillaging. At the same time Eadberht 18, king of the people of Kent, was captured, and the king of the Mercians ordered his eyes to be torn out and his hands ruthlessly cut off. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  59 (798)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
 Cenwulf 3.seizure of Eadberht 18: They [presumably Cenwulf 3 and his men] seized Eadberht 18 and led him to the Mercians (Anonymi 860) [F(Lat.) substitutes: into Mercia]. : ASC  796 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <796> B (798)
Charter confirmation (1)
 Cenwulf 3.granting land to Beornnoth 2: King Edward 2, with Æthelred 1 and Æthelflæd 4 of the Mercians, at the request of Æthelfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (796 x 821)
Charter-witnessing (42)
 S1186a - Pilheard 1’s declaration: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S1187 - Æthelric 8 declaring his will: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, declares his intention to bequeath land at Todenham, Gloucs.; Sture; Shrawley, Worcs.; and at Cohhanlea to Deerhurst; at Bromsgrove and Feckenham, Worcs., to Wærfrith 2 for life with reversion to Worcester 1; and land under Over, Gloucs., at Westmynster (Westbury-on-Trym) and at Stoce (Stoke Bishop, Gloucs. or Stoke Prior, Worcs.), to Ceolburg 1, his mother, for life, with reversion to the church at Worcester.: S1187    (804)
 S1260 - Deneberht 1 confirming lease of Wulfheard 3: Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1, to Wulfheard 3; confirmation of his life interest in land at Inkberrow and Bradley, Worcs: S1260    (803)
 S136 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Alban's; grant of privileges and of 34 hides (mansiones) at Cassio, Herts., 6 at Heanhamstede (cf. Hamstead's House, St Stephens, Herts.) and 10 at Stanmore, Middx: S136    (793)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, Æthelwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that Ælfflæd 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by Æthelred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to Æthelwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
 S151 - Ecgfrith 7 granting land to Willegod 1: Ecgfrith 7, king of the Mercians, to Willegod 1, abbot, and St Alban's 1 Abbey; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Pinnelesfeld (Pinesfield Farm in Rickmansworth, Herts.): S151    (796)
 S152 - Cenwulf 3 granting Cynehelm 1 freedom of Glastonbury Abbey: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Cynehelm 1 and his successors; confirmation of the freedom of Glastonbury Abbey, previously granted by King Ecgfrith 7: S152    (797)
 S153 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Oswulf 4: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Oswulf 4, his dux and minister; grant of land at Hremping wiic, also known as Hafingseota, south of the river Limen, Kent, in exchange for land at Bobingseata: S153    (798)
 S154 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging lands with Balthun 1: King Cenwulf 3 to Balthun 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) belonging to Kempsey minster, Worcs., in exchange for 12 hides at Harvington, Worcs.: S154    (799 x 802)
 S155 - Cenwulf 3 restoring land to Christ Church, Canterbury: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Canterbury, Christ Church; restoration of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent, previously seized and redistributed by King Offa 7, in return for 100 mancuses: S155    (799)
 S156 - Various witnessing Cenwulf 3: King Cenwulf 3 and his wife Cynegyth 2 to Canterbury, Christ Church; grant of 4 sulungs (aratra) at Giddinge and Wootton, Kent: S156    (799)
 S157 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting lands to Swithhun 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Swithhun 3, minister; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent, one sulung at Æthilwlfing lond, a fishery on the Thames called Fiscnæs, and swine-pastures in Cæstersæta walda: S157    (801)
 S158 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wihthun 2 and Selsey 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Bishop Wihthun 2 and the church at Selsey 1; confirmation of 25 (hides) at Denton, Sussex: S158    (801)
 S159 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting land to Eanberht 7: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to [Eanberht 7], their kinsman; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at West Lenham, Kent, with thirteen swine-pastures in the Weald: S159    (804)
 S160 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting land to Selethryth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Selethryth 1, abbess, and her familia at Lyminge; grant of land in Canterbury to serve as a refuge: S160    (804)
 S161 - Cenwulf 3 and Cuthred 11 granting land to Wulfheard 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Wulfheard 10, priest; grant of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond: S161    (805)
 S163 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Eadwulf 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Eadwulf 10, minister; grant of 1.5 sulungs (aratra) at Cooling, Kent: S163    (808)
 S164 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians and people of Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 7 sulungs (aratra) at Barham, Kent, in return for 30 pounds: S164    (809)
 S165 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Beornmod 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornmod 3, bishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) to the south of Rochester (at Borstal), Kent, with appurtenant swine-pastures in the Weald: S165    (811)
 S166 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Ræthhun 2: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 S167 - Cenwulf 3 founding Winchcombe Abbey: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, founds Winchcombe Abbey: S167    (811)
 S168 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Appincg lond in Rainham, 2 sulungs at Suithhunincg lond at Graveney near Faversham, and 2.5 hagae in Canterbury, all in Kent, in return for 126 mancuses: S168    (811)
 S169 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Graveney and a 'yokelet' (ioclet) at Caseborne (lost) in Cheriton, Kent, in exchange for 1 sulung (equivalent to 2 manentes) at Swarling, Kent, and a 'yokelet' at Ecgheang lond: S169    (812)
 S170 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 20 iugera at Ibentea in the Faversham district and a further 2 in the same area: S170    (812)
 S171 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Deneberht 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Sture, in exchange for 12 hides at Guiting, Gloucs: S171    (814)
 S172 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging Worcester’s renders for Twyning Minster: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (814)
 S173 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Swithnoth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Swithnoth 1, his comes; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) near Chart Sutton, Kent, with swine-pastures: S173    (814)
 S174 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to the church of Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Dunhampstead in Himbleton, Worcs: S174    (813)
 S175 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 10 sulungs (aratra) at Bexley, Kent, with swine-pastures: S175    (814)
 S176 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 30 iugera at Bingley's Island, Canterbury: S176    (814)
 S177 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of one sulung (aratrum) at Cynincges cua lond, Kent (? Kingsland (lost) in Faversham hundred), in return for 7 pounds of gold and silver: S177    (814)
 S178 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 hide (manens) at Seleberhting lond in the district of Faversham, Kent, in return for a ring of 23 mancuses: S178    (815)
 S179 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Hallow, Spetchley, Himbleton, Ravenshill in Tibberton, Worcs.; Lapworth, Warwicks.; and at Oddingley and Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs: S179    (816)
 S180 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 S181 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his cathedral clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Salwarpe, Hampton Lovett, Beolne (Bell Hall in Belbroughton), Broughton and Fairfield in Belbroughton, Worcs: S181    (817)
 S182 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Deneberht 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and the church of Worcester 1; grant of 3 hides (mansiones) at Sluhforda on the west bank of the Stour, Worcs.: S182    (817)
 S184 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Abingdon 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Abingdon 1 Abbey; grant of 15 hides (mansae) at Culham, Oxon., with pasture at Otney (near Sutton Courtenay), Berks.: S184    (821)
 S1861 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfflæd 9: Fragment: (Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Wulfflæd 9; grant of land at Aldington, Worcs.).: S1861    (796 x 821)
 S39 - Cuthred 11 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Ealdberht 15, his minister, and Selethryth 1, abbess; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Ruckinge, Kent: S39    (805)
 S40 - Cuthred 11 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Hrithra leah, part of an estate of 15 hides (manentes) at Buckholt in Petham, Kent, in return for 30 mancuses: S40    (805)
 S41 - Cuthred 11 selling land to Æthelnoth 12: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Æthelnoth 12, praefectus; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Eythorne, Kent, in return for 3000 pence: S41    (805 x 807)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (2)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
 S167 - Cenwulf 3 founding Winchcombe Abbey: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, founds Winchcombe Abbey: S167    (811)
Confirmation of land/privileges (10)
 Cenwulf 3.S158 confirming lands of Selsey 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Bishop Wihthun 2 and the church at Selsey 1; confirmation of 25 (hides) at Denton, Sussex: S158    (801)
 Cenwulf 3.privilege for Cynehelm 1: Cenwulf 3 confirmed the lands of the monastery of Glastonbury for Cynehelm 1.: Leo III.Ep.B284  p. 393
 Edgar 11.S673 confirming privileges of Abingdon 1: King Edgar 11 to Abingdon 1 Abbey; confirmation of privileges and restoration of 10 hides (mansae) at Ginge, 15 at Goosey, 30 at Longworth and 5 at Bessels Leigh, Berks.: S673    (959)
 Leo 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 thanked Cenwulf 3 for the gift of 120 mancusi he had sent and informed him of the privilege he had confirmed to Æthelheard 13. Leo 1 had been asked to see justice done in respect of those jurisdictions (over bishops and monasteries) of which the archbishop (Æthelheard 13) had been unlawfully despoiled.: Leo III.Ep.B306  pp. 424-6 (802)
 Leo 1.letter to Cynehelm 1: Following Cynehelm 1's request Leo 1 wrote to him confirming the ownership of the monastery at Glastonbury for him and his successors. The same monastery had been previously confirmed to Cynehelm 1 by Ecgfrith 7. It was subsequently confirmed by Cenwulf 3 as well.: Leo III.Ep.B284  pp. 392-4 (798)
 Leo 1.letter to King Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 granted Cenwulf 3 comprehensive confirmation of his monasteries and their possessions. In particular, the privilege concerned the monastery in which Cenwulf 3 was going to be buried [Winchcombe]: Leo III.Ep.B337    (811)
 Paschal 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Paschal 1 granted Cenwulf 3 comprehensive confirmations of his monasteries and their possessions.: Paschal.Ep.B363    (817)
 S1260 - Deneberht 1 confirming lease of Wulfheard 3: Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1, to Wulfheard 3; confirmation of his life interest in land at Inkberrow and Bradley, Worcs: S1260    (803)
 S152 - Cenwulf 3 granting Cynehelm 1 freedom of Glastonbury Abbey: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Cynehelm 1 and his successors; confirmation of the freedom of Glastonbury Abbey, previously granted by King Ecgfrith 7: S152    (797)
 S158 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wihthun 2 and Selsey 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Bishop Wihthun 2 and the church at Selsey 1; confirmation of 25 (hides) at Denton, Sussex: S158    (801)
Correspondence (9)
 Alcuin 1.letter of exhortation to Cenwulf 3: Alcuin 1 counselled Cenwulf 3 as to appropriate behaviour for a king and wished him a long and prosperous reign.: Alcuin.Ep  123
 Cenwulf 3.letter to Leo 1: Cenwulf 3 wrote to Leo 1 about the division of the authority of the metropolitan of Canterbury in two provinces. He said that all the bishops found that situation to be against the Apostolic rules established by Gregory 1. He wrote that the pallium had been sent by Hadrian 3 to the bishop of the Mercians, at the request of Offa 7. Cenwulf 3 asked Leo 1 to make enquiries into this matter and write back to Cenwulf 3 about how the order should be maintained in the future. Cenwulf 3 also mentioned another letter that Æthelheard 13 was sending to Leo 1. He asked the Pope to reply to him as well on the matters addressed by the archbishop.: Cenwulf.Ep  pp. 124-8
 Cenwulf 3.reinstalling the primacy of Canterbury: Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians was advised by Æthelheard 13 and the archbishop of York, Eanbald 2, how wickedly his predecessor [Offa 7] had behaved, and brought back the old system in full; the king sent letters from himself and all the bishops of England to Leo 1, Hadrian 3's successor, and the archbishop in person actively forwarded the mission. This is proved by ancient sources such as letters by Alcuin 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
 Leo 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 thanked Cenwulf 3 for the gift of 120 mancusi he had sent and informed him of the privilege he had confirmed to Æthelheard 13. Leo 1 had been asked to see justice done in respect of those jurisdictions (over bishops and monasteries) of which the archbishop (Æthelheard 13) had been unlawfully despoiled.: Leo III.Ep.B306  pp. 424-6 (802)
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
 Leo 1.letter to Cynehelm 1: Following Cynehelm 1's request Leo 1 wrote to him confirming the ownership of the monastery at Glastonbury for him and his successors. The same monastery had been previously confirmed to Cynehelm 1 by Ecgfrith 7. It was subsequently confirmed by Cenwulf 3 as well.: Leo III.Ep.B284  pp. 392-4 (798)
 Leo 1.letter to King Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 granted Cenwulf 3 comprehensive confirmation of his monasteries and their possessions. In particular, the privilege concerned the monastery in which Cenwulf 3 was going to be buried [Winchcombe]: Leo III.Ep.B337    (811)
 Leo 1.writing to Cenwulf 3 concerning the diocese of London: Pope Leo 1 III to Cenwulf, king of the Mercians; letter explaining that he will not consent to moving the metropolitan dignity from Canterbury to London.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Paschal 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Paschal 1 granted Cenwulf 3 comprehensive confirmations of his monasteries and their possessions.: Paschal.Ep.B363    (817)
Death/dying (1)
 Cenwulf 3.death: Cenwulf 3 passed away.: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 28) (821)
Deposition of archbishop (1)
 Cenwulf 3.ordering that Wulfred 6 should be exiled: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, ordered that Wulfred 6, archbishop, be despoiled of everything which belonged to his authority, and to be utterly exiled from this country, and never to return to it, either at the intercession of the Lord Pope [Paschal 2] or of the Emperor [Louis 1], or of any other person of whatsoever rank, until he had consented to this, - namely to return 300 hides of land at Ignoshomme [?Eynsham, Oxon.], and to give up 120 pounds of money.: S1436    (821)
Disputing/dispute-settling (5)
 Cenwulf 3-Eanbald 2-Wulfred 6.dissension: Cenwulf 3 was not in good terms with either Wulfred 6 or Eanbald 2.: Leo III.Ep.H2  p. 90
 Cenwulf 3.exiling Wulfred 6: King Cenwulf 3 of the Mercians, ordered that Archbishop Wulfred 6 should be exiled if he did not agree to the king's terms.: S1436   
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, Æthelwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that Ælfflæd 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by Æthelred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to Æthelwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
Episcopal see, acquisition/institution/division/merge (2)
 Cenwulf 3.letter to Leo 1: Cenwulf 3 wrote to Leo 1 about the division of the authority of the metropolitan of Canterbury in two provinces. He said that all the bishops found that situation to be against the Apostolic rules established by Gregory 1. He wrote that the pallium had been sent by Hadrian 3 to the bishop of the Mercians, at the request of Offa 7. Cenwulf 3 asked Leo 1 to make enquiries into this matter and write back to Cenwulf 3 about how the order should be maintained in the future. Cenwulf 3 also mentioned another letter that Æthelheard 13 was sending to Leo 1. He asked the Pope to reply to him as well on the matters addressed by the archbishop.: Cenwulf.Ep  pp. 124-8
 Leo 1.writing to Cenwulf 3 concerning the diocese of London: Pope Leo 1 III to Cenwulf, king of the Mercians; letter explaining that he will not consent to moving the metropolitan dignity from Canterbury to London.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
Exile (2)
 Cenwulf 3.exiling Wulfred 6: King Cenwulf 3 of the Mercians, ordered that Archbishop Wulfred 6 should be exiled if he did not agree to the king's terms.: S1436   
 Cenwulf 3.ordering that Wulfred 6 should be exiled: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, ordered that Wulfred 6, archbishop, be despoiled of everything which belonged to his authority, and to be utterly exiled from this country, and never to return to it, either at the intercession of the Lord Pope [Paschal 2] or of the Emperor [Louis 1], or of any other person of whatsoever rank, until he had consented to this, - namely to return 300 hides of land at Ignoshomme [?Eynsham, Oxon.], and to give up 120 pounds of money.: S1436    (821)
Expulsion (1)
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
Freeing captives (1)
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
Freeing from dues (7)
 Cenwulf 3.S1186a exchanging with Pilheard 1: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 Cenwulf 3.S172 exchanging with Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester 1 and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (813)
 Cenwulf 3.S786 granting privileges to Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, to Worcester 1; grant of privileges freeing the monastery from services: S786    (796 x 821)
 Deneberht 1-Worcester 1.S172 exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (813)
 Pilheard 1.S1186a exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S1186a - Pilheard 1’s declaration: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S172 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging Worcester’s renders for Twyning Minster: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (814)
Governing (2)
 Cenwulf 3.made king: In 796 Cenwulf 3, father of St Cynehelm 1 the martyr, gloriously received the crown of the kingdom of the Mercians, and held it with unconquered strength by the strong vigour of his government.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58 (796)
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
Grant and Gift (62)
 Cenwulf 3-Cuthred 11.S157 granting land to Swithhun 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Swithhun 3, minister; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent, one sulung at Æthilwlfing lond, a fishery on the Thames called Fiscnæs, and swine-pastures in Cæstersæta walda: S157    (801)
 Cenwulf 3-Cuthred 11.S159 granting land to Eanberht 7: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to [Eanberht 7], their kinsman; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at West Lenham, Kent, with thirteen swine-pastures in the Weald: S159    (804)
 Cenwulf 3-Cuthred 11.S160 granting land to Selethryth 1 & St Mary's, Lyminge: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the men of Kent, to Selethryth 1, abbess, and her familia at Lyminge 1; grant of land in Canterbury to serve as a refuge: S160    (804)
 Cenwulf 3-Cynegyth 2.S156 granting land to Canterbury, Christ Church 1: King Cenwulf 3 and his wife Cynegyth 2 to Canterbury, Christ Church 1; grant of 4 sulungs (aratra) at Giddinge and Wootton, Kent: S156    (799)
 Cenwulf 3.S163 granting land to Eadwulf 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Eadwulf 10, minister; grant of 1.5 sulungs (aratra) at Cooling, Kent: S163    (808)
 Cenwulf 3.S165 granting land to Beornmod 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornmod 3, bishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) to the south of Rochester (at Borstal), Kent, with appurtenant swine-pastures in the Weald: S165    (811)
 Cenwulf 3.S170 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 20 iugera at Ibentea in the Faversham district and a further 2 in the same area.: S170    (812)
 Cenwulf 3.S173 granting land to Swithnoth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Swithnoth 1, his comes; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) near Chart Sutton, Kent, with swine-pastures: S173    (814)
 Cenwulf 3.S174 granting land to Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Dunhampstead in Himbleton, Worcs.: S174    (813)
 Cenwulf 3.S175 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 10 sulungs (aratra) at Bexley, Kent, with swine-pastures: S175    (814)
 Cenwulf 3.S176 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 30 iugera at Bingley's Island, Canterbury: S176    (814)
 Cenwulf 3.S179 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 and Worcester for certain churches: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Hallow, Spetchley, Himbleton, Ravenshill in Tibberton, Worcs.; Lapworth, Warwicks.; and at Oddingley and Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs.: S179    (816)
 Cenwulf 3.S180 exchanging privileges and land with Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 Cenwulf 3.S181 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1 for certain estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his cathedral clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Salwarpe, Hampton Lovett, Beolne (Bell Hall in Belbroughton), Broughton and Fairfield in Belbroughton, Worcs.: S181    (817)
 Cenwulf 3.S182 granting land to Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and the church of Worcester 1; grant of 3 hides (mansiones) at Sluhforda on the west bank of the Stour, Worcs.: S182    (817)
 Cenwulf 3.S183 granting privileges to Abingdon 1 for certain estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Abingdon 1 Abbey; grant of privileges for land at Culham, Oxon.; Kennington, Hinksey, Cumnor, Earmundelæh (cf. Bessels Leigh), Eaton, Sunningwell, Dry Sandford, Wootton, Ginge, Denchworth, Charney (Bassett), Goosey, Fernham, Watchfield, Shrivenham, Bourton, Leckhampstead, Boxford, Welford and Wickham in Welford, Berks., with woodland at Speen, Poughley (in Chaddleworth), Trindlæh (lost), and Easton (in Welford), Berks.: S183    (821)
 Cenwulf 3.S184 granting land to Abingdon 1 Abbey: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Abingdon 1 Abbey; grant of 15 hides (mansae) at Culham, Oxon., with pasture at Otney (near Sutton Courtenay), Berks.: S184    (821)
 Cenwulf 3.S185 bequeathing land to Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of the reversion of 30 hides (tributarii) at Fladbury, Worcs., after his own death: S185    (798 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.S187 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of land in Canterbury: S187    (805 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.S786 granting privileges to Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, to Worcester 1; grant of privileges freeing the monastery from services: S786    (796 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.S788 granting privileges to Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3 granted privileges to Worcester 1.: S788   
 Cenwulf 3.founding Winchcombe: The monastery of Winchcombe was built by Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians, a piece of munificence on a scale inconceivable in our own times. He had the church dedicated by thirteen bishops, foremost among them Wulfred 6 archbishop of Canterbury. There, during the formalities of the dedication, he freed at the altar the king of Kent [Eadberht 18], whom he had lately made captive by right of war. There too he gave a pound of silver to all landless men, a mancus of gold to priests, a shilling to monks, and much besides to the whole people. This monastery was hardly more than a name in King Edgar 11's time, but thanks to Archbishop Oswald 8 in enjoyed some recovery. Oswald 8 appointed as abbot Germann 4, whom he had brought with him from Fleury, a fine aide in religious matters and in the restoration of the church. At Winchcombe rests Cenwulf 3, with his son Cynehelm 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.156.1-3
 Cenwulf 3.granting land to Beornnoth 2: King Edward 2, with Æthelred 1 and Æthelflæd 4 of the Mercians, at the request of Æthelfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (796 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.granting land to Bosel 3: Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Bosel 3; grant of land.: S1832    (796 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.granting land to Wulfflæd 9: Fragment: (Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Wulfflæd 9; grant of land at Aldington, Worcs.).: S1861    (796 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.sending money to Leo 1: He sent 120 mancusi to the Pope : Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 425 ([801])
 Cenwulf-Cuthred.S161 granting land to Wulfheard 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the men of Kent, to Wulfheard 10, priest; grant of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond: S161    (805)
 Cynewulf 4 OR Cenwulf 3.?granting land : Cynewulf 4 (king of Wessex) OR Cenwulf 3 (king of the Mercians), to —; concerning land at Horuton. : S1689    (757 x 821)
 Cynewulf 4 OR Cenwulf 3.granting land to ?: Cynewulf 4 (king of Wessex) OR Cenwulf 3 (king of the Mercians), to —; grant of land at Mertone.: S1690    (757 x 821)
 Cynewulf 4 OR Cenwulf 3.granting land to Cuthbert 17: Cynewulf 4 (king of Wessex) OR Cenwulf 3 (king of the Mercians), to Cuthbert 17; grant of land at Culum (?Culmstock, Devon). : S1687    (756 x 821)
 Cynewulf 4 OR Cenwulf 3.granting land to Æthelheard 22: Cynewulf 4 OR Cenwulf 3, king, to Æthelheard 22, his minister; grant of 3 hides at Cedern or Elenbearo (Elborough in Hutton, Somerset). : S1681    (760 x 821)
 Deneberht 1-Worcester 1.S180 exchanging privileges and land with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 Leo 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 thanked Cenwulf 3 for the gift of 120 mancusi he had sent and informed him of the privilege he had confirmed to Æthelheard 13. Leo 1 had been asked to see justice done in respect of those jurisdictions (over bishops and monasteries) of which the archbishop (Æthelheard 13) had been unlawfully despoiled.: Leo III.Ep.B306  pp. 424-6 (802)
 Offa 7.granting an annual payment to Rome: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, for his especial love of St Peter, declared in the presence of the papal missi George 1 and Theophylactus 2, that he would send every year as many mancuses as the year had days, that is, 365, to that same apostle of the Church of God, for the support of the poor and the provision of lights; which he did, both for himself and for his successors who continue in the kingdom. Leo 1 III later invoked this precedent in ordering King Cenwulf 3 to recommence payments.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 S1187 - Council of Clofesho 796x804: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, having with the knowledge if the synod being summoned to the synod and to appear for judgement in the place which is called Clofesho with the deeds of the estate, i.e. ‘Westminster’ [Westbury-on-Trym], which previously his kinsmen delivered and granted to him, Archbishop Æthelheard 13 directed him and gave judgment there with the witness of King Cenwulf 3 and his chief men in front of the whole synod when they perused his documents, that he was free to give his land and title-deeds wherever he wished.: S1187    (796 x 804)
 S136 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Alban's; grant of privileges and of 34 hides (mansiones) at Cassio, Herts., 6 at Heanhamstede (cf. Hamstead's House, St Stephens, Herts.) and 10 at Stanmore, Middx: S136    (793)
 S151 - Ecgfrith 7 granting land to Willegod 1: Ecgfrith 7, king of the Mercians, to Willegod 1, abbot, and St Alban's 1 Abbey; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Pinnelesfeld (Pinesfield Farm in Rickmansworth, Herts.): S151    (796)
 S156 - Various witnessing Cenwulf 3: King Cenwulf 3 and his wife Cynegyth 2 to Canterbury, Christ Church; grant of 4 sulungs (aratra) at Giddinge and Wootton, Kent: S156    (799)
 S157 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting lands to Swithhun 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Swithhun 3, minister; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent, one sulung at Æthilwlfing lond, a fishery on the Thames called Fiscnæs, and swine-pastures in Cæstersæta walda: S157    (801)
 S159 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting land to Eanberht 7: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to [Eanberht 7], their kinsman; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at West Lenham, Kent, with thirteen swine-pastures in the Weald: S159    (804)
 S160 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting land to Selethryth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Selethryth 1, abbess, and her familia at Lyminge; grant of land in Canterbury to serve as a refuge: S160    (804)
 S161 - Cenwulf 3 and Cuthred 11 granting land to Wulfheard 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Wulfheard 10, priest; grant of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond: S161    (805)
 S163 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Eadwulf 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Eadwulf 10, minister; grant of 1.5 sulungs (aratra) at Cooling, Kent: S163    (808)
 S165 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Beornmod 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornmod 3, bishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) to the south of Rochester (at Borstal), Kent, with appurtenant swine-pastures in the Weald: S165    (811)
 S169 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Graveney and a 'yokelet' (ioclet) at Caseborne (lost) in Cheriton, Kent, in exchange for 1 sulung (equivalent to 2 manentes) at Swarling, Kent, and a 'yokelet' at Ecgheang lond: S169    (812)
 S170 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 20 iugera at Ibentea in the Faversham district and a further 2 in the same area: S170    (812)
 S173 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Swithnoth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Swithnoth 1, his comes; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) near Chart Sutton, Kent, with swine-pastures: S173    (814)
 S174 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to the church of Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Dunhampstead in Himbleton, Worcs: S174    (813)
 S175 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 10 sulungs (aratra) at Bexley, Kent, with swine-pastures: S175    (814)
 S176 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 30 iugera at Bingley's Island, Canterbury: S176    (814)
 S177 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of one sulung (aratrum) at Cynincges cua lond, Kent (? Kingsland (lost) in Faversham hundred), in return for 7 pounds of gold and silver: S177    (814)
 S178 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 hide (manens) at Seleberhting lond in the district of Faversham, Kent, in return for a ring of 23 mancuses: S178    (815)
 S179 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Hallow, Spetchley, Himbleton, Ravenshill in Tibberton, Worcs.; Lapworth, Warwicks.; and at Oddingley and Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs: S179    (816)
 S180 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 S181 - Cenwulf 3 granting privileges to Deneberht 1 for several Worcester estates: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his cathedral clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Salwarpe, Hampton Lovett, Beolne (Bell Hall in Belbroughton), Broughton and Fairfield in Belbroughton, Worcs: S181    (817)
 S182 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Deneberht 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and the church of Worcester 1; grant of 3 hides (mansiones) at Sluhforda on the west bank of the Stour, Worcs.: S182    (817)
 S184 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Abingdon 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Abingdon 1 Abbey; grant of 15 hides (mansae) at Culham, Oxon., with pasture at Otney (near Sutton Courtenay), Berks.: S184    (821)
 S1861 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfflæd 9: Fragment: (Cenwulf 3, king of Mercia, to Wulfflæd 9; grant of land at Aldington, Worcs.).: S1861    (796 x 821)
 S39 - Cuthred 11 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Ealdberht 15, his minister, and Selethryth 1, abbess; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Ruckinge, Kent: S39    (805)
 S40 - Cuthred 11 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Hrithra leah, part of an estate of 15 hides (manentes) at Buckholt in Petham, Kent, in return for 30 mancuses: S40    (805)
 S41 - Cuthred 11 selling land to Æthelnoth 12: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Æthelnoth 12, praefectus; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Eythorne, Kent, in return for 3000 pence: S41    (805 x 807)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Hiding/harbouring/sanctuary (3)
 Cenwulf 3-Cuthred 11.S160 granting land to Selethryth 1 & St Mary's, Lyminge: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the men of Kent, to Selethryth 1, abbess, and her familia at Lyminge 1; grant of land in Canterbury to serve as a refuge: S160    (804)
 Eardwulf 4-Cenwulf 3.campaigning: In 801 Eardwulf 4, king of the Northumbrians, led an army against Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, because of his harbouring of his enemies. And the latter king collected an army and led many forces from other provinces with him. When there had been a long campaign between them, they finally made peace by the advice of the English bishops and nobles on both sides.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  63 (801)
 S160 - Cenwulf 3 & Cuthred 11 granting land to Selethryth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Selethryth 1, abbess, and her familia at Lyminge; grant of land in Canterbury to serve as a refuge: S160    (804)
Hostility (2)
 Cenwulf 3-Eanbald 2-Wulfred 6.dissension: Cenwulf 3 was not in good terms with either Wulfred 6 or Eanbald 2.: Leo III.Ep.H2  p. 90
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
Invasion (1)
 Cenwulf 3.blinding of Eadberht 18: In 798 Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, invaded the province of the people of Kent with the whole strength of his army, and mightily devastated it with pillaging. At the same time Eadberht 18, king of the people of Kent, was captured, and the king of the Mercians ordered his eyes to be torn out and his hands ruthlessly cut off. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  59 (798)
Journey (1)
 Æthelheard 13.journey to Rome: Æthelheard 13 went to Rome to take to the apostolic see the matter of his office. He also delivered two letters from Cenwulf 3.: Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424 (801)
Judicial decision/review (1)
 S1187 - Council of Clofesho 796x804: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, having with the knowledge if the synod being summoned to the synod and to appear for judgement in the place which is called Clofesho with the deeds of the estate, i.e. ‘Westminster’ [Westbury-on-Trym], which previously his kinsmen delivered and granted to him, Archbishop Æthelheard 13 directed him and gave judgment there with the witness of King Cenwulf 3 and his chief men in front of the whole synod when they perused his documents, that he was free to give his land and title-deeds wherever he wished.: S1187    (796 x 804)
Law-making/legislation (1)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, Æthelwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that Ælfflæd 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by Æthelred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to Æthelwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
Meeting (1)
 Cenwulf 3. depriving Wulfred 6 of land S1436: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, from Wulfred 6, archbishop; seizure of Reculver and Minster-in-Thanet. At a later meeting at the royal vill in London, Cenwulf 3 also took from Wulfred 6 300 manentes at Iognes homme (? Eynsham, Oxon.) and 120lbs of money.: S1436    ( x 821)
Message-sending (4)
 Cenwulf 3.reinstalling the primacy of Canterbury: Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians was advised by Æthelheard 13 and the archbishop of York, Eanbald 2, how wickedly his predecessor [Offa 7] had behaved, and brought back the old system in full; the king sent letters from himself and all the bishops of England to Leo 1, Hadrian 3's successor, and the archbishop in person actively forwarded the mission. This is proved by ancient sources such as letters by Alcuin 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
 Æthelheard 13.journey to Rome: Æthelheard 13 went to Rome to take to the apostolic see the matter of his office. He also delivered two letters from Cenwulf 3.: Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424 (801)
Mission/mission-sending (2)
 Cenwulf 3.reinstalling the primacy of Canterbury: Cenwulf 3 king of the Mercians was advised by Æthelheard 13 and the archbishop of York, Eanbald 2, how wickedly his predecessor [Offa 7] had behaved, and brought back the old system in full; the king sent letters from himself and all the bishops of England to Leo 1, Hadrian 3's successor, and the archbishop in person actively forwarded the mission. This is proved by ancient sources such as letters by Alcuin 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.2
 Wada 3.mission to Rome: Wada 3 was sent to the Pope (Leo 1) by Cenwulf 3, but he conducted it slothfully and even without understanding: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
Mutilation (2)
 Cenwulf 3.blinding of Eadberht 18: In 798 Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, invaded the province of the people of Kent with the whole strength of his army, and mightily devastated it with pillaging. At the same time Eadberht 18, king of the people of Kent, was captured, and the king of the Mercians ordered his eyes to be torn out and his hands ruthlessly cut off. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  59 (798)
 Cenwulf 3.mutilation of Eadberht 18: [Cenwulf 3] had the hands [of Eadberht 18] cut off.: ASC (F)  796 F(OE and Lat.) (798)
Ordering (1)
 Cenwulf 3.exiling Wulfred 6: King Cenwulf 3 of the Mercians, ordered that Archbishop Wulfred 6 should be exiled if he did not agree to the king's terms.: S1436   
Pallium-despatch/receipt/request (1)
 Cenwulf 3.letter to Leo 1: Cenwulf 3 wrote to Leo 1 about the division of the authority of the metropolitan of Canterbury in two provinces. He said that all the bishops found that situation to be against the Apostolic rules established by Gregory 1. He wrote that the pallium had been sent by Hadrian 3 to the bishop of the Mercians, at the request of Offa 7. Cenwulf 3 asked Leo 1 to make enquiries into this matter and write back to Cenwulf 3 about how the order should be maintained in the future. Cenwulf 3 also mentioned another letter that Æthelheard 13 was sending to Leo 1. He asked the Pope to reply to him as well on the matters addressed by the archbishop.: Cenwulf.Ep  pp. 124-8
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (3)
 Cenwulf 3-Leo 1.granting immunity to Abingdon 1: King Cenwulf 3 and Leo 1, pope, granted immunity to Abingdon 1.: S876    (796 x 821)
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
 Æthelheard 13.journey to Rome: Æthelheard 13 went to Rome to take to the apostolic see the matter of his office. He also delivered two letters from Cenwulf 3.: Leo III.Ep.B306  p. 424 (801)
Peace agreement (1)
 Eardwulf 4-Cenwulf 3.campaigning: In 801 Eardwulf 4, king of the Northumbrians, led an army against Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, because of his harbouring of his enemies. And the latter king collected an army and led many forces from other provinces with him. When there had been a long campaign between them, they finally made peace by the advice of the English bishops and nobles on both sides.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  63 (801)
Plundering (1)
 Cenwulf 3.blinding of Eadberht 18: In 798 Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, invaded the province of the people of Kent with the whole strength of his army, and mightily devastated it with pillaging. At the same time Eadberht 18, king of the people of Kent, was captured, and the king of the Mercians ordered his eyes to be torn out and his hands ruthlessly cut off. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  59 (798)
Praying (1)
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
Property-buying/purchasing (12)
 Canterbury, Christ Church 1.S155 purchasing the restoration of land from Cenwulf 3: Canterbury, Christ Church 1 from Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians; purchase of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent for 100 mancuses of gold.: S155    (799)
 Cenwulf 3.S166 exchanging land and money with Ræthhun 2: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 Cenwulf 3.selling land to Wulfred 6 S164: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians and Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 7 sulungs (aratra) at Barham, Kent, in return for 30 pounds: S164    (808)
 Cenwulf 3.selling land to Wulfred 6 S168: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Appincg lond in Rainham, 2 sulungs at Suithhunincg lond at Graveney near Faversham, and 2.5 hagae in Canterbury, all in Kent, in return for 126 mancuses: S168    (811)
 Cenwulf 3.selling land to Wulfred 6 S177: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of one sulung (aratrum) at Cynincges cua lond, Kent (? Kingsland (lost) in Faversham hundred), in return for 7 pounds of gold and silver: S177    (814)
 Cenwulf 3.selling land to Wulfred 6 S178: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 hide (manens) at Seleberhting lond in the district of Faversham, Kent, in return for a ring of 23 mancuses: S178    (815)
 Ræthhun 2.S166 exchanging land and money with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 S41 - Cuthred 11 selling land to Æthelnoth 12: Cuthred 11, king of Kent, to Æthelnoth 12, praefectus; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Eythorne, Kent, in return for 3000 pence: S41    (805 x 807)
 Wulfheard 10.S161 exchanging with Cenwulf 3 and Cuthred 11: Wulfheard 10, priest of the late Archbishop Æthelheard 13, to Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the people of Kent; grant of 100 sicli of pure gold. The kings granted him of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond.: S161    (805)
 Wulfred 6.purchasing land from Cenwulf 3 S164: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians and Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 7 sulungs (aratra) at Barham, Kent, in return for 30 pounds: S164    (809)
 Wulfred 6.purchasing land from Cenwulf 3 S168: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Appincg lond in Rainham, 2 sulungs at Suithhunincg lond at Graveney near Faversham, and 2.5 hagae in Canterbury, all in Kent, in return for 126 mancuses: S168    (811)
 Wulfred 6.purchasing land from Cenwulf 3 S177: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of one sulung (aratrum) at Cynincges cua lond, Kent (? Kingsland (lost) in Faversham hundred), in return for 7 pounds of gold and silver: S177    (814)
Property-exchanging (26)
 Balthun 1.S154 exchanging land with Cenwulf 3: King Cenwulf 3 to Balthun 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) belonging to Kempsey minster, Worcs., in exchange for 12 hides at Harvington, Worcs.: S154    (802)
 Cenwulf 3.S1186a exchanging with Pilheard 1: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 Cenwulf 3.S1264 exchanging land with Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 aratrum at Liminum in exchange for land at Yarkhill, Herefords. which Wulfred 6 had obtained from Cynethryth 2: S1264    ( x 811)
 Cenwulf 3.S153 exchanging land with Oswulf 4: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Oswulf 4, his dux and minister; grant of land at Hremping wiic, also known as Hafingseota, south of the river Limen, Kent, in exchange for land at Bobingseata: S153    (798)
 Cenwulf 3.S154 exchanging land with Balthun 1: King Cenwulf 3 to Balthun 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) belonging to Kempsey minster, Worcs., in exchange for 12 hides at Harvington, Worcs.: S154    (802)
 Cenwulf 3.S155 selling the restoration of land to Canterbury, Christ Church 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Canterbury, Christ Church 1; restoration of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent, previously seized and redistributed by King Offa to his ministri [Anonymi 1293]: S155    (799)
 Cenwulf 3.S169 exchanging land with Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Graveney and a 'yokelet' (ioclet) at Caseborne (lost) in Cheriton, Kent, in exchange for 1 sulung (equivalent to 2 manentes) at Swarling, Kent, and a 'yokelet' at Ecgheang lond: S169    (812)
 Cenwulf 3.S171 exchanging land with Deneberht 1 & Worcester: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Sture, in exchange for 12 hides at Guiting, Gloucs.: S171    (814)
 Cenwulf 3.S172 exchanging with Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester 1 and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (813)
 Cenwulf 3.S180 exchanging privileges and land with Deneberht 1 & Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 Deneberht 1-Worcester 1.S171 exchanging land with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Sture, in exchange for 12 hides at Guiting, Gloucs.: S171    (814)
 Deneberht 1-Worcester 1.S172 exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (813)
 Deneberht 1-Worcester 1.S180 exchanging privileges and land with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his clergy at Worcester 1; grant of privileges for land at Whittington, Spetchley and Tolladine in North Claines, for 30 hides (manentes) at Weogorena-leage (Hallow), and for 25 hides at Chaddesley Corbett, Worcs., in return for 14 hides at Sture: S180    (816)
 Oswulf 4.S153 exchanging land with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Oswulf 4, his dux and minister; grant of land at Hremping wiic, also known as Hafingseota, south of the river Limen, Kent, in exchange for land at Bobingseata: S153    (798)
 Pilheard 1.S1186a exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S153 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Oswulf 4: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Oswulf 4, his dux and minister; grant of land at Hremping wiic, also known as Hafingseota, south of the river Limen, Kent, in exchange for land at Bobingseata: S153    (798)
 S154 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging lands with Balthun 1: King Cenwulf 3 to Balthun 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) belonging to Kempsey minster, Worcs., in exchange for 12 hides at Harvington, Worcs.: S154    (799 x 802)
 S155 - Cenwulf 3 restoring land to Christ Church, Canterbury: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Canterbury, Christ Church; restoration of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent, previously seized and redistributed by King Offa 7, in return for 100 mancuses: S155    (799)
 S168 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 2 sulungs (aratra) at Appincg lond in Rainham, 2 sulungs at Suithhunincg lond at Graveney near Faversham, and 2.5 hagae in Canterbury, all in Kent, in return for 126 mancuses: S168    (811)
 S171 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging land with Deneberht 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Sture, in exchange for 12 hides at Guiting, Gloucs: S171    (814)
 S172 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging Worcester’s renders for Twyning Minster: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (814)
 S178 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 hide (manens) at Seleberhting lond in the district of Faversham, Kent, in return for a ring of 23 mancuses: S178    (815)
 Wulfheard 10.S161 exchanging with Cenwulf 3 and Cuthred 11: Wulfheard 10, priest of the late Archbishop Æthelheard 13, to Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the people of Kent; grant of 100 sicli of pure gold. The kings granted him of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond.: S161    (805)
 Wulfred 6.S1264 exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 aratrum at Liminum in exchange for land at Yarkhill, Herefords. which Wulfred 6 had obtained from Cynethryth 2: S1264    ( x 811)
 Wulfred 6.S169 exchanging land in Kent with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Graveney and a 'yokelet' (ioclet) at Caseborne (lost) in Cheriton, Kent, in exchange for 1 sulung (equivalent to 2 manentes) at Swarling, Kent, and a 'yokelet' at Ecgheang lond: S169    (812)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Property-giving/selling (8)
 S164 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians and people of Kent, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 7 sulungs (aratra) at Barham, Kent, in return for 30 pounds: S164    (809)
 S166 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Ræthhun 2: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 S173 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Swithnoth 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Swithnoth 1, his comes; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) near Chart Sutton, Kent, with swine-pastures: S173    (814)
 S174 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to the church of Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester 1; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Dunhampstead in Himbleton, Worcs: S174    (813)
 S175 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 10 sulungs (aratra) at Bexley, Kent, with swine-pastures: S175    (814)
 S176 - Cenwulf 3 granting land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 30 iugera at Bingley's Island, Canterbury: S176    (814)
 S177 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of one sulung (aratrum) at Cynincges cua lond, Kent (? Kingsland (lost) in Faversham hundred), in return for 7 pounds of gold and silver: S177    (814)
 S178 - Cenwulf 3 selling land to Wulfred 6: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Wulfred 6, archbishop; grant of 1 hide (manens) at Seleberhting lond in the district of Faversham, Kent, in return for a ring of 23 mancuses: S178    (815)
Property-transacting (6)
 Cenwulf-Cuthred.S161 granting land to Wulfheard 10: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, and Cuthred 11, king of the men of Kent, to Wulfheard 10, priest; grant of 2 hides (manentes), equivalent to one sulung, at Swarling, Kent, and one 'yokelet' (an geocled) at Ecgheanng lond: S161    (805)
 Pilheard 1.S1186a exchanging with Cenwulf 3: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S1186a - Pilheard 1’s declaration: Pilheard 1, comes of Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men: S1186a    (799 x 801)
 S1187 - Æthelric 8 declaring his will: Æthelric 8, son of Æthelmund 2, declares his intention to bequeath land at Todenham, Gloucs.; Sture; Shrawley, Worcs.; and at Cohhanlea to Deerhurst; at Bromsgrove and Feckenham, Worcs., to Wærfrith 2 for life with reversion to Worcester 1; and land under Over, Gloucs., at Westmynster (Westbury-on-Trym) and at Stoce (Stoke Bishop, Gloucs. or Stoke Prior, Worcs.), to Ceolburg 1, his mother, for life, with reversion to the church at Worcester.: S1187    (804)
 S1442 - settlement between Winchcombe 1 and Worcester 1: Cenwulf 3, king, left charters converying his inheritance. The charters stated that after him, no heir should have the power to give or convey the inheritance, which belongs to Winchcombe 1, to any man for a longer term than one life. In 897, Æthelwulf 21 read the charters and found that 5 manentes at (Upton) Bockley were in the possession of Wullaf 5 who claimed that Cynethryth 4 had given the land to his father [Anonymous 689] for 3 lives and that Ælfflæd 8 had added 3 more. It was adjudged by Æthelred 1 that Cenwulf 3's original ruling must stand. Wullaf 5 gave over the charters to Æthelwulf 21, dux, on the understanding that he would hold the land in his lifetime and that it would then pass to Worcester 1.: S1442    (897)
 S172 - Cenwulf 3 exchanging Worcester’s renders for Twyning Minster: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht 1, bishop, and his familia at Worcester 1; remission of renders due from Worcester and its dependent minsters, in exchange for the minster at Twyning, Gloucs., assessed at 3 hides (manentes), and 10 hides west of the Severn: S172    (814)
Raiding (2)
 Cenwulf 3.ravaging of Kent: Cenwulf 3 harried Kent and the province that is called Romney Marsh.: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.2 (798)
 Cenwulf 3.ravaging of lands of Demetians: Cenwulf 3 [C has instead: the (Anglo-)Saxons] ravaged the lands of the men of Dyfed (Anonymi 2631).: AnnalsCamb  818 BC (818)
Request (3)
 Cenwulf 3.granting land to Beornnoth 2: King Edward 2, with Æthelred 1 and Æthelflæd 4 of the Mercians, at the request of Æthelfrith 3, dux, renews the charter of a grant by Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Beornnoth 2, comes, of 10 hides (cassati) at Islington, Middx.: S367a    (796 x 821)
 Cenwulf 3.letter to Leo 1: Cenwulf 3 wrote to Leo 1 about the division of the authority of the metropolitan of Canterbury in two provinces. He said that all the bishops found that situation to be against the Apostolic rules established by Gregory 1. He wrote that the pallium had been sent by Hadrian 3 to the bishop of the Mercians, at the request of Offa 7. Cenwulf 3 asked Leo 1 to make enquiries into this matter and write back to Cenwulf 3 about how the order should be maintained in the future. Cenwulf 3 also mentioned another letter that Æthelheard 13 was sending to Leo 1. He asked the Pope to reply to him as well on the matters addressed by the archbishop.: Cenwulf.Ep  pp. 124-8
 Leo 1.letter to Cynehelm 1: Following Cynehelm 1's request Leo 1 wrote to him confirming the ownership of the monastery at Glastonbury for him and his successors. The same monastery had been previously confirmed to Cynehelm 1 by Ecgfrith 7. It was subsequently confirmed by Cenwulf 3 as well.: Leo III.Ep.B284  pp. 392-4 (798)
Residence (1)
 Leo 1.letter to Charlemagne 1: Leo 1 wrote to Charlemagne 1 on various issues concerning English politics. He had received Charlemagne 1's letter regarding Eardwulf 4's expulsion from Northumbria. He had sent his messenger (Anonymous 731) there and had been happy to learn that Eardwulf 4 was staying with Charlemagne 1. He had also read the letters that Eanbald 2, Cenwulf 3 and Wada 4 had sent to Charlemagne 1 and recognised that they had deceived Eardwulf 4. The Pope was also very sorry about the dissension between Cenwulf 3 and the two archbishops and said that he was praying every day for the solution of that matter. He also agreed to send a letter to Eanbald 2 to ask him to go to Rome, as Charlemagne 1 had suggested.: Leo III.Ep.H2  pp. 89-91 (808)
Restoration of land/property (9)
 Cenwulf 3.S155 selling the restoration of land to Canterbury, Christ Church 1: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Canterbury, Christ Church 1; restoration of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent, previously seized and redistributed by King Offa to his ministri [Anonymi 1293]: S155    (799)
 Cenwulf 3.S166 exchanging land and money with Ræthhun 2: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 Cenwulf 3.ordering that Wulfred 6 should be exiled: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, ordered that Wulfred 6, archbishop, be despoiled of everything which belonged to his authority, and to be utterly exiled from this country, and never to return to it, either at the intercession of the Lord Pope [Paschal 2] or of the Emperor [Louis 1], or of any other person of whatsoever rank, until he had consented to this, - namely to return 300 hides of land at Ignoshomme [?Eynsham, Oxon.], and to give up 120 pounds of money.: S1436    (821)
 Edgar 11.S673 confirming privileges of Abingdon 1: King Edgar 11 to Abingdon 1 Abbey; confirmation of privileges and restoration of 10 hides (mansae) at Ginge, 15 at Goosey, 30 at Longworth and 5 at Bessels Leigh, Berks.: S673    (959)
 Leo 1.letter to Cenwulf 3: Leo 1 thanked Cenwulf 3 for the gift of 120 mancusi he had sent and informed him of the privilege he had confirmed to Æthelheard 13. Leo 1 had been asked to see justice done in respect of those jurisdictions (over bishops and monasteries) of which the archbishop (Æthelheard 13) had been unlawfully despoiled.: Leo III.Ep.B306  pp. 424-6 (802)
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
 Ræthhun 2.S166 exchanging land and money with Cenwulf 3: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Ræthhun 2, abbot of Abingdon; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Longworth, Berks, and 18 hides at Aclea, Northtuna and Punningstoce, with the restitution of 15 hides at Sunningwell, 10 hides at Eaton, 10 hides at Sandforda (probably Dry Sandford), 30 hides at Denchworth and Goosey, land at Culham, 10 hides at Ginge and 10 at Leckhampstead (all Berks, except Culham, Oxon.), in return for 120 pounds and 100 hides (mansiones): S166    (811)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
 S155 - Cenwulf 3 restoring land to Christ Church, Canterbury: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, to Canterbury, Christ Church; restoration of 30 sulungs (aratra) at Charing, 10 at Seleberhtes cert or Bryning lond (Chart) and 4 at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent, previously seized and redistributed by King Offa 7, in return for 100 mancuses: S155    (799)
Seizure of land (1)
 Cenwulf 3. depriving Wulfred 6 of land S1436: Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, from Wulfred 6, archbishop; seizure of Reculver and Minster-in-Thanet. At a later meeting at the royal vill in London, Cenwulf 3 also took from Wulfred 6 300 manentes at Iognes homme (? Eynsham, Oxon.) and 120lbs of money.: S1436    ( x 821)
Visit (1)
 Leo 1.ordering the restoration of the see of Canterbury: Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October. : S1431a    (803)
Factoids linked indirectly to Cenwulf 3 (234)
Personal Information (1)
saintly status (1)
 Æthelheard 13: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.12.2 (If anyone doubts Æthelheard 13's sanctity and the respect in which he was held, let him read Pope Leo 1's letter to King Cenwulf 3, which can be found in the first book of the History of the Kings [129:3], where Leo 1 calls him most holy, most worthy, most dear, most experienced, epithets which that supreme and holy pope would not have piled up if they had not been acknowledged to be well founded.)
Authorship (5)
Leo 1:  Author of a letter to King Cenwulf 3 (Letter): Leo III.Ep.B306  pp. 424-6
Leo 1:  Author of a letter to Cenwulf 3 (Letter): Leo III.Ep.B337   
Paschal 2:  Author of a letter to Cenwulf 3 (Letter): Paschal.Ep.B363   
Alcuin 1:  Author of a letter to Cenwulf 3, king of the Mercians, expressing his joy on the latter’s appointment as king (Letter): Alcuin.Ep  *123
Leo 1:  Letter to Cenwulf 3, king of the Merciams (Letter): Leo III.Ep.B288   
Office (220)
Dux of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Oswulf 4: S153   
King of Cenwulf 3 (2)
 Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  123
 Ceolwulf 5: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 28) (King of the Mercians)
Minister of Cenwulf 3 (6)
 Oswulf 4: S153   
 Swithhun 3: S157   
 Eadwulf 10: S163   
 Ceolberht 4: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Fildas 1: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Ceolberht 4: Leo III.Ep.B288   
Moneyer of Cenwulf 3 (209)
 Ælfhun 7: EMC Coin  1985.0048 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 Ælfhun 7: EMC Coin  2008.0025 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1988.0154 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1992.764 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  2001.0542 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  2005.0215 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  2009.0225 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1973.6577 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1963.0002 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1922.0007 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1984.0032 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Æthelmod 12: EMC Coin  1009.0016 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Babba 4: EMC Coin  1020.0576 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Beornfrith 12: EMC Coin  1042.0641 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Beornfrith 12: EMC Coin  2009.0136 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Beornfrith 12: EMC Coin  1030.0189 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Beornfrith 12: EMC Coin  1024.0337 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Botred 3: EMC Coin  1991.0124 (N 366 (Cn. 100))
 Botred 3: EMC Coin  1994.0181 (N 366 var (Coenwulf, moneyer Botred, cross potent with pellets in angles))
 Botred 3: EMC Coin  2001.0938 (N 366 var (Coenwulf, moneyer Botred, cross potent with pellets in angles))
 Botred 3: EMC Coin  1030.0194 (N 366 (Cn. 100))
 Ceolbeald 1: EMC Coin  1002.0343 (N 361 (Cn. 95))
 Ceolheard 5: EMC Coin  1992.0258 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 Ceolheard 5: EMC Coin  1994.0179 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 Ceolheard 5: EMC Coin  1004.0058 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1992.7643 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  2000.0002 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1004.0059 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1001.0398 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1002.0336 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1030.0192 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 2: EMC Coin  1020.0586 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Deala 3: EMC Coin  1993.0197 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Deala 3: EMC Coin  1006.0058 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Deala 3: EMC Coin  1017.0085 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Deala 3: EMC Coin  1020.0579 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1987.0112 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1996.0177 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  2001.0955 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  2007.0194 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1009.0018 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1002.0337 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1002.034 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1030.019 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Deormod 11: EMC Coin  1020.0583 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Diola 1: EMC Coin  2004.0218 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Diola 2: EMC Coin  1999.0037 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1987.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1986.005 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1996.0176 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2002.0266 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2008.0182 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2008.048 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1963.0005 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1984.0006 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1009.0015 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2006.0188 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2009.0101 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1001.0397 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  2009.0249 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dudda 17: EMC Coin  1020.0581 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Dudda 24: EMC Coin  1990.0195 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Dunn 13: EMC Coin  1967.804 (N 345 (Cn. 83, 86-9, 96))
 Dunn 13: EMC Coin  1002.0338 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 Eaba 3: EMC Coin  2009.0233 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Eaba 3: EMC Coin  2008.0184 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  1986.0085 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  1989.0076 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  2001.1303 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  2005.0197 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  2001.1033 (N 359 (Cn. 82))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  1983.9622 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  1036.0072 (N 357 (Cn. 77-80))
 Ealhstan 27: EMC Coin  1002.0341 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Eama 2: EMC Coin  2000.0408 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eama 2: EMC Coin  2001.054 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eanmund 11: EMC Coin  1988.01531 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eanmund 11: EMC Coin  2001.0537 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eanmund 11: EMC Coin  1006.0059 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1986.0051 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1999.0181 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1963.0001 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1985.0072 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1002.033 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Eoba 3: EMC Coin  1001.099 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  2001.0535 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  2001.0639 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  2001.0637 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  2006.0177 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  2001.1147 (N 356 (Cn. 42-3, 48-55))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  1963.001 (N 374 (Cn. 102))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  1009.0019 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Hereberht 9: EMC Coin  1002.0345 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  1991.0237 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  1986.011 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  2001.0776 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  1997.0011 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  2002.0169 (N 343 (Cn. 3))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  2007.0094 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  1963.0004 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Ibba 1: EMC Coin  1963.0003 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Ludoman 1: EMC Coin  2006.0239 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1995.0133 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2001.0551 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2005.0226 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2007.0262 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2008.0437 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2009.0099 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  2008.0403 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1963.0009 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1009.002 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1004.006 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1002.0335 (N 362 (Cn. 97))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1002.0334 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1002.0333 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1002.0332 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1030.0193 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1020.0589 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Lulla 13: EMC Coin  1021.0956 (N 363 (Cn. 98))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1987.0113 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1992.7644 (N 355 (Cn. 67, 84, 94, 76))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1986.9151 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1992.0259 (N 351 (Cn. 68-9))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1996.0179 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1996.018 (N 348 (Cn. 66))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1001.0399 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1020.0588 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Oba 4: EMC Coin  1021.0955 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Pendwine 1: EMC Coin  1997.0115 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 Pendwine 1: EMC Coin  2009.0102 (N 343.01 (Early Three Line / Enclosed Latin Cross type))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1986.9139 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1986.0052 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1998.0075 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1996.0175 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  2001.1227 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  2006.0079 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  2006.036 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1001.0401 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1002.0331 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1002.0339 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1016.0094 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sæbeorht 1: EMC Coin  1020.0578 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sigeberht 15: EMC Coin  1997.0117 (N 343.11 (M / Cross type))
 Sigeberht 15: EMC Coin  2002.0201 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Sigeberht 15: EMC Coin  2007.0188 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sigeberht 15: EMC Coin  2008.0183 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Sigeberht 15: EMC Coin  1009.1124 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 Sigestef 6: EMC Coin  1963.0008 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 Sigestef 6: EMC Coin  1036.0073 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 Sigestef 6: EMC Coin  1020.0587 (N 360 (Cn. 60-1))
 Swefheard 4: EMC Coin  2000.0232 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 Swefheard 4: EMC Coin  2008.0108 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 Swefheard 4: EMC Coin  1002.0342 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 Swefheard 4: EMC Coin  1016.0096 (N 353 (Cn. 62))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1991.5003 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1992.7642 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1994.018 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  2001.0027 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  2001.0557 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1999.0168 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  2002.0247 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1963.0007 (N 352 (Cn. 40-1, 47, 63-5))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1922.0004 (N 350 (Cn. 31-3))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1050.0105 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1002.0344 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1001.0402 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1030.0191 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1020.0582 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Tidberht 6: EMC Coin  1020.0584 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1993.0198 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1986.0056 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1996.0178 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  2005.0066 (N 358 (Cn. 56-9))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  2005.01 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1011.0008 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1001.0403 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1016.0095 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1020.0585 (N 347 (Cn. 35-9, 44-6))
 Wærheard 4: EMC Coin  1020.058 (N 344 (Cn. 23-30))
 Wigheard 16: EMC Coin  1986.0216 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Wigheard 16: EMC Coin  1988.0155 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Wigheard 16: EMC Coin  2006.0123 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Wighere 2: EMC Coin  1002.0348 (N 365 (Cn. 107))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1998.2113 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1998.0076 (N 367 (Cn. 103))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1996.0181 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  2002.0268 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  2004.0055 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  2005.0064 (N 364 (Cn. 101, 108))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  2007.0142 (Coenwulf of Mercia (East Anglian, N 362-375))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  2008.0433 (N 365 (Cn. 107))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1970.0733 (Lead ticket, time of Coenwulf of Mercia)
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1002.0346 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wihtred 12: EMC Coin  1002.0347 (N 375 (Cn. 106))
 Wilhun 1: EMC Coin  1009.0017 (N 341 (Cn. 1-2))
 Winoth 2: EMC Coin  2005.0123 (Coenwulf of Mercia (Group I, N 341-3))
 Winoth 2: EMC Coin  1987.0111 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Winoth 2: EMC Coin  2001.0536 (N 342 (Cn. 5-22))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1987.0109 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1991.0123 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1995.0134 (N 375.05 (Coenwulf, obv. crude bust, rev. A (Cn 106)))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1999.0169 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1998.2114 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  2006.0055 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  2005.0247 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  2008.0216 (Coenwulf of Mercia (no further details))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  2008.0014 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1016.0097 (N 369 (Cn. 111))
 Wodel 2: EMC Coin  1020.059 (N 370 (Cn. 110, 113))
Praefectus of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Æthelnoth 12: S41   
Queen of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Ælfthryth 3: S175   
Occupation (4)
Messenger of Cenwulf 3 (4)
 Wada 3: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Bryne 2: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Fildas 1: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Ceolberht 4: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
Status (4)
Comes of Cenwulf 3 (3)
 Swithnoth 1: S173   
 Pilheard 1: S1186a   
 Beornnoth 2: S367a   
Man of Cenwulf 3 (1)
 Anonymous 405: Annals.RegFranc  809