Offa 7 (Male) King of the Mercians, 757-796
m/l viii

Notes:

Offa, king of the Mercians (757 ? 96), son of Thingfrith the son of Eanwulf, was first cousin to Æthelbald 4, king of the Mercians (716 ? 757). Offa 7 became king of the Mercians after driving out Æthelbald 4?s short-lived successor, Beornred 1. By the end of his reign Offa 7 was the most powerful king in England and, to varying extents, exercised lordship over Sussex, Kent, Essex and East Anglia, although it is unlikely that he exercised any direct lordship over Wessex or Northumbria. His reign has come to be viewed as a period of significant military and urban development in the face of Viking depredations.

S. Kelly, ODNB; BEASE, 340 ? 1; F. M. Stenton, ?The supremacy of the Mercian kings?, Preparatory to ?Anglo-Saxon England?: being the collected papers of Frank Merry Stenton, ed. D. M. Stenton (1970), 48?66; P. Wormald, 'The Age of Offa and Alcuin', in The Anglo-Saxons ed. J. Campbell (1982), pp 101 ? 28; J. Haslam, ?Market and fortress in England in the reign of Offa?, World Archaeology 19 (1987), 76 ? 93; D. Hill & M. Worthington (ed.), Æthelbald and Offa: two eighth-century kings of Mercia.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (310)
OF (16)
 EMC Coin  1988.0144 (N 310.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0181 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1988.0146 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0158 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0214 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0161 (N 293 (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0143 (N 260 (CEB 10) (Light coinage, Plain cross obverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.0108 (N 272.05 (new) (Light coinage, obv. like CEB 16, rev. CEB 15))
 EMC Coin  2006.0035 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0372 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0014 (N 268 (CEB 13) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1970.0504 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.1003 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2001.0794 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1048.0698 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1036.0067 (N 330.3 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
OFFA (184)
 EMC Coin  1969.9014 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.0075 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0792 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1999.1005 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0166 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1964.0003 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1983.0002 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1789.0001 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2008.0413 (N 322 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1992.0256 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1992.0255 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1997.0112 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1997.0113 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  2008.032 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1993.0191 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.5026 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.9128 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1989.0074 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7638 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7634 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.2112 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1997.0108 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0685 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0229 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0231 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1967.8004 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1036.0069 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1036.0066 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0225 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1992.76321 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0171 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0003 (N 267 (CEB 6) (Light coinage, Cross crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0789 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0773 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0197 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2006.0348 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1995.013 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.0254 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0115 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1256 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1036.0068 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 EMC Coin  1997.0009 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0347 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1971.9084 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1987.0108 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2003.0196 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1986.0215 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1991.0121 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.91241 (N 297 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0157 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0137 (Offa (new): reverse with cartouche and snakes)
 EMC Coin  2000.0055 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0159 (N 285/N 306 (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around cross; rev. DUD in angles of cross of lobes))
 EMC Coin  2008.0245 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1968.0006 (N 285 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1922.0002 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1985.0067 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.012 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.0181 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0375 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0091 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0308 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0024 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0703 (N 315 obv/ N 303 rev (Light coinage, Bust F; cross crosslet with lozenge))
 EMC Coin  1988.0147 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7636 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0374 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.029 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2007.0113 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1988.015 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1986.9123 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1992.7637 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1987.0107 (N 308.05 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse as N 308, but with different obverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0076 (N 313.05 (Light coinage, Bust Ec obverse; four bosses around central boss reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0162 (N 308 (CEB 45) (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0278 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2003.0218 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  2006.0307 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1984.0021 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1980.9068 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1986.0088 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1020.0557 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1986.0214 (Offa, Light coinage, Blunt 131 obverse, Blunt 9 reverse)
 EMC Coin  1997.0109 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.0074 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2003.0217 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1168 (N 262-5/N 291-2 (CEB 9,12,19-20/48-9))
 EMC Coin  2005.0006 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2004.0217 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.0192 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1999.0132 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1999.0131 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0638 (N 334 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1993.0193 (N 308.06 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse similar to N 308, but different bust obverse))
 EMC Coin  1991.012 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.1001 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0145 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0149 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1987.0106 (N 272.1 (new) (Light coinage, Standard obverse) (CEB 13/16))
 EMC Coin  1999.0125 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2003.0233 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.017 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1922.0001 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1973.656 (N 306 (CEB 52) (Light coinage, Portrait / beaded cross))
 EMC Coin  2001.0003 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0164 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0673 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1119 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0005 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0639 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.1006 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2001.0793 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2003.0046 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  2001.0959 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1973.6573 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1036.007 (N 312 (CEB 69) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.0195 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1993.0194 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1996.0172 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1996.0165 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0105 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0061 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1968.0005 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1985.0019 (N 289/N 320 (Light coinage, Circular / Three-line mule))
 EMC Coin  2001.0943 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1991.0235 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0035 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0166 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1967.8011 (N 316 (CEB 77) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1973.6566 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.76381 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.0257 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0778 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0009 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0114 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.016 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0116 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.017 (N 316.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0156 (N 275 (CEB 79) (Light coinage, Celtic cross obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.016 (N 285/N 319var (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around pellet in circle; rev. TIRVVALD in angles of cross of lobes))
 EMC Coin  2004.007 (N 275.1 (Light coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0224 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0227 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1987.0099 (N 226 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1988.0139 (N 227.1 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1994.0177 (N 227.05 [var: added saltire] (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1992.0252 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1996.0153 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0025 (N 228 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2005.003 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2001.1114 (Archbishop Æthelheard with Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1923.019 (N 226 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1985.0073 (N 230 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1983.0003 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1971.8084 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.1002 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1996.0152 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0049 (N 225.05: New variety Archbishop Jænberht and King Offa)
 EMC Coin  2001.0967 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2009.0012 (N 225.05: New variety Archbishop Jænberht and King Offa)
 EMC Coin  1970.0798 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1971.8083 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1973.6651 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.1004 (N 281 (CEB 36) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1036.0065 (N 280 (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7633 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1988.0153 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0594 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0765 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0787 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0056 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2006.0121 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2006.0354 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1020.0574 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0751 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1922.0003 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2005.0015 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2003.0044 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0152 (N 283.1 (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse and reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0169 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0167 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0168 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0072 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0215 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
Offa (108)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  14
 Alcuin.VersEubor  388
 Annals.ContBedae  574.757
 S46   
 S54   
 S55   
 S155   
 S1186a   
 S1258   
 S1259   
 S1264   
 S1431a   
 S1435   
 S104   
 S105   
 S106   
 S107   
 S108   
 S109   
 S110   
 S111   
 S112   
 S113   
 S114   
 S115   
 S116   
 S117   
 S1178   
 S118   
 S1183   
 S1184   
 S1186   
 S119   
 S120   
 S121   
 S122   
 S123   
 S124   
 S125   
 S1257   
 S126   
 S127   
 S128   
 S129   
 S130   
 S131   
 S132   
 S134   
 S136   
 S137   
 S138   
 S139   
 S140   
 S141   
 S1412   
 S142   
 S143   
 S144   
 S145   
 S146   
 S147   
 S149   
 S150   
 S265   
 S29   
 S34   
 S49   
 S50   
 S56   
 S57   
 S60   
 S61   
 S63   
 S1430   
 S133   
 ASC (DEF)  796 DEF(Lat.)
 Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Bishops.Ep  p. 560
 Hadrian.Ep.G92   
 Alcuin.Ep  7
 Alcuin.Ep  63
 Alcuin.Ep  64
 Alcuin.Ep  82
 Alcuin.Ep  85
 Alcuin.Ep  101
 Alcuin.Ep  87
 Alcuin.Ep  122 (p. 180 line 9)
 Alcuin.Ep  231
 Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 AnnalsUlster  796.2
 Alfred.Laws   
 Anon.GenRegList1   
 Anon.GenRegList2   
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.20
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1
 George.Ep  p. 20 line 23
 AnnalsCamb  778 ABC
 AnnalsCamb  784 ABC
 AnnalsCamb  795 C
 AnnalsCamb  796 ABC
 S225   
 S1790   
 S1450   
 Leo III.Ep.B288   
 S1122   
Offanus (1)
 Charlemagne.Ep.85   
Offe (1)
 S1183   
Personal Information (18)
moral (6)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  14 (In the manner of her father she began to live like a tyrant.)
 Alcuin.Ep  123 (outstanding character, modest in daily living, and zealous in correcting the life of a Christian people)
 Alcuin.Ep  61 (... very wise and good parents ... whose examples of honourable behaviour foretell salvation for their people ...)
 Alcuin.Ep  61 (... a patre auctoritatem ... ab illo regere populum per iustitiam ...)
 Charlemagne.Ep.85    (I [sc. Charlemagne 1] have confidence in the goodness of my brother [sc. Offa 7])
 AnnalsUlster  796.2 (a good king)
other (5)
 Alcuin.Ep  64 ([Offa 7] encouraged reading.)
 Alcuin.Ep  123 (very noble)
 Alcuin.Ep  127 (outstanding)
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19 (a remarkable man)
 George.Ep  p. 28 line 13 (glorious king)
piety (1)
 Alcuin.Ep  101 (very wise governor of the people of God)
psychological (2)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  14 (vigorous and inspiring fear in all the kings and territories around him)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  388 (blessed)
religion (1)
 Alcuin.Ep  61 (... devotion to the Christian religion, constancy in prayer, generosity in alms and moderation in way of life.)
reputation (3)
 Alcuin.Ep  124 (p. 182 line 36) (very famous)
 Alcuin.Ep  122 (p. 180 line 9) (of blessed memory)
 Charlemagne.Ep.100    (venerable man)
Authorship (1)
 Author of a letter to Alcuin 1 [about the killing of Æthelred 7, king of the Northumbrians] (Letter): Alcuin.Ep  101
Office (484)
King (484)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  14 (King of the Mercians)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  388
 S46   
 S54    (king of the Angles)
 S55    (king of the Mercians)
 S155    (king and glory of Britain)
 S1186a   
 S1258   
 S1259   
 S1264   
 S1431a    (king of the Mercians)
 S1435   
 S104   
 S105    (king of the Mercians)
 S106    (king of the Mercians)
 S107    (king of the Mercians)
 S108    (king of the English)
 S108    (king of the Mercians)
 S109   
 S109    (king of the English)
 S110    (king of the English)
 S111    (king of the whole country of the English)
 S112    (king of the Mercians)
 S113   
 S113   
 S114    (king of the Mercians)
 S114    (king of the Mercians)
 S115   
 S116    (king of the Mercians and surrounding nations)
 S117    (king of the Mercians and surrounding nations)
 S1178    (king of the English)
 S118   
 S118    (king of the Mercians and surrounding nations)
 S1183    (king of the Mercians)
 S1184    (king of the Mercians)
 S1186   
 S119    (king of the monarchy of Mercia)
 S120    (king of the Mercians)
 S121    (king of the Mercians)
 S121    (king of the English)
 S122    (king of the Mercians)
 S123    (king of the Mercians)
 S124    (king of the Mercian monarchy)
 S125    (king of the Mercians)
 S1257    (king of the Mercians)
 S126    (king of the Mercians)
 S127    (king not only of the Mercians but also of surrounding nations)
 S128    (king of the Mercians)
 S129    (king of the Mercians)
 S130    (king of the Mercians)
 S131    (king of the Mercians)
 S132    (king of the English)
 S132    (king of the Mercians)
 S134    (king of the Mercians)
 S136    (king of the Mercians)
 S137    (king of the Mercians)
 S138    (king of the Mercians)
 S139   
 S140    (king of the Mercians)
 S141    (king of the Mercians)
 S1412    (king of the Mercians)
 S142    (king of the Mercians)
 S143    (king of the Mercians)
 S144    (king of the Mercians)
 S145    (king of the English)
 S146    (king of the English)
 S147    (king of the Mercians)
 S265    (king of the Mercians)
 S29   
 S34    (king of the Mercians)
 S50    (king of the Mercians)
 S56   
 S57    (king of the Mercians)
 S60   
 S61    (king of the Mercians)
 S63    (king of the Mercians)
 S1430    (king of the Mercians)
 S133    (king of the Mercians)
 ASC (DEF)  796 DE
 ASC (DEF)  796 DEF(Lat.) (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 ASC  785 ACDEF(OE and Lat.), <785> B
 ASC  792 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <792> B (King of the Mercians)
 ASC  794 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <794> B
 ASC  836 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <836> B (King of the Mercians)
 Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Bishops.Ep  p. 560
 Hadrian.Ep.G92   
 Alcuin.Ep  123
 Alcuin.Ep  124 (p. 182 lines 36-7)
 Alcuin.Ep  7
 Alcuin.Ep  63
 Alcuin.Ep  64 (The most excellent lord, king)
 Alcuin.Ep  101 (King of the Mercians)
 Alcuin.Ep  123
 Alcuin.Ep  124 (p. 182 line 36)
 Alcuin.Ep  231
 Alcuin.Ep  116
 Alcuin.Ep  82
 Alcuin.Ep  85
 Alcuin.Ep  87
 Alcuin.Ep  62
 Alcuin.Ep  62
 Charlemagne.Ep.85   
 Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 Charlemagne.Ep.100    (King of the Mercians)
 AnnalsUlster  796.2 (King of the Angles)
 Alfred.Laws    (king of the Mercians)
 S670   
 S731    (king of the Mercians)
 S1293   
 Anon.GenRegList2    (king of the Mercians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.Cap.
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19 (King of the Mercians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1 (King of the Mercians)
 George.Ep  p. 20 line 23 (King of the Mercians)
 George.Ep  p. 20 line 25 (King of the Mercians)
 George.Ep  p. 20 line 29-30 (King of the Mercians)
 George.Ep  p. 28 line 13
 George.Ep  p. 28 line 24 (King of the Mercians)
 AnnalsCamb  797 ABC (King of the Mercians)
 S888    (king of the Mercians)
 S912   
 S916    (king of the Mercians)
 S1503   
 S225    (king of the Mercians)
 S1790    (king of the Mercians)
 S1450   
 Leo III.Ep.B288   
 S1122   
 WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2
 NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42
 EMC Coin  1969.9014 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1020.057 (N 322 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1995.0131 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1999.0075 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1997.0111 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2001.0792 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1999.1005 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0166 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1964.0003 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1983.0002 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1789.0001 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2008.0413 (N 322 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1020.0571 (N 323 (CEB 100) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2001.0947 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1992.0256 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1992.0255 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1997.0112 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  1997.0113 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 EMC Coin  2008.032 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1993.0191 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.5026 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.9128 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1989.0074 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7638 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7634 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0144 (N 310.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.2112 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0163 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1997.0108 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0685 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0229 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0231 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1050.0101 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1967.8004 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1050.0102 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1036.0069 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1036.0066 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0005 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0312 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0056 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0187 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0186 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0562 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0561 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0225 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1992.76321 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.5005 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1996.0171 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1998.0073 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0003 (N 267 (CEB 6) (Light coinage, Cross crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0789 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0773 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0197 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2003.011 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.0348 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1042.0632 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0002 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0395 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1002.0318 (N 267 (CEB 6) (Light coinage, Cross crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0319 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.032 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0325 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1004.0831 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1020.0569 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1020.1645 (Offa, Blunt group II (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1995.013 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.0254 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1011.0005 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0053 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1002.0326 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2009.0115 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1256 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1958.0003 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1036.0068 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0554 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 EMC Coin  1997.0009 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0347 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1971.9084 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1987.0108 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2003.0196 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1986.0406 (Offa, Blunt group II (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1986.0215 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1991.0121 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.91241 (N 297 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0157 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0137 (Offa (new): reverse with cartouche and snakes)
 EMC Coin  2000.0055 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0159 (N 285/N 306 (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around cross; rev. DUD in angles of cross of lobes))
 EMC Coin  2008.0245 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1968.0006 (N 285 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1922.0002 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1985.0067 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0003 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0321 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0388 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0298 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0121 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.012 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.0181 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0375 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0091 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0308 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0024 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0703 (N 315 obv/ N 303 rev (Light coinage, Bust F; cross crosslet with lozenge))
 EMC Coin  1030.0181 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1988.0147 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7636 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.9126 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1042.0635 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1050.0099 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.031 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0309 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0374 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0945 (N 336.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2005.029 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2007.0113 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1988.015 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1988.0146 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1986.9123 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1992.7637 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1987.0107 (N 308.05 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse as N 308, but with different obverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0076 (N 313.05 (Light coinage, Bust Ec obverse; four bosses around central boss reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0162 (N 308 (CEB 45) (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0158 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0278 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2003.0218 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  2006.0307 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1984.0021 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1980.9068 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1986.0088 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1002.0306 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  2009.0139 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1001.0387 (N 283 (CEB 41) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0317 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0307 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1004.0052 (N 283 (CEB 41) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0305 (N 298 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0183 (N 308 (CEB 45) (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0182 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1016.0091 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1020.0556 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0558 (N 307 (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 EMC Coin  1006.0587 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  1006.0588 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 EMC Coin  2008.0214 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0557 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1021.0953 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1986.0214 (Offa, Light coinage, Blunt 131 obverse, Blunt 9 reverse)
 EMC Coin  1997.0109 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.0074 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0161 (N 293 (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2003.0217 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1158 (N 290 (CEB 21) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0936 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1168 (N 262-5/N 291-2 (CEB 9,12,19-20/48-9))
 EMC Coin  2003.0199 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0001 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0311 (N 290 (CEB 21) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0185 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0184 (N 292 (CEB 48) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0559 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0006 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2004.0217 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0549 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.0192 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1999.0132 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1999.0131 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0638 (N 334 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1988.0143 (N 260 (CEB 10) (Light coinage, Plain cross obverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.0193 (N 308.06 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse similar to N 308, but different bust obverse))
 EMC Coin  1991.012 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1993.1001 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0145 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0149 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1987.0106 (N 272.1 (new) (Light coinage, Standard obverse) (CEB 13/16))
 EMC Coin  1991.0234 (N 272 (CEB 16) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1998.0108 (N 272.05 (new) (Light coinage, obv. like CEB 16, rev. CEB 15))
 EMC Coin  2000.031 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1999.0125 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2003.0233 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2006.017 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0035 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0372 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0014 (N 268 (CEB 13) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1922.0001 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1050.01 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  1973.656 (N 306 (CEB 52) (Light coinage, Portrait / beaded cross))
 EMC Coin  1970.0504 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.039 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0055 (N 272 (CEB 16) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0054 (N 268 (CEB 13) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0322 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.055 (N 261 (CEB 11) (Light coinage, Plain cross obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0551 (N 265 (CEB 12) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0552 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0003 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0164 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0673 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1119 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1030.0188 (N 276.1 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0148 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0005 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0173 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0639 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1011.0006 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0006 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0313 (N 300 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0989 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1004.0051 (N 300 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1016.0092 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0563 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0064 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.1006 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1004.0057 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0406 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0327 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2000.0351 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1997.6001 (Offa (new): reverse with cartouche and snakes)
 EMC Coin  2001.0793 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2003.0046 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 EMC Coin  2001.0959 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1053 (N 313 (CEB 68) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1050.0103 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1973.6573 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1050.0104 (N 336.3 (new) (Light coinage, East Anglian, lozenge both sides))
 EMC Coin  1036.007 (N 312 (CEB 69) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0315 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0314 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0392 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1006.0057 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0564 (N 313 (CEB 68) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1021.0954 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2002.0193 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1002.1236 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1017.073 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1993.0195 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1993.0194 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1996.0172 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1996.0165 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2003.0171 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2001.1052 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0105 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2006.0061 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.1159 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1968.0005 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1985.0019 (N 289/N 320 (Light coinage, Circular / Three-line mule))
 EMC Coin  1009.0007 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0393 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0257 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2001.0943 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1991.0235 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1999.0035 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0166 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1967.8011 (N 316 (CEB 77) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1973.6566 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0012 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0316 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.76381 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.0257 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2001.0778 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2002.0009 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0114 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.016 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.001 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0008 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0009 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1002.0323 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  2009.0116 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0565 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.017 (N 316.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0156 (N 275 (CEB 79) (Light coinage, Celtic cross obverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.016 (N 285/N 319var (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around pellet in circle; rev. TIRVVALD in angles of cross of lobes))
 EMC Coin  2004.007 (N 275.1 (Light coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0224 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  2005.0227 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0553 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 EMC Coin  1987.0099 (N 226 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1986.0049 (N 226 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1988.0139 (N 227.1 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1994.0177 (N 227.05 [var: added saltire] (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1992.0252 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0304 (Archbishop Æthelheard with Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1996.0153 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0025 (N 228 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2005.003 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2001.1114 (Archbishop Æthelheard with Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1923.019 (N 226 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1985.0073 (N 230 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1983.0003 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1971.8084 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1002.0392 (N 227 (Abp Æthelheard Group I with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1001.0436 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.1002 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1996.0152 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0049 (N 225.05: New variety Archbishop Jænberht and King Offa)
 EMC Coin  2001.1132 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2001.0967 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2009.0012 (N 225.05: New variety Archbishop Jænberht and King Offa)
 EMC Coin  1970.0798 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1971.8083 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1973.6651 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1009.0042 (N 223 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1001.0435 (N 223 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1002.0391 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1024.0877 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1024.0878 (N 224 (Abp Jænberht with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2000.0356 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.1003 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1999.1004 (N 281 (CEB 36) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  2001.0794 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1048.0698 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 EMC Coin  1036.0065 (N 280 (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 EMC Coin  1992.7633 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2002.0194 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2002.0196 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2002.0198 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2002.0195 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1009.1123 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1004.083 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1004.0829 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1004.0828 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  1988.0153 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0594 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0765 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0787 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2000.0056 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2006.0121 (Offa (no further details))
 EMC Coin  2006.0354 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2006.0294 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  1002.0324 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1002.0327 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  1020.0574 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2001.0751 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2000.0328 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 EMC Coin  2001.0937 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1922.0003 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  2005.0015 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1036.0067 (N 330.3 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 EMC Coin  2003.0044 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1009.0013 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1001.0394 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0572 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 EMC Coin  1020.0567 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1020.0568 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  1988.0152 (N 283.1 (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse and reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0169 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0167 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  1996.0168 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 EMC Coin  2007.0072 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 EMC Coin  2008.0215 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
Status (2)
Dominus (2)
 Alcuin.Ep  64
 Charlemagne.Ep.85   
Personal Relationship (92)
Offa 7 Brother (Honorific kinship) of ~ (6)
 of Alcuin 1: Alcuin.Ep  85
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.85   
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (11)
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: Asser.VitAlfredi  14
 Ælfflæd 5: of Offa 7: S59   
 Æthelburg 8: of Offa 7: S127   
 Æthelflæd 5: of Offa 7: S127   
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: ASC  787 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <787> B
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: ASC  836 ACG, <836> B
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.20
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1
 Eadburg 5: of Offa 7: S127   
 Æthelswith 2: of Offa 7: S127   
 Ælfflæd 5: of Offa 7: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  55
Offa 7 Eighth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Wihtlæg 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Eighth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Wihtlæg 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Father (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (5)
 of Ecgfrith 7: S149   
 of Ecgfrith 7: S150   
 of Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin.Ep  122 (p. 179 line 18)
 of Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin.Ep  123
 of Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin.Ep  61
~ Father (Honorific kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Hadrian 3: of Offa 7: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Offa 7 Fifth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Angeltheow 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Fifth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Angeltheow 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Fourth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Eomær 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Fourth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Eomær 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Friend (General relationship) of ~ (4)
 of Charlemagne 1: Alcuin.Ep  9
 of Alcuin 1: Alcuin.Ep  87
 of Charlemagne 1: Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 of Beorhtwald 7: S133   
~ Friend (General relationship) of Offa 7 (5)
 Charlemagne 1: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Alcuin 1: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Alcuin 1: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Hadrian 3: of Offa 7: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Gervold 1: of Offa 7: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2
~ Grandfather (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (6)
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: S116   
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: S117   
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: S146   
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: S147   
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
 Eanwulf 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Great-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Osmod 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Great-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Osmod 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Great-Great-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Pybba 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Great-Great-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Pybba 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Heir (General relationship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  124 (p. 182 line 37)
Offa 7 Ninth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Woden 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Ninth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Woden 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Offspring (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Anonymi 1889: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  101
Offa 7 Parent (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin.Ep  61
~ Parent (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Anonymi 1256: of Offa 7: S146   
Offa 7 Predecessor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Cenwulf 3: Alcuin.Ep  123
~ Propinqua (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Eanburg 1: of Offa 7: S120   
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Æthelbald 4: of Offa 7: S1257   
Offa 7 Seventh-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Wærmund 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Seventh-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Wærmund 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Sixth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Offa 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Sixth-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Offa 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
Offa 7 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (5)
 of Thingfrith 1: S112   
 of Thingfrith 1: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 of Thingfrith 1: Anon.GenRegList1   
 of Thingfrith 1: Anon.GenRegList2   
 of Thingfrith 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (17)
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S127  787
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S136   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S137   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S138   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S139   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S140   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S146   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S59   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S60   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: S133   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  123 (p. 181 line 9)
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Alcuin.Ep  124 (p. 182 line 36)
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Anon.GenRegList1   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Anon.GenRegList2   
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.8.1
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
~ Son-in-law (Affinal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Æthelred 7: of Offa 7: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  55
Offa 7 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (2)
 of Beornred 1: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 of Beornred 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Successor (General relationship) of Offa 7 (3)
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1
 Ecgfrith 7: of Offa 7: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58
Offa 7 Third-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Icel 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Third-Grandfather, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Icel 1: of Offa 7: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Offa 7 (1)
 Cynethryth 2: of Offa 7: Hadrian.Ep.LD   
Event (280)
Advice/counsel (3)
 Alcuin 1.letter of spiritual advice to Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin 1 urged Ecgfrith 7 to follow the example of his parents (Offa 7 and Cynethryth 2) and behave in a fashion appropriate to one born to the throne of a kingdom.: Alcuin.Ep  61
 Alcuin 1.letter of thanks and spiritual advice to Hundruda 1 with greetings to others: Alcuin 1 thanked Hundruda 1, gave her spiritual advice and asked for greetings to be sent to others.: Alcuin.Ep  62
 Charlemagne 1-Offa 7.marriage dispute: For he [Gervold 1] many time discharged diplomatic missions to the aforesaid King Offa 7 by order of the most invincible King Charlemagne 1; finally one on account of the daughter of the same king, who was sought in marriage by the younger Charles 2; but as Offa 2 would not agree unless Bertha 2, daughter of Charlemagne 1, should be given in marriage to his son [Ecgfrith 7], the most mighty king being somewhat enraged gave orders that no one from the island of Britain and the English race was to land of the sea-coast of Gaul for the sake of commerce. But he was restrained from doing this by the advice and supplication of the aforesaid Father Gervold 1.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (768 x 796)
Affection (1)
 Offa 7.writing letters to Gervold 1: Offa 7 wrote letters to Gervold 1 in which he declared him his dearest intimate.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (757 x 796)
Agreement (1)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Allegiance (1)
 Beorhtric 1.assistance to Offa 7: Beorhtric 1 assisted Offa 7 because he [sc. Beorhtric 1] had his daughter [sc. Eadburg 5] as his queen.: ASC  836 ACG, <836> B
Alms-giving (3)
 Charlemagne 1.despatch of gifts to Offa 7 and alms to his bishoprics: Charlemagne 1 was sending gifts to Offa 7 and alms to his bishoprics.: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Charlemagne 1.gifts to episcopal sees, metropolitan cities and Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 sent various gifts to England.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Æthelstan 62.S1503 bequeathing land to Edmund 24: Æthelstan 62, ætheling, to Edmund 24, his brother; bequest of the sword which had belonged to King Offa 7, and the sword with the 'pitted' hilt, and a blade and a silver-coated trumpet; and the estates which he had obtained in East Anglia and the estate in the ?Peak valley with the request that 100 pence should be given to the community of Ely 1 on the festival of St Æthelthryth 2 and another 100 for the poor people to be fed there.: S1503    (1014)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of archbishop (1)
 Offa 7.selection of Hygeberht 1 [as archbishop]: Hygeberht 1 was chosen by Offa 7 [as archbishop of Lichfield].: ASC  785 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <785> B (787)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Offa 7.accession to kingdom: Offa 7 acceded to the kingdom [F(OE): seized the kingdom of the Mercians].: ASC  755 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <755> B (757)
Archiepiscopal see - division (6)
 Hadrian 3.dividing the see of Canterbury: Pope Hadrian 3, of blessed memory, our predecessor, diminished contrary to custom the authority of the bishop of Canterbury, and by his authority confirmed the division into two archiepiscopal sees, to that we truly reply that he did this for no other reason than because your excellent king, Offa 7, testified in his letter that it was the united wish and unanimous petition of you all, both on account of the vast size of your lands and the extension of your kingdom, and also for many more reasons and advantages. For these reasons chiefly did the lord apostolic Hadrian 3 send the dignity of the pallium to the bishop of the Mercians [Hygeberht 1].: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Hadrian 3.sending pallium to the bishop of the Mercians: Pope Hadrian 3 sent the pallium to the bishop of the Mercians [Hygeberht 1]. This was done because Offa 7, testified in his letter that it was the united wish and unanimous petition of all, both on account of the vast size of their lands and the extension of the kingdom, and also for many more reasons and advantages.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Offa 7-Jænberht 1.hostility: Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4
 Offa 7.dividing the see of Canterbury: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, presumed in the days of Archbishop Jænberht 1 with very great fraud to divide and cut asunder the honour and unity of the see of St Augustine our father in the city of Canterbury: S1431a    (765 x 792)
 Offa 7.foundation of archbishopric of Lichfield: The kingdom of Mercia was always large, and so was divided into several episcopal sees. The high spirit of King Offa 7, in particular, was responsible for this; and he set up the archbishopric in Lichfield, not because the place was important but because of the pleasantness of this central district. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.Prologue
 Offa 7.writing to Hadrian 3: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, wrote to Pope Hadrian 3 asking him to divide the archdiocese of Canterbury.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
Assembly (2)
 George 1.adoption of his decrees at Mercian council: George 1 attended a Mercian council with Alcuin 1 and Pyttel 1, where the decrees were read out and adopted, and the document ratified with a cross.: George.Ep  pp. 28-9 (786)
 Offa 7-Cynewulf 4.council: Offa 7 and Cynewulf 4 met together in council and promised to rectify vices.: George.Ep  p. 20 (786)
Assistance (1)
 Beorhtric 1.assistance to Offa 7: Beorhtric 1 assisted Offa 7 because he [sc. Beorhtric 1] had his daughter [sc. Eadburg 5] as his queen.: ASC  836 ACG, <836> B
Battle (4)
 Cynewulf 4-Offa 7.fighting at Bensington: Here Cynewulf 4 and Offa 7 fought around Bensington and Offa 7 took the place.: ASC  777 ACDE, 775 G, <777> B (779)
 Cynewulf 4-Offa 7.mutual war over Benson: Cynewulf 4 and Offa 7 waged war amongst themselves over Bensington, which fell to Offa 7.: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19 (779)
 Offa 7.defeat of Beornred 1: Beornred 1 was put to flight, and King Offa 7 remained victor. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42 (575)
 Offa 7.defeating Cynewulf 4: Offa 7 defeated Cynewulf 4 in a battle near the village of Besington and took over most of the West Saxon territories.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.235.1
Bequeathing/will-making (7)
 Offa 7.S1258 bequeathing land to his heirs: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to his heirs [Ecgfrith 7, his son, and Cynethryth 2, his wife]; bequest of the monastery of Cookham, Berks.: S1258    (797)
 Offa 7.S1435 granting land to Plegheard 1: Offa 7, king, to Plegheard 1, abbot; grant of 25 hides at Denton, Sussex. He had inherited the land as part of the estate at Beddingham, Sussex.: S1435    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.S1435 inheriting land at Beddingham: Offa 7, king, inherited the estate at Beddingham of which Denton, Sussex was a part. He later granted Denton to Plegheard 1, abbot of Selsey.: S1435    (825)
 Offa 7.S146 granting land to Worcester 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to (the church at) Worcester 1; grant of reversion of 60 hides (manentes) at Westbury-on-Trym and 10 (or 20) at Henbury, Gloucs., after the death of himself and his son Ecgfrith 7: S146    (793 x 796)
 S146 - Offa 7 granting land to the church at Worcester 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to (the church at) Worcester 1; grant of reversion of 60 hides (manentes) at Westbury-on-Trym and 10 (or 20) at Henbury, Gloucs., after the death of himself and his son Ecgfrith 7: S146    (793 x 796)
 Various.Æthelstan 62 bequeathing land and goods S1503: Will of the Ætheling Æthelstan 62, including bequests of land at Adderbury, Oxon., Marlow, Bucks., and (Steeple) Morden, Cambs., to Old Minster, Winchester; at Hollingbourne and Garrington in Littlebourne, Kent, to Christ Church, Canterbury; at Rotherfield (? Sussex) to Nunnaminster, Winchester; at Chalton, Hants., Northtune and at Mollington, Oxon., to King Æthelred 32; land in East Anglia and Peacesdele (? Peak District or Pegsdon, Beds.) to Edmund 24, his brother; at Hambleden, Bucks., to Ælfmær 21; at Cumtune to Godwine 38; at Westune to Ælfswith 12; at Heorulfestune to Ælfwine 40; at Catherington, Hants., to Ælfmær 16; at Hockcliffe, Beds., to Sigefrith 21; at Tewin, Herts., to Æthelweard 46 the Stammerer and to Lyfing 13; at Lutegaresheale (? Ludgershall, Wilts.), to Godwine 39 the Driveller. : S1503    (1014)
 Æthelstan 62.S1503 bequeathing land to Edmund 24: Æthelstan 62, ætheling, to Edmund 24, his brother; bequest of the sword which had belonged to King Offa 7, and the sword with the 'pitted' hilt, and a blade and a silver-coated trumpet; and the estates which he had obtained in East Anglia and the estate in the ?Peak valley with the request that 100 pence should be given to the community of Ely 1 on the festival of St Æthelthryth 2 and another 100 for the poor people to be fed there.: S1503    (1014)
Betrothal (1)
 Charlemagne 1-Offa 7.marriage dispute: For he [Gervold 1] many time discharged diplomatic missions to the aforesaid King Offa 7 by order of the most invincible King Charlemagne 1; finally one on account of the daughter of the same king, who was sought in marriage by the younger Charles 2; but as Offa 2 would not agree unless Bertha 2, daughter of Charlemagne 1, should be given in marriage to his son [Ecgfrith 7], the most mighty king being somewhat enraged gave orders that no one from the island of Britain and the English race was to land of the sea-coast of Gaul for the sake of commerce. But he was restrained from doing this by the advice and supplication of the aforesaid Father Gervold 1.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (768 x 796)
Burning (1)
 S225 - Æthelflæd 4 confirming land of Eadric 7: Æthelflæd 4, ruler of the Mercians, to Eadric 7, minister; grant of permission to acquire 10 hides (manentes) at Farnborough (Warwicks. or Berks.), bought from Wulflaf 13. The orginal landbook, granted by King Offa 7 to Bynna 2, Wulflaf 13's great-great-grandfather (abavus), had been destroyed in a fire.: S225    (915)
Campaigning (1)
 Offa 7.capture of Hastings: In 771 Offa 7, king of the Mercians, subdued the people of Hastings by force of arms.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  47 (771)
Charter confirmation (7)
 Offa 7.S137 granting land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings Æthelbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
 S34 - Offa 7 confirming grant: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirmed a grant of land by Ecgberht 9, king of Kent, to Eardwulf 3, bishop: S34    (765 x 772)
 S49 - Osmund 2 granting land to Wærbald 2 and Tidburg 2: Osmund 2, king, to Wærbald 2, comes, and his wife Tidburg 2, for St Peter's Church (Henfield); grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Henfield, Sussex, with later confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S49    (770)
 S50 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to Hunlaf 2: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex, with confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S50    (765)
 Various.journeying to Paris, St Denis: Nadelhar 1, monk and his frater Vitale 1 and Eadbald 10, dux, received the charter from Offa 7 and travelled to France and placed in on the tomb of Dionysius: S133    (790)
Charter-witnessing (66)
 S104 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Worcester: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the church of St Peter, Worcester; grant of 40 hides (cassati) at Readanoran (Pyrton, Oxon.): S104    (777 x 781)
 S105 - Offa 7 granting land to Eardwulf 3: Offa 7, king of Mercians, to Eardwulf 3, bishop of Rochester; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at Islingham, Kent: S105    (764)
 S106 - Offa 7 exchanging land with Stithberht 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Stithberht 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) between Harrow and the Lidding (Wealdstone Brook) and east of the Lidding, Middx., in exchange for 30 hides at Wicham in Ciltinne: S106    (767)
 S107 - Offa 7 granting land to Milred 1: Offa 7, king of Mercia, to Milred 1, bishop of the Hwicce; grant of 10 hides (manentia) at Pyrton, Oxon: S107    (765)
 S108 - Offa 7 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 S109 - Offa 7 leasing land to Ridda 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Ridda 1, minister; lease, for the lives of himself, his wife, Bucga 2, and their daughter, Heahburg 2, of 8 hides (manentes) at Evenlode, Gloucs., with reversion to the minster at Bredon, Worcs: S109    (775 x 777)
 S110 - Offa 7 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 5 sulungs (aratra) at Higham Upshire, Kent: S110    (774)
 S111 - Offa 7 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, king of the English, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Lydd, Kent: S111    (774)
 S112 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Evesham: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's, and the monks there; grant of land at Daylesford, Evenlode, Gloucs., and at Chastleton, Cornwell, Salford, Dornford in Wootton and Shipton on Cherwell, Oxon: S112    (777)
 S113 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdred 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to his subregulus, Ealdred 5, dux of the Hwicce; grant of 4 hides (mansiones) at Sedgeberrow, Worcs: S113    (778)
 S114 - Offa 7 granting land to Dudda 4: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Duddonus (Dudda 4), minister; grant of 4 hides (cassatae) near Salmonsbury in Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucs: S114    (779)
 S115 - Offa 7 witnessing Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Evesham: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Mary's, Evesham 2; grant of 4 hides (manentes) at Donnington, Gloucs: S115    (779)
 S116 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Bredon 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Peter's Minster, Bredon 1; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Teddington, 10 hides (cassati) at Little Washbourne, 10 hides (mansiones) at Cutsdean, all in Gloucs., and 10 hides (manentes) at Bredons Norton, Worcs: S116    (780)
 S117 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Bredon 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Bredon 1, for the use of the bishop of Worcester; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Wærsetfelda (cf. Wast Hills in Alvechurch), 5 hides (cassati) at Cofton Hackett and 5 hides (mansae) at Rednal in Kings Norton, Worcs: S117    (780)
 S118 - Offa 7 to the bishopric of Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the bishopric of Worcester; grant of 7 hides (manentes) at Cropthorne, 1 at Netherton, 2 at Elmley Castle, 1 at Kersoe in Elmley Castle, 14 at Charlton, 15 at Hampton and 10 at Bengeworth, Worcs: S118    (780)
 S1183 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to St Peter’s, Selsey: Ealdwulf 8, dux of the South Saxons, with the consent of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Selsey; grant of 3 hides (tributarii) at Peartingawyrth and Wealingawyrth: S1183    (771 x 786)
 S1184 - Offa 7 confirming grant of Oslac 3: Confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians, of grant by Oslac 3, dux of the South Saxons, to the church of Selsey?, St Paul's 1 of land at Earnley, Sussex, and Tielæsora: S1184    (787 x 796)
 S120 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Worcester 1; grant of privileges for 12 hides (manentes) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks., and 5 at Fæhha leage, leased by Bishop Hathored 3 and the community of Worcester to Eanburg, abbess, Offa 7's kinswoman, for life: S120    (780)
 S121 - Offa 7 exchanging land with St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Mary, Worcester; grant of 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs., in exchange for land at Sapey, Worcs: S121    (780)
 S122 - Offa 7 leasing land to Esne 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Esme (Esne 5), comes and præfectus; grant, to him and his male heirs, of 3 hides (tributarii) at Evenlode, with reversion to the church at Evesham: S122    (784)
 S123 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and Selethryth 1, his sister; grant of 14 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham and Palmstead, Kent, with woodland in the Weald and other appurtenances: S123    (785)
 S124 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Westminster: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Peter's, Westminster; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (781)
 S125 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and his sister, Selethryth 1, abbess; grant of 15 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham, Palmstead and Ruckinge, Kent, with swine-pastures, woodland and other appurtenances, including an urban tenement (vicus) at Curringtun in Canterbury: S125    (786)
 S1257 - Hathored 3 exchanging land for confirmation with Offa 7: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 S126 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the monks of St Mary's, Worcester 1; grant of one hide (mansa) at Broadwas, Worcs: S126    (779 x 790)
 S127 - Offa 7 confirming privileges of St Peter’s, Chertsey: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ceolnoth 1, abbot, and his familia in the church of St Peter (Chertsey, St Peter's 1); confirmation of privileges: S127    (787)
 S128 - Offa 7 granting land to Osberht 2 and his wife Anonymous 440: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Osberht 2, his minister, and Osberht 2's wife [Anonymous 440]; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Duningcland in the Eastry district, Kent: S128    (788)
 S129 - Offa 7 granting land to Rochester 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Andrew's, Rochester 1 church, and the bishopric of Rochester; grant of 6 sulungs (aratra) at Trottiscliffe, Kent, with swine-pastures in the Weald: S129    (788)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
 S130 - Offa 7 granting land to Wærmund 6: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop, and the church at Rochester; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent: S130    (789)
 S131 - Offa 7 granting land to Wærmund 6: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop; grant of land at Rochester: S131    (789)
 S132 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelheard 13: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury; grant of 60 hides (tributaria) at Hayes and Yeading and 30 at Twickenham, Middx: S132    (795)
 S133 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St-Denis, Paris: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the abbey of Paris, Saint-Denis; grant of privileges for land at London, and confirmation of land at Rotherfield, Hastings and Pevensey, Sussex granted by Beorhtwald 7, dux, and his brother Eadbald 10: S133    (790)
 S136 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Alban's; grant of privileges and of 34 hides (mansiones) at Cassio, Herts., 6 at Heanhamstede (cf. Hamstead's House, St Stephens, Herts.) and 10 at Stanmore, Middx: S136    (793)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S138 - Offa 7 granting land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Alban's 1 church; grant of 30 hides (manentes), consisting of 12 at Winslow, Bucks.; 3 at Scelfdune sive Baldiningcotum; 10 at Scuccan hlaw vel Fenntun (cf. Warren Farm in Horwood, Bucks.) with the wood called Horowudu (Horwood, Bucks.); and 5 at Lygetune (? Luton, Beds., or Leyton, Essex): S138    (792)
 S139 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelmund 2: King Offa 7 to Æthelmund 2, his minister; grant of 55 hides (cassati) at Westbury-on-Trym, Gloucs.: S139    (793 x 796)
 S140 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelnoth 7: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelnoth 7, abbot of SS Peter and Paul (St Augustine's, Canterbury); grant of 2 hides (manentes) at Beauxfield, Kent, with grazing rights in the wood called Singledge: S140    (765 x 792)
 S141 - Offa 7 & Ealdred 5 granting land to St Michael’s, Bishops Cleeve: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to the minster and church of Bishops Cleeve, St Michael's 1, Gloucs.; grant of 15 hides (mansiones) at Timbingctun, under Wendlesclif and north of Tyrl brook: S141    (777 x 779)
 S1411 - Ceolfrith 2 to St Peter’s, Worcester 1: Ceolfrith 2, abbot, to the church of Worcester 1, St Peter's, and the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 20 hides (manentes) at Henbury, Gloucs., and 14 (cassati) at Sture in the province of Ismere, Worcs.: S1411    (757 x 774)
 S1412 - Beonna 3 sale of lease to Cuthbert 8: Beonna 3, abbot of Medeshamstede, to Cuthbert 8, princeps; lease of 10 hides (manentes) at Swineshead, Lincs., in return for 1000 shillings and annual hospitality (unius noctis pastum) valued at 30 sicli, with ultimate reversion to Medeshamstede 1: S1412    (786 x 796)
 S143 - Offa 7 confirming Sigeburg 1’s exemption from toll: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Sigeburg 1, abbess; confirmation of the exemption from ship-toll which King Æthelbald 4 granted to Abbess Mildrith 1: S143    (761 x 764)
 S1430 - settlement of dispute between Hathored 3 & Wulfheard 3: Settlement of a dispute between Hathored 3, bishop, and Wulfheard 3, son of Cussa 1, concerning land at Inkberrow and Bradley, Worcs.: S1430    (789)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
 S144 - Offa 7 granting land to the church at Woking 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, at the request of Pusa 1, abbot, and Brorda 2, praefectus, to the church at Woking 1, Surrey; grant of 20 hides (manentes) at Woking 1: S144    (757 x 796)
 S145 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the minster of Worcester, St Mary's 1; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Doughton in Tetbury, Gloucs., and 5 at Eisey in Latton, Wilts.: S145    (777)
 S1450 - Edgar 11 granting land to Westminster 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of St Peter, Westminster 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, with an additional grant of 5 hides at Blecceanham (Blechenham, lost, in Hendon). : S1450    (959)
 S146 - Offa 7 granting land to the church at Worcester 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to (the church at) Worcester 1; grant of reversion of 60 hides (manentes) at Westbury-on-Trym and 10 (or 20) at Henbury, Gloucs., after the death of himself and his son Ecgfrith 7: S146    (793 x 796)
 S147 - Offa 7 & Ealdred 5 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to Worcester, St Mary's 1 Minster; grant of 10 hides (mansiones) at Yate, Gloucs.: S147    (777 x 779)
 S225 - Æthelflæd 4 confirming land of Eadric 7: Æthelflæd 4, ruler of the Mercians, to Eadric 7, minister; grant of permission to acquire 10 hides (manentes) at Farnborough (Warwicks. or Berks.), bought from Wulflaf 13. The orginal landbook, granted by King Offa 7 to Bynna 2, Wulflaf 13's great-great-grandfather (abavus), had been destroyed in a fire.: S225    (915)
 S265 - Cynewulf 4 granting land to St Peter’s, Bath: Cynewulf 4, king of the Saxons, to the brethren of Bath, St Peter's Minster; grant of 5 hides (mansiones) at North Stoke, Somerset: S265    (757 x 758)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings Æthelbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
 S34 - Offa 7 confirming grant: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirmed a grant of land by Ecgberht 9, king of Kent, to Eardwulf 3, bishop: S34    (765 x 772)
 S46 - Offa 7 confirming Æthelberht 6’s charter: Diosza 1 transferred 18 hides (tributarii) at Wittering, Sussex to his sister [Anonymous 436]; this was confirmed by Offa 7: S46    (747 x 765)
 S49 - Osmund 2 granting land to Wærbald 2 and Tidburg 2: Osmund 2, king, to Wærbald 2, comes, and his wife Tidburg 2, for St Peter's Church (Henfield); grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Henfield, Sussex, with later confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S49    (770)
 S50 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to Hunlaf 2: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex, with confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S50    (765)
 S54 - Offa 7 confirming S54: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, confirms Æthelweard 3's grant to St Mary's, Evesham 1: S54   
 S55 - Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5 granting land to Milred 1 and Worcester, St Peter's 1: Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5, under-kings of the Hwicce, to Milred 1, bishop, and Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of 30 hides (cassati) at Tredington, Warwicks. (formerly Worcs.), previously held by Tyrdda 1, comes: S55    (757)
 S56 - Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5 granting land to Headda 9: Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5, brothers and under-kings of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Headda 9, abbot; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Andoversford, Gloucs.: S56    (759)
 S57 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Ceolmund 2: Uhtred 2, ruler of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ceolmund 2, minister; grant of 8 hides (mansiones) at Kemerton, Worcs.: S57    (777 x 779)
 S58 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister, son of Ingeld 3, dux and præfectus; grant of 5 hides (tributarii) at Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.: S58    (767)
 S59 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister; grant, for three lives, of 5 hides (tributarii) at (Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.), with reversion to the church of Worcester: S59    (770)
 S60 - Uhtred 2 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permision of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Mary's Minster, Worcester; grant of 10 hides (tributarii) at Stoke Prior, Worcs.: S60    (770)
 S61 - Uhtred 2 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Uhtred 2, subregulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Worcester, St Mary's Church; grant of 2 hides (mansiones) at Shipston-on-Stour, Warwicks: S61    (764 x 774)
 S63 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Beornheard 6: Ealdred 5, with the consent of Uhtred 2, his brother, and of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Beornheard 6, comes; grant of 3 hides (cassati) at Huntena tun: S63    (757 x 774)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (6)
 Offa 7-Edgar 11.founding a monastery at Bath: In Bath Offa 7 founded a monastery, which Edgar 11 enlarged.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.90.3
 Offa 7.S108 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 Offa 7.construction of monasteries: Offa 7 built several monasteries and dedicated them to St Peter.: Hadrian.Ep.LD   
 Offa 7.elevating relics of St Alban: Bede 1 and Venantius praised St Alban's martyrdom. His most sacred body, which had long lain in the dust of the earth, King Offa 7 placed in a shrine and displayed, honouring it with a beautifully constructed church and a large body of monks. there is no doubt that Offa 7 received a hint in a dream while he was at bath, and that when he travelled to the spot and was in the vicinity, he was inspired by the sign given by a shaft of light like a huge torch that came down over the place of burial day and night.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.179.1-2
 S108 - Offa 7 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 S50 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to Hunlaf 2: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex, with confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S50    (765)
Commemoration of the dead (1)
 Hadrian 3.death: Charlemagne 1 asked Offa 7 to order intercessions for the soul of Hadrian 3.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    (796)
Commendation (1)
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him: Alcuin 1 wrote to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him.: Alcuin.Ep  64
Confirmation of land/privileges (21)
 Hadrian 3.letter to Offa 7 and Cynethryth 2: Hadrian 3 issued a privilege for Offa 7, Cynethryth 2 and their offspring, granting possession of the monasteries which Offa 7 had founded or acquired, and which were consecrated in honour of St Peter.: Hadrian.Ep.LD    (772 x 795)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 Offa 7.S1183 confirming land to Selsey, St Peter's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirming: Ealdwulf 8, dux of the South Saxons, to the church of St Peter's, Selsey 1; grant of 3 hides (tributarii) at Peartingawyrth and Wealingawyrth: S1183    (771 x 796)
 Offa 7.S1184 confirming land of Selsey?, St Paul's: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirming: Oslac 3, dux of the South Saxons, to the church of Selsey?, St Paul's; grant of land at Earnley, Sussex, and Tielæsora: S1184    (780 - ?)
 Offa 7.S1257 granting land to Worcester 1: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257   
 Offa 7.S127 confirming privileges of Chertsey, St Peter's: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ceolnoth 1, abbot, and his familia in the church of St Peter (Chertsey); confirmation of privileges and lands granted by Frithuwald 4 and Eorcenwald 1: S127    (787)
 Offa 7.S133 granting privileges to Paris, St Denis 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the abbey of Paris, St Denis 1; grant of privileges for and confirmation of land at London, and confirmation of land at Rotherfield, Hastings and Pevensey, Sussex granted by Beorhtwald 7 and Eadbald 10: S133    (790)
 Offa 7.S134 granting privileges to the churches of Kent: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the churches of Kent; confirmation and grant of privileges.: S134    (792)
 Offa 7.S143 confirming privilege of Minster-in-Thanet 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Sigeburg 1, abbess; confirmation of the exemption from ship-toll which King Æthelbald 4 granted to Abbess Mildrith 1: S143    (761 x 764)
 Offa 7.S34 confirming land of Eardwulf 3: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirming: Ecgberht 9, king of Kent, to Eardwulf 3, bishop; grant of a viculus and 2 iugera at Rochester: S34    (765 x 772)
 Offa 7.S49 confirming land of Wærbald 2 & Tidburg 2: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirming: Osmund 2, king, to Wærbald 2, comes, and his wife Tidburg 2, for St Peter's Church (Henfield, St Peter's 1; grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Henfield, Sussex: S49    (770 - ?)
 Offa 7.S50 confirming grant of Ealdwulf 8: Confirmation by Offa 7 of: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex: S50    (765)
 S1257 - Hathored 3 exchanging land for confirmation with Offa 7: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 S127 - Offa 7 confirming privileges of St Peter’s, Chertsey: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ceolnoth 1, abbot, and his familia in the church of St Peter (Chertsey, St Peter's 1); confirmation of privileges: S127    (787)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
 S133 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St-Denis, Paris: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the abbey of Paris, Saint-Denis; grant of privileges for land at London, and confirmation of land at Rotherfield, Hastings and Pevensey, Sussex granted by Beorhtwald 7, dux, and his brother Eadbald 10: S133    (790)
 S143 - Offa 7 confirming Sigeburg 1’s exemption from toll: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Sigeburg 1, abbess; confirmation of the exemption from ship-toll which King Æthelbald 4 granted to Abbess Mildrith 1: S143    (761 x 764)
 S34 - Offa 7 confirming grant: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, confirmed a grant of land by Ecgberht 9, king of Kent, to Eardwulf 3, bishop: S34    (765 x 772)
 S49 - Osmund 2 granting land to Wærbald 2 and Tidburg 2: Osmund 2, king, to Wærbald 2, comes, and his wife Tidburg 2, for St Peter's Church (Henfield); grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Henfield, Sussex, with later confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S49    (770)
 S50 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to Hunlaf 2: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex, with confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S50    (765)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
Confiscation (1)
 Offa 7.alienating some lands of Malmesbury 1: Offa 7 snatched two vills belonging to Malmesbury 1: Tetbury, given to it by Æthelred 2, and Purton, gift of Cædwalla 1. The first Offa 7 gave to [Wærmund 5] the bishop of Worcester. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.235.1
Conquest (4)
 Cynewulf 4-Offa 7.fighting at Bensington: Here Cynewulf 4 and Offa 7 fought around Bensington and Offa 7 took the place.: ASC  777 ACDE, 775 G, <777> B (779)
 Offa 7.attempt to conquer the kingdom of the Mercians: Beornred 1 having been put to flight, Offa 7 sought the kingdom of the Mercians with a bloody sword.: Annals.ContBedae  574.757 (757)
 Offa 7.capture of Hastings: In 771 Offa 7, king of the Mercians, subdued the people of Hastings by force of arms.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  47 (771)
 Offa 7.defeating Cynewulf 4: Offa 7 defeated Cynewulf 4 in a battle near the village of Besington and took over most of the West Saxon territories.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.235.1
Conspiracy/intent to murder (2)
 Hadrian 3.letter to Charlemagne 1: Hadrian 2 wrote to Charlemagne 1 concerning the rumour according to which Offa 7 was plotting to depose the pope.: Hadrian.Ep.G92    (784 x 791)
 Offa 7.killing of Æthelberht 11: The episcopal see [of Worcester] is distinguished by the relics of the king and martyr Æthelberht 11, who was born and become king among the East Angles. He was killed, for no just cause, by Offa 7 king of the Mercians, to strengthen and advance his own kingdom, a wicked piece of plotting against the wooer of his own daughter [Æthelswith 2]. On his death, Offa 7 straightaway invaded his eastern realm, and he was to pass on the tradition of such invasions to his successors. But the unprovoked death of Æthelberht 11 is believed to have been avenged by Offa 7's own death soon afterwards and the brevity of his son's [Ecgfrith 7] reign.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.170.1-2
Conversation (1)
 Charlemagne 1.conversations with Alcuin 1 about Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 had often discussed Offa 7 with Alcuin 1.: Alcuin.Ep  101
Correspondence (21)
 Alcuin 1.letter of exhortation to Osberht 4: Alcuin 1 exhorted Osberht 4 and made various observations on current affairs.: Alcuin.Ep  122
 Alcuin 1.letter of spiritual advice to Ecgfrith 7: Alcuin 1 urged Ecgfrith 7 to follow the example of his parents (Offa 7 and Cynethryth 2) and behave in a fashion appropriate to one born to the throne of a kingdom.: Alcuin.Ep  61
 Alcuin 1.letter of thanks and spiritual advice to Hundruda 1 with greetings to others: Alcuin 1 thanked Hundruda 1, gave her spiritual advice and asked for greetings to be sent to others.: Alcuin.Ep  62
 Alcuin 1.letter to Beornwine 2 protesting his fidelity to Offa 7 and the English: Alcuin 1 declared that he had never been unfaithful to Offa 7 and the English people.: Alcuin.Ep  82
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7: In this letter Alcuin 1 said that any archbishop has to be ordained by another archbishop and the pope had to send him the pallium.: Bishops.Ep  p. 560
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him: Alcuin 1 wrote to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him.: Alcuin.Ep  64
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7 explaining why he was not returning to England: Alcuin 1 explained to Offa 7 why he was not returning to England, and sent greetings.: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7 requesting that he help Anonymous 740: Alcuin 1 wrote to Offa 7 about the situation of Anonymous 740.: Alcuin.Ep  63
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Offa 7 about an Irish priest: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Offa 7 about Anonymous 799, who had broken the Lenten fast.: Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Offa 7 about trade: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Offa 7 about certain trade matters.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting intercession with Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting their intercession with Offa 7 concerning some exiles (Anonymi 2037).: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
 Charlemagne 1.treaty between him and Offa 7: There was an old treaty between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7, which the former sent this letter to strengthen.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Hadrian 3.letter to Charlemagne 1: Hadrian 2 wrote to Charlemagne 1 concerning the rumour according to which Offa 7 was plotting to depose the pope.: Hadrian.Ep.G92    (784 x 791)
 Hadrian 3.letter to Offa 7 and Cynethryth 2: Hadrian 3 issued a privilege for Offa 7, Cynethryth 2 and their offspring, granting possession of the monasteries which Offa 7 had founded or acquired, and which were consecrated in honour of St Peter.: Hadrian.Ep.LD    (772 x 795)
 Leo 1.writing to Cenwulf 3 concerning the diocese of London: Pope Leo 1 III to Cenwulf, king of the Mercians; letter explaining that he will not consent to moving the metropolitan dignity from Canterbury to London.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Offa 7-Jænberht 1.hostility: Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4
 Offa 7.correspondence with Charlemagne 1 about Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039: Offa 7 had noted in his letters [sc., to Charlemagne 1] that Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039 had bound themselves by a vow.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    (771 x 796)
 Offa 7.correspondence with Charlemagne 1 about merchants (Anonymi 2043): Offa 7 had written to Charlemagne 1 about merchants (Anonymi 2043).: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Offa 7.letters sent to Charlemagne 1: Offa 7 had sent letters to Charlemagne 1 at various times.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Offa 7.writing letters to Gervold 1: Offa 7 wrote letters to Gervold 1 in which he declared him his dearest intimate.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.writing to Hadrian 3: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, wrote to Pope Hadrian 3 asking him to divide the archdiocese of Canterbury.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 George 1.adoption of his decrees at Mercian council: George 1 attended a Mercian council with Alcuin 1 and Pyttel 1, where the decrees were read out and adopted, and the document ratified with a cross.: George.Ep  pp. 28-9 (786)
Death/dying (5)
 Ecgfrith 7.death: Ecgfrith 7 lived only a short time after his father [sc. Offa 7].: Alcuin.Ep  123
 Hadrian 3.death: Charlemagne 1 asked Offa 7 to order intercessions for the soul of Hadrian 3.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    (796)
 Offa 7-Ecgfrith 7.death: On 26 July 796 Offa 7, the most powerful king of the Mercians, died after he had reigned 39 years, and his son Ecgfrith 7 succeeded him in the kingdom, and, death befalling him in the same year, unwillingly paid the debt of nature.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58 (796)
 Offa 7.death: Offa 7 died.: AnnalsCamb  796 ABC (796)
 Offa 7.killing of Æthelberht 11: The episcopal see [of Worcester] is distinguished by the relics of the king and martyr Æthelberht 11, who was born and become king among the East Angles. He was killed, for no just cause, by Offa 7 king of the Mercians, to strengthen and advance his own kingdom, a wicked piece of plotting against the wooer of his own daughter [Æthelswith 2]. On his death, Offa 7 straightaway invaded his eastern realm, and he was to pass on the tradition of such invasions to his successors. But the unprovoked death of Æthelberht 11 is believed to have been avenged by Offa 7's own death soon afterwards and the brevity of his son's [Ecgfrith 7] reign.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.170.1-2
Decision-making (1)
 Offa 7-Cynewulf 4.council: Offa 7 and Cynewulf 4 met together in council and promised to rectify vices.: George.Ep  p. 20 (786)
Defence (1)
 Eanbald 2-Æthelheard 13.thwarting attack on the church of Canterbury: Eanbald 2 joined forces with Æthelheard 13 archbishop of Canterbury to thwart the attack that Offa 7 king of the Mercians had made on the church of Canterbury. This is what Alcuin 1 appears to be talking about in a letter to the archbishop.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.113.2
Disputing/dispute-settling (7)
 Alcuin 1.dispute between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7: Alcuin 1 reported dissension between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7.: Alcuin.Ep  7
 Charlemagne 1-Offa 7.marriage dispute: For he [Gervold 1] many time discharged diplomatic missions to the aforesaid King Offa 7 by order of the most invincible King Charlemagne 1; finally one on account of the daughter of the same king, who was sought in marriage by the younger Charles 2; but as Offa 2 would not agree unless Bertha 2, daughter of Charlemagne 1, should be given in marriage to his son [Ecgfrith 7], the most mighty king being somewhat enraged gave orders that no one from the island of Britain and the English race was to land of the sea-coast of Gaul for the sake of commerce. But he was restrained from doing this by the advice and supplication of the aforesaid Father Gervold 1.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (768 x 796)
 Charlemagne 1.dispute with Offa 7: There was dissension between former friends [sc. Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7].: Alcuin.Ep  9
 Offa 7.seizing land from Canterbury, Christ Church 1 S155: Offa 7, king, from Canterbury, Christ Church 1; seizure of 4 aratra at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent; Offa 7 said that it was wrong that his minister [Ecgberht 9] should have presumed to give land allotted to him by his lord into the power of another without his witness: S155    (763 x 796)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S1430 - settlement of dispute between Hathored 3 & Wulfheard 3: Settlement of a dispute between Hathored 3, bishop, and Wulfheard 3, son of Cussa 1, concerning land at Inkberrow and Bradley, Worcs.: S1430    (789)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Offa 7.elevating relics of St Alban: Bede 1 and Venantius praised St Alban's martyrdom. His most sacred body, which had long lain in the dust of the earth, King Offa 7 placed in a shrine and displayed, honouring it with a beautifully constructed church and a large body of monks. there is no doubt that Offa 7 received a hint in a dream while he was at bath, and that when he travelled to the spot and was in the vicinity, he was inspired by the sign given by a shaft of light like a huge torch that came down over the place of burial day and night.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.179.1-2
Election of bishop (1)
 Offa 7.selection of Hygeberht 1 [as archbishop]: Hygeberht 1 was chosen by Offa 7 [as archbishop of Lichfield].: ASC  785 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <785> B (787)
Embassy (2)
 Charlemagne 1-Offa 7.marriage dispute: For he [Gervold 1] many time discharged diplomatic missions to the aforesaid King Offa 7 by order of the most invincible King Charlemagne 1; finally one on account of the daughter of the same king, who was sought in marriage by the younger Charles 2; but as Offa 2 would not agree unless Bertha 2, daughter of Charlemagne 1, should be given in marriage to his son [Ecgfrith 7], the most mighty king being somewhat enraged gave orders that no one from the island of Britain and the English race was to land of the sea-coast of Gaul for the sake of commerce. But he was restrained from doing this by the advice and supplication of the aforesaid Father Gervold 1.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (768 x 796)
 Gervold 1.acting on diplomatic mission to Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 many times sent Gervold 1 on diplomatic missions to Offa 7.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (757 x 796)
Episcopal see, acquisition/institution/division/merge (2)
 Leo 1.writing to Cenwulf 3 concerning the diocese of London: Pope Leo 1 III to Cenwulf, king of the Mercians; letter explaining that he will not consent to moving the metropolitan dignity from Canterbury to London.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Offa 7-Jænberht 1.hostility: Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4
Execution (2)
 Offa 7.beheading of Æthelberht 11: Offa 7 ordered that the head of Æthelberht 11 be cut off.: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.1 (794)
 Offa 7.killing of Æthelberht 11: Here Offa 7 ordered that the head of Æthelberht 11 be cut off.: ASC  792 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <792> B (794)
Exile (3)
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting intercession with Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting their intercession with Offa 7 concerning some exiles (Anonymi 2037).: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
 Charlemagne 1.sending of Anonymi 2037 to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4: Charlemagne 1 sent some exiles (Anonymi 2037) to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4, begging that the latter two would intercede for Anonymi 2037 with Offa 7 so that they might return to their fatherland peacefully without the oppression of any injustice and serve whomsoever they wished.: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
 Offa 7-Beorhtric 1.expulsion of Ecgberht 10 from England: Offa 7 and Beorhtric 1 had caused Ecgberht 10 before he became king to flee from England to Francia for three years.: ASC  836 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <836> B
Expulsion (1)
 Offa 7-Beorhtric 1.expulsion of Ecgberht 10 from England: Offa 7 and Beorhtric 1 had caused Ecgberht 10 before he became king to flee from England to Francia for three years.: ASC  836 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <836> B
Flight (2)
 Offa 7-Beorhtric 1.expulsion of Ecgberht 10 from England: Offa 7 and Beorhtric 1 had caused Ecgberht 10 before he became king to flee from England to Francia for three years.: ASC  836 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <836> B
 Offa 7.defeat of Beornred 1: Beornred 1 was put to flight, and King Offa 7 remained victor. : NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  42 (575)
Freeing from dues (2)
 S143 - Offa 7 confirming Sigeburg 1’s exemption from toll: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Sigeburg 1, abbess; confirmation of the exemption from ship-toll which King Æthelbald 4 granted to Abbess Mildrith 1: S143    (761 x 764)
 S29 - Eadberht 15 granting toll to Sigeburg 1: Eadberht 15 II, king of Kent, to Sigeburg 1, abbess, and her familia at St Peter's Minster, Thanet; remission of toll due on two ships at Fordwich, and on a third at Fordwich and Sarre, Kent. The charter notes that previous, similar concessions were made by Kings Æthelbald 4 and Offa 7: S29    (763 x 764)
Friendship-making (1)
 Offa 7.writing letters to Gervold 1: Offa 7 wrote letters to Gervold 1 in which he declared him his dearest intimate.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (757 x 796)
Gafol payment (1)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
Grant and Gift (113)
 Charlemagne 1.despatch of gifts to Offa 7 and alms to his bishoprics: Charlemagne 1 was sending gifts to Offa 7 and alms to his bishoprics.: Alcuin.Ep  101
 Charlemagne 1.gifts to episcopal sees, metropolitan cities and Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 sent various gifts to England.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Ealdred 46.purchasing land from Offa 7 S119: Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), minister, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; purchase of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, with 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 Edgar 11.S731 granting privileges to Worcester, St Mary's 1: King Edgar 11 to Worcester, St Mary's 1 Abbey; grant of privileges for land at Cropthorne, Overbury, Pendock, Worcs.; Teddington, Gloucs.; Mitton in Bredon, Sedgeberrow, Worcs.; Northwick in Blockley, Evenlode, Daylesford, Dorn in Batsford, Icomb, Gloucs.; Shipston-on-Stour, Blackwell in Tredington, Warwicks.; Grimley, Little Witley, Knightwick, Hallow, Harvington, Bredon, Worcs.; Blockley, Gloucs.; Tredington, Warwicks; together with the creation of the triple Hundred of Oswaldslow: S731    (964)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 Offa 7-Ealdred 5.granting land to Bishops Cleeve, St Michael's 1 S141: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to the minster and church of Bishops Cleeve, St Michael's 1, Gloucs.; grant of 15 hides (mansiones) at Timbingctun, under Wendlesclif and north of Tyrl brook: S141    (777 x 779)
 Offa 7-Ealdred 5.granting land to Worcester 1, St Mary's S147: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to Worcester 1, St Mary's Minster; grant of 10 hides (mansiones) at Yate, Gloucs.: S147    (777 x 779)
 Offa 7.S104 granting land to Worcester, St Peter's 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of 40 hides (cassati) at Readanoran (Pyrton, Oxon.): S104    (777 x 781)
 Offa 7.S105 granting land to Eardwulf 3: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Eardwulf 3, bishop of Rochester; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at Islingham, Kent: S105    (764)
 Offa 7.S107 granting land to Milred 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Milred 1, bishop of the Hwicce; grant of 10 hides (manentia) at Pyrton, Oxon.: S107    (765)
 Offa 7.S108 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 Offa 7.S110 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 5 sulungs (aratra) at Higham Upshire, Kent: S110    (774)
 Offa 7.S111 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Lydd, Kent: S111    (774)
 Offa 7.S112 granting land to Evesham, St Mary's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's 1, and the monks there; grant of land at Daylesford, Evenlode, Gloucs., and at Chastleton, Cornwell, Salford, Dornford in Wootton and Shipton on Cherwell, Oxon.: S112    (777)
 Offa 7.S114 granting land to Dudda 4: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Duddonus (Dudda 4), minister; grant of 4 hides (cassatae) near Salmonsbury in Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucs.: S114    (779)
 Offa 7.S115 granting land to Evesham, St Mary's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of 4 hides (manentes) at Donnington, Gloucs.: S115    (779)
 Offa 7.S116 granting land to Bredon, St Peter's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Bredon, St Peter's 1; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Teddington, 10 hides (cassati) at Little Washbourne, 10 hides (mansiones) at Cutsdean, all in Gloucs., and 10 hides (manentes) at Bredons Norton, Worcs.: S116    (780)
 Offa 7.S117 granting land to Bredon, St Peter's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Bredon, St Peter's 1, for the use of the bishop of Worcester; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Wærsetfelda (cf. Wast Hills in Alvechurch), 5 hides (cassati) at Cofton Hackett and 5 hides (mansae) at Rednal in Kings Norton, Worcs.: S117    (780)
 Offa 7.S118 granting land to Worcester 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 7 hides (manentes) at Cropthorne, 1 at Netherton, 2 at Elmley Castle, 1 at Kersoe in Elmley Castle, 14 at Charlton, 15 at Hampton and 10 at Bengeworth, Worcs.: S118    (780)
 Offa 7.S120 granting privileges to Worcester, St Peter's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester, St Peter's 1; grant of privileges for 12 hides (manentes) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks., and 5 at Fæhha leage: S120    (780)
 Offa 7.S122 granting land to Esne 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Esme (Esne 5), comes and præfectus; grant, to him and his male heirs, of 3 hides (tributarii) at Evenlode, with reversion to the church at Evesham 1: S122    (784)
 Offa 7.S123 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and Selethryth 1, his sister; grant of 14 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham and Palmstead, Kent, with woodland in the Weald and other appurtenances: S123    (785)
 Offa 7.S125 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and his sister, Selethryth 1, abbess; grant of 15 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham, Palmstead and Ruckinge, Kent, with swine-pastures, woodland and other appurtenances, including an urban tenement (vicus) at Curringtun in Canterbury: S125    (786)
 Offa 7.S1257 granting land to Worcester 1: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257   
 Offa 7.S1258 bequeathing land to his heirs: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to his heirs [Ecgfrith 7, his son, and Cynethryth 2, his wife]; bequest of the monastery of Cookham, Berks.: S1258    (797)
 Offa 7.S126 granting land to Worcester, St Mary's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the monks of the church of Worcester, St Mary's 1; grant of one hide (mansa) at Broadwas, Worcs.: S126    (779 x 790)
 Offa 7.S128 granting land to Osberht 2 & Anonymous 440: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Osberht 2, his minister, and Osberht 2's wife [Anonymous 440]; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Duningcland in the Eastry district, Kent: S128    (788)
 Offa 7.S129 granting land to Rochester, St Andrew's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Rochester, St Andrew's 1, and the bishopric of Rochester 1; grant of 6 sulungs (aratra) at Trottiscliffe, Kent, with swine-pastures in the Weald: S129    (788)
 Offa 7.S130 granting land to Wærmund 6 & Rochester 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop, and the church at Rochester 1; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent: S130    (789)
 Offa 7.S131 granting land to Wærmund 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop; grant of 1.5 jugera at Rochester: S131    (789)
 Offa 7.S132 granting land to Æthelheard 13: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury; grant of 60 hides (tributaria) at Hayes and Yeading and 30 at Twickenham, Middx.: S132    (795)
 Offa 7.S133 granting privileges to Paris, St Denis 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the abbey of Paris, St Denis 1; grant of privileges for and confirmation of land at London, and confirmation of land at Rotherfield, Hastings and Pevensey, Sussex granted by Beorhtwald 7 and Eadbald 10: S133    (790)
 Offa 7.S134 granting privileges to the churches of Kent: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the churches of Kent; confirmation and grant of privileges.: S134    (792)
 Offa 7.S136 granting privileges and land to St Alban's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Alban's 1; grant of privileges and of 34 hides (mansiones) at Cassio, Herts., 6 at Heanhamstede (cf. Hamstead's House, St Stephens, Herts.) and 10 at Stanmore, Middx.: S136    (793)
 Offa 7.S137 granting land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 Offa 7.S138 granting land to St Albans 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Albans 1 church; grant of 30 hides (manentes), consisting of 12 at Winslow, Bucks.; 3 at Scelfdune sive Baldiningcotum; 10 at Scuccan hlaw vel Fenntun (cf. Warren Farm in Horwood, Bucks.) with the wood called Horowudu (Horwood, Bucks.); and 5 at Lygetune (? Luton, Beds., or Leyton, Essex): S138    (792)
 Offa 7.S139 granting land to Æthelmund 2: King Offa 7 to Æthelmund 2, his minister; grant of 55 hides (cassati) at Westbury-on-Trym, Gloucs.: S139    (793 x 796)
 Offa 7.S1435 granting land to Plegheard 1: Offa 7, king, to Plegheard 1, abbot; grant of 25 hides at Denton, Sussex. He had inherited the land as part of the estate at Beddingham, Sussex.: S1435    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.S1435 inheriting land at Beddingham: Offa 7, king, inherited the estate at Beddingham of which Denton, Sussex was a part. He later granted Denton to Plegheard 1, abbot of Selsey.: S1435    (825)
 Offa 7.S146 granting land to Worcester 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to (the church at) Worcester 1; grant of reversion of 60 hides (manentes) at Westbury-on-Trym and 10 (or 20) at Henbury, Gloucs., after the death of himself and his son Ecgfrith 7: S146    (793 x 796)
 Offa 7.S155 granting land to his ministri: Offa 7, king, to his ministri [Anonymi 1293]; grant of 4 aratra at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent: S155    (764 x 796)
 Offa 7.S1790 extending privileges of London, St Paul's 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to London, St Paul's 1; extension of liberties: S1790    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.S225 granting land to Bynna 2: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Bynna 2; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Farnborough (Warwicks. or Berks.): S225    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.S912 granting privileges to St Albans 1: Offa 7 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of privileges: S911    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.S916 granting land to St Albans 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of land at Norton, 1 hide (mansa) at Rodanhangra and land at Oxhey, Herts.. The land was later lost.: S916    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.alienating some lands of Malmesbury 1: Offa 7 snatched two vills belonging to Malmesbury 1: Tetbury, given to it by Æthelred 2, and Purton, gift of Cædwalla 1. The first Offa 7 gave to [Wærmund 5] the bishop of Worcester. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.235.1
 Offa 7.exchanging land with Worcester, St Mary's 1 S121: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester, St Mary's 1; grant of 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs., in exchange for land at Sapey, Worcs.: S121    (780)
 Offa 7.granting an annual payment to Rome: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, for his especial love of St Peter, declared in the presence of the papal missi George 1 and Theophylactus 2, that he would send every year as many mancuses as the year had days, that is, 365, to that same apostle of the Church of God, for the support of the poor and the provision of lights; which he did, both for himself and for his successors who continue in the kingdom. Leo 1 III later invoked this precedent in ordering King Cenwulf 3 to recommence payments.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Offa 7.granting land to Æthelnoth 6 S140: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelnoth 6, abbot of SS Peter and Paul (Canterbury, St Augustine's 1); grant of 2 hides (manentes) at Beauxfield, Kent, with grazing rights in the wood called Singledge: S140    (765 x 792)
 Offa 7.granting land to Beaduwulf 2 and Glastonbury: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Beaduwulf 2, abbot, for the church of Glastonbury; grant of 10 hides at Eswirht, or Inesuuyrth juxta Hunstpill, Somerset.: S1692    (794)
 Offa 7.granting land to Ealdred 5 S113: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to his subregulus, Ealdred 5, dux of the Hwicce; grant of 4 hides (mansiones) at Sedgeberrow, Worcs.: S113    (778)
 Offa 7.granting land to Milred 1 S142: Offa 7, king of the Mercians to Milred 1, bishop; grant of land at Wick Episcopi, Worcs.: S142    (757 x 774)
 Offa 7.granting land to Woking 1 S144: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church at Woking 1, Surrey; grant of 20 hides (manentes) at Woking 1: S144    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.granting land to Worcester: Offa 7 to the church of Worcester; reversionary grant of land at Sture, Worcs..: S1829    (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.granting land to Worcester 1: King Offa 7 granted Heythrop and Kidlington to Worcester 1; these lands were later lost ot the Danes.: Hemming.Codicellus  280
 Offa 7.granting land to Worcester, St Mary's S145: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the minster of Worcester, St Mary's; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Doughton in Tetbury, Gloucs., and 5 at Eisey in Latton, Wilts.: S145    (777)
 Offa 7.granting land treasure to Lindsey 1: Silver, gems, gold and much finery were given by Offa 7 to Lindsey 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  389
 Offa 7.selling land to Ealdred 46 S119: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), his minister; grant of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 Offa 7.selling land to Westminster, St Peter's 1 S124: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Westminster, St Peter's 1; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (785)
 S104 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Worcester: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the church of St Peter, Worcester; grant of 40 hides (cassati) at Readanoran (Pyrton, Oxon.): S104    (777 x 781)
 S105 - Offa 7 granting land to Eardwulf 3: Offa 7, king of Mercians, to Eardwulf 3, bishop of Rochester; grant of 20 sulungs (aratra) at Islingham, Kent: S105    (764)
 S107 - Offa 7 granting land to Milred 1: Offa 7, king of Mercia, to Milred 1, bishop of the Hwicce; grant of 10 hides (manentia) at Pyrton, Oxon: S107    (765)
 S108 - Offa 7 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 S110 - Offa 7 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 5 sulungs (aratra) at Higham Upshire, Kent: S110    (774)
 S111 - Offa 7 granting land to Jænberht 1: Offa 7, king of the English, to Jænberht 1, archbishop; grant of 3 sulungs (aratra) at Lydd, Kent: S111    (774)
 S112 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Evesham: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Evesham, St Mary's, and the monks there; grant of land at Daylesford, Evenlode, Gloucs., and at Chastleton, Cornwell, Salford, Dornford in Wootton and Shipton on Cherwell, Oxon: S112    (777)
 S113 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdred 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to his subregulus, Ealdred 5, dux of the Hwicce; grant of 4 hides (mansiones) at Sedgeberrow, Worcs: S113    (778)
 S114 - Offa 7 granting land to Dudda 4: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Duddonus (Dudda 4), minister; grant of 4 hides (cassatae) near Salmonsbury in Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucs: S114    (779)
 S115 - Offa 7 witnessing Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Evesham: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Mary's, Evesham 2; grant of 4 hides (manentes) at Donnington, Gloucs: S115    (779)
 S116 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Bredon 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Peter's Minster, Bredon 1; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Teddington, 10 hides (cassati) at Little Washbourne, 10 hides (mansiones) at Cutsdean, all in Gloucs., and 10 hides (manentes) at Bredons Norton, Worcs: S116    (780)
 S117 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Bredon 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Bredon 1, for the use of the bishop of Worcester; grant of 10 hides (manentes) at Wærsetfelda (cf. Wast Hills in Alvechurch), 5 hides (cassati) at Cofton Hackett and 5 hides (mansae) at Rednal in Kings Norton, Worcs: S117    (780)
 S118 - Offa 7 to the bishopric of Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the bishopric of Worcester; grant of 7 hides (manentes) at Cropthorne, 1 at Netherton, 2 at Elmley Castle, 1 at Kersoe in Elmley Castle, 14 at Charlton, 15 at Hampton and 10 at Bengeworth, Worcs: S118    (780)
 S1183 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to St Peter’s, Selsey: Ealdwulf 8, dux of the South Saxons, with the consent of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Selsey; grant of 3 hides (tributarii) at Peartingawyrth and Wealingawyrth: S1183    (771 x 786)
 S1184 - Offa 7 confirming grant of Oslac 3: Confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians, of grant by Oslac 3, dux of the South Saxons, to the church of Selsey?, St Paul's 1 of land at Earnley, Sussex, and Tielæsora: S1184    (787 x 796)
 S120 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Worcester 1; grant of privileges for 12 hides (manentes) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks., and 5 at Fæhha leage, leased by Bishop Hathored 3 and the community of Worcester to Eanburg, abbess, Offa 7's kinswoman, for life: S120    (780)
 S122 - Offa 7 leasing land to Esne 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Esme (Esne 5), comes and præfectus; grant, to him and his male heirs, of 3 hides (tributarii) at Evenlode, with reversion to the church at Evesham: S122    (784)
 S123 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and Selethryth 1, his sister; grant of 14 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham and Palmstead, Kent, with woodland in the Weald and other appurtenances: S123    (785)
 S125 - Offa 7 granting land to Ealdberht 15 & Selethryth 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdberht 15, minister, and his sister, Selethryth 1, abbess; grant of 15 sulungs (aratra) at Ickham, Palmstead and Ruckinge, Kent, with swine-pastures, woodland and other appurtenances, including an urban tenement (vicus) at Curringtun in Canterbury: S125    (786)
 S126 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the monks of St Mary's, Worcester 1; grant of one hide (mansa) at Broadwas, Worcs: S126    (779 x 790)
 S128 - Offa 7 granting land to Osberht 2 and his wife Anonymous 440: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Osberht 2, his minister, and Osberht 2's wife [Anonymous 440]; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Duningcland in the Eastry district, Kent: S128    (788)
 S129 - Offa 7 granting land to Rochester 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Andrew's, Rochester 1 church, and the bishopric of Rochester; grant of 6 sulungs (aratra) at Trottiscliffe, Kent, with swine-pastures in the Weald: S129    (788)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
 S130 - Offa 7 granting land to Wærmund 6: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop, and the church at Rochester; grant of 1 sulung (aratrum) at Bromhey in Frindsbury, Kent: S130    (789)
 S131 - Offa 7 granting land to Wærmund 6: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Wærmund 6, bishop; grant of land at Rochester: S131    (789)
 S132 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelheard 13: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury; grant of 60 hides (tributaria) at Hayes and Yeading and 30 at Twickenham, Middx: S132    (795)
 S133 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St-Denis, Paris: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the abbey of Paris, Saint-Denis; grant of privileges for land at London, and confirmation of land at Rotherfield, Hastings and Pevensey, Sussex granted by Beorhtwald 7, dux, and his brother Eadbald 10: S133    (790)
 S136 - Offa 7 granting privileges and land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Alban's; grant of privileges and of 34 hides (mansiones) at Cassio, Herts., 6 at Heanhamstede (cf. Hamstead's House, St Stephens, Herts.) and 10 at Stanmore, Middx: S136    (793)
 S138 - Offa 7 granting land to St Albans: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Alban's 1 church; grant of 30 hides (manentes), consisting of 12 at Winslow, Bucks.; 3 at Scelfdune sive Baldiningcotum; 10 at Scuccan hlaw vel Fenntun (cf. Warren Farm in Horwood, Bucks.) with the wood called Horowudu (Horwood, Bucks.); and 5 at Lygetune (? Luton, Beds., or Leyton, Essex): S138    (792)
 S139 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelmund 2: King Offa 7 to Æthelmund 2, his minister; grant of 55 hides (cassati) at Westbury-on-Trym, Gloucs.: S139    (793 x 796)
 S140 - Offa 7 granting land to Æthelnoth 7: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelnoth 7, abbot of SS Peter and Paul (St Augustine's, Canterbury); grant of 2 hides (manentes) at Beauxfield, Kent, with grazing rights in the wood called Singledge: S140    (765 x 792)
 S141 - Offa 7 & Ealdred 5 granting land to St Michael’s, Bishops Cleeve: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to the minster and church of Bishops Cleeve, St Michael's 1, Gloucs.; grant of 15 hides (mansiones) at Timbingctun, under Wendlesclif and north of Tyrl brook: S141    (777 x 779)
 S1411 - Ceolfrith 2 to St Peter’s, Worcester 1: Ceolfrith 2, abbot, to the church of Worcester 1, St Peter's, and the bishopric of Worcester 1; grant of 20 hides (manentes) at Henbury, Gloucs., and 14 (cassati) at Sture in the province of Ismere, Worcs.: S1411    (757 x 774)
 S144 - Offa 7 granting land to the church at Woking 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, at the request of Pusa 1, abbot, and Brorda 2, praefectus, to the church at Woking 1, Surrey; grant of 20 hides (manentes) at Woking 1: S144    (757 x 796)
 S145 - Offa 7 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to the minster of Worcester, St Mary's 1; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Doughton in Tetbury, Gloucs., and 5 at Eisey in Latton, Wilts.: S145    (777)
 S1450 - Edgar 11 granting land to Westminster 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of St Peter, Westminster 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, with an additional grant of 5 hides at Blecceanham (Blechenham, lost, in Hendon). : S1450    (959)
 S146 - Offa 7 granting land to the church at Worcester 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to (the church at) Worcester 1; grant of reversion of 60 hides (manentes) at Westbury-on-Trym and 10 (or 20) at Henbury, Gloucs., after the death of himself and his son Ecgfrith 7: S146    (793 x 796)
 S147 - Offa 7 & Ealdred 5 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, with Ealdred 5, subregulus of the Hwicce, to Worcester, St Mary's 1 Minster; grant of 10 hides (mansiones) at Yate, Gloucs.: S147    (777 x 779)
 S225 - Æthelflæd 4 confirming land of Eadric 7: Æthelflæd 4, ruler of the Mercians, to Eadric 7, minister; grant of permission to acquire 10 hides (manentes) at Farnborough (Warwicks. or Berks.), bought from Wulflaf 13. The orginal landbook, granted by King Offa 7 to Bynna 2, Wulflaf 13's great-great-grandfather (abavus), had been destroyed in a fire.: S225    (915)
 S265 - Cynewulf 4 granting land to St Peter’s, Bath: Cynewulf 4, king of the Saxons, to the brethren of Bath, St Peter's Minster; grant of 5 hides (mansiones) at North Stoke, Somerset: S265    (757 x 758)
 S49 - Osmund 2 granting land to Wærbald 2 and Tidburg 2: Osmund 2, king, to Wærbald 2, comes, and his wife Tidburg 2, for St Peter's Church (Henfield); grant of 15 hides (manentes) at Henfield, Sussex, with later confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S49    (770)
 S50 - Ealdwulf 8 granting land to Hunlaf 2: Ealdwulf 8, king, to Hunlaf 2, his comes: grant, in order to found a minster, of 16 hides (casata) at Stanmer, Lindfield and Burleigh, Sussex, with confirmation by Offa 7, king of the Mercians: S50    (765)
 S56 - Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5 granting land to Headda 9: Eanberht 5, Uhtred 2 and Ealdred 5, brothers and under-kings of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Headda 9, abbot; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Andoversford, Gloucs.: S56    (759)
 S57 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Ceolmund 2: Uhtred 2, ruler of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ceolmund 2, minister; grant of 8 hides (mansiones) at Kemerton, Worcs.: S57    (777 x 779)
 S58 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister, son of Ingeld 3, dux and præfectus; grant of 5 hides (tributarii) at Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.: S58    (767)
 S59 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister; grant, for three lives, of 5 hides (tributarii) at (Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.), with reversion to the church of Worcester: S59    (770)
 S60 - Uhtred 2 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permision of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Mary's Minster, Worcester; grant of 10 hides (tributarii) at Stoke Prior, Worcs.: S60    (770)
 S61 - Uhtred 2 granting land to St Mary’s, Worcester: Uhtred 2, subregulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Worcester, St Mary's Church; grant of 2 hides (mansiones) at Shipston-on-Stour, Warwicks: S61    (764 x 774)
 S63 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Beornheard 6: Ealdred 5, with the consent of Uhtred 2, his brother, and of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Beornheard 6, comes; grant of 3 hides (cassati) at Huntena tun: S63    (757 x 774)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
 Uhtred 2.S58 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister, son of Ingeld 3, dux and præfectus; grant of 5 hides (tributarii) at Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.: S58    (767)
 Westminster, St Peter's 1.purchasing land from Offa 7 S124: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Westminster, St Peter's 1; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (785)
 Worcester, St Mary's 1.exchanging land with Offa 7 S121: Worcester, St Mary's 1 to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; grant of land at Sapey, Worcs. in exchange for 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs.: S121    (781)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Hospitality (1)
 S1412 - Beonna 3 sale of lease to Cuthbert 8: Beonna 3, abbot of Medeshamstede, to Cuthbert 8, princeps; lease of 10 hides (manentes) at Swineshead, Lincs., in return for 1000 shillings and annual hospitality (unius noctis pastum) valued at 30 sicli, with ultimate reversion to Medeshamstede 1: S1412    (786 x 796)
Hostility (1)
 Offa 7-Jænberht 1.hostility: Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4
Indicating bounds (1)
 Offa 7.building of dyke: Offa 7 had in recent times ordered a great dyke to be made between Wales and Mercia from sea to sea.: Asser.VitAlfredi  14
Intercession/mediation (2)
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting intercession with Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting their intercession with Offa 7 concerning some exiles (Anonymi 2037).: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
 Charlemagne 1.sending of Anonymi 2037 to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4: Charlemagne 1 sent some exiles (Anonymi 2037) to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4, begging that the latter two would intercede for Anonymi 2037 with Offa 7 so that they might return to their fatherland peacefully without the oppression of any injustice and serve whomsoever they wished.: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
Introduction (1)
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him: Alcuin 1 wrote to Offa 7 commending a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him.: Alcuin.Ep  64
Invasion (2)
 : So powerful was Offa 7 that he had also invaded East Anglia after killing king Æthelberht 11.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.3
 Offa 7.killing of Æthelberht 11: The episcopal see [of Worcester] is distinguished by the relics of the king and martyr Æthelberht 11, who was born and become king among the East Angles. He was killed, for no just cause, by Offa 7 king of the Mercians, to strengthen and advance his own kingdom, a wicked piece of plotting against the wooer of his own daughter [Æthelswith 2]. On his death, Offa 7 straightaway invaded his eastern realm, and he was to pass on the tradition of such invasions to his successors. But the unprovoked death of Æthelberht 11 is believed to have been avenged by Offa 7's own death soon afterwards and the brevity of his son's [Ecgfrith 7] reign.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.170.1-2
Journey (4)
 Alcuin 1.despatch of Anonymous 741 to Offa 7: Alcuin 1 sent Anonymous 741 to Offa 7.: Alcuin.Ep  64
 Charlemagne 1.despatch of Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039 to Rome for judgment: Charlemagne 1 had sent Eadberht 17 and other exiles (Anonymi 2039) to Rome for judgment.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Offa 7.elevating relics of St Alban: Bede 1 and Venantius praised St Alban's martyrdom. His most sacred body, which had long lain in the dust of the earth, King Offa 7 placed in a shrine and displayed, honouring it with a beautifully constructed church and a large body of monks. there is no doubt that Offa 7 received a hint in a dream while he was at bath, and that when he travelled to the spot and was in the vicinity, he was inspired by the sign given by a shaft of light like a huge torch that came down over the place of burial day and night.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.179.1-2
 Various.journeying to Paris, St Denis: Nadelhar 1, monk and his frater Vitale 1 and Eadbald 10, dux, received the charter from Offa 7 and travelled to France and placed in on the tomb of Dionysius: S133    (790)
Judicial decision/review (2)
 Charlemagne 1.despatch of Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039 to Rome for judgment: Charlemagne 1 had sent Eadberht 17 and other exiles (Anonymi 2039) to Rome for judgment.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Æthelheard 13.recovering land for Canterbury, Christ Church S1259: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, recovers for Canterbury, Christ Church, 4 sulungs (aratra) at Bishopsbourne, Kent, originally granted by Ealdhun 5, confiscated by Offa 7, king of the Mercians, and now restored as the result of a synodal judgement: S1259    (805)
Killing/murder (4)
 : So powerful was Offa 7 that he had also invaded East Anglia after killing king Æthelberht 11.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.3
 Offa 7.killing of Æthelberht 11: The episcopal see [of Worcester] is distinguished by the relics of the king and martyr Æthelberht 11, who was born and become king among the East Angles. He was killed, for no just cause, by Offa 7 king of the Mercians, to strengthen and advance his own kingdom, a wicked piece of plotting against the wooer of his own daughter [Æthelswith 2]. On his death, Offa 7 straightaway invaded his eastern realm, and he was to pass on the tradition of such invasions to his successors. But the unprovoked death of Æthelberht 11 is believed to have been avenged by Offa 7's own death soon afterwards and the brevity of his son's [Ecgfrith 7] reign.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.170.1-2
 Offa 7.shedding of blood to secure kingdom for his son: Offa 7 shed much blood to secure the kingdom for his son [sc. Ecgfrith 7].: Alcuin.Ep  122
 Æthelred 7.killing: Æthelred 7 was killed.: Alcuin.Ep  101
Kingdom - accession to (2)
 Offa 7-Ecgfrith 7.death: On 26 July 796 Offa 7, the most powerful king of the Mercians, died after he had reigned 39 years, and his son Ecgfrith 7 succeeded him in the kingdom, and, death befalling him in the same year, unwillingly paid the debt of nature.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  58 (796)
 Offa 7.accession to kingdom: Offa 7 acceded to the kingdom [F(OE): seized the kingdom of the Mercians].: ASC  755 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <755> B (757)
Law-making/legislation (4)
 Charlemagne 1.ruling concerning merchants engaged in trade: Charlemagne 1 set out rules concerning merchants engaged in trade.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 George 1.adoption of his decrees at Mercian council: George 1 attended a Mercian council with Alcuin 1 and Pyttel 1, where the decrees were read out and adopted, and the document ratified with a cross.: George.Ep  pp. 28-9 (786)
 Offa 7.law making: Laws from the time of Offa 7, king of the Mercians, survived in Alfred 8 the Great's day.: Alfred.Laws   
 Offa 7.rules of conduct for Mercian people: Offa 7 of blessed memory had issued good, modest and chaste rules of conduct for the Mercian people.: Alcuin.Ep  122
Lease (8)
 Offa 7.S108 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 Offa 7.leasing land to Ridda 1, Bucga 2 & Heahburg 2 S109: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Ridda 1, minister; lease, for the lives of himself, his wife, Bucga 2, and their daughter, Heahburg 2, of 8 hides (manentes) at Evenlode, Gloucs., with reversion to the minster at Bredon 1, Worcs.: S109    (775 x 777)
 S108 - Offa 7 granting land to Oswald 5: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Oswald 5, bishop; grant, for the foundation of a minster, of 8 hides (cassati) at Bexhill, Sussex, with reversion to the bishopric of Selsey 1: S108    (772)
 S109 - Offa 7 leasing land to Ridda 1: Offa 7, rex Anglorum, to Ridda 1, minister; lease, for the lives of himself, his wife, Bucga 2, and their daughter, Heahburg 2, of 8 hides (manentes) at Evenlode, Gloucs., with reversion to the minster at Bredon, Worcs: S109    (775 x 777)
 S120 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Peter, Worcester 1; grant of privileges for 12 hides (manentes) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks., and 5 at Fæhha leage, leased by Bishop Hathored 3 and the community of Worcester to Eanburg, abbess, Offa 7's kinswoman, for life: S120    (780)
 S122 - Offa 7 leasing land to Esne 5: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Esme (Esne 5), comes and præfectus; grant, to him and his male heirs, of 3 hides (tributarii) at Evenlode, with reversion to the church at Evesham: S122    (784)
 S1412 - Beonna 3 sale of lease to Cuthbert 8: Beonna 3, abbot of Medeshamstede, to Cuthbert 8, princeps; lease of 10 hides (manentes) at Swineshead, Lincs., in return for 1000 shillings and annual hospitality (unius noctis pastum) valued at 30 sicli, with ultimate reversion to Medeshamstede 1: S1412    (786 x 796)
 S59 - Uhtred 2 granting land to Æthelmund 2: Uhtred 2, regulus of the Hwicce, with the permission of Offa 7, king of Mercians, to Æthelmund 2, his faithful minister; grant, for three lives, of 5 hides (tributarii) at (Aston in Stoke Prior, Worcs.), with reversion to the church of Worcester: S59    (770)
Marriage (3)
 Beorhtric 1.assistance to Offa 7: Beorhtric 1 assisted Offa 7 because he [sc. Beorhtric 1] had his daughter [sc. Eadburg 5] as his queen.: ASC  836 ACG, <836> B
 Beorhtric 1.marriage: He [sc. Beorhtric 1] had his [sc. Offa 7's] daughter [sc. Eadburg 5] as his queen.: ASC  836 ACG, <836> B (789)
 Beorhtric 1.marriage to Eadburg 5: At the end of a period of two years Beorhtric 1 married Eadburg 5, the daughter of Offa 7.: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.20 (789)
Martyrdom (1)
 Offa 7.elevating relics of St Alban: Bede 1 and Venantius praised St Alban's martyrdom. His most sacred body, which had long lain in the dust of the earth, King Offa 7 placed in a shrine and displayed, honouring it with a beautifully constructed church and a large body of monks. there is no doubt that Offa 7 received a hint in a dream while he was at bath, and that when he travelled to the spot and was in the vicinity, he was inspired by the sign given by a shaft of light like a huge torch that came down over the place of burial day and night.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.179.1-2
Message-sending (2)
 Gervold 1.acting on diplomatic mission to Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 many times sent Gervold 1 on diplomatic missions to Offa 7.: Gesta.Fontanellensis coenobii  XII 2 (757 x 796)
 Offa 7.reception of George 1 and Theophylactus 2: Offa 7 received George 1 and Theophylactus 2 and the letters they brought.: George.Ep  p. 20 (786)
Oath-swearing/fealty (1)
 Offa 7.correspondence with Charlemagne 1 about Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039: Offa 7 had noted in his letters [sc., to Charlemagne 1] that Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039 had bound themselves by a vow.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    (771 x 796)
Pallium-despatch/receipt/request (5)
 Alcuin 1.letter to Offa 7: In this letter Alcuin 1 said that any archbishop has to be ordained by another archbishop and the pope had to send him the pallium.: Bishops.Ep  p. 560
 Hadrian 3.dividing the see of Canterbury: Pope Hadrian 3, of blessed memory, our predecessor, diminished contrary to custom the authority of the bishop of Canterbury, and by his authority confirmed the division into two archiepiscopal sees, to that we truly reply that he did this for no other reason than because your excellent king, Offa 7, testified in his letter that it was the united wish and unanimous petition of you all, both on account of the vast size of your lands and the extension of your kingdom, and also for many more reasons and advantages. For these reasons chiefly did the lord apostolic Hadrian 3 send the dignity of the pallium to the bishop of the Mercians [Hygeberht 1].: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Hadrian 3.sending pallium to the bishop of the Mercians: Pope Hadrian 3 sent the pallium to the bishop of the Mercians [Hygeberht 1]. This was done because Offa 7, testified in his letter that it was the united wish and unanimous petition of all, both on account of the vast size of their lands and the extension of the kingdom, and also for many more reasons and advantages.: Leo III.Ep.B288   
 Hadrian 3.sending the pallium to bishop of Mercians: Hadrian 3, at the request of Offa 7, sent the pallium tot he bishop of the Mercians.: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Offa 7-Jænberht 1.hostility: Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (2)
 Charlemagne 1.despatch of Eadberht 17 and Anonymi 2039 to Rome for judgment: Charlemagne 1 had sent Eadberht 17 and other exiles (Anonymi 2039) to Rome for judgment.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Hadrian 3.dividing the see of Canterbury: Pope Hadrian 3, of blessed memory, our predecessor, diminished contrary to custom the authority of the bishop of Canterbury, and by his authority confirmed the division into two archiepiscopal sees, to that we truly reply that he did this for no other reason than because your excellent king, Offa 7, testified in his letter that it was the united wish and unanimous petition of you all, both on account of the vast size of your lands and the extension of your kingdom, and also for many more reasons and advantages. For these reasons chiefly did the lord apostolic Hadrian 3 send the dignity of the pallium to the bishop of the Mercians [Hygeberht 1].: Leo III.Ep.B288   
Pilgrimage (2)
 Eadberht 17.reporting of his wish to remain on pilgrimage: Eadberht 17 reported that he wished to remain on pilgrimage on his return from Rome.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    ( x 796)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
Praying (1)
 Hadrian 3.death: Charlemagne 1 asked Offa 7 to order intercessions for the soul of Hadrian 3.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    (796)
Property-buying/purchasing (5)
 Ealdred 46.purchasing land from Offa 7 S119: Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), minister, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; purchase of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, with 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
 S225 - Æthelflæd 4 confirming land of Eadric 7: Æthelflæd 4, ruler of the Mercians, to Eadric 7, minister; grant of permission to acquire 10 hides (manentes) at Farnborough (Warwicks. or Berks.), bought from Wulflaf 13. The orginal landbook, granted by King Offa 7 to Bynna 2, Wulflaf 13's great-great-grandfather (abavus), had been destroyed in a fire.: S225    (915)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
 Westminster, St Peter's 1.purchasing land from Offa 7 S124: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Westminster, St Peter's 1; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (785)
Property-exchanging (15)
 Ealdred 46.purchasing land from Offa 7 S119: Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), minister, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; purchase of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, with 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 Edgar 11.S670 restoring land to Westminster, St Peter's 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, in return for 120 solidi of gold in an armlet: S670    (959)
 Hathored 3-Worcester 1.granting land to Offa 7 S1257: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 Offa 7.S106 exchanging land with Stithberht 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Stithberht 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) between Harrow and the Lidding (Wealdstone Brook) and east of the Lidding, Middx., in exchange for 30 hides at Wicham in Ciltinne: S106    (767)
 Offa 7.S1257 granting land to Worcester 1: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257   
 Offa 7.exchanging land with Worcester, St Mary's 1 S121: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of Worcester, St Mary's 1; grant of 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs., in exchange for land at Sapey, Worcs.: S121    (780)
 Offa 7.selling land to Ealdred 46 S119: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), his minister; grant of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 S106 - Offa 7 exchanging land with Stithberht 1: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Stithberht 1, abbot; grant of 30 hides (manentes) between Harrow and the Lidding (Wealdstone Brook) and east of the Lidding, Middx., in exchange for 30 hides at Wicham in Ciltinne: S106    (767)
 S121 - Offa 7 exchanging land with St Mary’s, Worcester: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to the church of St Mary, Worcester; grant of 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs., in exchange for land at Sapey, Worcs: S121    (780)
 S124 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Westminster: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Peter's, Westminster; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (781)
 S1257 - Hathored 3 exchanging land for confirmation with Offa 7: Hathored 3, bishop of the Hwicce, with the consent of his familia at Worcester 1, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; surrender of 90 hides (manentes) with the minster at Bath and also 30 hides (cassati) by the river Avon, in exchange for the confirmation of 30 hides at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwicks., 38 at Sture (? Kidderminster Worcs., or Alderminster, Warwicks.), 14 (manentes) at Stour in Ismere and 12 at Bredon, Worcs., and 17 (cassati) at Hampton Lucy, Warwicks.: S1257    (781)
 S912 - Æthelred 32 granting land to St Albans: King Æthelred 32 to St Albans 1 Abbey; grant of 1 hide (cassata) at Flamstead and 5 at St Albans, Herts., with renewal of extensive liberties granted by King Offa 7. Abbot Leofric 37 had given 200 pounds of gold and silver to the king to pay off the Danes [Anonymi 2653], receiving in exchange these 6 hides and 55 hides at Eadulfinctun; but now he has returned Eadulfinctun: S912    (1005)
 Stithberht 1.S106 exchanging land with Offa 7: Stithberht 1, abbot, to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; grant of 30 hides at Wicham in Ciltinne, in exchange for 30 hides (manentes) between Harrow and the Lidding (Wealdstone Brook) and east of the Lidding, Middx.: S106    (764)
 Worcester, St Mary's 1.exchanging land with Offa 7 S121: Worcester, St Mary's 1 to Offa 7, king of the Mercians; grant of land at Sapey, Worcs. in exchange for 8 hides (cassati) at Icomb, Gloucs.: S121    (781)
 Æthelheard 13-Cynethryth 2.agreement over Cookham: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, to Cynethryth 2, abbess; grant of the minsters at Cookham, Berks., and at Pectanege, in exchange for 60 hides (cassati) at Fleet, 30 at Teynham and 20 at the source of the Cray, Kent.: S1258    (798)
Property-giving/selling (5)
 Edgar 11.S670 restoring land to Westminster, St Peter's 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, in return for 120 solidi of gold in an armlet: S670    (959)
 Offa 7.selling land to Ealdred 46 S119: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Ealdred 46 (Aeldred), his minister; grant of 20 hides (mansae) at Harmondsworth, Middx, in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S119    (781)
 Offa 7.selling land to Westminster, St Peter's 1 S124: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to Westminster, St Peter's 1; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (785)
 S124 - Offa 7 granting land to St Peter’s, Westminster: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, to St Peter's, Westminster; grant of 10 hides (cassati) at Aldenham, Herts., in return for 100 mancuses of gold in a bracelet: S124    (781)
 S1293 - Dunstan 1’s proclamation: Dunstan 1, bishop of London, proclaims the confirmation and grant by King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's, of extensive privileges and lands, comprising 5 hides (mansae) at Westminster [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 120 mancuses of gold, cf. S 670], 5 hides at Blecenham (lost, in Hendon, Middx) and 6 at Lothereslege (lost, in Hendon) [for which Dunstan 1 gave Edgar 11 10 mancuses of gold]; 10 hides at Hendon, Middx, and another 10 hides there [purchased from Æthelwold 1, bishop of Winchester, and Wulfnoth 5, miles, for 80 pounds of silver, cf. S 1295]; 3 hides (cassati) at Codenhleaw [purchased from Eadnoth 1, minister, for 12 pounds]; 8 hides (mansae) at Hanwell, Herts. [acquired from Ælfwine 14, minister, in return for 30 pounds of silver needed for a pilgrimage to Rome]; 10 hides at Sunbury, Middx [purchased from Ælfheah 33, dux, for 200 mancuses of gold, cf. S 702]; land at Shepperton, Middx [purchased from Ealhflæd 2, widow, for 60 bizanteis nummis]; 5 hides at Brickendon, Herts. [given to Westminster by Ælfhelm 8 Polga, cf. S 1487]; 3 hides at Sullington, Sussex [given to Westminster by Ælfwine 15, prefectus in Kent]; the reversion of land at Parham, Sussex [purchased from Wulfnoth 5 for 30 mancuses of gold]; land at Paddington, Cowley Peachey, Middx; and at Ewell, Kent: S1293    (959)
Raiding (3)
 Offa 7.ravaging of Anonymi 2612: The ravaging of the South Britons (Anonymi 2612) by Offa 7.: AnnalsCamb  778 ABC
 Offa 7.ravaging of Anonymi 2613: The ravaging of the British (Anonymi 2613) by Offa 7 in the summer.: AnnalsCamb  784 ABC
 Offa 7.ravaging of Rheinwg: The ravaging of Rhieinwg by Offa 7.: AnnalsCamb  795 C
Relics-incorrupt preservation/placing in reliquary/requesting/translating (1)
 Offa 7.elevating relics of St Alban: Bede 1 and Venantius praised St Alban's martyrdom. His most sacred body, which had long lain in the dust of the earth, King Offa 7 placed in a shrine and displayed, honouring it with a beautifully constructed church and a large body of monks. there is no doubt that Offa 7 received a hint in a dream while he was at bath, and that when he travelled to the spot and was in the vicinity, he was inspired by the sign given by a shaft of light like a huge torch that came down over the place of burial day and night.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.179.1-2
Reporting (2)
 Alcuin 1.dispute between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7: Alcuin 1 reported dissension between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7.: Alcuin.Ep  7
 Eadberht 17.reporting of his wish to remain on pilgrimage: Eadberht 17 reported that he wished to remain on pilgrimage on his return from Rome.: Charlemagne.Ep.100    ( x 796)
Request (6)
 Charlemagne 1.letter to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting intercession with Offa 7: Charlemagne 1 wrote to Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 requesting their intercession with Offa 7 concerning some exiles (Anonymi 2037).: Charlemagne.Ep.85    (793 x 796)
 Charlemagne 1.request as to how to treat Anonymi 2037: Charlemagne 1 made a request of Æthelheard 13 and Ceolwulf 4 concerning Anonymi 2037.: Charlemagne.Ep.85   
 Charlemagne 1.request to Offa 7 concerning length of cloaks: Charlemagne 1 asked Offa 7 to ensure that cloaks be sent of the same length as in the past.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
 Charlemagne 1.request to Offa 7 that Anonymous 799 be removed to his native land to be judged.: Charlemagne 1 asked Offa 7 for Anonymous 799 to be transferred to his native land for judgment.: Charlemagne.Ep.87   
 Hadrian 3.sending the pallium to bishop of Mercians: Hadrian 3, at the request of Offa 7, sent the pallium tot he bishop of the Mercians.: Cenwulf.Ep  p. 128
 Offa 7.request for black stones from Charlemagne 1: Offa 7 had made a request for black stones.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Restoration of land/property (6)
 Edgar 11.S670 restoring land to Westminster, St Peter's 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of Westminster, St Peter's 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, in return for 120 solidi of gold in an armlet: S670    (959)
 Offa 7.S137 granting land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S137 - Offa 7 restoring land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 S1435 - Cynred 2 recovering land: Record of a synodal dispute-settlement, concerning the recovery by Cynred 2, bishop of Selsey, of land at Denton, Sussex.: S1435    (825)
 S1450 - Edgar 11 granting land to Westminster 1: King Edgar 11 to the church of St Peter, Westminster 1; restoration of 5 hides (mansiunculae) on the north side of the river Thames between the Tyburn and the Fleet, Middx, with an additional grant of 5 hides at Blecceanham (Blechenham, lost, in Hendon). : S1450    (959)
 Æthelheard 13.recovering land for Canterbury, Christ Church S1259: Æthelheard 13, archbishop of Canterbury, recovers for Canterbury, Christ Church, 4 sulungs (aratra) at Bishopsbourne, Kent, originally granted by Ealdhun 5, confiscated by Offa 7, king of the Mercians, and now restored as the result of a synodal judgement: S1259    (805)
Seizure of land (6)
 Offa 7.S137 granting land to Hathored 3: Record of the restoration by Offa 7, king, to Hathored 3, bishop of Worcester, of 5 hides (manentes) at Aust (Cliff), Gloucs., seized by Bynna 1, the king's comes, the bishop having brought forward a charter of King Æthelbald 4 to prove the bishopric's title: S137    (794)
 Offa 7.alienating some lands of Malmesbury 1: Offa 7 snatched two vills belonging to Malmesbury 1: Tetbury, given to it by Æthelred 2, and Purton, gift of Cædwalla 1. The first Offa 7 gave to [Wærmund 5] the bishop of Worcester. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.235.1
 Offa 7.seizing land from Canterbury, Christ Church 1 S155: Offa 7, king, from Canterbury, Christ Church 1; seizure of 4 aratra at Humbinglond in Barham, Kent; Offa 7 said that it was wrong that his minister [Ecgberht 9] should have presumed to give land allotted to him by his lord into the power of another without his witness: S155    (763 x 796)
 Offa 7.seizing land from Cynewulf 4 S1258: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, from Cynewulf 4, king of the West Saxons; seizure of the monastery of Cookham, Berks. and many other towns: S1258    (760 x 797)
 Offa 7.seizing land from Malmesbury 1 S149: Offa 7, king of the Mercians, from Malmesbury 1; seizure of 35 hides (manentes) at Purton, Wilts.: S149    (796)
 Offa 7.seizure of land from Canterbury, Christ Church 1 S1259: Offa 7, king, from Canterbury, Christ Church 1; seizure of 4 sulungs (aratra) at Bishopsbourne, Kent: S1259    (757 x 796)
Submission (1)
 Offa 7.capture of Hastings: In 771 Offa 7, king of the Mercians, subdued the people of Hastings by force of arms.: NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  47 (771)
Treaty (1)
 Charlemagne 1.treaty between him and Offa 7: There was an old treaty between Charlemagne 1 and Offa 7, which the former sent this letter to strengthen.: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Visit (2)
 Offa 7.reception of George 1 and Theophylactus 2: Offa 7 received George 1 and Theophylactus 2 and the letters they brought.: George.Ep  p. 20 (786)
 Theophylactus 2.journey to Mercia and Wales: Taking into account the extent of territory, George 1 permitted Theophylactus 2 to visit the king of the Mercians [sc. Offa 7] and parts of Britain.: George.Ep  p. 20 (786)
War (1)
 Cynewulf 4-Offa 7.mutual war over Benson: Cynewulf 4 and Offa 7 waged war amongst themselves over Bensington, which fell to Offa 7.: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.19 (779)
Factoids linked indirectly to Offa 7 (340)
Authorship (8)
Alcuin 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7 (Letter): Bishops.Ep  p. 560
Hadrian 3:  Author of a privilege for Offa 7 and Cynethryth 2 (Letter): Hadrian.Ep.LD   
Charlemagne 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7, king of the Mercians, expressing the outrage of Charlemagne 1 at the killing of Æthelred 7, king [of the Northumbrians] (Letter): Alcuin.Ep  101
Alcuin 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7, king [of the Mercians] sending back a pupil (Anonymous 741) to him (Letter): Alcuin.Ep  *64
Alcuin 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7, king of the Mercians, expressing the outrage of Charlemagne 1 at the killing of Æthelred 7, king [of the Northumbrians] (Letter): Alcuin.Ep  *101
Charlemagne 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7 about an Irish priest (Anonymous 799) (Letter): Charlemagne.Ep.87   
Charlemagne 1:  Author of a letter to Offa 7 about trade (Letter): Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Hadrian 3:  Author of letters received by Offa 7 through the agency of George 1 and Theophylactus 2 (Letter): George.Ep  p. 20 lines 24-5
Office (326)
Abbot of Offa 7 (1)
 Pusa 1: S144   
Archbishop of Offa 7 (3)
 Bregowine 1: S105   
 Æthelheard 13: Alcuin.Ep  100
 Anonymous 803: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Bishop of Offa 7 (3)
 Ealhheard 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.4
 Tidfrith 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.4
 Ealdwulf 13: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2
Dux of Offa 7 (1)
 Eata 5: S124   
King of Offa 7 (2)
 Ecgberht 9: S155   
 Ecgfrith 7: ASC  755 ACDEG, <755> B
Minister of Offa 7 (8)
 Ecgberht 9: S155   
 Bucga 2: S109   
 Dudda 4: S114   
 Ealdberht 15: S123   
 Ealdred 46: S119   
 Osberht 2: S128   
 Ridda 1: S109   
 Ceolmund 2: Alcuin.Ep  231
Moneyer of Offa 7 (305)
 Æthelheard 13: EMC Coin  1969.9014 (N 229 (Abp Æthelheard Group II with Offa))
 Æthelmod 14: EMC Coin  1020.057 (N 322 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1995.0131 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1999.0075 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1997.0111 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  2001.0792 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1999.1005 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  2006.0166 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1964.0003 (N 286 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1983.0002 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1789.0001 (Offa (no further details))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  2008.0413 (N 322 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  1020.0571 (N 323 (CEB 100) (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelnoth 53: EMC Coin  2001.0947 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Æthelred 48: EMC Coin  1992.0256 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 Æthelred 48: EMC Coin  1992.0255 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 Æthelred 48: EMC Coin  1997.0112 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 Æthelred 48: EMC Coin  1997.0113 (N 331.5 (Light coinage, East Anglian; obv. cross on stepped base; rev. like CEB 71))
 Æthelred 48: EMC Coin  2008.032 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1993.0191 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1986.5026 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1986.9128 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1989.0074 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1992.7638 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1992.7634 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1988.0144 (N 310.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1998.2112 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1996.0163 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1997.0108 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  2001.0685 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  2005.0229 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  2009.0231 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1050.0101 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1967.8004 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1050.0102 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1036.0069 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1036.0066 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1009.0005 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1002.0312 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1004.0056 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1030.0187 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1030.0186 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1020.0562 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  1020.0561 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Æthelweald 8: EMC Coin  2007.0225 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1992.76321 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1986.5005 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1996.0171 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1998.0073 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2000.0003 (N 267 (CEB 6) (Light coinage, Cross crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2001.0789 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2001.0773 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2002.0197 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2003.011 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  2006.0348 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1042.0632 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1009.0002 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1001.0395 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1002.0318 (N 267 (CEB 6) (Light coinage, Cross crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1002.0319 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1002.032 (N 266 (CEB 7) (Light coinage, Crosslet obverse))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1002.0325 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1004.0831 (Offa (no further details))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1020.0569 (N 319 (CEB 85) (Heavy coinage))
 Babba 7: EMC Coin  1020.1645 (Offa, Blunt group II (Light coinage, no further details))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  1995.013 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  1992.0254 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  1011.0005 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  1004.0053 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  1002.0326 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  2009.0115 (N 279 (CEB 22) (Light coinage, Cross of lobes obverse))
 Beagheard 1: EMC Coin  2001.1256 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 Botred 5: EMC Coin  1958.0003 (Offa, East Anglian coinage (no further details))
 Ceolheard 6: EMC Coin  1036.0068 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 Ceolheard 6: EMC Coin  1020.0554 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 Dægmund 3: EMC Coin  1997.0009 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Dægmund 3: EMC Coin  2006.0347 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Dægmund 3: EMC Coin  1971.9084 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Deala 1: EMC Coin  1987.0108 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 Diola 3: EMC Coin  2003.0196 (N 330.1 (Heavy coinage))
 Dudda 20: EMC Coin  1986.0406 (Offa, Blunt group II (Light coinage, no further details))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1986.0215 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1991.0121 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1986.91241 (N 297 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1996.0157 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1999.0137 (Offa (new): reverse with cartouche and snakes)
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2000.0055 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1996.0159 (N 285/N 306 (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around cross; rev. DUD in angles of cross of lobes))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2008.0245 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1968.0006 (N 285 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1922.0002 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1985.0067 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1009.0003 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1002.0321 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1001.0388 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2000.0298 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2005.0121 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2006.012 (N 309 (CEB 30) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2006.0181 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2008.0375 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2009.0091 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  1002.0308 (N 287 (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Dudda 25: EMC Coin  2008.0024 (N 296 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 Eadberht 47: EMC Coin  1004.0703 (N 315 obv/ N 303 rev (Light coinage, Bust F; cross crosslet with lozenge))
 Eadberht 23: EMC Coin  1030.0181 (N 278 (CEB 34) (Bp Eadberht, with Offa))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1988.0147 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1992.7636 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1986.9126 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1042.0635 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1050.0099 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1002.031 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  1002.0309 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadhun 2: EMC Coin  2008.0374 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Eadnoth 33: EMC Coin  2001.0945 (N 336.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Eadnoth 33: EMC Coin  2005.029 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2007.0113 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1988.015 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1988.0146 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1986.9123 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1992.7637 (Offa (no further details))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1987.0107 (N 308.05 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse as N 308, but with different obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1999.0076 (N 313.05 (Light coinage, Bust Ec obverse; four bosses around central boss reverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1996.0162 (N 308 (CEB 45) (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1996.0158 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2002.0278 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2003.0218 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2006.0307 (Offa, Blunt group I (Light coinage, no further details))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1984.0021 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1980.9068 (N 328 (Heavy coinage))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1986.0088 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1002.0306 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2009.0139 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1001.0387 (N 283 (CEB 41) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1002.0317 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1002.0307 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1004.0052 (N 283 (CEB 41) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1002.0305 (N 298 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross of lobes reverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1030.0183 (N 308 (CEB 45) (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1030.0182 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1016.0091 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1020.0556 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1020.0558 (N 307 (Light coinage, Portrait; lozenge reverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1006.0587 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1006.0588 (N 318 (CEB 42) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverses))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  2008.0214 (N 282 (CEB 40) (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse))
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1020.0557 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 Ealhmund 28: EMC Coin  1021.0953 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1986.0214 (Offa, Light coinage, Blunt 131 obverse, Blunt 9 reverse)
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1997.0109 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1998.0074 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1996.0161 (N 293 (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2003.0217 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2001.1158 (N 290 (CEB 21) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2001.0936 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2001.1168 (N 262-5/N 291-2 (CEB 9,12,19-20/48-9))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2003.0199 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1009.0001 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1002.0311 (N 290 (CEB 21) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1030.0185 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1030.0184 (N 292 (CEB 48) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1020.0559 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2005.0006 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  2004.0217 (N 291 (CEB 49) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Ealhred 2: EMC Coin  1020.0549 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Ecgbald 4: EMC Coin  1993.0192 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Ecgbald 4: EMC Coin  1999.0132 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Ecgbald 4: EMC Coin  1999.0131 (N 334.1 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Ecghun 3: EMC Coin  2001.0638 (N 334 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1988.0143 (N 260 (CEB 10) (Light coinage, Plain cross obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1993.0193 (N 308.06 (Light coinage, Lozenge reverse similar to N 308, but different bust obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1991.012 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1993.1001 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1988.0145 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1988.0149 (N 321 (Heavy coinage))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1987.0106 (N 272.1 (new) (Light coinage, Standard obverse) (CEB 13/16))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1991.0234 (N 272 (CEB 16) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1998.0108 (N 272.05 (new) (Light coinage, obv. like CEB 16, rev. CEB 15))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2000.031 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1999.0125 (N 273 (CEB 18) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2003.0233 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2006.017 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2006.0035 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2008.0372 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  2009.0014 (N 268 (CEB 13) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1922.0001 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1050.01 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1973.656 (N 306 (CEB 52) (Light coinage, Portrait / beaded cross))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1970.0504 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1001.039 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1004.0055 (N 272 (CEB 16) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1004.0054 (N 268 (CEB 13) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1002.0322 (N 276 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1020.055 (N 261 (CEB 11) (Light coinage, Plain cross obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1020.0551 (N 265 (CEB 12) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Eoba 6: EMC Coin  1020.0552 (N 271 (CEB 17) (Light coinage, Standard obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  2001.0003 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  1996.0164 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  2001.0673 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  2001.1119 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  1030.0188 (N 276.1 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  1988.0148 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Heahberht 16: EMC Coin  2009.0005 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Wulfhath 1: EMC Coin  1996.0173 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  2000.0639 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1011.0006 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1009.0006 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1002.0313 (N 300 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1001.0989 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1004.0051 (N 300 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1016.0092 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  1020.0563 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ibba 2: EMC Coin  2007.0064 (N 301 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Ludoman 2: EMC Coin  1999.1006 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 Ludoman 2: EMC Coin  1004.0057 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 Ludoman 2: EMC Coin  2000.0406 (N 325 (Heavy coinage))
 Ludoman 2: EMC Coin  2000.0327 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 Ludoman 2: EMC Coin  2000.0351 (Offa (no further details))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1997.6001 (Offa (new): reverse with cartouche and snakes)
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  2001.0793 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  2003.0046 (N 258-73: Offa, Group I, Light coinage)
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  2001.0959 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  2001.1053 (N 313 (CEB 68) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1050.0103 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1973.6573 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1050.0104 (N 336.3 (new) (Light coinage, East Anglian, lozenge both sides))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1036.007 (N 312 (CEB 69) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1002.0315 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1002.0314 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1001.0392 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1006.0057 (N 311 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1020.0564 (N 313 (CEB 68) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1021.0954 (N 337 (CEB 114) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  2002.0193 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1002.1236 (Offa (no further details))
 Lulla 15: EMC Coin  1017.073 (Offa (no further details))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1993.0195 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1993.0194 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1996.0172 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1996.0165 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2003.0171 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2001.1052 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2005.0105 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2006.0061 (N 289 (Light coinage, Annulet and pellet obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2001.1159 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1968.0005 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1985.0019 (N 289/N 320 (Light coinage, Circular / Three-line mule))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1009.0007 (N 263 (CEB 9) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  1001.0393 (N 264 (CEB 19) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2000.0257 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 Osmod 6: EMC Coin  2001.0943 (N 320 (Heavy coinage))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1991.0235 (N 310 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1999.0035 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1996.0166 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1967.8011 (N 316 (CEB 77) (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1973.6566 (N 317 (CEB 23, 78) (Light coinage, Portrait; serpent reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1009.0012 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Pendred 1: EMC Coin  1002.0316 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1992.76381 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1992.0257 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  2001.0778 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  2002.0009 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  2007.0114 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  2008.016 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1009.001 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1009.0008 (N 295 (CEB 75) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1009.0009 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1002.0323 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  2009.0116 (N 294 (CEB 74) (Light coinage, Portrait; Celtic cross reverse))
 Pehtweald 1: EMC Coin  1020.0565 (N 277 (Light coinage, Cross and saltire of lobes obverse))
 Tirweald 3: EMC Coin  1996.017 (N 316.1 (Light coinage, Portrait; flower etc. in inner circle reverse))
 Tirweald 3: EMC Coin  1996.0156 (N 275 (CEB 79) (Light coinage, Celtic cross obverse))
 Tirweald 3: EMC Coin  1996.016 (N 285/N 319var (Light coinage, obv. OFFA REX around pellet in circle; rev. TIRVVALD in angles of cross of lobes))
 Tirweald 3: EMC Coin  2004.007 (N 275.1 (Light coinage))
 Udd 2: EMC Coin  2000.0224 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Udd 2: EMC Coin  2005.0227 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Udd 2: EMC Coin  1020.0553 (N 262 (CEB 20) (Light coinage, Cross on saltire obverse))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  1988.0153 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2001.0594 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2001.0765 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2001.0787 (N 303 (Light coinage, Portrait; cross crosslet with lozenge centre reverse))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2000.0056 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2006.0121 (Offa (no further details))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2006.0354 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  2006.0294 (Offa (Light Coinage, no further details))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  1002.0324 (N 336 (CEB 113) (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  1002.0327 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Wihtred 14: EMC Coin  1020.0574 (N 338 (CEB 115) (Heavy coinage, East Anglian))
 Wilhun 2: EMC Coin  2001.0751 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 Wilhun 2: EMC Coin  2000.0328 (Offa, Blunt group III (Heavy Coinage, no further details))
 Wilhun 2: EMC Coin  2001.0937 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 Wilhun 2: EMC Coin  1922.0003 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 Wilhun 2: EMC Coin  2005.0015 (N 324 (Heavy coinage))
 Wilred 2: EMC Coin  1036.0067 (N 330.3 (Light coinage, East Anglian))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  2003.0044 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1009.0013 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1001.0394 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1020.0572 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1020.0567 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1020.0568 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1988.0152 (N 283.1 (Light coinage, Lozenge obverse and reverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1996.0169 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1996.0167 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  1996.0168 (N 302 (Light coinage, Portrait; floriate cross with lozenge centre reverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  2007.0072 (N 288 (CEB 83) (Light coinage, King's name across field obverse))
 Winoth 3: EMC Coin  2008.0215 (N 326 (Heavy coinage))
Praefectus of Offa 7 (2)
 Brorda 2: S144   
 Eadbald 6: S1411    (praefectus of King Offa)
Subregulus of Offa 7 (1)
 Ealdred 5: S113   
Occupation (3)
Messenger of Offa 7 (1)
 Anonymi 2040: Charlemagne.Ep.100   
Soldier of Offa 7 (1)
 Alcuin 1: Alcuin.Ep  178 (p. 294 line 9)
Stewardess of Offa 7 (1)
 Cynethryth 2: Alcuin.Ep  101
Status (3)
Comes of Offa 7 (2)
 Bynna 1: S137   
 Esne 5: S122   
Domina of Offa 7 (1)
 Cynethryth 2: Alcuin.Ep  101