Judith 1 (Female) Daughter of Charles 4 the Bald; queen of the West Saxons, wife of Ęthelwulf 1
m ix

Notes: She is not named in ASC 855A, the first part of ASC 885A, or by Ęthelweard (who mistakenly calls her the daughter of Charlemagne 1.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (13)
Iotheta (1)
 ASC  885 F(Lat.)
Iothete (1)
 ASC  885 F(OE)
Iudette (1)
 ASC  886 C
Iudith (2)
 Annals.StBertin   
 S326   
Iuthitha (1)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  13
Iuthitta (4)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  11
 Asser.VitAlfredi  17
 Asser.VitAlfredi  68
 Asser.VitAlfredi  70
Iužette (1)
 ASC  <886> B
Iužytte (1)
 ASC  885 AG
Iužętte (1)
 ASC  885 D
Office (6)
Queen (6)
 Asser.VitAlfredi  68
 Annals.StBertin  856
 Annals.StBertin  858
 ASC  855 AG, <856> B, 856 C
 ASC  885 ADEG, <886> B
 S1274   
Status (2)
Widow (2)
 Annals.StBertin  858
 Annals.StBertin  862
Personal Relationship (26)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Judith 1 (1)
 Louis 3: of Judith 1: Annals.StBertin  862
Judith 1 Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (10)
 of Charles 4: Asser.VitAlfredi  11
 of Charles 4: Asser.VitAlfredi  13
 of Charles 4: Asser.VitAlfredi  17
 of Charles 4: Asser.VitAlfredi  68
 of Charles 4: Annals.StBertin  856
 of Charles 4: ASC  855 ADEG, <856> B, 856 CF(OE and Lat.)
 of Charles 4: ASC  885 ADEF(OE and Lat.)G, <886> B, 886 C
 of Charles 4: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.4 (p. 32)
 of Charlemagne 1: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 45)
 of Charles 4: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 45)
~ Father (Consanguineal kinship) of Judith 1 (3)
 Charles 4: of Judith 1: Asser.VitAlfredi  13
 Charles 4: of Judith 1: Asser.VitAlfredi  70
 Charles 4: of Judith 1: ASC  885 (A)
~ Male cousin, paternal uncle’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of Judith 1 (1)
 Charles 3: of Judith 1: Asser.VitAlfredi  70
Judith 1 Sister (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Louis 3: Asser.VitAlfredi  68
Judith 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Ęthelbald 13: S326   
Judith 1 Wife (Affinal kinship) of ~ (9)
 of Ęthelwulf 1: Asser.VitAlfredi  11
 of Ęthelbald 13: Asser.VitAlfredi  17
 of Ęthelwulf 1: Annals.StBertin  858
 of Ęthelbald 13: Annals.StBertin  856
 of Baldwin 1: Annals.StBertin  862
 of Ęthelwulf 1: ASC  855 ADEG, <856> B, 856 CF(OE and Lat.)
 of Ęthelwulf 1: ASC  885 ADEF(OE and Lat.)G, <886> B, 886 C
 of Ęthelwulf 1: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 45)
 of Ęthelwulf 1: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (pp. 45-6)
Event (15)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of queen (1)
 Judith 1.consecration as queen: After Hincmar 1 had consecrated Judith 1 and placed a diadem on her head, Ęthelwulf 1 formally conferred on her the title of queen, which was not something customary before then to him or his people. : Annals.StBertin   
Bequeathing/will-making (1)
 S1274 - Ęthelbald 13 bequeathing land to Winchester 1: (1) Swithhun 5, bishop of Winchester, to Ęthelbald 13, king of the West Saxons; grant of 60 hides (cassati) at Farnham, Surrey. (2) King Ęthelbald 13 grants the reversion of the land, after his death, to the bishop and church of Winchester 1: S1274    (858)
Betrothal (1)
 Ęthelwulf 1.betrothal to Judith 1: Ęthelwulf 1, on his way back from Rome, was betrothed to Charles 4's daughter, Judith 1.: Annals.StBertin  856
Charter-witnessing (2)
 S1274 - Ęthelbald 13 bequeathing land to Winchester 1: (1) Swithhun 5, bishop of Winchester, to Ęthelbald 13, king of the West Saxons; grant of 60 hides (cassati) at Farnham, Surrey. (2) King Ęthelbald 13 grants the reversion of the land, after his death, to the bishop and church of Winchester 1: S1274    (858)
 S326 - Ęthelbald 13 granting land to Osmund 6: Ęthelbald 13, king of the West Saxons, to Osmund 6, his minister; grant of 14 hides (cassati) at Teffont, Wilts: S326    (860)
Death/dying (1)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
Excommunication (1)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
Flight (1)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
Grant and Gift (3)
 S1274 - Ęthelbald 13 bequeathing land to Winchester 1: (1) Swithhun 5, bishop of Winchester, to Ęthelbald 13, king of the West Saxons; grant of 60 hides (cassati) at Farnham, Surrey. (2) King Ęthelbald 13 grants the reversion of the land, after his death, to the bishop and church of Winchester 1: S1274    (858)
 S326 - Ęthelbald 13 granting land to Osmund 6: Ęthelbald 13, king of the West Saxons, to Osmund 6, his minister; grant of 14 hides (cassati) at Teffont, Wilts: S326    (860)
 Ęthelwulf 1.marrying Judith 1: On 1 October, in the palace of Verberie, Ęthelwulf 1 received Judith 1 in marriage ... when the marriage had been sealed by mutual exchange of royal gear and gifts, they sailed back to Britain: Annals.StBertin  856
Journey (2)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
 Ęthelwulf 1.return journey from Rome: Ęthelwulf 1 returned to his fatherland, bringing Judith 1 with him.: Asser.VitAlfredi  11 (856)
Lust (1)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
Marriage (6)
 Charles 4.giving of his daughter (Judith 1) to Ęthelwulf 1: Charles 4 gave his daughter, [sc. Judith 1], to Ęthelwulf 1 as queen.: ASC  855 AG, <856> B, 856 C (856)
 Charles 4.giving of his daughter (Judith 1) to Ęthelwulf 1 in marriage: Charles 4 gave Ęthelwulf 1 his daughter [sc. Judith 1] in marriage.: Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.4 (p. 32) (856)
 Charles 4.permitting Judith 1 and Baldwin 1 to marry: Charles 4, in accordance with the pope's [Leo 1] request, permitted Judith 1 and Baldwin 1 to marry. This he did in Senlis.: Annals.StBertin  863
 Judith 1.marriage to Ęthelwulf 1: Ęthelwulf 1 received Judith 1 as queen.: Asser.VitAlfredi  68
 Ęthelbald 13.marriage to Judith 1: Ęthelbald 13 married Judith 1.: Asser.VitAlfredi  17
 Ęthelwulf 1.marrying Judith 1: Ęthelwulf 1 had married a daughter (Judith 1) of Charlemagne 1.: Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.3 (pp. 45-6)
Property-giving/selling (1)
 Judith 1.leaving England and returning to Frankia: After the death of her husband, Ęthelbald 13, Judith 1 sold up the possessions which she had acquired in the kingdom of the English, returned to her father. Charles 4, and was kept under his royal and episcopal guardianship, with all the honour due to a queen, until such time as, if she could not remain chaste, she might marry ... she then eloped with Count Baldwin 1 and his instigation and with her brother Louis 1's consent. Charles 4 had them both made anathema.: Annals.StBertin  862
Reconciliation (1)
 Charles 4.reconiliation with Judith 1: In response to an appeal from the pope [Nicholas 1], Charles 4 received his daughter Judith 1 back into his good graces.: Annals.StBertin  863
Request (1)
 Charles 4.permitting Judith 1 and Baldwin 1 to marry: Charles 4, in accordance with the pope's [Leo 1] request, permitted Judith 1 and Baldwin 1 to marry. This he did in Senlis.: Annals.StBertin  863
Throne-sitting (1)
 Ęthelwulf 1.order that Judith 1 should sit on the throne with him: Ęthelwulf 1 ordered that Judith 1 should sit on the throne with him.: Asser.VitAlfredi  13