Oswiu 1 (Male) King of the Bernicians, 642-; of the Northumbrians, 651-675
m/l vii

Notes: King of the Bernicians from 642; king of all Northumbria from 651. He was killed at the battle of Nechtansmere in 675.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (65)
... Osuio (2)
 Bede.HE  iv.1
 Bede.HE  v.19
Osguid (2)
 AnnalsCamb  658
 AnnalsCamb  669
Osio (2)
 Anon.GenRegList1   
 Anon.GenRegList2   
Ossu (9)
 AnnalsFragIrel  18.50
 AnnalsFragIrel  36.96
 AnnalsUlster  642.4
 AnnalsUlster  650.1
 AnnalsUlster  656.2
 AnnalsUlster   
 AnnalsUlster  680.4
 AnnalsUlster  704.3
 AnnalsUlster  716.1
Osui (2)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  506
 Alcuin.VersEubor  508
Osuiu (13)
 Bede.HE  ii.5
 Bede.HE  iii.11
 Bede.HE  iii.14
 Bede.HE  iii.21
 Bede.HE  iii.22
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  iii.28
 Bede.HE  iii.29
 Bede.HE  iv.5
 Bede.HE  iv.26
 Bede.HE  v.24
 Annals.NbRegnList  246
Osuueo (1)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 29)
Osuui (4)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  566
 Alcuin.VersEubor  304
 ASC  670 F(Lat.)
 ASC  826 F(Lat.)
Osuuius (1)
 ASC (E)  654 F(Lat.)
Osweo (3)
 ASC  670 ACG, <670> B
 ASC  <827> B, 827 C
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.7
Osweo wæs Æðeluerþing (1)
 ASC  670 G
Osweo wæs Æþelferðing (1)
 ASC  670 C
Osweo wæs Æþelferþing (1)
 ASC  <670 B>
Osweo Æþelferþing (1)
 ASC  685 AC, <685> B
Osweo Æþeluerþing (1)
 ASC  685 G
Oswi (5)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  14
 ASC (E)  654 F(OE)
 ASC (E)  656 E
 ASC  670 F(OE)
 ASC  826 F(OE)
Oswio (2)
 ASC  670 A
 ASC  827 AG
Oswiu (12)
 Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  10
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  39
 ASC (E)  617 E
 ASC (E)  641 E
 ASC (E)  650 E
 ASC (E)  654 E
 ASC (E)  667 E
 ASC  670 E
 ASC  827 DE
Oswius (1)
 S68   
Oswui (1)
 Bede.HistAb  1
Personal Information (10)
language competence (1)
 Bede.HE  iii.25 (He was well versed in the Irish language)
moral (4)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  14 (persuaded by evil envy)
 Bede.HE  iii.28 (most noble)
 Bede.HE  iii.29 (most excellent lord)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  570-2 (He was very just with equitable laws unconquered in battle but trustworthy in peace, generous in gifts to the wretched, pious, equitable to all.)
other (2)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10 (asked with a smile)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10 (replied wisely)
religion (1)
 Bede.HE  iii.21 (Christian)
stated health (2)
 Bede.HE  iv.5 (he was struck down by a sickness for which he died)
 Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8 (... being oppressed by bodily illness ...)
Education (2)
 He had been educated and baptized by the Irish: Bede.HE  iii.25
 He had been educated by the Irish: Bede.HE  iii.28
Authorship (1)
 Author of a letter to Vitalian 1 (Letter): Bede.HE  iii.29
Office (51)
King (47)
 Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  10
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  59
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  11
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  12 (Lord and venerable king)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  14
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  39
 Bede.HistAb  1
 Bede.HistAb  2
 Bede.HE  ii.5
 Bede.HE  iii.11
 Bede.HE  iii.14
 Bede.HE  iii.14
 Bede.HE  iii.21 (King of the Northumbrians)
 Bede.HE  iii.21
 Bede.HE  iii.22
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  iii.28
 Bede.HE  iii.29
 Bede.HE  iii.29 (King of the Saxons)
 Bede.HE  iv.1 (King of the Northumbrians)
 Bede.HE  iv.2
 Bede.HE  iv.5 (King of the Northumbrians)
 Bede.HE  iv.26
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Bede.HE  v.24 (King of the Northumbrians)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  303
 Alcuin.VersEubor  507
 S68    (king of the Northumbrians)
 Annals.NbRegnList  246
 Annals.NbRegnList  246
 ASC (E)  641 E
 ASC (E)  650 E
 ASC (E)  654 F(OE and Lat.)
 ASC  670 ACEF(OE and Lat.)G, <670> B (King of the Northumbrians)
 AnnalsFragIrel  18.50 (King of the Saxons)
 AnnalsUlster  671.1 (King of the Saxons)
 Anon.GenRegList2    (king of the Northumbrians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  ii.7 (King of the Northumbrians)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 29)
 AnnalsCamb  669 (King of the Saxons)
 Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8 (king of the Northumbrians)
Overlord (1)
 Bede.HE  ii.5
Rector (1)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  508
Ruler (1)
 Bede.HE  iii.24
Status (5)
Bretwalda (1)
 ASC  827 ACDEG, <827> B, <826 F(OE and Lat.)
Dominus (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  12
Heir (1)
 Alcuin.VersEubor  303
King pollens potestate (1)
 Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 29)
Ætheling (1)
 ASC (E)  617 E
Personal Relationship (84)
~ Bastard (Semi-kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iv.26
Oswiu 1 Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (11)
 of Oswald 1: Bede.HE  ii.5
 of Oswald 1: Bede.HE  iii.11
 of Oswald 1: Bede.HE  iii.14
 of Oswald 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  359
 of Oswald 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  304
 of Oswald 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  506
 of Oswald 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  519
 of Oswald 1: ASC (E)  641 E
 of Oswald 1: ASC (E)  654 E
 of Oswald 1: ASC  827 ACDEG, <827> B, 826 F(OE and Lat.)
 of Oswald 1: Æthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 29)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (3)
 Oswald 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Oswald 1: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
 Anonymi 10020: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
~ Companion (General relationship) of Oswiu 1 (2)
 Anonymi 295: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Cudda 2: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (7)
 Ælfflæd 2: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  59
 Osthryth 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.11
 Ealhflæd 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.21
 Ælfflæd 2: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Osthryth 1: of Oswiu 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  359
 Ælfflæd 3: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsUlster  713.3
 Ælfflæd 2: of Oswiu 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.116.2
Oswiu 1 Father (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (4)
 of Ecgfrith 4: Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  24
 of Ealhfrith 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  iii.25
 of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  v.19
~ Father (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Æthelfrith 2: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
Oswiu 1 Friend (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Seaxwulf 1: S68   
~ Friend (General relationship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Sigeberht 5: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.22
~ Grandson, son’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Osred 1: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsUlster  716.1
~ Kinsman (Generic kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Peada 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
~ Nephew, brother’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Æthelwald 6: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.14
Oswiu 1 Pledged brother (Honorific kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Peada 1: ASC (E)  656 E
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Anonymi 1080: of Oswiu 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  512
~ Sister (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (4)
 Æbbe 2: of Oswiu 1: Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  10
 Æbbe 2: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  39
 Æbbe 2: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
 Æbbe 2: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.10
Oswiu 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (6)
 of Æthelfrith 2: ASC (E)  617 E
 of Æthelfrith 2: ASC  670 ACG, <670> B
 of Æthelfrith 2: ASC  685 ACG, <685> B
 of Æthelfrith 2: AnnalsUlster  671.1
 of Æthelfrith 2: Anon.GenRegList1   
 of Æthelfrith 2: Anon.GenRegList2   
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (25)
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  24
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HistAb  2
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.14
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.25
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.28
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iv.5
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: ASC  670 E
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: ASC  685 ACG, <685> B
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsFragIrel  54.165
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsFragIrel  54.165
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsFragIrel  36.96
 Ælfwine 4: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsUlster  680.4
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsUlster  686.1
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: AnnalsUlster  704.3
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Anon.GenRegList1   
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Anon.GenRegList2   
 Ealhfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
 Aldfrith 1: of Oswiu 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.1
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
Oswiu 1 Son (Honorific kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Vitalian 1: Bede.HE  iii.29
Oswiu 1 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (3)
 of Oswald 1: Annals.NbRegnList  246
 of Oswald 1: ASC  827 ACDEG, <827> B, 826 F(OE and Lat.)
 of Oswald 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
~ Successor (General relationship) of Oswiu 1 (5)
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  575-6
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Annals.NbRegnList  246
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: ASC  670 ACEG, <670> B
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.7
 Ecgfrith 4: of Oswiu 1: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
Oswiu 1 Uncle (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelhere 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Oswiu 1 (3)
 Eanflæd 1: of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Eanflæd 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.15
 Eanflæd 1: of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.29
Event (77)
Advice/counsel (2)
 Chad 1.consecration as bishop: King Oswiu 1 consented to another's taking Wilfrid 2's see in an irregular manner, being instructed by quartodecimans (Anonymi 316), who consecrated Chad 1 uncanonically to the see of York.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  14
 Wigheard 2.death in Rome: After Oswiu 1 and Ecgberht 3 consulted about the state of the English Church, they sent Wigheard 2 to Rome to be consecrated bishop, but he died in Rome before he could be consecrated.: Bede.HE  iii.29, iv.1
Affection (1)
 Wulfhere 1.support for Medeshamstede: Wulfhere 1 loved [Medeshamstede] greatly out of love for Penda 1 and others.: ASC (E)  656 E
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of abbot (1)
 Eata 2.appointment as abbot of Lindisfarne: It is said that on his departure Colmán 1 asked and obtained from Oswiu 1 that Eata 2 was appointed abbot of Lindisfarne.: Bede.HE  iii.26
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (5)
 Agilbert 1.episcopal consecration of Wilfrid: Ealhfrith 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Gaul with the counsel of his father Oswiu 1, requesting that he should be consecrated as his bishop by Agilbert 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Chad 1.consecration as bishop: King Oswiu 1 consented to another's taking Wilfrid 2's see in an irregular manner, being instructed by quartodecimans (Anonymi 316), who consecrated Chad 1 uncanonically to the see of York.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  14
 Chad 1.episcopal consecration: Chad 1 was consecrated to the bishopric of York at the command of Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.election as bishop: Wise men chose Wilfrid 2 to teach the law of God and the whole gathering (Anonymi 308) bade Wilfrid 2 to accept episcopal rank.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  11
 Wilfrid 2.elevation to the see of York: Wilfrid 2 was chosen to fill the see of York, and sent by King Aldfrith 1 [more likely by Ealhfrith 1], son of King Oswiu 1, to Gaul for consecration. While he dallied overseas, King Oswiu 1 foisted Chad 1 on the throne of York. Chad 1 was very holy, but his election was illegal. The wrong was set right when Theodore 1 was sent from the papal see to be archbishop of Canterbury: Chad 1 was removed, and Wilfrid 2 put on the throne.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.2
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (6)
 Ecgfrith 4.succession to Oswiu 1: Ecgfrith 4 succeeded after Oswiu 1 [as king of the Northumbrians].: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.7 (670)
 Ecgfrith 4.succession to his father’s throne: Ecgfrith 4 succeeded his father [sc. Ecgfrith 4] on the throne on the latter's death.: Alcuin.VersEubor  575-6
 Oswiu 1.accession to kingdom: Oswiu 1 acceded to the kingdom of the Northumbrians.: ASC (E)  641 E (642)
 Oswiu 1.appointing Ealhfrith 1 as king of Deira: Oswiu 1 set up his son Ealhfrith 1 as king over the provinces of Deira and Bernicia.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
 Oswiu 1.appointing Ecgfrith 4 joint king of York: Oswiu 1 appointed Ecgfrith 4 as his sharer in the kingship over the province of York, since, being oppressed by bodily illness, he was finding difficulty in maintaining secure jurisdiction over the kingdom.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
 Oswiu 1.death: King Oswiu 1 died and his son Ecgfrith 4 ruled in his place.: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
Army-raising (1)
 Oswiu 1-Oswine 1.dissension: Oswiu 1 could not live at peace with Oswine 1. Each raised an army against the other, but Oswine 1 then considered it better to disband it. : Bede.HE  iii.14
Baptism (1)
 Sigeberht 5.conversion: The stain of paganism persisted among the East Saxons until the days of their king Sigeberht 5, who, at the urging of Oswiu 1 king of the Northumbrians, was baptized by Bishop Finan 1, and with the help of Bishop Cedd 1 brought his people back to the faith they had banished along with Mellitus 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.73.8
Battle (9)
 Aldfrith 1-Bruide 1.battle: Bruide 1 and Aldfrith 1 fought a battle in which Aldfrith 1 was slain.: AnnalsFragIrel  54.165
 Ecgfrith 4-Bruide 1.battle at Dunnichen: Battle of Dunnichen in which the son of Oswiu 1 [sc. Ecgfrith 4] was killed. Bruide 1 was the victor.: AnnalsFragIrel  36.96 (685)
 Oswiu 1-Anonymi 2154.battle: Battle of Oswiu 1 against the Britons (Anonymi 2154).: AnnalsUlster  642.4
 Oswiu 1-Penda 1.battle: Battle of Oswiu 1 against Penda 1.: AnnalsUlster  650.1 (655)
 Oswiu 1. burial of Oswald 1’s head and hands: One year after the battle in which Oswald 1 was killed, Oswiu 1 took his head and hands, which had been hung on stakes. He then buried the head in the church of Lindisfarne, but the hands and arms were buried in Bamburgh.: Bede.HE  iii.12
 Penda 1-Oswiu 1.battle: Battle of Penda 1. Oswiu 1 was the victor.: AnnalsUlster  656.2 (655)
 Penda 1-Oswiu 1.battle of River Winwæd: When the battle was joined the heathen were put to flight or destroyed.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Penda 1.attack with army (Anonymi 1101) on Oswiu 1: Having been an enemy from Oswiu 1's earliest years on the throne, Penda 1 attacked him with an army (Anonymi 1101) but was defeated.: Alcuin.VersEubor  517-55
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwæd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Æthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Æthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Betrayal/oath-breaking (1)
 Oswiu 1.murder of Oswine 1: After disbanding his army, Oswine 1 went with Tondhere 1 and hid in the home of a comes (Hunwold 1), who betrayed him to Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  iii.14, 24, v.24 (651)
Burial (2)
 Oswiu 1. burial of Oswald 1’s head and hands: One year after the battle in which Oswald 1 was killed, Oswiu 1 took his head and hands, which had been hung on stakes. He then buried the head in the church of Lindisfarne, but the hands and arms were buried in Bamburgh.: Bede.HE  iii.12
 Ælfflæd 2-Oswiu 1-Eanflæd 1-Edwin 2.burial at Whitby: Ælfflæd 2 was buried at Whitby together with her parents (Oswiu 1 and Eanflæd 1) and Edwin 2.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Campaigning (1)
 Oswiu 1.end of campaign against Mercians: Oswiu 1 brought the campaign to an end in the district of Leeds to the great benefit of both peoples.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S68 - Wulfhere 1 confirmation and granting of land St Peter's, Medeshamstede 1: Wulfhere 1, king of Mercians, to St Peter's Minster, Medeshamstede 1; confirmation and grant of land at many places: S68    (664)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (7)
 Oswiu 1.foundation of church in Bamburgh: Oswiu 1 established a church in Bamburgh dedicated to St Peter.: Alcuin.VersEubor  305-7
 Oswiu 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: To atone for Oswiu 1's crime, a monastery was built in which prayers had to be offered daily to the Lord for the redemption of both Oswiu 1 and Oswine 1.: Bede.HE  iii.14
 Oswiu 1.granting land for 12 monasteries and giving Ælfflæd 2 to Christ: King Oswiu 1, in return for victory [at the Battle of Winwæd], made an offering to God of 12 properties for the construction of monasteries and his daughter, Ælfflæd 2, to be consecrated in perpetual virginity.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
 Oswiu 1.granting land to Trumhere 1 for the foundation of Gilling: a site at Gilling to build a monastery: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Peada 1-Oswiu 1.foundation of Medeshamstede: [Peada 1 and Oswiu 1] duly erected a mynster.: ASC (E)  654 E
 Peada 1-Oswiu 1.meeting: [Peada 1] and Oswiu 1 came together and declared that they wished to erect a mynster for the love of God and to the honour of St Peter.: ASC (E)  654 E
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 S68 - Wulfhere 1 confirmation and granting of land St Peter's, Medeshamstede 1: Wulfhere 1, king of Mercians, to St Peter's Minster, Medeshamstede 1; confirmation and grant of land at many places: S68    (664)
Conquest (1)
 Oswiu 1.subsequent conquest of other kingdoms: Oswiu 1 subsequently conquered many other kingdoms.: Alcuin.VersEubor  565-9
Conversion (4)
 Oswiu 1.conversion of Sigeberht 5: At the instance of Oswiu 1, Sigeberht 5 believed and the East Saxons received the faith that they had once rejected.: Bede.HE  iii.22
 Oswiu 1.conversion of Mercians (Anonymi 1104): As a result of the war [against Penda 1], Oswiu 1 brought the Mercians (Anonymi 1104) under the control of the Faith, thereby enabling his people (Anonymi 1105) to regain their fatherland.: Alcuin.VersEubor  556-8
 Peada 1.conversion: Peada 1 went to Oswiu 1 and asked for his daughter (Ealhflæd 1). His request was granted only on condition that he and his nation accepted the Christian faith.: Bede.HE  iii.21, v.24 (653)
 Sigeberht 5.conversion: The stain of paganism persisted among the East Saxons until the days of their king Sigeberht 5, who, at the urging of Oswiu 1 king of the Northumbrians, was baptized by Bishop Finan 1, and with the help of Bishop Cedd 1 brought his people back to the faith they had banished along with Mellitus 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.73.8
Correspondence (1)
 Vitalian 1.letter to Oswiu 1: Having received the letter sent by Oswiu 1 with Wigheard 2, who had been sent to Rome to be consecrated bishop, after the latter's death, Vitalian 1 replied to Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  iii.29
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (2)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmán 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Death/dying (5)
 Chad 1.episcopal consecration: Oswiu 1 sent Chad 1 to Kent to be consecrated bishop of York. But when they arrived there they found that Deusdedit 1 had died and no one else had been consecrated archbishop. Thus, they went to the kingdom of the West Saxons where Wine 1 consecrated Chad 1.: Bede.HE  iii.28, v.24 (664)
 Oswiu 1.death: King Oswiu 1 died and his son Ecgfrith 4 ruled in his place.: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
 Wigheard 2.death in Rome: After Oswiu 1 and Ecgberht 3 consulted about the state of the English Church, they sent Wigheard 2 to Rome to be consecrated bishop, but he died in Rome before he could be consecrated.: Bede.HE  iii.29, iv.1
 Wigheard 2.journey to Rome: Wigheard 2 was sent to Rome with the request that he might be consecrated archbishop of the English Church, but he died there with almost all his companions because of a plague.: Bede.HE  iv.1
 Ælfflæd 3.death: The daughter of Oswiu 1 [sc. Ælfflæd 3] died in the monasterium of Hild 1.: AnnalsUlster  713.3 (713 x 714)
Decision-making (1)
 Peada 1-Oswiu 1.meeting: [Peada 1] and Oswiu 1 came together and declared that they wished to erect a mynster for the love of God and to the honour of St Peter.: ASC (E)  654 E
Defence (1)
 Oswiu 1.defence of kingdom against foreigners (Anonymi 1079): Oswiu 1 defended his kingdom against foreigners (Anonymi 1079): Alcuin.VersEubor  507-10
Deposition of archbishop (1)
 Wilfrid 2.elevation to the see of York: Wilfrid 2 was chosen to fill the see of York, and sent by King Aldfrith 1 [more likely by Ealhfrith 1], son of King Oswiu 1, to Gaul for consecration. While he dallied overseas, King Oswiu 1 foisted Chad 1 on the throne of York. Chad 1 was very holy, but his election was illegal. The wrong was set right when Theodore 1 was sent from the papal see to be archbishop of Canterbury: Chad 1 was removed, and Wilfrid 2 put on the throne.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.2
Disbandment of fierd (1)
 Oswiu 1-Oswine 1.dissension: Oswiu 1 could not live at peace with Oswine 1. Each raised an army against the other, but Oswine 1 then considered it better to disband it. : Bede.HE  iii.14
Disputing/dispute-settling (2)
 Oswiu 1-Oswine 1.dissension: Oswiu 1 could not live at peace with Oswine 1. Each raised an army against the other, but Oswine 1 then considered it better to disband it. : Bede.HE  iii.14
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Easter-observance (3)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmán 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Expulsion (1)
 Edwin 2.expulsion of æthelings: Edwin 2 drove out [seven] æthelings, the sons of Æthelfrith 2.: ASC (E)  617 E (617)
Flight (2)
 Penda 1-Oswiu 1.battle of River Winwæd: When the battle was joined the heathen were put to flight or destroyed.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwæd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Æthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Æthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Grant and Gift (10)
 Ecgberht 3-Oswiu 1.sending gifts to Vitalian 1: presents and no small number of gold and silver vessels from Ecgberht 3 and Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iv.1
 Oswiu 1.fulfilment of his vow: After the victory against Penda 1, Oswiu 1 gave his daughter (Ælfflæd 2) to be consecrated to God. He also gave 12 small estates for the foundation of monasteries.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Oswiu 1.granting land for 12 monasteries and giving Ælfflæd 2 to Christ: King Oswiu 1, in return for victory [at the Battle of Winwæd], made an offering to God of 12 properties for the construction of monasteries and his daughter, Ælfflæd 2, to be consecrated in perpetual virginity.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
 Oswiu 1.granting land to Biscop 2: King Oswiu 1 gave him land due to his rank.: Bede.HistAb  1
 Oswiu 1.granting land to Trumhere 1 for the foundation of Gilling: a site at Gilling to build a monastery: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Oswiu 1.granting lands to Cuthbert 1: Saintly Abbot Boisil 1 immediately made known to King Oswine 1 [should be Oswiu 1] the sacred vision of Cuthbert 1 [regarding the soul of Aidan 1], explaining that he was filled with the Holy Spirit. Then the King and all the English magnates Anonymi 10064 gave to St Cuthbert 1 all land that lies near the river Bowmont, with these vills: Sourhope (?), Staerough, Old Graden, Pawston, Clifton, Shereburgh (?), Colewell, Halterbutn, Thornington (?), Shotton, Kirk Yetholm and Mindrum. And the saintly abbot himself, under witness of the same king, [gave] the monastery of Melrose with all its dependencies, so that Cuthbert 1 might have it as his own after the day of Boisil 1’s death.: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
 Peada 1-Oswiu 1.granting of Medeshamstede to Seaxwulf 1: [Peada 1 and Oswiu 1] entrusted it [sc. Medeshamstede] to Seaxwulf 1.: ASC (E)  654 E
 S68 - Wulfhere 1 confirmation and granting of land St Peter's, Medeshamstede 1: Wulfhere 1, king of Mercians, to St Peter's Minster, Medeshamstede 1; confirmation and grant of land at many places: S68    (664)
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Wulfhere 1.support for Medeshamstede: Wulfhere 1 loved [Medeshamstede] greatly out of love for Penda 1 and others.: ASC (E)  656 E
Hiding/harbouring/sanctuary (2)
 Oswiu 1.Mercian rebellion against: In the fourth year [after Winwæd], the leaders of the Mercians rebelled against Oswiu 1. They set up Wulfhere 1, son of Penda 1, as king, having kept him in hiding.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7 (658)
 Oswiu 1.murder of Oswine 1: After disbanding his army, Oswine 1 went with Tondhere 1 and hid in the home of a comes (Hunwold 1), who betrayed him to Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  iii.14, 24, v.24 (651)
Hostage-giving/taking (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwæd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Æthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Æthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Hostility (1)
 Oswiu 1-Oswine 1.dissension: Oswiu 1 could not live at peace with Oswine 1. Each raised an army against the other, but Oswine 1 then considered it better to disband it. : Bede.HE  iii.14
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (1)
 Oswiu 1.appointing Ecgfrith 4 joint king of York: Oswiu 1 appointed Ecgfrith 4 as his sharer in the kingship over the province of York, since, being oppressed by bodily illness, he was finding difficulty in maintaining secure jurisdiction over the kingdom.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
Invention/authorisation of relics (1)
 Ancient saints.found and elevated at Whitby: Recently at Whitby have been found and elevated the bodies of holy men, Bishop Trumwine 1, King Oswiu 1, and his daughter Ælfflæd 2, who ruled the monastery after Hild 1, together with the monk [Cædmon 1] who, according to Bede 1, received the gift of song from God.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.116.2
Journey (4)
 Oswiu 1-Ecgberht 3.despatch of Wigheard 2 to Rome: Oswiu 1 and Ecgberht 3 sent Wigheard 2 to Rome to be consecrated as archbishop [F(OE) adds: at Canterbury].: ASC (E)  667 EF(OE and Lat.) (667)
 Oswiu 1.request to go to Rome: If Oswiu 1 recovered form his illness, he intended to go to Rome. He had asked Wilfrid 2 to act as a guide, promising no small gift of money.: Bede.HE  iv.5
 Wigheard 2.death in Rome: After Oswiu 1 and Ecgberht 3 consulted about the state of the English Church, they sent Wigheard 2 to Rome to be consecrated bishop, but he died in Rome before he could be consecrated.: Bede.HE  iii.29, iv.1
 Wigheard 2.journey to Rome: Wigheard 2 was sent to Rome with the request that he might be consecrated archbishop of the English Church, but he died there with almost all his companions because of a plague.: Bede.HE  iv.1
Killing/murder (7)
 Aldfrith 1-Bruide 1.battle: Bruide 1 and Aldfrith 1 fought a battle in which Aldfrith 1 was slain.: AnnalsFragIrel  54.165
 Ecgfrith 4-Bruide 1.battle at Dunnichen: Battle of Dunnichen in which the son of Oswiu 1 [sc. Ecgfrith 4] was killed. Bruide 1 was the victor.: AnnalsFragIrel  36.96 (685)
 Oswiu 1. burial of Oswald 1’s head and hands: One year after the battle in which Oswald 1 was killed, Oswiu 1 took his head and hands, which had been hung on stakes. He then buried the head in the church of Lindisfarne, but the hands and arms were buried in Bamburgh.: Bede.HE  iii.12
 Oswiu 1.killing of Penda 1 and others: Here Oswiu 1 slew Penda 1 at Winwidfeld and thirty royal offspring with him, some of whom were kings (Anonymi 1312): one was Æthelhere 1.: ASC (E)  654 EF(OE and Lat.) (655)
 Oswiu 1.murder of Oswine 1: After disbanding his army, Oswine 1 went with Tondhere 1 and hid in the home of a comes (Hunwold 1), who betrayed him to Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  iii.14, 24, v.24 (651)
 Oswiu 1.ordering of killing of Oswine 1: Here Oswiu 1 ordered the killing of Oswine 1 on 13 kalends of September [= 20 August].: ASC (E)  650 E (651)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwæd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Æthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Æthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Kingdom - accession to (3)
 Ecgfrith 4.succession to Oswiu 1: Ecgfrith 4 succeeded after Oswiu 1 [as king of the Northumbrians].: Æthelweard.Chron  ii.7 (670)
 Oswiu 1.accession to kingdom: Oswiu 1 acceded to the kingdom of the Northumbrians.: ASC (E)  641 E (642)
 Oswiu 1.death: King Oswiu 1 died and his son Ecgfrith 4 ruled in his place.: Symeonof Durham.HistoriadeSanctoCuthberto  3
Martyrdom (1)
 Oswiu 1. burial of Oswald 1’s head and hands: One year after the battle in which Oswald 1 was killed, Oswiu 1 took his head and hands, which had been hung on stakes. He then buried the head in the church of Lindisfarne, but the hands and arms were buried in Bamburgh.: Bede.HE  iii.12
Meeting (1)
 Peada 1-Oswiu 1.meeting: [Peada 1] and Oswiu 1 came together and declared that they wished to erect a mynster for the love of God and to the honour of St Peter.: ASC (E)  654 E
Mission/mission-sending (1)
 Oswiu 1.sending teachers to East Saxons: Sigeberht 5 asked for teachers. Oswiu 1 summoned Cedd 1, gave him another priest and sent them to the East Saxons.: Bede.HE  iii.22
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (2)
 Oswiu 1.fulfilment of his vow: After the victory against Penda 1, Oswiu 1 gave his daughter (Ælfflæd 2) to be consecrated to God. He also gave 12 small estates for the foundation of monasteries.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Oswiu 1.granting land for 12 monasteries and giving Ælfflæd 2 to Christ: King Oswiu 1, in return for victory [at the Battle of Winwæd], made an offering to God of 12 properties for the construction of monasteries and his daughter, Ælfflæd 2, to be consecrated in perpetual virginity.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Ordering (1)
 Oswiu 1.ordering of killing of Oswine 1: Here Oswiu 1 ordered the killing of Oswine 1 on 13 kalends of September [= 20 August].: ASC (E)  650 E (651)
Pagan practice (1)
 Sigeberht 5.conversion: The stain of paganism persisted among the East Saxons until the days of their king Sigeberht 5, who, at the urging of Oswiu 1 king of the Northumbrians, was baptized by Bishop Finan 1, and with the help of Bishop Cedd 1 brought his people back to the faith they had banished along with Mellitus 1.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.73.8
Peace agreement (1)
 Oswiu 1.end of campaign against Mercians: Oswiu 1 brought the campaign to an end in the district of Leeds to the great benefit of both peoples.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Penance (2)
 Oswiu 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: To atone for Oswiu 1's crime, a monastery was built in which prayers had to be offered daily to the Lord for the redemption of both Oswiu 1 and Oswine 1.: Bede.HE  iii.14
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Plundering (1)
 Oswiu 1.plundering: Oswiu 1 came and took plunder.: AnnalsCamb  658
Rebellion/sedition (2)
 Mercian ealdormen.rebellion against Oswiu 1 and Peada 1: The Mercian ealdormen (Immin 1, Eafa 2 and Eadberht 1) rebelled against Oswiu 1 and set up as their king, Wulfhere 1.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Oswiu 1.Mercian rebellion against: In the fourth year [after Winwæd], the leaders of the Mercians rebelled against Oswiu 1. They set up Wulfhere 1, son of Penda 1, as king, having kept him in hiding.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7 (658)
Refusal (1)
 Oswiu 1.preventing Ealhfrith 1 from going to Rome: Oswiu 1 made Ealhfrith 1 his son stay at home in his country and kingdom.: Bede.HistAb  2
Relics-collecting/depositing/granting (1)
 Oswiu 1.conversion into relic of Oswald 1’s hand: Oswiu 1 took Oswald 1's hand and placed it in a silver casket.: Alcuin.VersEubor  303-9
Relics-incorrupt preservation/placing in reliquary/requesting/translating (1)
 Ancient saints.found and elevated at Whitby: Recently at Whitby have been found and elevated the bodies of holy men, Bishop Trumwine 1, King Oswiu 1, and his daughter Ælfflæd 2, who ruled the monastery after Hild 1, together with the monk [Cædmon 1] who, according to Bede 1, received the gift of song from God.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.116.2
Reporting (1)
 Eata 2.appointment as abbot of Lindisfarne: It is said that on his departure Colmán 1 asked and obtained from Oswiu 1 that Eata 2 was appointed abbot of Lindisfarne.: Bede.HE  iii.26
Request (6)
 Agilbert 1.episcopal consecration of Wilfrid: Ealhfrith 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Gaul with the counsel of his father Oswiu 1, requesting that he should be consecrated as his bishop by Agilbert 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Oswiu 1.request to go to Rome: If Oswiu 1 recovered form his illness, he intended to go to Rome. He had asked Wilfrid 2 to act as a guide, promising no small gift of money.: Bede.HE  iv.5
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Wigheard 2.journey to Rome: Wigheard 2 was sent to Rome with the request that he might be consecrated archbishop of the English Church, but he died there with almost all his companions because of a plague.: Bede.HE  iv.1
 Wilfrid 2.request for consecration in Gaul: On his election as bishop, Wilfrid 2 asked the gathering (Anonymi 308) to permit him to be consecrated in Gaul.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  12
 Wulfhere 1.asking Oswiu 1 for Bishop Chad 1: Wulfhere 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give the Mercians Chad 1.: Bede.HE  iv.3
Retirement (1)
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmán 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Tonsuring (1)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
Treaty (1)
 Oswiu 1-Penda 1.treaty: Oswiu 1 was forced to promise Penda 1 an incalculable store of royal treasures and gifts as the price of peace, on condition that Penda 1 would cease to devastate.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Visit (2)
 Agilbert 1.visit to Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1: Agilbert 1 visited King Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1, his son.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 Peada 1.conversion: Peada 1 went to Oswiu 1 and asked for his daughter (Ealhflæd 1). His request was granted only on condition that he and his nation accepted the Christian faith.: Bede.HE  iii.21, v.24 (653)
Vowing celibacy/chastity/virginity/poverty (1)
 Oswiu 1.granting land for 12 monasteries and giving Ælfflæd 2 to Christ: King Oswiu 1, in return for victory [at the Battle of Winwæd], made an offering to God of 12 properties for the construction of monasteries and his daughter, Ælfflæd 2, to be consecrated in perpetual virginity.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
War (3)
 Oswiu 1.attack by Ealhfrith 1 and Æthelwald 6: During his reign, Oswiu 1 was attacked by the Mercian people and by his son Ealhfrith 1 and his nephew Æthelwald 6.: Bede.HE  iii.14
 Oswiu 1.end of campaign against Mercians: Oswiu 1 brought the campaign to an end in the district of Leeds to the great benefit of both peoples.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwæd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Æthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Æthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Factoids linked indirectly to Oswiu 1 (9)
Authorship (1)
Vitalian 1:  Author of a letter to Oswiu 1 (Letter): Bede.HE  iii.29
Office (4)
King of Oswiu 1 (2)
 Oswine 1: Bede.HE  iii.14
 Ecgfrith 4: ASC  670 ACEG, <670> B
Praefectus of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Æthelwine 7: Bede.HE  iii.14
Priest of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Eadhæd 1: Bede.HE  iii.28
Occupation (1)
Messenger of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Anonymi 651: Bede.HE  iii.29
Status (3)
Enemy of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Penda 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  517-18
Murderer of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Penda 1: Alcuin.VersEubor  519
Noble of Oswiu 1 (1)
 Biscop 2: Bede.HistAb  1