Cenred 2 (Male) King of the Mercians, 704-c. 709
l vii-e viii

Factoid List

Recorded Name (29)
... Coenredi (1)
 Bede.HE  v.13
... Kenredi (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  Preface
Cenred (3)
 ASC (DEF)  702 DF(OE)
 ASC (DEF)  709 DE
 ASC  704 CDEG
Cenræd (1)
 ASC (DEF)  702 F(Lat.)
Ceonred (1)
 S1786   
Coenred (7)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
 Bede.HE  v.24
 S54   
 S1177   
 ASC  704 A
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
 Anon.GenRegList2   
Coenredus (2)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  34
 S65   
Coinred (1)
 Bede.HE  v.19
Conred (1)
 S1785   
Kenred (4)
 S1175   
 S1250   
 ASC (DEF)  702 E
 ASC  <704> B
Kenredus (4)
 S80   
 S1174   
 S1251   
 Constantine.Ep.B126   
Koenred (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4
Kænred (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3
rex (1)
 S1801   
Personal Information (1)
moral (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  ii.2 (He was a devout king and wise in his actions, just in his dealings and the friend of his own soul, as his father had been.)
Office (30)
King (30)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  34 (King of the Mercians)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
 Bede.HE  v.13
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Bede.HE  v.24
 Bede.HE  v.24 (King of the Mercians)
 S54    (king of the Mercians)
 S78    (king of the Mercians)
 S79    (king of the Mercians)
 S80    (king of the Mercians)
 S65    (king of the Mercians)
 S1174    (king of the Mercians)
 S1175    (king of the Mercians)
 S1251    (king of the Mercians)
 S1250   
 ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (King of the Southumbrians)
 ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B (King of the Mercians)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  Preface (King of the Mercians)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (King of the Mercians)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.5
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.5
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
 Constantine.Ep.B126   
 Anon.GenRegList2    (king of the Mercians)
 S1785    (king of the Mercians)
 S1786    (king of the Mercians)
 S1801   
Personal Relationship (10)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolwulf 3: of Cenred 2: Bede.HE  v.23
Cenred 2 Friend (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Ecgwine 1: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3
~ Friend (General relationship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ecgwine 1: of Cenred 2: S79   
Cenred 2 Nephew, brother’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelred 2: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: of Cenred 2: S65   
Cenred 2 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Wulfhere 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
Cenred 2 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (3)
 of Æthelred 2: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
 of Æthelred 2: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
 of Æthelred 2: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
~ Successor (General relationship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: of Cenred 2: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C
Event (43)
Abdication (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
Accusation (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Agreement (2)
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.meeting with Æthelred 2 and Cenred 2, his successor: Æthelred 2 agreed to uphold the decisions of the Apostolic See; he immediately met with Cenred 2 and secured his agreement to do likewise.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (2)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom: Then Cenred 2 acceded to [the kingdom.: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom of Southumbrians: Here Cenred 2 acceded to the kingdom of the Southumbrians (Anonymi 1333).: ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (702 (?))
Charter-witnessing (11)
 S1174 - Æthelric 4 granting land to Evesham: Æthelric 4, son of King Oshere 1, with the consent of Cenred 2. king of the Mercians, to St Mary's, Evensham (at Hom); grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Childswickham, Worcs: S1174    (706)
 S1175 - Walter 1 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Walter 1, sacerdos, to St Mary's minster, Evesham (Cronochomme) and to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant of land at Swell, Gloucs: S1175    (706)
 S1177 - Æthelheard 1 & Æthelweard 3 selling land to Cuthswith 3: Æthelheard 1 and Æthelweard 3 (rulers of the Hwicce) to Cuthswith 3; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Ingon, Warwicks., in return for 600 shillings: S1177    (704 x 709)
 S1250 - statement of Ecgwine 1: Statement by Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, of the lands he acquired for the minster at Evesham 1, including the minster at Fladbury, Worcs: S1250    (714)
 S1251 - statement by Ecgwine 1: Statement by Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, on the foundation and endowment of the minster at Evesham 1: S1251    (714)
 S1785 - Tyrhtel 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Tyrhtel 1, bishop [of Hereford] to Wealdhere 2, bishop of London; grant of 50 hides (manentes) at Fulham, Middlesex: S1785    (704 x 709)
 S1801 - Cenred 2 granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
 S54 - Æthelweard 3 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Æthelweard 3, subregulus, with the consent of Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop, for St Mary's, Evesham 1 Church, Cronuchomme; grant of 12 hides (cassati) at Ombersley, Worcs., with later confirmations by Ceolred 1, Æthelbald 4 and Offa 7, kings of Mercians: S54    (706)
 S65 - Swæfred 1 and Pæogthath 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Swæfred 1, king of East Saxons, and Pæogthath 1, comes, with the consent of Æthelred 2, king, to Waldhere 1, bishop; grant of 30 hides (cassati) at Twickenham, Middx: S65    (704)
 S79 - Cenred 2 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant, for life, of 12 agri at Oldberrow, Warwicks., with reversion to St Mary's, Evesham 1 Minster: S79    (709)
 S80 - Cenred 2 and Offa 5 granting land to Evesham 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, and Offa 5, gubernator of the East Angles, to the monastery at Evesham 1; confirmation of 67 hides (mansae) at Evesham 1, Lenchwick, Norton, Offenham, Littleton, Aldington, Badsey, Bretforton, Church Honeybourne, Willersey, Wickhamford, Bengeworth, Hampton, and at Abbots Morton, all in Worcs. except Willersey, Gloucs: S80    (709)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Confirmation of land/privileges (2)
 Cenred 2.S1786 renewing liberties to London, St Paul's 1: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to London, St Paul's 1; renewing privileges granted by King Æthelberht 3: S1786    (704 x 709)
 Cenred 2.S65 confirming land of Wealdhere 2: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, to Wealdhere 2, bishop; confirmation of 30 hides (cassati) at Twickenham, Middx: S65    (704 x 709)
Confiscation (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Conspiracy/intent to murder (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Conversion (1)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Correspondence (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (3)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Death/dying (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Aldhelm 3.death: Aldhelm 3 died in the year of our Lord 709, eighteen years before Ine 1 and twenty-five before Bede 1, in the thirty-fourth year since he was made abbot by Leuthhere 2 and the fifth since Beorhtwald 6 made him bishop. As for his age, no written source has reckoned it. In the same year Wilfrid 2 and Cenred 2 died.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.231.2-3 (709)
Disobedience (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Anonymous 276.vision of angels and evil spirits: Anonymous 276 saw two handsome youths in a vision. One of them drew out a very small book which contained Anonymous 276's good deeds. Then, there appeared an army of evil spirits. They took a volume of enormous size where he found all his sins written down. Then two evil spirits struck him with their daggers.: Bede.HE  v.13
Episcopal see, acquisition/institution/division/merge (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Grant and Gift (10)
 Cenred 2-Offa 5.S1251 granting land to Evesham: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, and Offa 5, king of the East Angles (recte Essex), to Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of 84 hides (mansae) around Evesham, on both sides of the river Avon: S1251    ( x 714)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1: 84 hides in the vicinity of Æthomme, on both sides of the river Avon.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
 Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1 for (Evesham 1) S78: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, for his church at Cronuchomme (Evesham 1); grant of 5 hides (cassati) at Abbots Morton, Worcs.: S78    (708)
 Cenred 2.granting land to Evesham 1 S1250: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Evesham 1; grant of 84 hides on both banks of the river Avon: S1250    (704 x 709)
 Cenred 2.granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
 Offa 3-Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1: Offa 3 and Cenred 2 granted Ecgwine 1 several estates in the area where he had had his vision of the Virgin Mary. They also granted him a privilege for those lands.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
 S1785 - Tyrhtel 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Tyrhtel 1, bishop [of Hereford] to Wealdhere 2, bishop of London; grant of 50 hides (manentes) at Fulham, Middlesex: S1785    (704 x 709)
 S1801 - Cenred 2 granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
Hostility (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (1)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
Journey (8)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Beorhtwald 6.sending Ecgwine 1 to Rome: Constantine 1 sent Ecgwine 1 to Rome twice.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.journey to Rome: Cenred 2 went to Rome and Offa 3 with him.: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C (709)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
 Ecgwine 1-Wilfrid 2.journey to Evesham: Cenred 2 ordered Wilfrid 2 to take the privilege drawn up by Beorhtwald 6 to Evesham, accompanied by Ecgwine 1.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
 Offa 5-Cenred 2-Ecgwine 1.journey to Rome: Offa 5 and Cenred 2 asked Ecgwine 1 to go with them to Rome. : Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (709)
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
Kingdom - accession to (2)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom: Then Cenred 2 acceded to [the kingdom.: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom of Southumbrians: Here Cenred 2 acceded to the kingdom of the Southumbrians (Anonymi 1333).: ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (702 (?))
Lease (1)
 Cenred 2.leasing land to Ecgwine 1 S79: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant, for life, of 12 agri at Oldberrow, Warwicks., with reversion to Evesham, St Mary's 1: S79    (709)
Meeting (1)
 Wilfrid 2.meeting with Æthelred 2 and Cenred 2, his successor: Æthelred 2 agreed to uphold the decisions of the Apostolic See; he immediately met with Cenred 2 and secured his agreement to do likewise.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Message-sending (2)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Ecgwine 1-Wilfrid 2.journey to Evesham: Cenred 2 ordered Wilfrid 2 to take the privilege drawn up by Beorhtwald 6 to Evesham, accompanied by Ecgwine 1.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
Miracle (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Mission/mission-sending (1)
 Beorhtwald 6.sending Ecgwine 1 to Rome: Constantine 1 sent Ecgwine 1 to Rome twice.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (3)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Penance (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Pilgrimage (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Refusal (2)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
Reporting (2)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Request (1)
 Offa 5-Cenred 2-Ecgwine 1.journey to Rome: Offa 5 and Cenred 2 asked Ecgwine 1 to go with them to Rome. : Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (709)
Residence (1)
 Cenred 2.residency in Rome: Cenred 2 was there [sc. in Rome] until the end of his life.: ASC (DEF)  709 DE (709)
Restoration to bishopric (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Tonsuring (2)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Visit (1)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
Vowing celibacy/chastity/virginity/poverty (1)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Factoids linked indirectly to Cenred 2 (1)
Office (1)
King of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C