Eanflæd 1 (Female) Queen of Oswiu 1; daughter of Edwin 2, 626-post685
e vii

Notes: One of the few Anglo-Saxons whose birthday day is known. She was born on 19 April (Easter eve) 626, baptised 8 June. After the conquest she was recognised as a saint and her feast day celebrated on 24 November. See A. Thacker, ?Eanflæd [St Eanflæd] (b. 626, d. after 685)?, ODNB.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (14)
... Eanfledam (3)
 Bede.HE  ii.20
 Bede.HE  iii.15
 Bede.HE  v.19
... Eanflede (1)
 Bede.HE  iv.26
Aeonfleda (1)
 Anon.VitGregorii  18
Eanflaed (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
Eanfled (6)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Bede.HE  ii.9
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  v.24
 ASC (E)  626 E
Eanflæd (2)
 ASC (E)  627 F(OE and Lat.)
 ASC  626 ABCG
Office (7)
Abbess (1)
 Bede.HE  iv.26
Queen (6)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  2 (Oswiu's queen)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
 Anon.VitGregorii  18
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  v.19
Occupation (1)
Nun (1)
 Anon.VitGregorii  18
Personal Relationship (20)
Eanflæd 1 Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (8)
 of Edwin 2: Anon.VitGregorii  18
 of Edwin 2: Bede.HE  ii.9
 of Æthelburg 1: Bede.HE  ii.9
 of Edwin 2: Bede.HE  ii.20
 of Edwin 2: Bede.HE  iii.15
 of Edwin 2: Bede.HE  v.24
 of Edwin 2: ASC (E)  626 E, 627 F(OE and Lat.)
 of Edwin 2: ASC  626 ABCG
~ Daughter (Consanguineal kinship) of Eanflæd 1 (1)
 Ælfflæd 2: of Eanflæd 1: Anon.VitGregorii  18
Eanflæd 1 Daughter (Honorific kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Vitalian 1: Bede.HE  iii.29
Eanflæd 1 Kinswoman (Generic kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Oswine 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
~ Male cousin, paternal uncle’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of Eanflæd 1 (2)
 Eorcenberht 1: of Eanflæd 1: Bede.HE  v.19
 Eorcenberht 1: of Eanflæd 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6
Eanflæd 1 Mother (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Ælfflæd 2: Bede.HE  iii.24
 of Ælfflæd 2: Bede.HE  iv.26
Eanflæd 1 Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Eorcenberht 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
~ Uncle, Paternal (Consanguineal kinship) of Eanflæd 1 (1)
 Eadbald 2: of Eanflæd 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6
Eanflæd 1 Wife (Affinal kinship) of ~ (3)
 of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.15
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.29
Event (22)
Adoption, spiritual (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Affection (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Baptism (2)
 Eanflæd 1.baptism: Here Eanflæd 1 was baptized on the holy eve of Pentecost.: ASC  626 ABCG (626)
 Paulinus 1.baptism of Eanflæd 1 and twelve others (Anonymi 1308): Paulinus 1 baptized [Eanflæd 1] [E: as one of twelve at Pentecost.: ASC (E)  626 EF(OE and Lat.) (626)
Birth (1)
 Eanflæd 1.birth: [Eanflæd 1] was born on the same night that Edwin 2 was wounded.: ASC (E)  626 E (626)
Burial (1)
 Ælfflæd 2-Oswiu 1-Eanflæd 1-Edwin 2.burial at Whitby: Ælfflæd 2 was buried at Whitby together with her parents (Oswiu 1 and Eanflæd 1) and Edwin 2.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Commendation (2)
 Eanflæd 1.commendation of Wilfrid 2 to Cudda 2: Eanflæd 1 commended Wilfrid 2 to Cudda 2 to minister to him and serve God.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
 Eanflæd 1.sending of Wilfrid 2 to Eorcenberht 1: Eanflæd 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Eorcenberht 1.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
Correspondence (1)
 Vitalian 1.letter to Oswiu 1: Having received the letter sent by Oswiu 1 with Wigheard 2, who had been sent to Rome to be consecrated bishop, after the latter's death, Vitalian 1 replied to Oswiu 1.: Bede.HE  iii.29
Disputing/dispute-settling (1)
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Easter-observance (1)
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Education/teaching (2)
 Wilfred 2.education in England: Wilfrid 2 ran the course of his childhood without education. But at the age of 14, loathing his overbearing stepmother [Anonymous 122] (his own mother [Anonymous 121] having died), he left his father's [Anonymous 125] home. He was then brought to the notice of Queen Eanflæd 1. On learning about this dream to become a monk, she passed Wilfrid 2 over to one Cudda 2, who had been a senator and royal chamberlain but was now proposing to enter the religious life at Lindisfarne. He looked after Wilfrid 2 kindly for some years, and then returned him to the queen. Wilfrid 2 then was sent to Rome to improve his education.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.5-6
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Fostering (1)
 Wilfred 2.education in England: Wilfrid 2 ran the course of his childhood without education. But at the age of 14, loathing his overbearing stepmother [Anonymous 122] (his own mother [Anonymous 121] having died), he left his father's [Anonymous 125] home. He was then brought to the notice of Queen Eanflæd 1. On learning about this dream to become a monk, she passed Wilfrid 2 over to one Cudda 2, who had been a senator and royal chamberlain but was now proposing to enter the religious life at Lindisfarne. He looked after Wilfrid 2 kindly for some years, and then returned him to the queen. Wilfrid 2 then was sent to Rome to improve his education.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.5-6
Grant and Gift (2)
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
 Vitalian 1.sending gift to Eanflæd 1: a cross with a golden key made from the fetters of St Peter and St Paul: Bede.HE  iii.29
Injury and wounding (1)
 Eanflæd 1.birth: [Eanflæd 1] was born on the same night that Edwin 2 was wounded.: ASC (E)  626 E (626)
Introduction (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Journey (8)
 Eanflæd 1.sending of Wilfrid 2 to Eorcenberht 1: Eanflæd 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Eorcenberht 1.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
 Eorcenberht 1.finding of Biscop 2 as a guide for Wilfrid 2: Eorcenberht 1 found Biscop 2 as a guide for Wilfrid 2.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  3
 Paulinus 1-Æthelburg 1.return to Kent: As the affairs in Northumbria had been turn into confusion, Paulinus 1 took with him Æthelburg 1 and returned by boat to Kent.: Bede.HE  ii.20, v.24 (633)
 Utta 1.return from Kent by sea: As Utta 1 was coming back from Kent with Eanflæd 1, the sea was very stormy. But he remembered Aidan 1's words and poured some holy oil onto the sea, which became calm.: Bede.HE  iii.15
 Wilfred 2.education in England: Wilfrid 2 ran the course of his childhood without education. But at the age of 14, loathing his overbearing stepmother [Anonymous 122] (his own mother [Anonymous 121] having died), he left his father's [Anonymous 125] home. He was then brought to the notice of Queen Eanflæd 1. On learning about this dream to become a monk, she passed Wilfrid 2 over to one Cudda 2, who had been a senator and royal chamberlain but was now proposing to enter the religious life at Lindisfarne. He looked after Wilfrid 2 kindly for some years, and then returned him to the queen. Wilfrid 2 then was sent to Rome to improve his education.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.5-6
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
 Wilfrid 2.journey to Kent: Eanflæd 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Kent, where he spent some time, until another young man came (Biscop 2), who also wished to go to Rome.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.visit to Eanflæd 1: Wilfrid 2 went to Eanflæd 1.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
Killing/murder (1)
 Wilfrid 2.adventures on the Continent: Eanflæd 1 recommended Wilfrid 2 to the personal attention of Eorcenberht 1 king of Kent, her uncle [Eadbald 2's] son. So he arrived in Canterbury and increased his knowledge. A year later, he was attached by the king to the company of an energetic young man, Biscop 2, later abbot of Monkwearmouth, and with him sped on his way to Rome. Arrived at Lyon, he won over the archbishop Dalfinus 1. Having visited Rome and fulfilled his desires, he returned to Dalfinus 1 at Lyon, who adopted him as his son and made him cleric. Wilfrid 2 would have stayed with his benefactor, but Balthild 1 sent people to kill the archbishop. Wilfrid 2, ready to die with Dalfinus 1, was nevertheless saved at the last moment and sent back to England.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.6-10
Miracle (1)
 Utta 1.return from Kent by sea: As Utta 1 was coming back from Kent with Eanflæd 1, the sea was very stormy. But he remembered Aidan 1's words and poured some holy oil onto the sea, which became calm.: Bede.HE  iii.15
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (1)
 Edwin 2.promise to give Eanflæd 1 to God: Edwin 2 promised Paulinus 1 to give Eanflæd 1 to God subject to the fulfilment of conditions.: ASC (E)  626 E (626)
Oath-swearing/fealty (1)
 Edwin 2.promise to become Christian: Edwin 2 promised that if God would grant him life and victory over Cwichelm 1, he would renounce his idols and serve Christ; and as a pledge that he would keep his word he gave his infant daughter to be consecrated to Christ.: Bede.HE  ii.9
Patronage (1)
 Wilfred 2.education in England: Wilfrid 2 ran the course of his childhood without education. But at the age of 14, loathing his overbearing stepmother [Anonymous 122] (his own mother [Anonymous 121] having died), he left his father's [Anonymous 125] home. He was then brought to the notice of Queen Eanflæd 1. On learning about this dream to become a monk, she passed Wilfrid 2 over to one Cudda 2, who had been a senator and royal chamberlain but was now proposing to enter the religious life at Lindisfarne. He looked after Wilfrid 2 kindly for some years, and then returned him to the queen. Wilfrid 2 then was sent to Rome to improve his education.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.5-6
Penance (1)
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Promise (2)
 Edwin 2.promise to become Christian: Edwin 2 promised that if God would grant him life and victory over Cwichelm 1, he would renounce his idols and serve Christ; and as a pledge that he would keep his word he gave his infant daughter to be consecrated to Christ.: Bede.HE  ii.9
 Edwin 2.promise to give Eanflæd 1 to God: Edwin 2 promised Paulinus 1 to give Eanflæd 1 to God subject to the fulfilment of conditions.: ASC (E)  626 E (626)
Request (1)
 Trumhere 1.foundation of monastery at Gilling: Eanflæd 1 asked Oswiu 1 to give Trumhere 1 a site at Gilling to build a monastery and to expiate Oswine 1's unjust murder.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Service (1)
 Eanflæd 1.commendation of Wilfrid 2 to Cudda 2: Eanflæd 1 commended Wilfrid 2 to Cudda 2 to minister to him and serve God.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  2
Visit (1)
 Wilfrid 2.visit to Eanflæd 1: Wilfrid 2 went to Eanflæd 1 because she knew him and because it was through her counsel and at her request that he had been admitted to Lindisfarne. He told her of his desire to visit Rome.: Bede.HE  v.19
Factoids linked indirectly to Eanflæd 1 (2)
Office (1)
Priest of Eanflæd 1 (1)
 Romanus 2: Bede.HE  iii.25
Occupation (1)
Messenger of Eanflæd 1 (1)
 Anonymi 299: Stephen.VitWilfridi  3