Swein 1 (Male) King of Denmark, c.987-1014, and England, 1013-14
l x-m xi

Notes: Danish. In his translation of the Encomium Emmae, Campbell uses the Old Norse form Sveinn. Other forms of his name found in secondary literature are Sven, Svein, Sweyn and Swegn.

Factoid List

Recorded Name (16)
Sain (1)
 AnnalsUlster  1035.1
Suanus (2)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 F(Lat.)
Suein (1)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1
Sueinus (1)
 EncomiumEmmae  Argument
Suænus (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1003 F(Lat.)
Swegen (6)
 ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 CDEF(OE)
 S939   
Sweyn (1)
 AnnalsCamb  1014
Swægen (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 F(OE)
Swænus (2)
 ASC (C-F)  994 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1004 F(Lat.)
Personal Information (10)
ethnicity (1)
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1046 (of Denmark)
moral (1)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (munificent)
other (5)
 EncomiumEmmae  Argument (mighty alike in courage and arms)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (practically the most fortunate of all the kings of his time)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.2 (with firm steadfastness)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.4 (made bold by victory)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (glorious)
religion (1)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (zealous Christian)
reputation (2)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (he was regarded by all with great affection)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (hateful to the English)
Office (11)
King (11)
 EncomiumEmmae  Argument (King of the Danes)
 EncomiumEmmae  Argument
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (King of the Danes)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.2
 EncomiumEmmae  1.3
 EncomiumEmmae  1.5
 ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 F(OE and Lat.)
 AnnalsCamb  1014 C (King of England)
 WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
 SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217)
Status (1)
Noble (1)
 EncomiumEmmae  1.1
Personal Relationship (20)
~ Companion (General relationship) of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 2267: of Swein 1: ASC (C-F)  1014 F(Lat.)
Swein 1 Father (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Cnut 3: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
 of Cnut 3: WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.1
~ Father (Consanguineal kinship) of Swein 1 (1)
 Harold 2: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
~ Follower (General relationship) of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 1747: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
Swein 1 Lord (General relationship) of ~ (2)
 of Anonymi 1749: EncomiumEmmae  1.2
 of Anonymi 1751: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
Swein 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Harold 2: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
~ Son (Consanguineal kinship) of Swein 1 (12)
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  Argument
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
 Harold 4: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
 Harold 4: of Swein 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.4
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: AnnalsUlster  1035.1
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: ASC (C-F)  1014 F(OE)
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: AnnalsCamb  1035 ABC
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: Hemming.Codicellus  249
 Cnut 3: of Swein 1: SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217)
Event (62)
Advice/counsel (1)
 Swein 1.decision to attack England: Swein 1 was persuaded by Anonymi 1749 to attack England.: EncomiumEmmae  1.2-3 (1012 x 1013)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (2)
 Swein 1.appointing Cnut 3 as successor: Swein 1 summoned Cnut 3 and entrusted the royal sceptre to him.: EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (1014)
 Zacharias 1.acknowledgment of Swein 1 as king: All the people (Anonymi 2324) then had [Swein 1] as full king.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
Battle (3)
 Anonymi 2324.battle with Swein 1: When [Swein 1] came to the burh [sc. at London] the dwellers in the burh (Anonymi 2324) would not submit and waged complete war against him because Æthelred 32 and Thorkell 1 were with them.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Harold 2.battle against Swein 1: The army (Anonymi 1747) deserted Harold 2 for Swein 1 and as a result they met in battle.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
 Olaf 5-Swein 1-Anonymi 2198.attack on burh at London: Olaf 5, Swein 1 and the [occupants] of the ships (Anonymi 2198) attacked London but were mauled by its inhabitants (Anonymi 2199) and withdrew.: ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (994)
Book circulating/making/reading/translating/writing (1)
 Anonymous 716.composition of the EncomiumEmmae: Anonymous 716 composed the Encomium Emmae Reginae.: EncomiumEmmae  Prologue, Argument (1041 x 1042)
Burh - building (1)
 Swein 1.fortifying in Denmark: When he was at peace he was always strengthening his fortresses.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (987 - ?)
Burh - capture (1)
 Swein 1.harrying and burning of Norwich: [Swein 1] harried and burned that burh [of Norwich].: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
Burial (2)
 Swein 1.burial: The Danes embalmed [Swein 1's] body and carried it aboard one of the ships and with great haste sailed back to bury him in Denmark.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
 Swein 1.burial in Denmark: Anonymous 719 took Swein 1's body by ship to Denmark where it was received and buried by his sons.: EncomiumEmmae  2.3 (1014 x 1015)
Burning (2)
 Swein 1-Anonymi 2224.harrying and burning of Wilton: They [sc. Swein 1 and Anonymi 2224] [CDE: harried and] burned the burh [F(OE) substitutes: tun; F(Lat.) omits] [sc. of Wilton].: ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1003)
 Swein 1.harrying and burning of Norwich: [Swein 1] harried and burned that burh [of Norwich].: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
Campaigning (1)
 Æthelred 32.exile to Normandy: As Swein 1 was triumphantly advancing from Yorkshire southwards, King Æthelred 32, who at that time was at Winchester and who found himself completely deserted by the English, dug up his treasure from the earth and went with his wife [Emma 2] and sons, Edward 15 and Alfred 54, to Duke Richard 2 of Normandy, where he was suitably welcomed.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.7
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 Swein 1.monastery-building: Swein 1 built a monastery in honour of the Holy Trinity.: EncomiumEmmae  2.3
Conquest (4)
 Cnut 3-Swein 1.conquest of England: Cnut 3 and his father [Swein 1] conquered the English kingdom.: WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.1
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
 Swein 1.conquest of England: Swein 1 invaded many ports and finally conquered the whole country.: EncomiumEmmae  1.4 (1013)
 Thorkell 1.victory in England: Thorkell 1 acquired the south part of England .: EncomiumEmmae  1.2
Conspiracy/intent to murder (1)
 Æthelric 32.plotting with Swein 1: Æthelric 32 had been part of a plan whereby Swein 1 would be received in Essex when first he came with his fleet: S939    (979 x 990)
Death/dying (6)
 .death: Swein 1 was struck by a sudden illness and died while dealing with the kingdom's affairs at London.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
 Alfred 54.lodging: Swein 1 died shortly after appointing Cnut 3 as his successor.: EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (1014)
 Harold 2.death: Harold 2 died shortly after the battle with Swein 1.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
 Swein 1.death: In the same year [as he invaded] Swein 1 passed away.: AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC (1014)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
Defence (2)
 Anonymi 2324.battle with Swein 1: When [Swein 1] came to the burh [sc. at London] the dwellers in the burh (Anonymi 2324) would not submit and waged complete war against him because Æthelred 32 and Thorkell 1 were with them.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Olaf 5-Swein 1-Anonymi 2198.attack on burh at London: Olaf 5, Swein 1 and the [occupants] of the ships (Anonymi 2198) attacked London but were mauled by its inhabitants (Anonymi 2199) and withdrew.: ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (994)
Desertion, military (1)
 Harold 2.battle against Swein 1: The army (Anonymi 1747) deserted Harold 2 for Swein 1 and as a result they met in battle.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
Drowning (1)
 Anonymi 2344.drowning of many in Thames: Much of his [sc. Swein 1's] people drowned in the Thames because they did not search out the bridge.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
Exile (2)
 Æthelred 32.exile to Normandy: As Swein 1 was triumphantly advancing from Yorkshire southwards, King Æthelred 32, who at that time was at Winchester and who found himself completely deserted by the English, dug up his treasure from the earth and went with his wife [Emma 2] and sons, Edward 15 and Alfred 54, to Duke Richard 2 of Normandy, where he was suitably welcomed.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.7
 Æthelred 32.expulsion from England: Æthelred 32 was expelled from his kingdom because Swein 1 invaded.: AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC (1014)
Expulsion (1)
 Æthelred 32.expulsion from England: Æthelred 32 was expelled from his kingdom because Swein 1 invaded.: AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC (1014)
Fortress-manning/occupation/repair (1)
 Swein 1.fortifying in Denmark: When he was at peace he was always strengthening his fortresses.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1 (987 - ?)
Gafol payment (2)
 Swein 1.demand for full pay and provisions for his here (Anonymi 2344): Swein 1 demanded full payment and provisioning for his here (Anonymi 2344) that winter.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
 Æthelred 32.paying tribute to Swein 1: In the time of King Æthelred 32 that part of England [i. e. West Midlands] had to pay great and unbearable tribute to Swein 1, king of the Danes, so that even church utensils, of silver and gold, had to be melted down and sold.: Hemming.Codicellus  248
Grant and Gift (1)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
Horse-using/giving/acquisition/riding (1)
 Swein 1.orders for supplying of horses: When he [sc. Swein 1] realised that everyone had submitted to him, he ordered that his here (Anonymi 2267) should be supplied with horses.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
Hospitality (1)
 Æthelred 32.exile to Normandy: As Swein 1 was triumphantly advancing from Yorkshire southwards, King Æthelred 32, who at that time was at Winchester and who found himself completely deserted by the English, dug up his treasure from the earth and went with his wife [Emma 2] and sons, Edward 15 and Alfred 54, to Duke Richard 2 of Normandy, where he was suitably welcomed.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.7
Hostage-giving/taking (5)
 Anonymi 2273.giving of hostages (Anonymi 2274) to Swein 1: The dwellers in the burh [sc. at Oxford] (Anonymi 2273) gave hostages (Anonymi 2274) [to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Anonymi 2275.supplying (presumed) of hostages (Anonymi 2276) to Swein 1: They [sc. the dwellers in the burh at Winchester (Anonymi 2275)] did the same [sc. gave hostages (Anonymi 2276) to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Anonymi 2324.supplying of hostages (Anonymi 2279) to Swein 1: The dwellers in the burh at London gave hostages (Anonymi 2279) [to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.reception of hostages (Anonymi 2272): Hostages (Anonymi 2272) were given to him [sc. Swein 1] from every shire.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Æthelmær 27.supplying with others of hostages (Anonymi 2278) to Swein 1: They [sc. Æthelmær 27 and the western thegns (Anonymi 2277)] gave hostages (Anonymi 2278) [to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (1)
 .death: Swein 1 was struck by a sudden illness and died while dealing with the kingdom's affairs at London.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
Indicating bounds (1)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
Invasion (3)
 Swein 1.conquest of England: Swein 1 invaded many ports and finally conquered the whole country.: EncomiumEmmae  1.4 (1013)
 Swein 1.decision to attack England: Swein 1 was persuaded by Anonymi 1749 to attack England.: EncomiumEmmae  1.2-3 (1012 x 1013)
 Swein 1.invasion of England: Swein 1 invaded the territory of the English.: AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC (1014)
Journey (15)
 Olaf 5-Swein 1.arrival in London with 300 ships (Anonymi 2198): Here [CDE: in this year] Olaf 5 and Swein 1 came to London with 94 ships (Anonymi 2198) on the Nativity of St Mary [= 8 September].: ASC (C-F)  994 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (994)
 Swein 1-Anonymi 2226.journey to Norwich: Here Swein 1 came with his fleet (Anonymi 2226) to Norwich.: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
 Swein 1-Anonymi 2267.arrival in Sandwich: Swein 1 came with his fleet (Anonymi 2267) to Sandwich before August.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
 Swein 1.burial: The Danes embalmed [Swein 1's] body and carried it aboard one of the ships and with great haste sailed back to bury him in Denmark.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8
 Swein 1.journey from London: Swein 1 then went from there [sc. London] to Wallingford and [CDE: then over the Thames westwards] to Bath.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.journey northwards to his ships: He [sc. Swein 1] then went northwards to his ships.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
 Swein 1.journey south with fierd (Anonymi 2344): Swein 1 afterwards went south with a full fierd (Anonymi 2344).: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.journey to London: [Swein 1] went from there [sc. Winchester] eastwards to London.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.journey to Oxford: [Swein 1] then went to Oxford.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.journey to Salisbury and sea: Swein 1 betook himself to Salisbury and from there [CDEF(OE): went back to the sea] [CDEF(Lat.): where he knew his ships were].: ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
 Swein 1.journey to Winchester: From there [sc. Oxford] [Swein 1] went to Winchester.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.leading of here (Anonymi 2224) to Wilton: Swein 1 led the here (Anonymi 2224) into Wilton.: ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
 Swein 1.onward journey to Gainsborough: [Swein 1] went very quickly past the East Angles (Anonymi 2323) into the mouth of the Humber [CDE: and then up along the Trent until he came to Gainsborough].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.voyage to England: Swein 1 went to his ship and they set out and at length approached England.: EncomiumEmmae  1.3-4
Killing/murder (1)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
Marriage (1)
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
Meeting (1)
 Edward 15.outlawing Godwine 51 and sons: King Edward 15 held a meeting of his council and he and all the army declared Godwine 51 an outlaw, and all his sons with him.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052 (1051)
Message-sending (1)
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
Mustering (1)
 Swein 1.summoning Danish army: Swein 1 ordered that a numerous fleet should be prepared and warning should be given to the entire military power of the Danes.: EncomiumEmmae  1.3 (1012 x 1013)
Oath-swearing/fealty (1)
 Harold 2.oath-swearing: Harold 2 affirmed by oath that Swein 1 would not rule after him.: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
Outlawing (1)
 Edward 15.outlawing Godwine 51 and sons: King Edward 15 held a meeting of his council and he and all the army declared Godwine 51 an outlaw, and all his sons with him.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052 (1051)
Peace agreement (1)
 Ulfcytel 3-Anonymi 2227.decision to buy peace from Anonymi 2226: Ulfcytel 3 decided with his counsellors (Anonymi 2227) to make peace with the here (Anonymi 2226) [F(Lat.) substitutes: with Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
Policy decision (2)
 Swein 1.entrusting of ships and hostages (Anonymi 2272) to Cnut 3: He [sc. Swein 1] entrusted the ships and the hostages (Anonymi 2272) to Cnut 3.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Ulfcytel 3-Anonymi 2227.decision to buy peace from Anonymi 2226: Ulfcytel 3 decided with his counsellors (Anonymi 2227) to make peace with the here (Anonymi 2226) [F(Lat.) substitutes: with Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
Provisioning (2)
 Swein 1.demand for full pay and provisions for his here (Anonymi 2344): Swein 1 demanded full payment and provisioning for his here (Anonymi 2344) that winter.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
 Swein 1.orders for provisioning: When he [sc. Swein 1] realised that everyone had submitted to him, he ordered that his here (Anonymi 2267) should be provisioned.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
Raiding (5)
 Swein 1-Anonymi 2224.harrying and burning of Wilton: They [sc. Swein 1 and Anonymi 2224] [CDE: harried and] burned the burh [F(OE) substitutes: tun; F(Lat.) omits] [sc. of Wilton].: ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1003)
 Swein 1-Thorkell 1.harrying: For all that [sc. the payment and provisioning] they [sc. Swein 1 and Thorkell 1] harried as often as they wanted to.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE (1013)
 Swein 1.damage caused across Watling Street: After he [sc. Swein 1] [F(OE and Lat.) has: they] crossed Watling Street, they [sc. Anonymi 2344] caused the most damage that any army could.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.death through Edmund 6: When Swein 1 was laying waste all England in the days of Æthelred 32, his threats were equally unrestrained in the territory of St Edmund 6. Swein 1 was gently admonished by the martyr in a dream, and when it did not work, killed him with a blow from a pike. Cnut 3 was aware of the story and therefore built St Edmund's ditch to protect the martyr's lands, and granted many gifts to the monastery.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.28-29
 Swein 1.harrying and burning of Norwich: [Swein 1] harried and burned that burh [of Norwich].: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1004)
Refusal (1)
 Swein 1-Cnut 3.conquest of England: Swein 1, the king of the Danes, having driven Æthelred 32, the king of the English, into Normandy, took possession of his realm; but upon his death, which occurred no long time afterwards, king Æthelred 32 returned to his own kingdom, having taken to wife Emma 2, the daughter of Richard 1, the duke of the Normans. Only a very short time had elapsed, when Cnut 3, the son of Swein 1, the king of the Danes, came to England, accompanied by a countless multitude, meaning to reign over it. He sent a message to Uchtred 2, asking him to join him, along with all the men whom he could muster, to render him assistance against king Æthelred 32, promising him that, in the event of his compliance, not only should he retain possession of the honour which he then held, but that something yet more extensive should be added. This earl was a man of considerable influence, for he had under him the counties of Northumberland and York. Uchtred 2, however, answered that he would do nothing of the sort, and declared that it would be the death of baseness were he to act thus against his lord and father-in-law. Thus Cnut 3 had no assistance from Uchtred 2. : SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  4(217-8)
Residence (2)
 Swein 1.residency with fierd (Anonymi 2344) in Bath: [Swein 1] stayed there [sc. at Bath] with his fierd (Anonymi 2344).: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Æthelred 32.exile to Normandy: As Swein 1 was triumphantly advancing from Yorkshire southwards, King Æthelred 32, who at that time was at Winchester and who found himself completely deserted by the English, dug up his treasure from the earth and went with his wife [Emma 2] and sons, Edward 15 and Alfred 54, to Duke Richard 2 of Normandy, where he was suitably welcomed.: WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.7
Royal insignia - entrusting (1)
 Swein 1.appointing Cnut 3 as successor: Swein 1 summoned Cnut 3 and entrusted the royal sceptre to him.: EncomiumEmmae  1.5 (1014)
Submission (4)
 Anonymi 2273.submission to Swein 1: The dwellers in the burh [sc. at Oxford] (Anonymi 2273) immediately submitted [to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE) (1013)
 Anonymi 2275.submission (presumed) to Swein 1: They [sc. the dwellers in the burh at Winchester (Anonymi 2275)] did likewise [sc. submit to Swein 1].: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE) (1013)
 Anonymi 2324.submission to Swein 1: The dwellers in the burh at London (Anonymi 2324) submitted [to Swein 1] because they were afraid that they would be destroyed.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE) (1013)
 Æthelmær 27.submission with others to Swein 1: Æthelmær 27 and the western thegns (Anonymi 2277) all submitted to Swein 1.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
War (2)
 Anonymi 2324.battle with Swein 1: When [Swein 1] came to the burh [sc. at London] the dwellers in the burh (Anonymi 2324) would not submit and waged complete war against him because Æthelred 32 and Thorkell 1 were with them.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
 Swein 1.entrusting of ships and hostages (Anonymi 2272) to Cnut 3: He [sc. Swein 1] entrusted the ships and the hostages (Anonymi 2272) to Cnut 3.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
Factoids linked indirectly to Swein 1 (17)
Office (3)
Dux of Swein 1 (1)
 Thorkell 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.2
Princeps of Swein 1 (2)
 Thorkell 1: EncomiumEmmae  1.2
 Anonymi 2267: ASC (C-F)  1014 F(Lat.)
Occupation (12)
Army of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 2344: ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.)
Fierd of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 2344: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE)
Fleet of Swein 1 (2)
 Anonymi 2226: ASC (C-F)  1004 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
 Anonymi 2267: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
Herald of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 1796: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
Here of Swein 1 (2)
 Anonymi 2224: ASC (C-F)  1003 CDEF(OE)
 Anonymi 2267: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE
Messenger of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 1795: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
Soldier of Swein 1 (1)
 Anonymi 1751: EncomiumEmmae  2.1
Warrior of Swein 1 (3)
 Anonymi 1747: EncomiumEmmae  1.1
 Anonymi 1749: EncomiumEmmae  1.2
 Anonymi 1751: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
Status (2)
Noble of Swein 1 (2)
 Anonymi 1794: EncomiumEmmae  1.3
 Anonymi 1794: EncomiumEmmae  1.3