Cenred 2 (Male) King of the Mercians, 704-c. 709
l vii-e viii

Factoids by Source

Anon.GenRegList2: Genealogies of Deiran, Bernici... (2)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenred (1)
 Anon.GenRegList2   
Office (1)
King (1)
 Anon.GenRegList2    (king of the Mercians)
ASC: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Base te... (9)
Recorded Name (3)
Cenred (1)
 ASC  704 CDEG
Coenred (1)
 ASC  704 A
Kenred (1)
 ASC  <704> B
Office (1)
King (1)
 ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B (King of the Mercians)
Personal Relationship (2)
Cenred 2 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelred 2: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
~ Successor (General relationship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: of Cenred 2: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C
Event (2)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom: Then Cenred 2 acceded to [the kingdom.: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
Journey (1)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.journey to Rome: Cenred 2 went to Rome and Offa 3 with him.: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C (709)
Kingdom - accession to (1)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom: Then Cenred 2 acceded to [the kingdom.: ASC  704 ACDEG, <704> B
Factoids linked indirectly to Cenred 2 (1)
Office (1)
King of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: ASC  709 ADEG, <708/9> B, 708 C
ASC (DEF): Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (DEF ver... (7)
Recorded Name (4)
Cenred (2)
 ASC (DEF)  702 DF(OE)
 ASC (DEF)  709 DE
Cenræd (1)
 ASC (DEF)  702 F(Lat.)
Kenred (1)
 ASC (DEF)  702 E
Office (1)
King (1)
 ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (King of the Southumbrians)
Event (2)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom of Southumbrians: Here Cenred 2 acceded to the kingdom of the Southumbrians (Anonymi 1333).: ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (702 (?))
Kingdom - accession to (1)
 Cenred 2.accession to kingdom of Southumbrians: Here Cenred 2 acceded to the kingdom of the Southumbrians (Anonymi 1333).: ASC (DEF)  702 DEF(OE and Lat.) (702 (?))
Residence (1)
 Cenred 2.residency in Rome: Cenred 2 was there [sc. in Rome] until the end of his life.: ASC (DEF)  709 DE (709)
Bede.HE: Ecclesiastical History of the ... (13)
Recorded Name (3)
... Coenredi (1)
 Bede.HE  v.13
Coenred (1)
 Bede.HE  v.24
Coinred (1)
 Bede.HE  v.19
Office (5)
King (5)
 Bede.HE  v.13
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Bede.HE  v.19
 Bede.HE  v.24
 Bede.HE  v.24 (King of the Mercians)
Personal Relationship (1)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolwulf 3: of Cenred 2: Bede.HE  v.23
Event (4)
Abdication (1)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
Agreement (1)
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (1)
 Anonymous 276.vision of angels and evil spirits: Anonymous 276 saw two handsome youths in a vision. One of them drew out a very small book which contained Anonymous 276's good deeds. Then, there appeared an army of evil spirits. They took a volume of enormous size where he found all his sins written down. Then two evil spirits struck him with their daggers.: Bede.HE  v.13
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (1)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
Journey (2)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (1)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
Refusal (2)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
 Wilfrid 2.journey back to Britain: When Wilfrid 2 arrived, Beorhtwald 6 and Æthelred 2 readily took his part. Cenred 2 agreed to make peace with Wilfrid 2, whereas Aldfrith 1 scorned to receive him.: Bede.HE  v.19
Tonsuring (1)
 Cenred 2-Offa 3.tonsure: Cenred 2 renounced the throne, went to Rome, accompanied by Offa 3, there they both received the tonsure and became monks.: Bede.HE  v.19, 24 (709)
Visit (1)
 Cenred 2.visiting Anonymous 276: When Anonymous 276 fell sick, Cenred 2 went in to him and urged him to repent of his wickedness. He answered that he did not wish to confess his sins then, lest his companions should accuse him of doing, for fear of death, something which he would not do when he was in good health.: Bede.HE  v.13
Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini: Life of Saint Ecgwine (17)
Recorded Name (4)
... Kenredi (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  Preface
Coenred (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
Koenred (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4
Kænred (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3
Personal Information (1)
moral (1)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  ii.2 (He was a devout king and wise in his actions, just in his dealings and the friend of his own soul, as his father had been.)
Office (7)
King (7)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  Preface (King of the Mercians)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (King of the Mercians)
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.5
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.5
 Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
Personal Relationship (1)
Cenred 2 Friend (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Ecgwine 1: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3
Event (4)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
Grant and Gift (2)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1: 84 hides in the vicinity of Æthomme, on both sides of the river Avon.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.2
Journey (2)
 Ecgwine 1-Wilfrid 2.journey to Evesham: Cenred 2 ordered Wilfrid 2 to take the privilege drawn up by Beorhtwald 6 to Evesham, accompanied by Ecgwine 1.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
 Offa 5-Cenred 2-Ecgwine 1.journey to Rome: Offa 5 and Cenred 2 asked Ecgwine 1 to go with them to Rome. : Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (709)
Message-sending (2)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
 Ecgwine 1-Wilfrid 2.journey to Evesham: Cenred 2 ordered Wilfrid 2 to take the privilege drawn up by Beorhtwald 6 to Evesham, accompanied by Ecgwine 1.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.6
Reporting (1)
 Cenred 2-others.synod of Alcester: Cenred 2 summoned a council at Alcester. All the leading men and 'duces' (Anonymi 1486) met there. He reported about the outcome of the trip to Rome and the privilege of freedom granted to Evesham. He also ordered the letter to be shown and read out. All the people who were present agreed.: Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.4-6
Request (1)
 Offa 5-Cenred 2-Ecgwine 1.journey to Rome: Offa 5 and Cenred 2 asked Ecgwine 1 to go with them to Rome. : Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  iii.3 (709)
Constantine.Ep.B126: Letter to Archbishop Beorhtwal... (5)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenredus (1)
 Constantine.Ep.B126   
Office (1)
King (1)
 Constantine.Ep.B126   
Event (3)
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Correspondence (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Grant and Gift (2)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
 Offa 3-Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1: Offa 3 and Cenred 2 granted Ecgwine 1 several estates in the area where he had had his vision of the Virgin Mary. They also granted him a privilege for those lands.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
Journey (1)
 Beorhtwald 6.sending Ecgwine 1 to Rome: Constantine 1 sent Ecgwine 1 to Rome twice.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
Mission/mission-sending (1)
 Beorhtwald 6.sending Ecgwine 1 to Rome: Constantine 1 sent Ecgwine 1 to Rome twice.: Constantine.Ep.B126   
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Reporting (1)
 Constantine 1.letter to Beorhtwald 6: Constantine 1 wrote to Beorhtwald 6 concerning the vision of Ecgwine 1 and the latter's journey to Rome together with Offa 3 and Cenred 2. While in Rome, at the presence of the Pope, Cenred 2 and Offa 3 granted him many estates in the area where he had had the vision, so that he could found a monastery there. Constantine 1 also told Beorhtwald 6 to gather a council of all the bishops, clergy and noblemen to approve the privilege issued for Ecgwine 1 by Offa 3 and Cenred 2.: Constantine.Ep.B126    (709)
Felix.VitGuthlaci: Life of Saint Guthlac (2)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenredus (1)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  34
Office (1)
King (1)
 Felix.VitGuthlaci  34 (King of the Mercians)
S1174 (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenredus (1)
 S1174   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1174    (king of the Mercians)
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1174 - Æthelric 4 granting land to Evesham: Æthelric 4, son of King Oshere 1, with the consent of Cenred 2. king of the Mercians, to St Mary's, Evensham (at Hom); grant of 8 hides (manentes) at Childswickham, Worcs: S1174    (706)
S1175 (3)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenred (1)
 S1175   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1175    (king of the Mercians)
Event (1)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1175 - Walter 1 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Walter 1, sacerdos, to St Mary's minster, Evesham (Cronochomme) and to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant of land at Swell, Gloucs: S1175    (706)
S1177 (2)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenred (1)
 S1177   
Event (1)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1177 - Æthelheard 1 & Æthelweard 3 selling land to Cuthswith 3: Æthelheard 1 and Æthelweard 3 (rulers of the Hwicce) to Cuthswith 3; grant of 5 hides (manentes) at Ingon, Warwicks., in return for 600 shillings: S1177    (704 x 709)
S1250 (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenred (1)
 S1250   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1250   
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1250 - statement of Ecgwine 1: Statement by Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, of the lands he acquired for the minster at Evesham 1, including the minster at Fladbury, Worcs: S1250    (714)
Grant and Gift (1)
 Cenred 2.granting land to Evesham 1 S1250: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Evesham 1; grant of 84 hides on both banks of the river Avon: S1250    (704 x 709)
S1251 (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenredus (1)
 S1251   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1251    (king of the Mercians)
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1251 - statement by Ecgwine 1: Statement by Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, on the foundation and endowment of the minster at Evesham 1: S1251    (714)
Grant and Gift (1)
 Cenred 2-Offa 5.S1251 granting land to Evesham: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, and Offa 5, king of the East Angles (recte Essex), to Evesham, St Mary's 1; grant of 84 hides (mansae) around Evesham, on both sides of the river Avon: S1251    ( x 714)
S1785 (3)
Recorded Name (1)
Conred (1)
 S1785   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1785    (king of the Mercians)
Event (1)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1785 - Tyrhtel 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Tyrhtel 1, bishop [of Hereford] to Wealdhere 2, bishop of London; grant of 50 hides (manentes) at Fulham, Middlesex: S1785    (704 x 709)
Grant and Gift (1)
 S1785 - Tyrhtel 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Tyrhtel 1, bishop [of Hereford] to Wealdhere 2, bishop of London; grant of 50 hides (manentes) at Fulham, Middlesex: S1785    (704 x 709)
S1786 (3)
Recorded Name (1)
Ceonred (1)
 S1786   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1786    (king of the Mercians)
Event (1)
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Cenred 2.S1786 renewing liberties to London, St Paul's 1: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to London, St Paul's 1; renewing privileges granted by King Æthelberht 3: S1786    (704 x 709)
S1801 (5)
Recorded Name (1)
rex (1)
 S1801   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S1801   
Event (3)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S1801 - Cenred 2 granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
Grant and Gift (2)
 Cenred 2.granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
 S1801 - Cenred 2 granting land to Feleburg 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercia, to the nun Feleburg 1; grant of land at Lingen (or Lye), Herefords..: S1801    (704 x 709)
S54 (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenred (1)
 S54   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S54    (king of the Mercians)
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S54 - Æthelweard 3 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Æthelweard 3, subregulus, with the consent of Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop, for St Mary's, Evesham 1 Church, Cronuchomme; grant of 12 hides (cassati) at Ombersley, Worcs., with later confirmations by Ceolred 1, Æthelbald 4 and Offa 7, kings of Mercians: S54    (706)
S65 (5)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenredus (1)
 S65   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S65    (king of the Mercians)
Personal Relationship (1)
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ceolred 1: of Cenred 2: S65   
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S65 - Swæfred 1 and Pæogthath 1 granting land to Wealdhere 2: Swæfred 1, king of East Saxons, and Pæogthath 1, comes, with the consent of Æthelred 2, king, to Waldhere 1, bishop; grant of 30 hides (cassati) at Twickenham, Middx: S65    (704)
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Cenred 2.S65 confirming land of Wealdhere 2: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, to Wealdhere 2, bishop; confirmation of 30 hides (cassati) at Twickenham, Middx: S65    (704 x 709)
S78 (2)
Office (1)
King (1)
 S78    (king of the Mercians)
Event (1)
Grant and Gift (1)
 Cenred 2.granting land to Ecgwine 1 for (Evesham 1) S78: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop of the Hwicce, for his church at Cronuchomme (Evesham 1); grant of 5 hides (cassati) at Abbots Morton, Worcs.: S78    (708)
S79 (5)
Office (1)
King (1)
 S79    (king of the Mercians)
Personal Relationship (1)
~ Friend (General relationship) of Cenred 2 (1)
 Ecgwine 1: of Cenred 2: S79   
Event (3)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S79 - Cenred 2 granting land to Ecgwine 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant, for life, of 12 agri at Oldberrow, Warwicks., with reversion to St Mary's, Evesham 1 Minster: S79    (709)
Lease (1)
 Cenred 2.leasing land to Ecgwine 1 S79: Cenred 2, king of the Mercians, to Ecgwine 1, bishop; grant, for life, of 12 agri at Oldberrow, Warwicks., with reversion to Evesham, St Mary's 1: S79    (709)
S80 (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Kenredus (1)
 S80   
Office (1)
King (1)
 S80    (king of the Mercians)
Event (2)
Charter-witnessing (1)
 S80 - Cenred 2 and Offa 5 granting land to Evesham 1: Cenred 2, king of Mercians, and Offa 5, gubernator of the East Angles, to the monastery at Evesham 1; confirmation of 67 hides (mansae) at Evesham 1, Lenchwick, Norton, Offenham, Littleton, Aldington, Badsey, Bretforton, Church Honeybourne, Willersey, Wickhamford, Bengeworth, Hampton, and at Abbots Morton, all in Worcs. except Willersey, Gloucs: S80    (709)
Stephen.VitWilfridi: Stephen.VitWilfridi (4)
Recorded Name (1)
Coenred (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Office (1)
King (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Personal Relationship (1)
Cenred 2 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelred 2: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Event (1)
Agreement (1)
 Wilfrid 2.meeting with Æthelred 2 and Cenred 2, his successor: Æthelred 2 agreed to uphold the decisions of the Apostolic See; he immediately met with Cenred 2 and secured his agreement to do likewise.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
Meeting (1)
 Wilfrid 2.meeting with Æthelred 2 and Cenred 2, his successor: Æthelred 2 agreed to uphold the decisions of the Apostolic See; he immediately met with Cenred 2 and secured his agreement to do likewise.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  57
WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum: Gesta Pontificum Anglorum (7)
Personal Relationship (3)
Cenred 2 Nephew, brother’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelred 2: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
Cenred 2 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Wulfhere 1: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
Cenred 2 Successor (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Æthelred 2: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.107.3
Event (4)
Abdication (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Accusation (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Confiscation (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Conspiracy/intent to murder (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Conversion (1)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Correspondence (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Death/dying (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Aldhelm 3.death: Aldhelm 3 died in the year of our Lord 709, eighteen years before Ine 1 and twenty-five before Bede 1, in the thirty-fourth year since he was made abbot by Leuthhere 2 and the fifth since Beorhtwald 6 made him bishop. As for his age, no written source has reckoned it. In the same year Wilfrid 2 and Cenred 2 died.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.231.2-3 (709)
Disobedience (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Episcopal see, acquisition/institution/division/merge (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Hostility (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Journey (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Miracle (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Monastic life, converting to/joining/oblation (2)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Penance (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Pilgrimage (1)
 Ecgwine 1.journeys: Bede 1 is for some reasons silent on Ecgwine 1, particularly as he went to Rome with Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Offa 5 king of the East Angles, a visit that our historian did speak of. If we are to believe the old story, Ecgwine 1 once, knowing himself guilty of sins in his youth, shackled his feet and threw the keys into the river, proclaiming to all and sundry that he would only feel free of his sins when the shackles were unlocked, either by a miracle or with the actual keys. He went to Rome in this state, and came back unscathed. But while he was crossing the strait between Gaul and England, a monster of a fish leapt into the ship carrying the bishop and was trapped there thanks to the valiant efforts of the sailors. They gutted it, and found in its liver a key, which when applied to the lock of the fetters freed the saint, greatly relieving his conscience.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.160.1-4
Restoration to bishopric (1)
 Aldfrith 1-Wilfrid 2.conflict: Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1. : WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108
Tonsuring (1)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2
Vowing celibacy/chastity/virginity/poverty (1)
 Cyneswith 1.converting Offa 3 to monastic life: Cyneswith 1 converted her betrothed, Offa 3, to celibacy and monastic life. On her advice he went off, accompanied by Cenred 2 king of the Mercians and Ecgwine 1 bishop of Hwicce, to Rome. There he was tonsured for a monk, and said goodbye to the world for his lifetime.: WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.180.2