Ealhfrith 1 (Male) King and co-ruler with Oswiu 1 in Northumbria, fl. c.655-664
m vii

Notes: BDDAB, p. 43-4; CDNB 1:29-30; DNB 1:235 = 1:235; Rosemary Cramp, ?Alchfrith (fl. c.655?c.665)?, ODNB.

Factoids by Source

Anon.LiberEliensis: Liber Eliensis / Historia Elie... (4)
Office (1)
King (1)
 Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8 (king of Deira and Bernicia)
Personal Relationship (1)
Ealhfrith 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Oswiu 1: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Event (2)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Oswiu 1.appointing Ealhfrith 1 as king of Deira: Oswiu 1 set up his son Ealhfrith 1 as king over the provinces of Deira and Bernicia.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.8
Battle (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwęd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Ęthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Ęthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Flight (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwęd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Ęthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Ęthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Hostage-giving/taking (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwęd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Ęthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Ęthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Killing/murder (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwęd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Ęthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Ęthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
War (1)
 Penda 1.fighting at [Winwęd]: Penda 1, supported by 30 legions and the same number of most noble commanders, went up to Bernicia, to wage war against Oswiu 1. King Oswiu 1, along with his son Ealhfrith 1, came to meet him. He had only one legion, but had placed his reliance upon Christ's leadership. For Oswiu 1's other son, Ecgfrith 4, was at that time detained as a hostage in the province of Mercia in the household of Penda 1's queen, Cynewise 1. ... Even the son of Oswald 1, Ęthelwald 6, who ought to have been assisting Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1 on that occasion, was on the side of their enemies. He had become a commander, and was to fight for them against his homeland and his uncle. On this particular occasion, although he had kept apart from them, he was awaiting the outcome of the battle in a safe place. And when battle was entered, the 30 pagan commanders of King Penda 1 were put to flight and slaughtered, and those who had come to his aid were almost all killed. Amongst the slain was the very person who had instigated the war, Ęthelhere 1, the brother of Anna 1, King of the East Angles, who became ruler in succession to him. King Oswiu 1 brought this war to a close in the 13th year of his reign, to the great benefit of both populaces.: Anon.LiberEliensis  I.7
Bede.HE: Ecclesiastical History of the ... (32)
Recorded Name (6)
... Alchfrido (2)
 Bede.HE  iii.21
 Bede.HE  iii.24
... Alhfridi (1)
 Bede.HE  v.19
... Alhfrido (1)
 Bede.HE  iii.14
Alchfrid (2)
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  iii.28
Education (1)
 He had as his instructor in the Christian faith Wilfrid 2: Bede.HE  iii.25
Office (3)
King (3)
 Bede.HE  iii.25
 Bede.HE  iii.24
 Bede.HE  v.19
Personal Relationship (10)
Ealhfrith 1 Brother-in-law, sister’s husband (Affinal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Peada 1: Bede.HE  iii.21
~ Father (Consanguineal kinship) of Ealhfrith 1 (2)
 Oswiu 1: of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  iii.25
 Oswiu 1: of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  v.19
Ealhfrith 1 Friend (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Peada 1: Bede.HE  iii.21
~ Friend (General relationship) of Ealhfrith 1 (1)
 Wilfrid 2: of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  v.19
Ealhfrith 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (4)
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.14
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.24
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.25
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HE  iii.28
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Ealhfrith 1 (1)
 Cyneburg 1: of Ealhfrith 1: Bede.HE  iii.21
Event (12)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (2)
 Agilbert 1.episcopal consecration of Wilfrid: Ealhfrith 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Gaul with the counsel of his father Oswiu 1, requesting that he should be consecrated as his bishop by Agilbert 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.episcopal consecration: Ealhfrith 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Gaul to be consecrated bishop. : Bede.HE  iii.28, v.24 (664)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of priest (2)
 Wilfrid 2.ordination: Wilfrid 2 was ordained priest at Ripon, on the command of the king (Ealhfrith 1), by Agilbert 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.priestly consecration: Wilfrid 2 was ordained by Agilbert 1, at the request of Ealhfrith 1.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Battle (1)
 Penda 1-Oswiu 1.battle of River Winwęd: When the battle was joined the heathen were put to flight or destroyed.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Conversion (1)
 Peada 1.conversion: Peada 1 went to Oswiu 1 and asked for his daughter (Ealhflęd 1). His request was granted only on condition that he and his nation accepted the Christian faith.: Bede.HE  iii.21, v.24 (653)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
Disputing/dispute-settling (1)
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Easter-observance (2)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
 Ronan 1-Finan 1.dispute over Easter date: A great and active controversy about the keeping of Easter arose.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Flight (1)
 Penda 1-Oswiu 1.battle of River Winwęd: When the battle was joined the heathen were put to flight or destroyed.: Bede.HE  iii.24
Grant and Gift (2)
 Ealhfrith 1.granting Ripon to Wilfrid 2: a monastery with thirty hides at Ripon: Bede.HE  v.19
 Ealhfrith 1.granting land to Wilfrid 2: ten hides at Stamford : Bede.HE  v.19
Request (2)
 Agilbert 1.episcopal consecration of Wilfrid: Ealhfrith 1 sent Wilfrid 2 to Gaul with the counsel of his father Oswiu 1, requesting that he should be consecrated as his bishop by Agilbert 1.: Bede.HE  v.19
 Wilfrid 2.priestly consecration: Wilfrid 2 was ordained by Agilbert 1, at the request of Ealhfrith 1.: Bede.HE  iii.25
Tonsuring (1)
 Oswiu 1-others.council of Whitby: When the question of Easter, and of the tonsure and other ecclesiastical matters were raised, it was decided to hold a council to settle the dispute.: Bede.HE  iii.25-6, iv.1 (664)
Visit (1)
 Peada 1.conversion: Peada 1 went to Oswiu 1 and asked for his daughter (Ealhflęd 1). His request was granted only on condition that he and his nation accepted the Christian faith.: Bede.HE  iii.21, v.24 (653)
War (1)
 Oswiu 1.attack by Ealhfrith 1 and Ęthelwald 6: During his reign, Oswiu 1 was attacked by the Mercian people and by his son Ealhfrith 1 and his nephew Ęthelwald 6.: Bede.HE  iii.14
Bede.HistAb: Historia abbatum (11)
Recorded Name (1)
Alchfridus (1)
 Bede.HistAb  2
Status (1)
Noble (1)
 Bede.HistAb  15
Personal Relationship (1)
Ealhfrith 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Oswiu 1: Bede.HistAb  2
Event (8)
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Aldfrith 1.synod approving new grant of privileges to Wearmouth-Jarrow: Aldfrith 1 and the bishops [Anonymi 701] approved the grant of privilege brought back from Rome with their own signatures: Bede.HistAb  15
Grant and Gift (3)
 Biscop 2.exchanging with Ealhfrith 1: Two silk cloaks of incomparable workmanship: Bede.HistAb  9
 Ealhfrith 1.exchanging with Biscop 2: 3 hides of land: Bede.HistAb  9
 Ealhfrith 1.granting land to Witmer 1: 10 hides of land: Bede.HistAb  15
Papal advice/audience/decision/privilege (1)
 Aldfrith 1.synod approving new grant of privileges to Wearmouth-Jarrow: Aldfrith 1 and the bishops [Anonymi 701] approved the grant of privilege brought back from Rome with their own signatures: Bede.HistAb  15
Property-exchanging (3)
 Biscop 2.exchanging with Ealhfrith 1: Two silk cloaks of incomparable workmanship: Bede.HistAb  9
 Ealhfrith 1.exchanging with Biscop 2: 3 hides of land: Bede.HistAb  9
 Ealhfrith 1.exchanging with Ceolfrith 1: 8 hides of land: Bede.HistAb  15
Refusal (1)
 Oswiu 1.preventing Ealhfrith 1 from going to Rome: Oswiu 1 made Ealhfrith 1 his son stay at home in his country and kingdom.: Bede.HistAb  2
Bede.VitCuthbertiPr: The Life of St Cuthbert by Bed... (2)
Recorded Name (1)
Alchfridus (1)
 Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  7
Office (1)
King (1)
 Bede.VitCuthbertiPr  7
Stephen.VitWilfridi: Stephen.VitWilfridi (31)
Recorded Name (6)
Alchfrithus (4)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Alhfrithus (2)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  Cap7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  Cap8
Office (7)
King (7)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  Cap7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  11
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  12
Status (1)
Dominus (1)
 Stephen.VitWilfridi  12
Personal Relationship (4)
~ Father (Consanguineal kinship) of Ealhfrith 1 (1)
 Oswiu 1: of Ealhfrith 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
~ Friend (General relationship) of Ealhfrith 1 (1)
 Cenwealh 2: of Ealhfrith 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Ealhfrith 1 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
 of Oswiu 1: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Possession (1)
 ten hides of land: Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
Event (12)
Advice/counsel (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.meeting with Wilfrid 2: Following the recommendation of Cenwealh 2, the West-Saxon king (Ealhfrith 1) ordered Wilfrid 2 to come to him. Ealhfrith 1 conversed with him.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Affection (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.mutual love between him and Wilfrid 2: Wilfrid 2 perceived the love of the king [sc. Ealhfrith 1] for him and their mutual affection increased day by day.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7, 8
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Wilfrid 2.election as bishop: Wise men chose Wilfrid 2 to teach the law of God and the whole gathering (Anonymi 308) bade Wilfrid 2 to accept episcopal rank.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  11
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of priest (1)
 Agilbert 1.ordination of Wilfrid 2 as priest: The bishop (Agilbert 1), following the order of the king (Ealhfrith 1), ordained Wilfrid 2 at Ripon as a priest.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  9
Conversation (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.meeting with Wilfrid 2: Following the recommendation of Cenwealh 2, the West-Saxon king (Ealhfrith 1) ordered Wilfrid 2 to come to him. Ealhfrith 1 conversed with him.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Council-meeting, ecclesiastical (1)
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmįn 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Easter-observance (1)
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmįn 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Grant and Gift (4)
 Ealhfrith 1.grant of land at ‘Stanforda’ to Wilfrid 2: Ealhfrith 1 granted Wilfrid 2 an estate of ten hides at 'Stanforda'.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
 Ealhfrith 1.granting Ripon to Wilfrid 2: Monastery at Ripon with thirty hides.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
 Ealhfrith 1.granting land to Wilfrid 2: ten hides of land at 'Stanforda': Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
 Ealhfrith 1.granting of Ripon to Wilfrid 2: Ealhfrith 1 granted to Wilfrid 2 a monastery at Ripon with 30 hides of land.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  8
Invitation (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.invitation to Wilfrid 2 to preach: Ealhfrith 1 urged Wilfrid 2 to stay with him and preach to him and the whole people. Wilfrid 2 agreed to stay.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Meeting (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.meeting with Wilfrid 2: Following the recommendation of Cenwealh 2, the West-Saxon king (Ealhfrith 1) ordered Wilfrid 2 to come to him. Ealhfrith 1 conversed with him.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Ordering (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.meeting with Wilfrid 2: Following the recommendation of Cenwealh 2, the West-Saxon king (Ealhfrith 1) ordered Wilfrid 2 to come to him. Ealhfrith 1 conversed with him.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Pastoral activities/preaching (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.invitation to Wilfrid 2 to preach: Ealhfrith 1 urged Wilfrid 2 to stay with him and preach to him and the whole people. Wilfrid 2 agreed to stay.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Request (1)
 Wilfrid 2.request for consecration in Gaul: On his election as bishop, Wilfrid 2 asked the gathering (Anonymi 308) to permit him to be consecrated in Gaul.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  12
Residence (1)
 Ealhfrith 1.invitation to Wilfrid 2 to preach: Ealhfrith 1 urged Wilfrid 2 to stay with him and preach to him and the whole people. Wilfrid 2 agreed to stay.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  7
Retirement (1)
 Wilfrid 2.Synod of Whitby: Clerics (Anonymi 307) and others gathered at Streuneshalgh to consider the proper date for observing Easter. Colmįn 1 was told that he must retire and leave his see if he could not accept the tonsure and method of keeping Easter, which he did.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  10
Visit (1)
 Agilbert 1.visit to Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1: Agilbert 1 visited King Oswiu 1 and Ealhfrith 1, his son.: Stephen.VitWilfridi  9