Edward 15 (Male) the Confessor; king of England, 1042-66
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Factoids by Source

Abbots8 (1)
Event (1)
Grant and Gift (1)
 Edward 15.granting land to Tola 2: King Edward 15 to Tola 2, widow of Orc 1; grant of 2 hides (mansae) at (Abbotts) Wootton, in Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset. : Abbots8    (1053 x 1066)
Anon.LiberEliensis: Liber Eliensis / Historia Elie... (2)
Event (2)
Agreement (1)
 Asgar 1-Ely.agreement concerning land: Asgar 1 seized the land at Ely from Ely. Abbot Wulfric 71 and the monks agreed that he should be allowed to hold it for his lifetime on the understanding that it reverted to Ely.: Anon.LiberEliensis  LE II.96 (1044 x 1066)
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Victor 1.confirming liberties of Ely: Victor 1 confirmed the liberties of Ely.: Anon.LiberEliensis  LE II.93 (1055 x 1057)
Seizure of land (1)
 Asgar 1-Ely.agreement concerning land: Asgar 1 seized the land at Ely from Ely. Abbot Wulfric 71 and the monks agreed that he should be allowed to hold it for his lifetime on the understanding that it reverted to Ely.: Anon.LiberEliensis  LE II.96 (1044 x 1066)
Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis: Vita Edwardi Regis (118)
Recorded Name (2)
Ædwardus (2)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Personal Information (16)
physical (2)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.Prologue (nobly fine in limb and mind)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (Edward 15 was a very proper figure of a man - of outstanding height, and distinguished by his milky white hair and beard, full face and rosy cheeks, thin white hands, and long translucent fingers; in all the rest of his body he was an unblemished royal person. Pleasant, but always dignified, he walked with his eyes downcast, most graciously affable to one and all. If some cause aroused his temper, he seemed as terrible as a lion, but he never revealed his anger by railing. To all petitioners he would either grant graciously or graciously deny, so that his gracious denial seemed the highest generosity.)
piety (4)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6 (Edward 15 attended divine services devoutly every day; of his free will devoted to God, he lived in the squalor of the world like an angel and zealously showed how assiduous he was in practising the Christian religion. He used to stand with lamb-like meekness and tranquil mind at the holy offices of the divine mysteries and masses, a worshipper of Christ manifest to all the faithful; and at these times, unless he was addressed, he rarely spoke to anyone.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6 (Edward 15 and Eadgyth 3 zealously showed their devout faith in the church of Christ.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6 (Edward 15 worshipped St Peter with uncommon and special love.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (beloved of God)
psychological (2)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4 (Edward 15 was a man of passionate temper and of prompt and vigorous action.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6 (Only during divine services would Edward 15 display the pomp of royal finery, in which the queen [Eadgyth 3] obligingly arrayed him. And he would not have cared at all if it had been provided at far less cost. He was, however, grateful for the queen's solicitude in these matters, and with a certain kindness of feeling used to remark on her zeal most appreciatively to his intimates. )
reputation (4)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (Edward 15 the most fair and noble of English kings... at the start of his reign he was vouchsafed so much renown and favour by heaven that... there seemed to be renewed in him that grant of heavenly favour... he lived in mercy, ruled his people with kindness, and overflowed more abundantly in the general glory and riches of the world than all other kings of the earth.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (In public Edward 15 carried himself as a true king and lord; in private with his courtiers as one of them, but with royal dignity unimpaired. He entrusted God's business to the bishops and God's servants, warning them to act according to God's will, and secualr cases to justiciars, princes and palace lawyers, ordering them to distinguish equitably...this goodly king abrogated bad laws, with his witan established good ones.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (fair in form and worth)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2 (had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors.)
saintly status (3)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5 (most holy)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.1 (Edward 15 was chosen by God before the day of his birth and consequently was consecrated to the kingdom less by men than by Heaven. He preserved with holy chastity the dignity of his consecration, and lived his whole life dedicated to God in true innocence. God approved this as an acceptable burnt offering, and with profound love made him dear to men and worshipful among the citizens of heaven.)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (Having revealed [Edward 15] as a saint while still living in the world, at his tomb likewise merciful God reveals that he lives with Him as a saint in heaven.)
Office (6)
King (5)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.Prologue
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (King)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Status (2)
Dominus (1)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Puer (1)
 Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Personal Relationship (18)
~ Adviser (General relationship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Robert 5: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Edward 15 Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Alfred 54: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
~ Brother-in-law, sister’s husband (Affinal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Henry 2: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
~ Daughter (Honorific kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
~ Kinsman (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Gospatric 1: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
~ Mother (Honorific kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
~ Niece (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Judith 2: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
~ Nutricius (General relationship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Harold 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Tosti 2: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Edward 15 Offspring (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Eadgyth 4: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
~ Propinquus (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Henry 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Robert 14: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
~ Queen (Affinal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
~ Sister (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Gunnhild 1: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Edward 15 Son-in-law (Affinal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Godwine 51: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
~ Stepfather (Semi-kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Cnut 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.Prologue
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
Possession (5)
 Edward 15's staff, for everyday use when walking was encrusted with gold and gems.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 The floors [of the palace] were strewn with precious carpets from Spain.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Edward 15 wore embroidered clothes; as regards mantles, tunics, boots and shoes, the amount of gold which flowed in the various complicated floral designs was not weighed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 The throne, adorned with coverings embroidered with gold, gleamed in every part.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Edward 15's saddle and horse-trappings were hung with little beasts and birds made from gold by smiths.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Chalton, Bedfordshire (in 1066): GDB  217v (Bedfordshire 54:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Houghton Regis, Bedfordshire (in 1066): GDB  209v (Bedfordshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 hides in Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire (in 1066): GDB  209 (Bedfordshire 1:1a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 hides in Luton, Bedfordshire (in 1066): GDB  209 (Bedfordshire 1:2a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 hides, 3 virgates in Potton, Bedfordshire (in 1066): GDB  217v (Bedfordshire 53:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Blewbury, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 18 hides in Bray, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57 (Berkshire 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Bucklebury, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57 (Berkshire 1:23)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 23 hides in Cholsey, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides, 3 virgates in Compton, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Cookham, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.50 hides in East and West Hendred, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:38)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Kingston Lisle, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:32)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Kintbury, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:26)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Lambourn, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:29)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Letcombe Regis, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Little Fawley, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Pangbourne, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  58 (Berkshire 1:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 43 hides in Reading, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  58 (Berkshire 1:41)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Reading, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  58 (Berkshire 1:42)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6.50 hides in Shalbourne, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 46 hides in Shrivenham, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:33)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 22 hides, 3 virgates in Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57v (Berkshire 1:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Thatcham, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wallinford, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire B:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 276 urban tenements in Wallingford, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56 (Berkshire B:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 acres in Wallingford, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56 (Berkshire B:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Wantage, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  57 (Berkshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Windsor, Berkshire (in 1066): GDB  56v (Berkshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 16 hides in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  143 (Buckinghamshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Brill, Buckinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  143v (Buckinghamshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 26 urban tenements in Buckingham, Buckinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  143 (Buckinghamshire B1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 24 hides in Wendover, Buckinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  143v (Buckinghamshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Abington Piggots, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  190 (Cambridgeshire 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189 (Cambridgeshire B10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 hides in Chesterton, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 hides, 40 acres in Cheveley, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Clopton in Croydon, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  200v (Cambridgeshire 32:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 hides in Comberton, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5.50 hides in Fordham, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 1 virgate in Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides, 40 acres in Isleham, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 3 virgates in Kingston, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9.50 hides in Soham, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides, 40 acres in Soham, Cambridgeshire (in 1066): GDB  189v (Cambridgeshire 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides, 2 carucates in Blackburn, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R4: 1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  263 (Cheshire B:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 431 urban tenements in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C16)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chester, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 50 hides in Chester, Newton and Redcliff, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  262v (Cheshire C1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Higher and Lower Penwortham, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R6:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Huncoat, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R4: 2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 2 carucates in Leyland, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R6:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Middlewich, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  268 (Cheshire S2:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Nantwich, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  268 (Cheshire S1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Northwich, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  268 (Cheshire S3:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Pendleton, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R4: 2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Radcliffe, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R5:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides, 12 carucates in Salford, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R5:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Walton-Le-Dale, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire R4: 2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Warrington, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire R3: 1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in West Derby, Cheshire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire R1: 1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides, 2 carucates in Blackburn, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R4:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Derby, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire: South Lancashire R1:39)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Higher and Lower Penwortham, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R6:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Huncoat, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R4:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 2 carucates in Leyland, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R6:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Leyland, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R6:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides, 8 carucates in Leyland, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R6:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Newton-le-Willows, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire: South Lancashire R2:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Pendleton, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R4:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Radcliffe, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R5:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides, 12 carucates in Salford, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R5:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Walton-le-Dale, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  270 (Cheshire: South Lancashire R4:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Warrington, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire: South Lancashire R3:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in West Derby, Cheshire: South Lancashire (in 1066): GDB  269v (Cheshire: South Lancashire R1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 1 virgate in Probus, Cornwall (in 1066): GDB  121 (Cornwall 4:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 17 carucates in Ashbourne, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272v (Derbyshire 1:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 18 carucates in Bakewell, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272v (Derbyshire 1:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates, 2 bovates in Darley, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Derby, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  280 (Derbyshire B:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Dronfield, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Greyhurst and Padinc, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Litchurch, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  280 (Derbyshire B:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 carucates in Matlock ?Bridge, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Melbourne, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272v (Derbyshire 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 carucates in Mickleover, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  273 (Derbyshire 3:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates, 1 bovate in Newbold, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Old Tupton and Norton, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Parwich, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272v (Derbyshire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Ravensholme and Upton, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates, 2 bovates in Snelston, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  273 (Derbyshire 3:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.20 carucates in Temple Normanton, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.30 carucates in Unstone, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Wingerworth, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272 (Derbyshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 21 carucates in Wirksworth, Derbyshire (in 1066): GDB  272v (Derbyshire 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Axminster, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Axmouth, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bampton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  111v (Devon 23:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 40 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  102 (Devon 3:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Blakewell, Devon (in 1066): GDB  107 (Devon 16:74)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Braunton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 120 urban tenements in Bridport, Devon (in 1066): GDB  75 (Devon B:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Colyton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 virgates in Colyton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 virgates in Diptford, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 172 urban tenements in Dochester, Devon (in 1066): GDB  75 (Devon B:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in East Budleigh, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 300 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 48 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon C7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  102 (Devon 3:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  102 (Devon 3:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  104v (Devon 15:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 urban tenements in Exeter, Devon (in 1066): GDB  105v (Devon 16:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Exminster, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Hemyock, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Kings Tamerton in Plymouth and Maker Corn, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Kingskerswell, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 1 virgate in Kingsteignton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 69 urban tenements in Lydford, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Maker, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 virgates in North Tawton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 hides in Plympton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 104 urban tenements in Shaftesbury, Devon (in 1066): GDB  75 (Devon B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Silverton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 virgates in South Molton and Ringedone, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100 (Devon 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Sutton in Plymouth, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 100 urban tenements in Totnes, Devon (in 1066): GDB  108v (Devon 17:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 virgates in Walkhampton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 143 urban tenements in Wareham, Devon (in 1066): GDB  75 (Devon B:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in West Alvington, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:16)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 hides in Yealmpton, Devon (in 1066): GDB  100v (Devon 1:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bere Regis, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bradpole, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Burton Bradstock, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Charlton Marshall, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chideock, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Colber, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Dorchester, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Fordington, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Frome, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gillingham, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Knowlton, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Lulworth, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Moor Crichel, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Pimperne, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Portland, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Shapwick, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Shipton George, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Sturminster Newton, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  77v (Dorset 8:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Sutton Poyntz, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Wimborne, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  78v (Dorset 14:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wimborne Minster, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wimborne St Giles, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Winfrith Newburgh, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Winterborne, Dorset (in 1066): GDB  75 (Dorset 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in -, Essex (in 1066): LDB  7v (Essex 1:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 51 acres in -, Essex (in 1066): LDB  4v (Essex 1:16a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 342 acres in Colchester, Essex (in 1066): LDB  107 (Essex B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Colchester, Essex (in 1066): LDB  107 (Essex B6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Maldon, Essex (in 1066): LDB  6 (Essex 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Maldon, Essex (in 1066): LDB  5v (Essex 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 180 urban tenements in Maldon, Essex (in 1066): LDB  5v (Essex 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25 acres in Ockendon, Essex (in 1066): LDB  5 (Essex 1:21a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in -, Gloucestershire (in 1086): GDB  170v (Gloucestershire 78:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Alkington, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Almondsbury, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 hides, 1 virgate in Arlingham, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Ashleworth, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Awre, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Barton Regis, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Berkeley, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Beverstone, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 36 hides in Bitton, Wapley, Winterbourne, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 17 hides in Cam, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8.50 hides in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Clingre, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Coaley, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Cromhall Abbots, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Dursley, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Dymock, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  164 (Gloucestershire 1:53)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Elberton, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Gossington, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Hill, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Hinton, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 hides in Horfield, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Hurst, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in In Cirencester Hundred, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Kings Barton, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.50 hides in Kingscote, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 1 virgate in Kingsweston, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Lower Slaughter, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Mangotsfield, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Newent, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  166 (Gloucestershire 16:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Newington Bagpath, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Nympsfield, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Ozleworth, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Purton, Etlow, Bledisloe, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Sharpness, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Slimbridge, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Symonds Hall, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Uley, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 16 hides in Upper Clopton and Meon, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 hides in Westbury on Severn, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Winchcombe, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  162v (Gloucestershire B:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides, 0.50 virgates in Wootton under Edge, Gloucestershire (in 1066): GDB  163 (Gloucestershire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Alton, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  43 (Hampshire 6:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Andover, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:41)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Arreton, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39v (Hampshire 1:W4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Barton Stacey, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Basingstoke, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:42)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Bowcombe, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  52 (Hampshire IoW1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Breamore, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Broughton, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Christchurch, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:28)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Cosham, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38 (Hampshire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in East Dean, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Eling, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Hurstbourne Tarrant, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:44)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Kings Somborne, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39v (Hampshire 1:47)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Kingsclere, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Lower Burgate, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:38)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Lyndhurst, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Meonstoke, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38 (Hampshire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Merstone, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  53 (Hampshire IoW6:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Neatham, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38 (Hampshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Nether? Wallop, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38v (Hampshire 1:23)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Ningwood, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  54 (Hampshire IoW9:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Portchester, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38 (Hampshire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Rockbourne, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:36)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Sandford with Week, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39v (Hampshire 1:W3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Southampton, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  52 (Hampshire S1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Titchfield, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39 (Hampshire 1:45)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wymering, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  38 (Hampshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Yaverland, Hampshire (in 1066): GDB  39v (Hampshire 1:W5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in -, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  187v (Herefordshire 36:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Archenfield, 3 churches, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179 (Herefordshire A:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Aston Ingham, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  186 (Herefordshire 21:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Barton, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:69)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Garway, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:50)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Hereford, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179 (Herefordshire C:12-15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Hergest, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:69)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Kings Caple, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:55)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Kings Pyon, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  184v (Herefordshire 10:50)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides in Kingsland, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179v (Herefordshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Kingstone, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179v (Herefordshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Linton, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179v (Herefordshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Lugwardine, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179v (Herefordshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Marden, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  179v (Herefordshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Rushock, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:69)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Street, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  184v (Herefordshire 10:41)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Westwood, Herefordshire (in 1066): GDB  181 (Herefordshire 1:61)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Bayford, Hertfordshire (in 1066): GDB  133 (Hertfordshire 1:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Hertford, Hertfordshire (in 1066): GDB  132 (Hertfordshire B:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Alconbury and Great Gidding, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Botolph Bridge in Peterborough, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides in Brampton, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Catworth, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  206v (Huntingdonshire 19:32)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 hides in Eynesbury, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  206v (Huntingdonshire 20:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 14 hides in Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Grafham, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25 hides in Great Paxton, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  207 (Huntingdonshire 20:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides in Hartford, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203 (Huntingdonshire B:16)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203 (Huntingdonshire B:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Keyston, Huntingdonshire (in 1066): GDB  203v (Huntingdonshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 sulung in Aylesford, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2v (Kent 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 sulungs in Barham, Kent (in 1066): GDB  9v (Kent 5:138)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Canterbury, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2 (Kent C:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 sulungs in Dartford, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2v (Kent 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Dover, Kent (in 1066): GDB  1 (Kent D:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 sulungs in Faversham, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2v (Kent 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 sulungs in Hawley, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2v (Kent 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 80 sulungs in Milton Regis, Kent (in 1066): GDB  2v (Kent 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 bovates in Allexton, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 carucates in Asfordby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates, 5 bovates in Baggrave, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Barsby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Carlton Curlieu and Illston on the Hill, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Chadwell and Wycomb, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Cranoe and Shangton, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Foxton, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 carucates in Frisby on the Wreake, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 carucates, 3 bovates in Gaddesby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 carucates in Gaulby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9.50 carucates in Great Bowden, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Grimston, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates, 6 bovates in Halstead, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Keyham, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Kings Norton, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Knossington, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 39 urban tenements in Leicester, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire C:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Leicester, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire C:1-5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Marefield, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Marefield (South), Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Melbourne, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Rothley, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Saxelby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Seagrave, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Sileby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 carucates in Skeffington, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 carucates in Somerby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 carucates, 2 bovates in Stretton and Smeeton Westerby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230v (Leicestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Tilton on the Hill, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Tugby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.50 carucates in Twyford, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Wartnaby, Leicestershire (in 1066): GDB  230 (Leicestershire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Holbeach, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  377v (Lincolnshire CK:71)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Lincoln, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336 (Lincolnshire C:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Lincoln, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire C:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in North Riding, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire C:29)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in South Lincolnshire, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire C:28)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in South Riding, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire C:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 600 acres in Stamford, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire S:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Stamford, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire S:16)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in West Riding, Lincolnshire (in 1066): GDB  336v (Lincolnshire C:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 acres, 5 sulungs in Nanesmaneslande, Middlesex (in 1066): GDB  127 (Middlesex 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 acre in Blakeney, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111v (Norfolk 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25 acres in Breckles, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  110v (Norfolk 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 acres in Burgh St Margaret, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  129v (Norfolk 1:165)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 acres in Cley next the Sea, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111v (Norfolk 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 acre in Dunton, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111v (Norfolk 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in East Winch, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  125v (Norfolk 1:132)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Egmere, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:36)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 40 acres in Flockthorpe, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111 (Norfolk 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 acres, 12 carucates in Foulsham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  114 (Norfolk 1:52)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Gunthorpe, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  112v (Norfolk 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Harling, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  127v (Norfolk 1:143)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 acres in Hempstead, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  112 (Norfolk 1:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Hindringham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:39)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25 acres, 2 carucates in Hingham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  110v (Norfolk 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Holkham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:34)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 acres in Holt, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111v (Norfolk 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Houghton St Giles, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:33)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Kenninghall, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  127 (Norfolk 1:143)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 acres in Martham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  129v (Norfolk 1:164)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 180 acres in Norwich, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  116v (Norfolk 1:61)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Norwich, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  117 (Norfolk 1:61)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Palgrave, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  119v (Norfolk 1:71)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Pudding Norton, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111v (Norfolk 1:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Quarles, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:35)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Saham Toney, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  110 (Norfolk 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 acres in Shelfanger, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  130 (Norfolk 1:174)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Stiffkey, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:38)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Thetford, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  119 (Norfolk 1:70)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Threxton, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  163v (Norfolk 8:50)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 24 acres in Tochestorp, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  166 (Norfolk 8:74)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Warham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113v (Norfolk 1:42)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Watlineseta, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  114 (Norfolk 1:50)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Wells next the Sea and Warham, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  113 (Norfolk 1:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 carucates in Wighton, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  112v (Norfolk 1:32)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 acres in Wood Rising and Ocselea, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  111 (Norfolk 1:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 70 urban tenements in Yarmouth, Norfolk (in 1066): LDB  118 (Norfolk 1:67)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Apethorpe, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:23)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides, 1 virgate in Barnwell, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 3 virgates in Brigstoch and Islip and Geddington and Stanion, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:13)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 hides, 0.50 virgates in Brixworth and Holcot, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:16)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 2 virgates in Corby, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Duddington, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 2 virgates in Fawsley, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides, 3.50 virgates in Faxton and Old and Walgrave, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 1 virgate in Greens Norton, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides, 3 virgates in Gretton, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Hardingstone, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Kings Sutton and Whitfield, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides, 1 virgate, 1 bovate in Kingsthorpe and Moulton and Upton, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Nassington, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Northampton, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219 (Northamptonshire B:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Northamptonshire, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219 (Northamptonshire B:36)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Passenham and Puxley, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates, 2 bovates in Portland in Stamford, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 21 hides, 2 virgates in Rothwell and Orton and Loddington and Glendon and Draughton and Arthingworth and Desborough and Kelm, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 virgates in Rushton, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:28)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Tansor, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 2 virgates in Towcester, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 hides in Upton and Harlestone, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  219v (Northamptonshire 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 virgates in Wilbarston, Northamptonshire (in 1066): GDB  220 (Northamptonshire 1:29)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Arnold, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:45)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Aslockton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:57)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Beesthorpe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Beesthorpe and Carlton on Trent, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Bilborough, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:50)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 bovates in Bramcote, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:46)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Broxtowe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:49)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Budby, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 acres, 4 bovates in Car Colston, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:56)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Carburton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Carlton in Lindrick, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Carlton in Lindrick, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Carlton on Trent, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.25 bovates in Clarborough and Tiln, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:41)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate, 6 bovates in Clayworth, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:40)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Clown, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 bovates in Clumber, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5.50 carucates in Dunham on Trent, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3.50 bovates in Eakring, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates, 3.20 bovates in East Drayton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3.50 carucates in East Markham, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Edwinstowe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Edwinstowe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:28)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Farnsfield, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Fenton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:33)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Grimston Hill, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 bovates in Grimston Hill, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Grimston Hill, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Grimston Hill, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 bovates in Headon, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 bovates in Kirton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 bovates in Kirton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 bovates in Kneeton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:62)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Lenton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:48)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates, 0.15 bovates in Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 bovates in Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 bovates in Littleborough, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:34)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates, 6 bovates in Mansfield, and Skegby and Sutton in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:23)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Maplebeck, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Maplebeck, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:29)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 bovates in Misson, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:66)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5.25 bovates in Misterton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:38)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 bovates in Normanton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in North and South Wheatley, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:36)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  280 (Nottinghamshire B:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  280 (Nottinghamshire B:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 bovates in Ompton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Ordsall, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Orston, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:51)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.25 bovates in Perlethorpe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:26)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Ranby from Bothamstall, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Scarrington, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:52)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Screveton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:55)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Scrofton and Perlethorpe and Rayton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Scrofton and Rayton and Perlethorpe, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Sneinton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:63)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 acres, 7 bovates in Staunton in the Vale, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:53)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Sturton le Steeple, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:35)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 bovates in Thoresby, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 bovates in Thoroton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:54)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.25 bovates in Tiln, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Upton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12.50 bovates in Walkeringham, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Warsop, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Warsop, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 bovates in Welham and Simentone, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:42)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 bovates in Willoughby, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 bovates in Willoughby and Walesby, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281 (Nottinghamshire 1:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Wiseton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:39)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire (in 1066): GDB  281v (Nottinghamshire 1:47)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in -, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 27.50 hides in Bampton, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 11 hides, 3 virgates in Benson, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 hides in Headington, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 11.50 hides in Kirtlington, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 33 hides, 3 virgates in Shipton-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.50 hides in Shotover, Stowford, Woodstock, Cornbury, Wychwood, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Verneveld, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Wootton, Oxfordshire (in 1066): GDB  154v (Oxfordshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Rutland, Rutland (in 1066): GDB  293 (Rutland R:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Albersbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3.50 hides in Baschurch, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chirbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Condover, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Condover, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Condover, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Corfham, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Hodnet, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides, 1 virgate in Leintwardine, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  260 (Shropshire 6:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides in Maesbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Minsterley, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 hides in Morville, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Shewsbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  252 (Shropshire C:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 252 urban tenements in Shrewbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  252 (Shropshire C:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Shrewsbury, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  254 (Shropshire 4:1:37)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Trewern, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 18 hides in Whittington, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253v (Shropshire 4:1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Wlferesforde, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  259v (Shropshire 4:28:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Wrockwardine, Shropshire (in 1066): GDB  253 (Shropshire 4:1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bedminster, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86v (Somerset 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bruton, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86v (Somerset 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Cheddar, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 virgates in Cheddar, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Curry Rivel, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Deadmans Well, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Frome, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86v (Somerset 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Langport, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Milborne Port, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86v (Somerset 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 virgates in Nettlecombe, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  87v (Somerset 5:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in North Petherton, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Somerton, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in South Petherton, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86 (Somerset 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wemberham, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  89v (Somerset 6:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Williton, Cannington and Carhampton, Somerset (in 1066): GDB  86v (Somerset 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Bescot, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Bilston, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bloxwich, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Congreve, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Cowley and Beffcote, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Drayton, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Dunston, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Kingswinford, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Penkridge, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Shelfield, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Stafford, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire B:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Tettenhall, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Trentham, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Wednesbury, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Wiggington, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Wightwick, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Willenhall, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Wolgarstone, Staffordshire (in 1066): GDB  246 (Staffordshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 80 acres in Barnby, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:30)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 carucates in Barrow, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  289v (Suffolk 1:120)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 48 acres in Beccles, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283v (Suffolk 1:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Bechetuna, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:29)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Blakenham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  281v (Suffolk 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Blakenham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  281v (Suffolk 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Blythburgh, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  282 (Suffolk 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 12 carucates in Bramford, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  281v (Suffolk 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Canapetuna, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  287v (Suffolk 1:106)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chattisham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  287v (Suffolk 1:106)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Diss, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  282 (Suffolk 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Easton Bavents, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  282 (Suffolk 1:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 90 acres in Gorleston, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283v (Suffolk 1:42)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 acres in Kirkley, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:28)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 10 acres, 1 carucate in Kislea, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:25)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 35 acres in Marlesford, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  286v (Suffolk 1:94)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 acres in Mendlesham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  285 (Suffolk 1:65)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 carucates in Mutford, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:24)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 acres in Pakefield, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 acres in Ringsfield, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 31 acres in Rushmere St Andrew, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  282v (Suffolk 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 33 acres in Rushmere St Michael, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:26)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 acres in Somersham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  281v (Suffolk 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Thorney, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  281v (Suffolk 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 acres in Weston, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:21)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 8 acres in Weybread, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  286 (Suffolk 1:92)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 61 acres in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  286 (Suffolk 1:85)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 40 acres in Worlingham, Suffolk (in 1066): LDB  283 (Suffolk 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Elmbridge, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides, 3 virgates in Ewell, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 24 hides in Godalming, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 75 urban tenements in Guildford, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30 (Surrey 1:1a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Guildford, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30 (Surrey 1:1f)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 39 hides in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Southwark, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  32 (Surrey 5:27)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 17 hides in Stoke, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30 (Surrey 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 11 hides in Wallington, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30 (Surrey 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15.50 hides in Woking, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30 (Surrey 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Wotton hundred, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:11)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 virgates in Wotton hundred, Surrey (in 1066): GDB  30v (Surrey 1:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 virgates in -, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  18v (Sussex 9:33)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 hides, 0.50 virgates in Aldrington, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  26v (Sussex 12:20)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Arundel, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  23 (Sussex 11:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Beddingham, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  19 (Sussex 9:36)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 52.50 hides in Beddingham, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  20v (Sussex 10:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 32 hides in Beeding, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  28 (Sussex 13:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Berwick, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  19v (Sussex 9:89)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.25 hides in Berwick, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  19v (Sussex 9:94)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chichester, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  23 (Sussex 11:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 46 hides in Ditchling, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  26 (Sussex 12:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Ditchling, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  26 (Sussex 12:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Eastbourne, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  19v (Sussex 9:88)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 hides in Eastbourne, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  19v (Sussex 9:90)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 46 hides in Eastbourne, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  20v (Sussex 10:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Eastbourne, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  20v (Sussex 10:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 hides in Filsham, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  18 (Sussex 9:14)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Goring, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  24v (Sussex 11:70)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide, 1.50 virgates in Hankham, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  22 (Sussex 10:82)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 127 urban tenements in Lewes, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  26 (Sussex 12:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Lyminster, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  24v (Sussex 11:59)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in manor of Ditchling, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  22v (Sussex 10:102)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 24 urban tenements in Pevensey, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  20v (Sussex 10:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 18 hides, 3 virgates in Steyning, Sussex (in 1066): GDB  28 (Sussex 13:10)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 hides in Bidford-on-Avon, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Coleshill, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 virgates in Kenilworth, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:9)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Kineton and Wellesbourne, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Optone, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 hides in Stoneleigh, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Warwickshire, Warwickshire (in 1066): GDB  238 (Warwickshire B4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Amesbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire 1:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 hides in Avebury (church), Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23d)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Bath, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25 urban tenements in Bedwyn, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 hide in Britford, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65 (Wiltshire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Burbage (church), Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23b)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Calne, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire 1:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Chippenham, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Heytesbury (church), Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23e)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Highworth (church), Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 51 urban tenements in Malmesbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire M:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Malmesbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Malmesbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Marlborough, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 hides in Ogbourne, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:22)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Pewsey (church), Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23c)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Salisbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Salisbury, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2.50 hides in Sherston, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23g)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Tilshead, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65 (Wiltshire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Upavon, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  65v (Wiltshire 1:23g)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Warminster, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Wilton, Wiltshire (in 1066): GDB  64v (Wiltshire B:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 hides in Clent, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172v (Worcestershire 1:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Clifton upon Teme, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  176v (Worcestershire 19:3)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 11 urban tenements in Droitwich, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172 (Worcestershire 1:3a)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 hides in Droitwich, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172v (Worcestershire 1:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 20 hides in Kidderminster, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172 (Worcestershire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 virgate in Kidderminster, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172 (Worcestershire 1:2)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Kinver, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172v (Worcestershire 1:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 hides in Kyre, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  176v (Worcestershire 19:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 hides in Tardebigge, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172v (Worcestershire 1:5)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Worcester, Worcestershire (in 1066): GDB  172 (Worcestershire C:1)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 55 carucates in Aldborough, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  299v (Yorkshire 1Y:18)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 carucates in Bolton Lancs., Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  302 (Yorkshire 1L:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Coulton, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  302 (Yorkshire 2:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Dendron Lancs., Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  302 (Yorkshire 1L:8)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Dewsbury, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  299v (Yorkshire 1Y:17)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Fornetorp in Thwing and in Octon, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  301 (Yorkshire 1E:35)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Grafton, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  301v (Yorkshire 1W:34)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 85 carucates, 12 bovates in Howden, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  304v (Yorkshire 3Y:4)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 52 carucates in Knaresborough, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  299v (Yorkshire 1Y:19)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 carucates in Little Ouseburn, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  301v (Yorkshire 1W:31)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Martin Garth and Wykeham, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  300 (Yorkshire 1N:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 0.50 carucates in Moorsholm, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  300 (Yorkshire 1N:7)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Newhall in Harewood, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  301 (Yorkshire 1W:12)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 carucate in Riccall, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  304v (Yorkshire 3Y:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 carucates in Scampston, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  301 (Yorkshire 1E:43)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 bovate in Steintun in Stangbow, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  300 (Yorkshire 1N:6)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1.50 carucates in Sutton-on-the-Forest, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  300v (Yorkshire 1N:97)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 21.50 carucates in Tanshelf, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  316v (Yorkshire 9W:64)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 carucates in Thorpe near Ampleforth, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  300v (Yorkshire 1N:108)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 90 carucates, 3.30 bovates in Wakefield, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  299v (Yorkshire 1Y:15)
 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in York, Yorkshire (in 1066): GDB  298 (Yorkshire C:20)
Event (62)
Accusation (2)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Advice/counsel (7)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Edward 15.reasons for marrying Eadgyth 3: Edward 15 agreed all the more readily to contract this marriage [to Eadgyth 3] because he knew that with the advice and help of that Godwine 51 he would have a firmer hold on his hereditary rights in England.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Robert 5.counsel to Edward 15: Robert 5 was always the most powerful confidential advisor of the king. By his counsel many things both good and bad were done in the kingdom, with varying result, as is the way of the world.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Robert 5.role as advisor to Edward 15 causes faction at court: On becoming bishop of London with the authority derived from his promotion [Robert 5] intruded himself more than was necessary in directing the course of royal councils and acts; so much so, indeed, that, according to the saying "Evil communications corrupt good manners", through his assiduous communication with him the king [Edward 15] began to neglect more useful advice. Hence, as generally happens, he offended quite a number of the nobles of his kingdom by means of another's fault. And for such reasons his realm gradually became disturbed, because, when the holders of dignities died, one set of men wanted vacant sees for their own friends, and others were alienating them to strangers.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Alms-giving (2)
 Edward 15-Eadgyth 3.kindness to the poor: [Edward 15] stooped with great mercy to the poor and infirm, and fully maintained many of these not only daily in his royal court but also at many places in his kingdom. His royal consort [Eadgyth 3] did not restrain him in those good works in which he prepared to lead the way, but rather urged speedier progress, and often enough seemed even to lead the way herself. For while he would give now and then, she was prodigal, but aimed her bounty to such good purpose as to consider the highest honour of the king as well.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
Appointment of ealdorman (1)
 Harold 3.succeeding to his father's earldom: [Godwine 51's] eldest - and also his wisest - son, Harold 3, was, by the king's [Edward 15]'s favour, appointed to the earldom in his place; and at this the whole English host breathed again and was consoled for its loss [of Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5 (1053)
Appointment of eorl (2)
 Gyrth 1.receipt of Norfolk: King [Edward 15] did not suffer [Harold 3 and Tosti 2's] younger brother, Gyrth 1, to be left out of the honours, but gave him a shire at the extremity of East Anglia, and promised to increase this when the was older and had thrown off his boyhood years. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Robert 5.appointed bishop of London: On the death of the bishop of London Robert 5 succeeded by royal favour to the see of his pontifical cathedral.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1044)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of pope (1)
 Giso 1-Walter 2.episcopal ordination: Giso 1 and Walter 2, men most suitably and excellently trained in their office, came to Rome at the king [Edward 15]'s command, so that they might be ordained bishop by the lord pope [Nicholas 2], and their business was successfully completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Army-raising (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Assembly (5)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Assistance (1)
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Bequeathing/will-making (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Building construction/restoration (2)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.building palace at Brill: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Burial (2)
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.death: [After the consecration of St Peter's church in Westminster Edward 15] survived, alas, for only a few more days. Then, fortified by the last sacrament, he died and was buried, it would seem, before the very altar of the Prince of the Apostles, when not only England but also other neighbouring kingdoms gave way to tears.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
Camp-pitching (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Campaigning (3)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Church-adornment (1)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Church-going (2)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (2)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
Commendation (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Edward 15.grant of Windsor to the abbey at Winchester: [The royal town of Windsor] the glorious king [Edward 15] granted to the blessed apostle Peter at Westminster, and confirmed it with his charter.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Conspiracy/intent to murder (2)
 Robert 5.inciting alienation between Edward 15 and Godwine 51: Although Robert 5 had first-hand evidence of [Godwine 51's benevolence], he did not desist, but, adding madness to madness, tried to turn the king's [Edward 15's] mind against him, and brought Edward 15 to believe that Godwine 51 was guilefully scheming to attack him, just as once upon a time he had attacked his brother [Alfred 54]. And with continual persuasion [Robert 5] got the king to give more credence to this than was right.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Conversation (1)
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Crime (1)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Culting/venerating saint(s) (1)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Death/dying (3)
 Edward 15.death: [Edward 15] gave up his spirit to God the Creator on the fourth of January.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Robert 5.appointed bishop of London: On the death of the bishop of London Robert 5 succeeded by royal favour to the see of his pontifical cathedral.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1044)
Defence (2)
 Edward 15.his kingdom well protected: King [Edward 15] appreciated [the outstanding qualities of Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and with them thus stationed in his kingdom, he lived all his life free from care on either flank, for the one drove back the foe from the south and the other scared them off from the north.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Disobedience (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (4)
 Beorhtwald 19.Vision: The beloved of God Beorhtwald 19 of holy memory, bishop of Wiltshire wept over the forsaken throne of the kingdom. He passed the watches of his weeping in the monastery of Glastonbury, and weary after so many tears the man of God fell asleep. When lo! In the Holy of Holies he saw the blessed Peter... consecrate the image of a seemly man as king, assign him the life of a bachelor, and set the years of his reign by a fixed reckoning of his life. And when the king even at this juncture asked him who of the generations to come would reign in the kingdom, Peter answered: 'The kingdom of the English belongs to God; and after you He has already provided a King according to his own will.': Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
Easter-observance (1)
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
Embassy (7)
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receiving embassies from Europe: The whole of Gaul and its rulers hastened to send by their ambassadors friendly greetings and to seek the friendship of so great a king [Edward 15] together with the boon of peace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.plea for peace: Godwine 51 sent again [to England] to ask for peace and mercy from the king [Edward 15], his lord, that he might with his permission come before him and lawfully purge himself. Also the king of the Franks [Henry 3], both for love of him and as in duty bound, asked through ambassadors for this; and the marquis of Flanders, [Baldwin 4], with whom Godwine 51 was overwintering, urged the same. But even they had little enough success when they suggested it, for the malice of evil men had shut up the merciful ears of the king.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Exile (3)
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Feasting/banqueting (1)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
Friendship-making (4)
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receiving embassies from Europe: The whole of Gaul and its rulers hastened to send by their ambassadors friendly greetings and to seek the friendship of so great a king [Edward 15] together with the boon of peace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Governing (2)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Grant and Gift (8)
 Edward 15-Eadgyth 3.kindness to the poor: [Edward 15] stooped with great mercy to the poor and infirm, and fully maintained many of these not only daily in his royal court but also at many places in his kingdom. His royal consort [Eadgyth 3] did not restrain him in those good works in which he prepared to lead the way, but rather urged speedier progress, and often enough seemed even to lead the way herself. For while he would give now and then, she was prodigal, but aimed her bounty to such good purpose as to consider the highest honour of the king as well.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.coronation grants: Edward 15 bestows on Frankish princes annual or perpetual grants.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.grant of Windsor to the abbey at Winchester: [The royal town of Windsor] the glorious king [Edward 15] granted to the blessed apostle Peter at Westminster, and confirmed it with his charter.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Healing (5)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10060: A certain man of the city of Lincoln, [Anonymous 10060], who had been completely blind for three years, received a vision that he would recover the sight of both eyes through the king [Edward 15's] washing-water. And when his face had been washed, the blindness disappeared. This man survives today as a witness to how the darkness overwhelmed him and how the attacks went away with the help of the blessed King Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.4
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.washing water healing the blind: When one of the courtiers [Anonymous 10062] had witnessed this great miracle [the healing of Wulfwine 12], in which a blind man was freed from darkness by the king [Edward 15], he endeavoured reverently to steal what remained of the king's washing water. Having carried the water out of doors, he came upon four beggars [Anonymi 10042], of whom three were burdened with the loss of their eyes, and on the fourth only one eye was bright. But the courtier, a man of faith, washed their blindness, and the power of God restored to them, in the court of the great king, the seven lost eyes.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.6
Horse-using/giving/acquisition/riding (1)
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Hospitality (4)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Hostage-giving/taking (3)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Hostility (3)
 Eadgyth 3.separation from Edward 15: In order that not a single member of the earl's [Godwine 51] family should remain at king [Edward 15's] side, Robert 5 used every device to secure that even the queen [Eadgyth 3] herself, the earl's daughter, should be separated from the king, against the law of the Christian religion. Although the king did not reject this scheme, he nevertheless curbed the divorce proceedings, alleging the honourable pretext that she was to wait the subsidence of the storms over the kingdom in the monastery of Wilton, where she had been brought up. And so, with royal honours and an imperial retinue, but with grief in heart, she was brought to the walls of Wilton convent, where for almost a year in prayer and tears she awaited the day of salvation. Such grief deeply moved and wounded the crowd of courtiers, for she was in all the royal counsels.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Hunting (2)
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (5)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Intercession/mediation (2)
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Invasion (2)
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Journey (10)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Giso 1-Walter 2.episcopal ordination: Giso 1 and Walter 2, men most suitably and excellently trained in their office, came to Rome at the king [Edward 15]'s command, so that they might be ordained bishop by the lord pope [Nicholas 2], and their business was successfully completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Robert 5.return with Edward 15: Robert 5, who overseas had ruled the monastery of Jumieges, returned with Edward 15 and a group of French nobles.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1041)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Killing/murder (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Liturgical celebration (3)
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Marital desertion/separation/repudiation (1)
 Eadgyth 3.separation from Edward 15: In order that not a single member of the earl's [Godwine 51] family should remain at king [Edward 15's] side, Robert 5 used every device to secure that even the queen [Eadgyth 3] herself, the earl's daughter, should be separated from the king, against the law of the Christian religion. Although the king did not reject this scheme, he nevertheless curbed the divorce proceedings, alleging the honourable pretext that she was to wait the subsidence of the storms over the kingdom in the monastery of Wilton, where she had been brought up. And so, with royal honours and an imperial retinue, but with grief in heart, she was brought to the walls of Wilton convent, where for almost a year in prayer and tears she awaited the day of salvation. Such grief deeply moved and wounded the crowd of courtiers, for she was in all the royal counsels.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Marriage (3)
 Eadgyth 3.marriage to Edward 15: Christ prepared Eadgyth 3, making her a suitable bride for Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Edward 15.reasons for marrying Eadgyth 3: Edward 15 agreed all the more readily to contract this marriage [to Eadgyth 3] because he knew that with the advice and help of that Godwine 51 he would have a firmer hold on his hereditary rights in England.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Henry 2.marriage to Gunnhild 1: Henry 2 had married Edward 15's sister Gunnhild 1.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1036)
Medical treatment/sick-care/cautery (2)
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
Meeting (1)
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Message-sending (5)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Miracle (7)
 Edward 15.healing from regium morbum: Although it seems new and strange, the Franks aver that Edward 15 had done [healing from regium morbum with water] often as a youth when he was in Neustria, now known as Normandy.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10060: A certain man of the city of Lincoln, [Anonymous 10060], who had been completely blind for three years, received a vision that he would recover the sight of both eyes through the king [Edward 15's] washing-water. And when his face had been washed, the blindness disappeared. This man survives today as a witness to how the darkness overwhelmed him and how the attacks went away with the help of the blessed King Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.4
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.posthumous miracles: At the tomb [of Edward 15] through him the blind receive their sight, the lame are made to walk, the sick are healed, the sorrowing are refreshed by the comfort of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.washing water healing the blind: When one of the courtiers [Anonymous 10062] had witnessed this great miracle [the healing of Wulfwine 12], in which a blind man was freed from darkness by the king [Edward 15], he endeavoured reverently to steal what remained of the king's washing water. Having carried the water out of doors, he came upon four beggars [Anonymi 10042], of whom three were burdened with the loss of their eyes, and on the fourth only one eye was bright. But the courtier, a man of faith, washed their blindness, and the power of God restored to them, in the court of the great king, the seven lost eyes.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.6
Mustering (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Oath-swearing/fealty (6)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.oath of nobles: The boy [Edward 15] was declared beforehand by the oath of the people to be worthy to be raised at some time to the throne of his ancestral kingdom and by his serene rule so to still the tempest of preceding storms.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Emma 2.oath of English nobles: When the royal wife (Emma 2) of old King Æthelred 32 was pregnant in her womb, all the men of the country took an oath that if a man-child should come forth... they would await in him their lord and king who would rule over the whole race of the English.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1002 - 1005)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Ordeal (1)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Peace agreement (2)
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Pilgrimage (1)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Praying (3)
 Beorhtwald 19.Vision: The beloved of God Beorhtwald 19 of holy memory, bishop of Wiltshire wept over the forsaken throne of the kingdom. He passed the watches of his weeping in the monastery of Glastonbury, and weary after so many tears the man of God fell asleep. When lo! In the Holy of Holies he saw the blessed Peter... consecrate the image of a seemly man as king, assign him the life of a bachelor, and set the years of his reign by a fixed reckoning of his life. And when the king even at this juncture asked him who of the generations to come would reign in the kingdom, Peter answered: 'The kingdom of the English belongs to God; and after you He has already provided a King according to his own will.': Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Prophecy (1)
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
Pursuit, military (1)
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Raiding (2)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Rebellion/sedition (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Reconciliation (2)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Refusal (2)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Religious practice (1)
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Reporting (1)
 Edward 15.healing from regium morbum: Although it seems new and strange, the Franks aver that Edward 15 had done [healing from regium morbum with water] often as a youth when he was in Neustria, now known as Normandy.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
Request (1)
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Residence (4)
 Edward 15.building palace at Brill: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Restoration of land/property (1)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Restoration to office (2)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Search (1)
 Eadgyth 3.marriage to Edward 15: It was decided to seek a wife worthy of so great a husband (Edward 15) from among the daughters of the magnates... the eldest of the daughters of the most illustrious Earl Godwine 51 was chosen, Eadgyth 3.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
Seizure of land (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Service (2)
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Ship-building/shipwreck (1)
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Skirmishing (2)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Speech (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Submission (3)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Support-gaining (1)
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Treaty (2)
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Vowing celibacy/chastity/virginity/poverty (1)
 Edward 15.virginity: Edward 15 became a temple of virginity.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
War (1)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Factoids linked indirectly to Edward 15 (7)
Personal Information (2)
intellectual (1)
 Eadgyth 3: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (From infancy Eadgyth 3 was immersed in the study of letters in the monastery at Wilton, and, it was reported, shone not only in letters but also in her handicraft and all of her behaviour. Christ had indeed prepared her for his beloved Edward 15, kindling in her from very childhood the love of chastity, the hatred of vice, and the desire for virtue. Such a bride... was therefore entirely suitable for this great king. Fair she was in face and even fairer in her faith, quite outstanding in both body and soul, most intelligent and a skilful and ready counsellor... She diligently read religious and secular books, and she herself excelled in the writing of prose and verse. In the arts of painting and needlework she was, as they say, another Minerva. )
psychological (1)
 Eadgyth 3: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6 (Although by custom and law a royal throne was always prepared for [Eadgyth 3] at the king's [Edward 15] side, she preferred, except in church and at the royal table, to sit at his feet, unless perchance he should reach out his hand to her, or with a gesture of the hand invite or command her to sit next to him. She was a woman to be placed before all noble matrons or persons of royal and imperial rank as a model of virtue and integrity for maintaining both the practices of the Christian religion and worldly dignity.)
Office (2)
Cubicularius of Edward 15 (1)
 Anonymi 10041: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Queen of Edward 15 (1)
 Eadgyth 3: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
Status (1)
Councillor of Edward 15 (1)
 Robert 5: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Possession (1)
Godwine 51:  A ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors, was given by Godwine 51 to Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Anonymi 10055:  The 4 sokemen held Eversley in Holdshott Hundred, Hants., with the meadow at Stratfield ‘near to the long bridge’ from King Edward 15.: Bates331   
Event (1)
Accusation (2)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Advice/counsel (7)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Edward 15.reasons for marrying Eadgyth 3: Edward 15 agreed all the more readily to contract this marriage [to Eadgyth 3] because he knew that with the advice and help of that Godwine 51 he would have a firmer hold on his hereditary rights in England.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Robert 5.counsel to Edward 15: Robert 5 was always the most powerful confidential advisor of the king. By his counsel many things both good and bad were done in the kingdom, with varying result, as is the way of the world.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Robert 5.role as advisor to Edward 15 causes faction at court: On becoming bishop of London with the authority derived from his promotion [Robert 5] intruded himself more than was necessary in directing the course of royal councils and acts; so much so, indeed, that, according to the saying "Evil communications corrupt good manners", through his assiduous communication with him the king [Edward 15] began to neglect more useful advice. Hence, as generally happens, he offended quite a number of the nobles of his kingdom by means of another's fault. And for such reasons his realm gradually became disturbed, because, when the holders of dignities died, one set of men wanted vacant sees for their own friends, and others were alienating them to strangers.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Alms-giving (2)
 Edward 15-Eadgyth 3.kindness to the poor: [Edward 15] stooped with great mercy to the poor and infirm, and fully maintained many of these not only daily in his royal court but also at many places in his kingdom. His royal consort [Eadgyth 3] did not restrain him in those good works in which he prepared to lead the way, but rather urged speedier progress, and often enough seemed even to lead the way herself. For while he would give now and then, she was prodigal, but aimed her bounty to such good purpose as to consider the highest honour of the king as well.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
Appointment of ealdorman (1)
 Harold 3.succeeding to his father's earldom: [Godwine 51's] eldest - and also his wisest - son, Harold 3, was, by the king's [Edward 15]'s favour, appointed to the earldom in his place; and at this the whole English host breathed again and was consoled for its loss [of Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5 (1053)
Appointment of eorl (2)
 Gyrth 1.receipt of Norfolk: King [Edward 15] did not suffer [Harold 3 and Tosti 2's] younger brother, Gyrth 1, to be left out of the honours, but gave him a shire at the extremity of East Anglia, and promised to increase this when the was older and had thrown off his boyhood years. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of bishop (1)
 Robert 5.appointed bishop of London: On the death of the bishop of London Robert 5 succeeded by royal favour to the see of his pontifical cathedral.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1044)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of pope (1)
 Giso 1-Walter 2.episcopal ordination: Giso 1 and Walter 2, men most suitably and excellently trained in their office, came to Rome at the king [Edward 15]'s command, so that they might be ordained bishop by the lord pope [Nicholas 2], and their business was successfully completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Army-raising (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Assembly (5)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Assistance (1)
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Bequeathing/will-making (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Building construction/restoration (2)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.building palace at Brill: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Burial (2)
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.death: [After the consecration of St Peter's church in Westminster Edward 15] survived, alas, for only a few more days. Then, fortified by the last sacrament, he died and was buried, it would seem, before the very altar of the Prince of the Apostles, when not only England but also other neighbouring kingdoms gave way to tears.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
Camp-pitching (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Campaigning (3)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Church-adornment (1)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Church-going (2)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
Church/monastery/minster foundation/dedication/restoration (2)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
Commendation (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Confirmation of land/privileges (1)
 Edward 15.grant of Windsor to the abbey at Winchester: [The royal town of Windsor] the glorious king [Edward 15] granted to the blessed apostle Peter at Westminster, and confirmed it with his charter.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Conspiracy/intent to murder (2)
 Robert 5.inciting alienation between Edward 15 and Godwine 51: Although Robert 5 had first-hand evidence of [Godwine 51's benevolence], he did not desist, but, adding madness to madness, tried to turn the king's [Edward 15's] mind against him, and brought Edward 15 to believe that Godwine 51 was guilefully scheming to attack him, just as once upon a time he had attacked his brother [Alfred 54]. And with continual persuasion [Robert 5] got the king to give more credence to this than was right.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Conversation (1)
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Crime (1)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Culting/venerating saint(s) (1)
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Death/dying (3)
 Edward 15.death: [Edward 15] gave up his spirit to God the Creator on the fourth of January.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Robert 5.appointed bishop of London: On the death of the bishop of London Robert 5 succeeded by royal favour to the see of his pontifical cathedral.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1044)
Defence (2)
 Edward 15.his kingdom well protected: King [Edward 15] appreciated [the outstanding qualities of Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and with them thus stationed in his kingdom, he lived all his life free from care on either flank, for the one drove back the foe from the south and the other scared them off from the north.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Disobedience (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Dreaming/seeing vision/revelation (4)
 Beorhtwald 19.Vision: The beloved of God Beorhtwald 19 of holy memory, bishop of Wiltshire wept over the forsaken throne of the kingdom. He passed the watches of his weeping in the monastery of Glastonbury, and weary after so many tears the man of God fell asleep. When lo! In the Holy of Holies he saw the blessed Peter... consecrate the image of a seemly man as king, assign him the life of a bachelor, and set the years of his reign by a fixed reckoning of his life. And when the king even at this juncture asked him who of the generations to come would reign in the kingdom, Peter answered: 'The kingdom of the English belongs to God; and after you He has already provided a King according to his own will.': Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
Easter-observance (1)
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
Embassy (7)
 Edward 15.prophetic vision of the Seven Sleepers: Once during an Easter feast at the royal court at Westminster Edward 15 received a vision of the Seven Sleeping saints, that they turned on their left side and would lie thus for seventy-four years, after which many things written in the Gospel would come to pass. Harold 3 was very surprised by the vision and sent ambassadors to Ephesus, Greece, to see the saints, which indeed took place.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.7
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receiving embassies from Europe: The whole of Gaul and its rulers hastened to send by their ambassadors friendly greetings and to seek the friendship of so great a king [Edward 15] together with the boon of peace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.plea for peace: Godwine 51 sent again [to England] to ask for peace and mercy from the king [Edward 15], his lord, that he might with his permission come before him and lawfully purge himself. Also the king of the Franks [Henry 3], both for love of him and as in duty bound, asked through ambassadors for this; and the marquis of Flanders, [Baldwin 4], with whom Godwine 51 was overwintering, urged the same. But even they had little enough success when they suggested it, for the malice of evil men had shut up the merciful ears of the king.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Exile (3)
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Feasting/banqueting (1)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
Friendship-making (4)
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receiving embassies from Europe: The whole of Gaul and its rulers hastened to send by their ambassadors friendly greetings and to seek the friendship of so great a king [Edward 15] together with the boon of peace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Governing (2)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Grant and Gift (8)
 Edward 15-Eadgyth 3.kindness to the poor: [Edward 15] stooped with great mercy to the poor and infirm, and fully maintained many of these not only daily in his royal court but also at many places in his kingdom. His royal consort [Eadgyth 3] did not restrain him in those good works in which he prepared to lead the way, but rather urged speedier progress, and often enough seemed even to lead the way herself. For while he would give now and then, she was prodigal, but aimed her bounty to such good purpose as to consider the highest honour of the king as well.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.building of the church in Westminster: Outside the walls of London, upon the River Thames, stood a monastery dedicated to St Peter, but insignificant in buildings and numbers, for under the abbot only a small community of monks served Christ. The king [Edward 15], being devoted to God, gave his attention to that place. because of his love for the Prince of the Apostles, whom he worshipped with uncommon and special love, he decided to have his burial-place there. Accordingly [Edward 15] ordered that out of the tithes of all his revenues should be started the building of a noble edifice; so that God would look kindly upon him, both for the sake of his goodness and because of the gift of lands and ornaments. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Edward 15.coronation grants: Edward 15 bestows on Frankish princes annual or perpetual grants.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.grant of Windsor to the abbey at Winchester: [The royal town of Windsor] the glorious king [Edward 15] granted to the blessed apostle Peter at Westminster, and confirmed it with his charter.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Healing (5)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10060: A certain man of the city of Lincoln, [Anonymous 10060], who had been completely blind for three years, received a vision that he would recover the sight of both eyes through the king [Edward 15's] washing-water. And when his face had been washed, the blindness disappeared. This man survives today as a witness to how the darkness overwhelmed him and how the attacks went away with the help of the blessed King Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.4
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.washing water healing the blind: When one of the courtiers [Anonymous 10062] had witnessed this great miracle [the healing of Wulfwine 12], in which a blind man was freed from darkness by the king [Edward 15], he endeavoured reverently to steal what remained of the king's washing water. Having carried the water out of doors, he came upon four beggars [Anonymi 10042], of whom three were burdened with the loss of their eyes, and on the fourth only one eye was bright. But the courtier, a man of faith, washed their blindness, and the power of God restored to them, in the court of the great king, the seven lost eyes.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.6
Horse-using/giving/acquisition/riding (1)
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Hospitality (4)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.receiving religious: Edward 15 kindly received religious abbots and monks, above all foreign, whom he knew to be very devout and strict in their service to God, joined humbly in their conversation, and, at their departure, generously lavished himself on them. This he used to do throughout his reign; and since the news spread widely that such was his pleasure, he kept hospitality of this kind not only frequently but all the time. Moreover, like a good father, he exhibited such men as models to the abbots and monks of his own kingdom, for monastic discipline had come to these more recently, and was on that account less strict.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Hostage-giving/taking (3)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Hostility (3)
 Eadgyth 3.separation from Edward 15: In order that not a single member of the earl's [Godwine 51] family should remain at king [Edward 15's] side, Robert 5 used every device to secure that even the queen [Eadgyth 3] herself, the earl's daughter, should be separated from the king, against the law of the Christian religion. Although the king did not reject this scheme, he nevertheless curbed the divorce proceedings, alleging the honourable pretext that she was to wait the subsidence of the storms over the kingdom in the monastery of Wilton, where she had been brought up. And so, with royal honours and an imperial retinue, but with grief in heart, she was brought to the walls of Wilton convent, where for almost a year in prayer and tears she awaited the day of salvation. Such grief deeply moved and wounded the crowd of courtiers, for she was in all the royal counsels.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Hunting (2)
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Illness/demonic seizure/madness (5)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Intercession/mediation (2)
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Invasion (2)
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Journey (10)
 Edward 15.bringing a retinue of nobles back from France: When King Edward 15 of holy memory returned from Francia, quite a number of men from that nation, and they not base-born, accompanied him. And these, since he was master of the whole kingdom, he kept with him, enriched them with many honours, and made them his privy counsellors and administrators of the royal palace.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2 (1041)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Giso 1-Walter 2.episcopal ordination: Giso 1 and Walter 2, men most suitably and excellently trained in their office, came to Rome at the king [Edward 15]'s command, so that they might be ordained bishop by the lord pope [Nicholas 2], and their business was successfully completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Robert 5.return with Edward 15: Robert 5, who overseas had ruled the monastery of Jumieges, returned with Edward 15 and a group of French nobles.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1041)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Killing/murder (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Liturgical celebration (3)
 Edward 15.burial: Then could be seen in the dead body [of Edward 15] the glory of a soul departing to God. For the flesh of his face blushed like a rose, the adjacent beard gleamed like a lily, his hands, laid out straight, whitened, and were a sign that his hole body was given not to death but to auspicious sleep. And so the funeral rites were arranged at the royal cost and with royal honour, as was proper, and amid the boundless sorrow of all men. They bore his holy remains from his palace [at Westminster] into the house of God, and offered up prayers and sighs and psalms all that day and the following night. Meanwhile, when the day of the funeral ceremony dawned, they blessed the office of the interment they were to conduct with the singing of masses and the relief of the poor. And so, before the altar of St Peter the Apostle, the body, washed by his country's tears, is laid up in the sight of God. They also caused the whole of the thirty days following to be observed with the celebration of masses and the chanting of psalms, and expended many pounds of gold for the redemption of his soul in the alleviation of different classes of the poor. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11 (1066)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Marital desertion/separation/repudiation (1)
 Eadgyth 3.separation from Edward 15: In order that not a single member of the earl's [Godwine 51] family should remain at king [Edward 15's] side, Robert 5 used every device to secure that even the queen [Eadgyth 3] herself, the earl's daughter, should be separated from the king, against the law of the Christian religion. Although the king did not reject this scheme, he nevertheless curbed the divorce proceedings, alleging the honourable pretext that she was to wait the subsidence of the storms over the kingdom in the monastery of Wilton, where she had been brought up. And so, with royal honours and an imperial retinue, but with grief in heart, she was brought to the walls of Wilton convent, where for almost a year in prayer and tears she awaited the day of salvation. Such grief deeply moved and wounded the crowd of courtiers, for she was in all the royal counsels.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Marriage (3)
 Eadgyth 3.marriage to Edward 15: Christ prepared Eadgyth 3, making her a suitable bride for Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Edward 15.reasons for marrying Eadgyth 3: Edward 15 agreed all the more readily to contract this marriage [to Eadgyth 3] because he knew that with the advice and help of that Godwine 51 he would have a firmer hold on his hereditary rights in England.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
 Henry 2.marriage to Gunnhild 1: Henry 2 had married Edward 15's sister Gunnhild 1.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1036)
Medical treatment/sick-care/cautery (2)
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
Meeting (1)
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Message-sending (5)
 Edward 15.final illness: As Christmas of 1065 approached, everything was ready for the consecrating of the church of St Peter at Westminster. But on Christmas eve Edward 15 began to get worse. Concealing this fact, however, he spent Christmas Day both in the church and in the palace rejoicing with his nobles. But on the morrow, when he could hide it no longer, he began to rest apart and sent messengers to carry out the dedication of his monastery through fitting persons. His consort [Eadgyth 3] exerted herself on the orders of the noble king so that the sacrament of the holy consecration should be completed.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.9 (1065 - 1066)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Miracle (7)
 Edward 15.healing from regium morbum: Although it seems new and strange, the Franks aver that Edward 15 had done [healing from regium morbum with water] often as a youth when he was in Neustria, now known as Normandy.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of Anonymous 10057 from regium morbum: A certain young woman [Anonymous 10057], already provided with a husband [Anonymous 10058], but gladdened with no fruit of the marriage, had an infection of the throat and of glands. These had so disfigured her face with an evil-swelling disease that she could scarcely speak to anyone without great embarrassment. She was advised in a dream that if she were washed in water by King Edward 15 she would be cured. She then, with the certainly of faith, revealed the dream's instructions. And when the king heard of it, he did not disdain to help the weaker sex, for he had the sweetest nature, and was always charming to all suitors. A dish of water was brought; the king dipped in his hand; and with the tips of his fingers he anointed the face of the young woman [Anonymous 10057] and the places infected by the disease. He repeated this action several times, now and then making the sign of the cross. Those diseased parts that had been treated by the smearing of the king softened and separated from the skin; and, with the pressure of the hand, worms together with pus and blood came out of various holes. Again the good king [Edward 15] kneaded with his holy hand and drew out the pus. Nor did he shrink from enduring the stench of the sick woman until with his healing hand he had brought out all that noxious disease. Then he ordered her to be fed daily at the royal expense until she should be fully restored to health. And hardly had she been at court a week, when, all foulness washed away, the grace of God moulded her with beauty. And she, who formerly through this or some other sickness had been barren, in that year became pregnant by the same husband [Anonymous 10058], and lived henceforth happily enough with all around her. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10060: A certain man of the city of Lincoln, [Anonymous 10060], who had been completely blind for three years, received a vision that he would recover the sight of both eyes through the king [Edward 15's] washing-water. And when his face had been washed, the blindness disappeared. This man survives today as a witness to how the darkness overwhelmed him and how the attacks went away with the help of the blessed King Edward 15.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.4
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.posthumous miracles: At the tomb [of Edward 15] through him the blind receive their sight, the lame are made to walk, the sick are healed, the sorrowing are refreshed by the comfort of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.washing water healing the blind: When one of the courtiers [Anonymous 10062] had witnessed this great miracle [the healing of Wulfwine 12], in which a blind man was freed from darkness by the king [Edward 15], he endeavoured reverently to steal what remained of the king's washing water. Having carried the water out of doors, he came upon four beggars [Anonymi 10042], of whom three were burdened with the loss of their eyes, and on the fourth only one eye was bright. But the courtier, a man of faith, washed their blindness, and the power of God restored to them, in the court of the great king, the seven lost eyes.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.6
Mustering (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Oath-swearing/fealty (6)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Edward 15.oath of nobles: The boy [Edward 15] was declared beforehand by the oath of the people to be worthy to be raised at some time to the throne of his ancestral kingdom and by his serene rule so to still the tempest of preceding storms.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Emma 2.oath of English nobles: When the royal wife (Emma 2) of old King Æthelred 32 was pregnant in her womb, all the men of the country took an oath that if a man-child should come forth... they would await in him their lord and king who would rule over the whole race of the English.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1002 - 1005)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Ordeal (1)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Peace agreement (2)
 Henry 2.embassy to Edward 15: Henry 2... delighted to hear that Edward 15 had been enthroned in his ancestral seat, dispatched ambassadors to confirm their amity, sent gifts to be bestowed with imperial generosity, and, as befitted these great lords of the earth, offered and asked for peace and friendship for him and his vassals.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Pilgrimage (1)
 Edward 15.healing of blind Wulfwine 12: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time, when men, after they have filled their bellies, are quick to rest, and then, in the afternoon, hasten back more eagerly to work. Among the other labourers on the royal building was a young man named Wulfwine 12, who, from his greediness for wheat, was surnamed 'Spillecorn'. He rose from sleep having lost his sight, and remained blind for nineteen years. A citizen's wife [Anonymous 10061] approached this man and told him what she learnt about him in a vision. 'Dear Man,' she said, 'visit eighty churches, bare-footed and wearing only woollen clothes; and thus you will experience the merits of the saints, whose patronage you seek with faith, in the purging of your blindness; but the privilege is reserved specially to St Edward 15 the king that the water in which he washes his hands should restore to you the light of your eyes'. He visited that number of churches, and finally he put his case to the king’s chamberlains [Anonymi 10041]. These made no haste to seek out the king and acquaint him with the poor man’s requirements. Wulfwine 12, however, battered diligently at the door; worn out by the insistence of the blind man, a chamberlain went straight to the prince and related the vision which had been told to him. The king ordered that he should be brought in, and God showed his mercy to the poor man. ‘Mother of God’, said the king, ‘my Lady, ever virgin Mary, stand witness that I shall be exalted beyond measure if God should work through me that of which the vision told’. Then the king dipped his fingers in the liquid element and mercifully touched the sightless eyes. And lo! Blood poured copiously through the hands of the prince. The man, cured of his blindness, cried out, and, filled with a great joy, exclaimed, ‘I see, O king, your bright countenance. I see the gracious face of life. God has given me light, and Edward 15, his anointed.’ This miracle was performed, just as it had once been revealed to Wulfwine 12 by Anonymous 100061’s vision, at the royal town called Windsor. Edward 15 entrusted to his man, miraculously made to see, the custody of his chief palace for the term of his whole life. And this man kept the royal hall at Westminster up to the time of King William 1; and he, who had been blind for score of years less one, saw with clear sight until his death.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
Praying (3)
 Beorhtwald 19.Vision: The beloved of God Beorhtwald 19 of holy memory, bishop of Wiltshire wept over the forsaken throne of the kingdom. He passed the watches of his weeping in the monastery of Glastonbury, and weary after so many tears the man of God fell asleep. When lo! In the Holy of Holies he saw the blessed Peter... consecrate the image of a seemly man as king, assign him the life of a bachelor, and set the years of his reign by a fixed reckoning of his life. And when the king even at this juncture asked him who of the generations to come would reign in the kingdom, Peter answered: 'The kingdom of the English belongs to God; and after you He has already provided a King according to his own will.': Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Edward 15.healing of blind Anonymous 10059: A certain blind man [Anonymous 10059] was going about claiming that he had been advised in sleep, that if his blind face were washed in the water with which the king rinsed his hands, he would both overcome the blindness and restore his lost sight. When Edward 15 heard of this from his domestic servants [Anonymi 10040], at first he contradicted them and blamed them for believing it to be true. But when they demanded urgently that he should not resist God's will, he courteously agreed. It was then the day of the vigil of the festival of All Saints, when the king, having made his morning ablutions, entered the chapel. Meanwhile his servant washed the blind man [Anonymous 10059] with the same water, and conducted him after the king into the house of prayer. When the king left after the canonical offices had been solemnly sung in honour of all saints, word was brought to him by his domestics that he who was blind now saw. The king, with pious curiosity, came unto him in the chapel, and, calling [Anonymous 10059] to him, inquired whether he could indeed see. This man began to affirm and gave thanks to God. Edward 15 tested him three times, and when he considered the man to be sufficiently examined, he went forward for a little while to pray; and, having thrice bowed his knee before the altar, he gave thanks to God and entrusted the man to Anonymi 10040 to be maintained as long as he lived at the royal charge. [Anonymous 10059] lived for a long time at court, a witness to the virtue that he had received by the glory of God.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.3
 Edward 15.illness: Seeing that he cannot overcome the Northern rebels and that Tosti 2 will have to leave, Edward 15 fell ill, and from that day until the day of his death he bore a sickness of the mind. He protested to God with deep sorrow, and complained to Him, that he was deprived of the due obedience of his men in repressing the presumption of the unrighteous; and he called down God's vengeance upon them. The queen [Eadgyth 3] was, on the one hand, confounded by the quarrel of her brothers [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], and, on the other, bereft of all support by the powerlessness of her husband, the king. And when her counsels came to nought, she plainly showed her foreboding of future evils by her tears. And when she wept inconsolably, the whole palace went into mourning. For when misfortunes had attacked them in the past, she had always stood as a defence, and had both repelled all the hostile forces with her powerful counsels and also cheered the king and his retinue.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Prophecy (1)
 Edward 15.deathbed vision: On his deathbed Edward 15 had a vision of two monks, whom he used to know in Normandy as a young man, who foretold that God would deliver the kingdom of England into the hands of the enemy in a year for the sins of the earls, bishops, abbots and monks. When those who were present had heard these words - that is to say, the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting on the floor warming his feet in her lap, her full brother, Earl Harold 3, and Robert 14, the steward of the royal palace and a kinsman of the king, also Archbishop Stigand 1 and a few more whom the blessed king when roused from sleep had ordered to be summoned - they all were sore afraid. And while all were stupefied and silent from the effect of terror, the archbishop himself, who ought to have been the first either to be afraid or to give a word of advice, with folly at heart whispered in the ear of the earl [Harold 3] that the king was broken with age and disease and knew not what he said. But the queen, and those who had been wont to know and fear God in their hearts, all pondered deeply the words they had heard, and understood them quite otherwise, and correctly.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
Pursuit, military (1)
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Raiding (2)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
Rebellion/sedition (1)
 Tosti 2.rebellion against: In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Reconciliation (2)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Refusal (2)
 Edward 15.trial of Godwine 51: Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Religious practice (1)
 Edward 15.love of hunting: With the kingdom made safe on all sides by these nobles [Harold 3 and Tosti 2], the most kindly King Edward 15 passed his life in security and peace, and spent much time in the glades and woods in the pleasures of hunting. After divine service, which he gladly and devoutly attended every day, he took much pleasure in hawks and birds of that kind which were brought before him, and was really delighted by the baying and scrambling of the hounds. In these and such like activities he sometimes spent the day, and it was in these alone that he seemed naturally inclined to snatch some worldly pleasure.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Reporting (1)
 Edward 15.healing from regium morbum: Although it seems new and strange, the Franks aver that Edward 15 had done [healing from regium morbum with water] often as a youth when he was in Neustria, now known as Normandy.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.2
Request (1)
 Godwine 51.intercession on behalf of Æthelric 65: The clergy and monks of Canterbury sent to Godwine 51 and reminded him of his kin, and entreated him for the love of his relative [Æthelric 65] to approach the king [Edward 15] and to approve this man as their pontiff, since he was a nursling of that church and elected according to canon law. But since... in those days the good king lent his ear more to the rival party, the earl [Godwine 51] suffered a defeat in pressing his request.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
Residence (4)
 Edward 15.building palace at Brill: The glorious king [Edward 15] ordered a royal palace to be built at Brill, whereupon a great crowd of rustics poured into the wood with axes. It was summer time.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.5
 Edward 15.sent to be raised in exile: When the Danish ravagers burst in, the boy (Edward 15) was carried to his kinsmen in Francia, so that with them he could spend his childhood, or rather lest...the infant perish...: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Godwine 51.exile in Flanders: When Godwine 51 saw that, through Robert 5's prompting, Edward 15 made reconciliation impossible, he pushed away the table in front of him (while Bishop Stigand 1, who had been the sorrowful bearer of the message, wept abundantly) and mounting horse rode hard for Bosham-on-Sea. Forced into banishment, he got ships there, and prayed to God to guide his life and way on sea and in this exile, as he had been faithful to his lord, King Edward 15, and guiltless of all those things that had caused these hatreds. And with his wife [Gytha 1] and children he came to his destination, to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. Meanwhile Robert 5 went from the king's palace with a large force of soldiers in pursuit of Godwine 51 all night.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3
 Tosti 2.exile from England: When Edward 15 could not save his earl [Tosti 2 from exile], graciously heaped on him many gifts and then let him depart, profoundly distressed at the powerlessness that had come upon him. And a short tine after, Tosti 2 took leave of his sorrowful mother [Gytha 1] and some of his friends, and with his wife [Judith 2] and infant children and a goodly company of his thegns crossed the Channel and came to that old friend of the English people, Count Baldwin 4. He received the husband of his sister honourably and graciously, as was his wont, and bade him dwell and rest from his labours in a town of St Omer, because it was there that his solemn court met on special days and it was the first place met by those who have crossed the British ocean. Thus he gave him there both a house and an estate, and put in his hands the revenues of the town for his maintenance; and he ordered all the knights who were attached to that place to be at the service of Tosti 2, his deputy commander. This happened a few days before Christmas [1065]. : Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7 (1065)
Restoration of land/property (1)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Restoration to office (2)
 Eadgyth 3.reunion with Edward 15: [Eadgyth 3] was sent for with royal pomp to the monastery of Wilton and the queen, that earl [Godwine 51's] daughter, was brought back to the king [Edward 15's] bed-chamber.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
 Godwine 51.restoration in 1052: Godwine 51 came into the presence of Edward 15 and immediately cast away his weapons and threw himself at his feet, and begged as a suppliant that he would grant him permission to purge himself of the crime, with which he was charged, and bestow the peace of his favour on him when cleared. The king was constrained both by his mercy and the satisfaction offered by the earl - who in any case appeared much superior in arms, if he chose to use them. So Edward 15 returned them their arms and entered the palace with the earl. There he gradually calmed the boiling tumult of his peace, and, with the advice of his witan, gave the earl the kiss of peace, condoled all offences, and also granted his full favour both to him and all his sons.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4
Search (1)
 Eadgyth 3.marriage to Edward 15: It was decided to seek a wife worthy of so great a husband (Edward 15) from among the daughters of the magnates... the eldest of the daughters of the most illustrious Earl Godwine 51 was chosen, Eadgyth 3.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
Seizure of land (1)
 Godwine 51.return to England in 1052: When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3 (1052)
Service (2)
 Edward 15.receives fealty from foreign lords: All other nobles of those kings and all the most powerful dukes and princes approached Edward 15 with their ambassadors, made him their friend and lord for them and theirs, and put fealty and service in his hands.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Ship-building/shipwreck (1)
 Godwine 51.gift of ship to Edward 15: Lords presented the king with rival gifts, but Earl Godwine 51's overtopped them all, providing a loaded ship, its slender lines raked up in double prow, lay anchored on the Thames, with many rowing benches side by side, equipped for six score fearsome warriors.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Skirmishing (2)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Speech (2)
 Edward 15.last words: [Edward 15] addressed his last words to the queen [Eadgyth 3], who was sitting at his feet, in this wise: 'May God be gracious to this my wife for the zealous solicitude of her service. For certainly she has served me devotedly, and has always stood close to my side like a beloved daughter. And so from the forgiving God may she obtain the reward of eternal happiness.' And stretching forth his hand to his governor, her brother, Harold 3, he said: 'I commend this woman and all the kingdom to your protection. Serve and honour her with faithful obedience as your lady and sister, which she is, and do not despoil her, as long as she lives, of any due honour got from me. Likewise, I also commend those men who have left their native land for love of me, and have up till now served me faithfully. Take from them an oath of fealty, if they should so with, and protect and retain them, or send them with your safe conduct safely across the Channel to their own homes with all that they have acquired in my service. Let the grave for my burial be prepared in the minster in the place which shall be assigned to you. I ask that you do not conceal my death, but announce it promptly in all parts, so that all the faithful can beseech the mercy of Almighty God on me, a sinner'. Now and then he also comforted the queen, who ceased not from lamenting, to ease her natural grief.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.11
 Godwine 51.supporting Edward 15's accession in witengamot: Earl Godwine 51... took the lead in urging that they should admit their king (Edward 15) to the throne that was his by right of birth; and since Godwine 51 was regarded as a father by all, he was gladly heard in the witengamot.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Submission (3)
 Edward 15.consecration: Amid the festive joy of all the people, earls and bishops were sent to fetch [Edward 15]. By these he was brought back safely [from Normandy], by those acknowledged with alacrity; and before he was raised to the royal throne, he was consecrated God's anointed at Christ Church, Canterbury. Everywhere he was acclaimed with loyal undertakings with loyal undertakings of submission and obedience. Now that the kingdom was settled under its native rule there was rejoicing by all... not only the English... but indeed the whole of Gaul on account of its close kinship.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1 (1041 - 1042)
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Tosti 2.campaining against the Scots: When Earl Tosti 2 riled the earldom, the Scots, since they had not yet tested him and consequently held him more cheaply, harassed his often with raids rather than war. But this irresolute and fickle race of men, Tosti 2, sparing his own men, wore down as much by cunning schemes as by martial courage and military campaigns. And as a result they and their king [Malcolm 5] preferred to serve him and King Edward 15 than to continue fighting, and, moreover, to confirm the peace by giving hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.6
Support-gaining (1)
 Tosti 2.assuming earldom: Tosti 2, with the aid of his friends, and especially, and deservedly, his brother, Earl Harold 3, and his sister queen [Eadgyth 3], and with no opposition from the king [Edward 15] because of innumerable services faithfully performed, assumed his earldom.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.5
Treaty (2)
 Henry 3.embassy to Edward 15: The king of the Franks Henry 3, much pleased with the news, made with Edward 15 through ambassadors a treaty welcome to the friends of both.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
 Swein 5.embassy to Edward 15: Even the king of the Danes (Swein 5), although separated by the immense distance of the intervening ocean, with ambassadors exhausted by their long travels on land and sea, entreated Edward 15's peace and love, chose him as a father, submitted himself in all things to him as a son, and by the order of the English king affirmed this agreement by oath and confirmed it with hostages.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1
Vowing celibacy/chastity/virginity/poverty (1)
 Edward 15.virginity: Edward 15 became a temple of virginity.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.2
War (1)
 Harold 3-Tosti 2.campaigning against Gruffudd 1 in 1063: Gruffudd 1, king of Western Britons, carried wrongful war across the Severn, and England's realm endured his hostile blow, until King Edward 15, marked by worth and fame, compelled him to regret the crime. For when the English hastening under Harold 3 joined fast columns and platoons of Tosti 2's men they terrified the foe, till then so bold, with close attack in strength, with fire and sword. And Gruffudd 1 did fear to engage with these, and sought remote retreats. Inured to lurk in distant dikes, from which he can with safety fly upon the foe, exploiting barren lands with woods and rocks, he galls the brother earls [Harold 3 and Tosti 2] with drawn-out war. And these, resourceful in a doubtful case, throw down the country into one general ruin. The enemy's house is sacked, the girded chests are broached, the royal pomp exposed to loot. They return, and bring back this fine ornament: they smashed a fleet – for Welsh control and lore was not the equal of the Ocean’s chiefs – and take a prow and stern of solid gold, and this, with looted treasures and the hostages, they give to their king [Edward 15] as proof of victory.: Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue (1063)
ASC (A): Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (A versi... (6)
Recorded Name (2)
Eaduuard (1)
 ASC (A)  1066 A
Eduuard (1)
 ASC (A)  1043 A
Office (2)
King (2)
 ASC (A)  1043 A
 ASC (A)  1066 A
Event (2)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Edward 15.consecration as king: Here Edward 15 was consecrated as king.: ASC (A)  1043 A (1043)
Death/dying (1)
 Edward 15.death: Here Edward 15 passed away.: ASC (A)  1066 A (1066)
ASC (C-F): Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (C-F) 89... (33)
Recorded Name (15)
Eaduuardus (3)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1040 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1041 F(Lat.)
Eadward (5)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 EF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 E
 ASC (C-F)  1037 F(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1041 CD, 1040 EF(OE)
 ASC (C-F)  1042 CD, 1041 E
Eadwardus (2)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1037 F(Lat.)
Eadweard (2)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 D
 ASC (C-F)  1014 CD
Eadwerd (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 C
Eadword (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1014 F(OE)
Æadward (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1041 F(OE)
Office (3)
King (3)
 ASC (C-F)  1037 F(Lat.)
 ASC (C-F)  1041 CD
 ASC (C-F)  1042 CD, 1041 EF(OE and Lat.)
Status (1)
Ætheling (1)
 ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE)
Personal Relationship (7)
Edward 15 Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (2)
 of Harthacnut 1: ASC (C-F)  1040 EF(OE and Lat.)
 of Harthacnut 1: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD, 1040 EF(OE and Lat.)
~ Mother (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Emma 2: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F)  1037 F(OE and Lat.)
Edward 15 Son (Consanguineal kinship) of ~ (4)
 of Æthelred 32: ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.)
 of Æthelred 32: ASC (C-F)  1014 CDEF(OE and Lat.)
 of Æthelred 32: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD, 1040 EF(OE and Lat.)
 of Emma 2: ASC (C-F)  1040 EF(OE and Lat.)
Event (7)
Appointment/consecration/elevation/ordination of king (1)
 Selection of Edward 15 as king: All the people [DEF(OE and Lat.): chose] [CD: (and) received] Edward 15 as king [CD add: as was fitting for him; EF(OE and Lat) add: in London, before he (sc. Harthacnut 1) had been buried].: ASC (C-F)  1042 CD, 1041 EF(OE and Lat.) (1042)
Election of king (2)
 Edward 15.swearing-in as king: Yet [Edward 15] was sworn in as king.: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD (1041)
 Selection of Edward 15 as king: All the people [DEF(OE and Lat.): chose] [CD: (and) received] Edward 15 as king [CD add: as was fitting for him; EF(OE and Lat) add: in London, before he (sc. Harthacnut 1) had been buried].: ASC (C-F)  1042 CD, 1041 EF(OE and Lat.) (1042)
Expulsion (1)
 Edward 15.exile: Edward 15 had been driven from his [D substitutes: this] land many years before.: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD
Journey (2)
 Edward 15.journey from France: And in this year Edward 15 came [CD: from beyond the sea; EF(OE): to this land from France; F(Lat.): to England].: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD, 1040 EF(OE and Lat.) (1041)
 Æthelred 32.sending of Edward 15 and Alfred 54 across sea with Ælfhun 4: Æthelred 32 sent Ælfhun 4 with Edward 15 and Alfred 54 [F(Lat.) adds: with their mother (sc. Emma 2)] across the sea so that he might take charge of them.: ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1013)
Message-sending (1)
 Æthelred 32.sending of Edward 15 with messengers (Anonymi 2284): Æthelred 32 sent Edward 15 here [sc. to England] with his messengers (Anonymi 2284).: ASC (C-F)  1014 CDEF(OE and Lat.) (1014)
Residence (1)
 Edward 15.residency at court of Harthacnut 1: He [sc. Edward 15] stayed at his brother's [sc. Harthacnut 1's] court as long as he lived.: ASC (C-F)  1041 CD (1041 - ?)
ASC (C-F) 1042-1087: Anglo-Saxon Chronicles (C-F) 1... (93)
Office (17)
King (17)
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1043
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1044; E 1043
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1045; D 1046; E 1043
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1048
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1048; D 1049
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1049; D 1050; E 1046
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1050; D 1051; E 1047
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1052
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1052
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1053
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1055
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1057
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1061
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1063
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1065
 ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1085
Personal Relationship (13)
~ Brother (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Edmund 24: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1057
Edward 15 Husband (Affinal kinship) of ~ (1)
 of Eadgyth 3: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1076
~ Kinsman (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 William 1: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1066
 Edgar 14: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1085
~ Kinsman (Generic kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Rodulf 1: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1050; E 1048
Edward 15 Lord (General relationship) of ~ (1)
 of Godwine 51: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1052
~ Mother (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Emma 2: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1043
 Emma 2: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1052
~ Nephew, brother’s son (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (1)
 Edward 18: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1057
~ Sister (Consanguineal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Gode 2: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052
 Anonymous 10018: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E1048
~ Wife (Affinal kinship) of Edward 15 (2)
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1044; E1043
 Eadgyth 3: of Edward 15: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052
Event (53)
Abdication (2)
 Leofric 23.appointment as abbot of Peterborough: Earnwig 1, abbot of Peterborough, relinquished his abbacy while well and strong, and gave it to the monk Leofric 23 with the permission of the king and the monks. And this Abbot Earnwig 1 survived 8 years and the Abbot Leofric 23 so enriched the monastery that it was called the Golden Borough. Then it grew greatly in land and gold and silver.: ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1052 (1052)
 Siweard 7.consecration as archbishop: MS CE: In this year Archbishop Eadsige 12 resigned the bishopric because of his infirmity, and consecrated to it as bishop Siweard 7, abbot of Abingdon. He did this with the permission and by the advice of the king and of Earl Godwine 51. Otherwise it was known to few people before it was done, because the archbishop suspected that somebody else would ask for it, or purchase it, whom he less trusted and favoured, if more people knew about it. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1044; E 1043 (1044)
Accusation (1)
 Eustace 1-Godwine 51.events of 1051 (MS E): Then Eustace 1 came from overseas, and went to the king and told him what he wished, and then went homewards. When he came east to Canterbury, he and his men took refreshment there, and went to Dover. When he was some miles or more on this side of Dover he put on his corselet [byrne] and all his companions [gefera] did likewise. So they went to Dover. When they got there, they wished to lodge where it suited their own convenience. Then one of Eustace 1’s men [Anonymous 10019] came and wished to stay at the home of a householder [husbonda] [Anonymous 10016] against his will, and he wounded the householder, and the householder killed him. Then Eustace 1 got upon his horse and his companions upon theirs, and went to the householder and killed him upon his own hearth, and afterwards they went up towards the town and killed, within and without, more than 20 men [Anonymi 10009]. And the townsmen killed 19 men [Anonymi 10010] on the other side and wounded they did not know how many. And Eustace 1 escaped with a few men and went back to the king and gave him a prejudiced account of how they had fared, and the king grew very angry with the townsmen.

And the king sent for Earl Godwine 51 and ordered him to carry war into Kent to Dover because Eustace 1 had informed the king that it was more the townsmen’s fault than his. But it was not so. And the earl would not consent to this expedition because he was reluctant to injure his own province. Then the king sent for all his council and ordered them to come to Gloucester near the later feast of St Mary. The foreigners [wielisc] [Anonymi 10007] then had built a castle in Herefordshire in Earl Swein 3’s province, and had inflicted every possible injury and insult upon the king’s men in those parts. Then Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Swein 3 and Earl Harold 3 came together at Beaverstone, and many men with them, and intending to go to their royal lord and to all the councillors who were assembled with him, so that they should have the advice and support of the king and of all the councillors as to how they should avenge the insult to the king and to all the people. Then the foreigners went beforehand to the king and accused the earls, so that they were not allowed to come into his sight, because, they said, they meant to come and betray the king.

Earl Siweard 11 and Earl Leofric 49 had come there to the king and a large company with them from the north, and Earl Godwine 51 and his sons were informed that the king and the men who were with them meant to take measures against them. And they strengthened themselves firmly in reply, though they were reluctant to have to stand against their royal lord. Then the councillors gave advice that evil doing should cease on both side, and the king gave the peace of God, and his complete friendship to both sides.

Then the king and his councillors decided that there should be a meeting of all the councillors a second time at London at the autumnal equinox, and the king ordered the force to be called out on both south of the Thames and in the north, all the best of them. Then Earl Swein 3 was declared an outlaw and Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Harold 3 were ordered to come to the meeting as quickly as ever they could make the journey. Then they got there they were summoned to the meeting. Then Godwine 51 asked for safe conduct and hostages, so that he could come to the meeting, and leave it, without being betrayed. Then the king asked for all those thegns that the earls had had, and they were all handed over to him. Then the king sent to them again and ordered them to come with 12 men into the king’s council. Then the earl again asked for a safe conduct and hostages so that he might be allowed to exculpate himself of all charges that were brought against him. But he was refused hostages and granted 5 days’ safe conduct to leave the country.

Then Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Swein 3 went to Bosham and there launched their ships and went overseas and sought Baldwin 4’s protection, and stayed there all winter. Earl Harold 3 went west to Ireland, and was there all the winter under that king’s protection [prob. Diarmait 1, king of Leinster].

And as soon as this had happened the king put away the lady who was consecrated his queen [Eadgyth 3], and deprived her of all that she owned, land and gold and silver and everything; and entrusted her to his sister at Wherwell [Anonymous 10018]. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1048 (1051)
Advice/counsel (4)
 Edward 15.confiscating property of Emma 2: MS D: A fortnight before St Andrew’s day, the king was advised to ride from Gloucester, together with Earl Leofric 49 and Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Siweard 11 and their retinue to Winchester. And they came unexpectedly upon the lady [i.e. Ælfgifu Emma 2], and deprived her of all the treasures which she owned, and which were beyond counting, because she had formerly been very hard to the king, her son, in that she did less for him than he wished both before he became king and afterwards as well. And they allowed her to stay there afterwards. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1043 (1043)
 Edward 15.consecrated king: In this year Edward 15 was consecrated [gehalog to cyng] king at Winchester on Easter day with great ceremony; and Easter was on 3 April. Archbishop Eadsige 12 consecrated him and gave him good instruction before all the people, and admonished him well for his own sake and for the sake of all the people. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1043; E 1042 (1043)
 Eustace 1-Godwine 51.events of 1051 (MS E): Then Eustace 1 came from overseas, and went to the king and told him what he wished, and then went homewards. When he came east to Canterbury, he and his men took refreshment there, and went to Dover. When he was some miles or more on this side of Dover he put on his corselet [byrne] and all his companions [gefera] did likewise. So they went to Dover. When they got there, they wished to lodge where it suited their own convenience. Then one of Eustace 1’s men [Anonymous 10019] came and wished to stay at the home of a householder [husbonda] [Anonymous 10016] against his will, and he wounded the householder, and the householder killed him. Then Eustace 1 got upon his horse and his companions upon theirs, and went to the householder and killed him upon his own hearth, and afterwards they went up towards the town and killed, within and without, more than 20 men [Anonymi 10009]. And the townsmen killed 19 men [Anonymi 10010] on the other side and wounded they did not know how many. And Eustace 1 escaped with a few men and went back to the king and gave him a prejudiced account of how they had fared, and the king grew very angry with the townsmen.

And the king sent for Earl Godwine 51 and ordered him to carry war into Kent to Dover because Eustace 1 had informed the king that it was more the townsmen’s fault than his. But it was not so. And the earl would not consent to this expedition because he was reluctant to injure his own province. Then the king sent for all his council and ordered them to come to Gloucester near the later feast of St Mary. The foreigners [wielisc] [Anonymi 10007] then had built a castle in Herefordshire in Earl Swein 3’s province, and had inflicted every possible injury and insult upon the king’s men in those parts. Then Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Swein 3 and Earl Harold 3 came together at Beaverstone, and many men with them, and intending to go to their royal lord and to all the councillors who were assembled with him, so that they should have the advice and support of the king and of all the councillors as to how they should avenge the insult to the king and to all the people. Then the foreigners went beforehand to the king and accused the earls, so that they were not allowed to come into his sight, because, they said, they meant to come and betray the king.

Earl Siweard 11 and Earl Leofric 49 had come there to the king and a large company with them from the north, and Earl Godwine 51 and his sons were informed that the king and the men who were with them meant to take measures against them. And they strengthened themselves firmly in reply, though they were reluctant to have to stand against their royal lord. Then the councillors gave advice that evil doing should cease on both side, and the king gave the peace of God, and his complete friendship to both sides.

Then the king and his councillors decided that there should be a meeting of all the councillors a second time at London at the autumnal equinox, and the king ordered the force to be called out on both south of the Thames and in the north, all the best of them. Then Earl Swein 3 was declared an outlaw and Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Harold 3 were ordered to come to the meeting as quickly as ever they could make the journey. Then they got there they were summoned to the meeting. Then Godwine 51 asked for safe conduct and hostages, so that he could come to the meeting, and leave it, without being betrayed. Then the king asked for all those thegns that the earls had had, and they were all handed over to him. Then the king sent to them again and ordered them to come with 12 men into the king’s council. Then the earl again asked for a safe conduct and hostages so that he might be allowed to exculpate himself of all charges that were brought against him. But he was refused hostages and granted 5 days’ safe conduct to leave the country.

Then Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Swein 3 went to Bosham and there launched their ships and went overseas and sought Baldwin 4’s protection, and stayed there all winter. Earl Harold 3 went west to Ireland, and was there all the winter under that king’s protection [prob. Diarmait 1, king of Leinster].

And as soon as this had happened the king put away the lady who was consecrated his queen [Eadgyth 3], and deprived her of all that she owned, land and gold and silver and everything; and entrusted her to his sister at Wherwell [Anonymous 10018]. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1048 (1051)
 Siweard 7.consecration as archbishop: MS CE: In this year Archbishop Eadsige 12 resigned the bishopric because of his infirmity, and consecrated to it as bishop Siweard 7, abbot of Abingdon. He did this with the permission and by the advice of the king and of Earl Godwine 51. Otherwise it was known to few people before it was done, because the archbishop suspected that somebody else would ask for it, or purchase it, whom he less trusted and favoured, if more people knew about it. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1044; E 1043 (1044)
Agreement (4)
 Eustace 1-Godwine 51.events of 1051 (MS D): Eustace 1, who had married King Edward 15’s sister [Gode 2], landed at Dover. Then his men [Anonymi 10005] went foolishly looking for billets and killed a certain man of the town [Anonymous 10016], and another of the townsmen [Anonymous 10017] [killed] their comrades, so that 7 of his comrades [gefera] [Anonymi 10006] were struck down. And great damage was done on either side with horses and with weapons until the people assembled, and then Eustace 1’s men fled to the king at Gloucester, who granted them protection.

Then Earl Godwine 51 was indignant that such things should happen in his earldom, and he began to gather his people from all over his earldom, and Earl Swein 3 his son did the same over all his, and Harold 3 his other son over all his. And they all assembled in Gloucestershire at Langtree, a great and innumerable force all ready to do battle against the king unless Eustace 1 were surrendered and his men handed over to them, as well as the Frenchmen [Anonymi 10007] who were in the castle. This was done a week before the feast of St Mary [8 September].

King Edward 15 was then residing at Gloucester. He sent for Earl Leofric 49, and to the north for Earl Siweard 11, and asked for their troops. And they came to him at first with a small force, but after they had understood how things were in the south, they sent north throughout all their earldoms and had a great army [fyrd] called out for the help of their lord [hlaford], and Ralph 1 [John of Worcester says: son of Gode 2, King Edward 15’s sister] did the same throughout his earldom; and they all came to Gloucester to the help of the king, though it was late. They were all so much in agreement with the king that they were willing to attack the army of Godwine 51 if the king had wished them to do so.

Then some of them thought it would be a great piece of folly if they joined battle, for in the two hosts there was most of what was noblest in England, and they considered that they would be opening a way for our enemies to enter the country and to cause great ruin among ourselves. They advised the exchange of hostages, and they issued summonses for a meeting at London; the folk throughout all this northern province, in Siweard 11’s earldom and Leofric 49’s and elsewhere, were ordered to go there. And Earl Godwine 51 and his sons were to come there to defend themselves. Then they came to Southwark, and a great number of them from Wessex, but his force dwindled more and more as time passed. And all the thegns [Anonymi 10008] of Earl Harold 3 his son were transferred to the king’s allegiance, and Earl Swein 3 his other son was outlawed. Then it did not suit him to come to defend himself against the king and against the force that was with the king.

Then Godwine 51 went away by night, and next morning the king held a meeting of his council and he and all the army declared him an outlaw, and all his sons with him. And he went south to Thorney and so did his wife [Gytha 1] and his sons Swein 3 and Tosti 2, with his wife [Judith 2] who was a kinswoman [mage] of Baldwin 4 of Bruges [Baldwines æt Brycge], and his son Gyrth 1. And Earl Harold 3 and Leofwine 69 went to Bristol to the ship which Earl Swein 3 had equipped and provisioned for himself. And the king sent Bishop Ealdred 37 from London with a force, and they were to intercept him before he got on board, but they could not – or would not. And he went out from the estuary of the Avon, and had such stiff weather that he escaped with difficulty, and he suffered great losses there. He continued his course to Ireland when sailing weather came. And Godwine 51 and those who were with him went from Thorney to Bruges, to Baldwin 4’s country, in one ship with as much treasure for each person as they could stow away. It would have seemed remarkable to everyone in England if anybody had told them that it could happen, because he had been exalted so high, even to the point of ruling the king and all England, and his sons were earls and the king’s favourites [dyrlingas], and his daughter [Eadgyth 3] was married to the king. She was brought to Wherwell and they entrusted her to the abbess [Anonymous 10018].

Then forthwith Earl William 1 came from overseas with a great force [werod] of Frenchmen, and the king received him and as many of his companions [gefera] as suited him, and let him go again. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052 (1051)
 Gruffudd 1.oath to King Edward 15: Earl Leofric 49 came there, and Earl Harold 3 and Bishop Ealdred 37, and made an agreement between them according to which Gruffudd 1 swore oaths that he would be a loyal and faithful underking [underkingc] to King Edward 15. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1056 (1056)
 Leofgar 4.campaigning against Gruffudd 1: MS C: In this year Æthelstan 64 the venerable bishop died on 10 February, and his body lies in Hereford town, and Leofgar 4 was appointed bishop. He was Earl Harold 3’s priest, and he wore his moustaches during his priesthood until he became a bishop. He gave up his chrism and his cross, his spiritual weapons, and took his spear and sword after his consecration as bishop, and so went campaigning against Gruffudd 1 the Welsh king, and they killed him there and his priests with him, and Ælfnoth 33 the sheriff [scirgerefa] and many good men with them; and the others fled. This was 8 days before midsummer. It is hard to describe the oppression and all the expeditions and the campaigning and the labours and the loss of men and horses that all the army of the English suffered, until Earl Leofric 49 came there, and Earl Harold 3 and Bishop Ealdred 37, and made an agreement between them according to which Gruffudd 1 swore oaths that he would be a loyal and faithful underking [underkingc] to King Edward 15.

MS D: Also Bishop Æthelstan 64 died on 10 February, and his body lies at Hereford, and Leofgar 4 who was Harold 3’s priest was appointed bishop, and in his priesthood he had his moustaches until he was a bishop. He gave up his chrism and his cross and his spiritual weapons, and took his spear and his sword, and so went campaigning against Gruffudd 1 the Welsh king, and they killed him there and his priests with him, and Ælfnoth 33 the sheriff and many other good men. This was 8 days before midsummer. : ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1056 (1056)
 Swein 3.return to England in 1049: MS C: Then Earl Swein 3 [son of Godwine 51] came back again to Edward 15 and asked him for land to support himself upon. But Harold 3, his brother, opposed it together with Earl Beorn 3 [brother of Swein Estrithson]. They declared they would give up to him nothing that the king had given them. Swein 3 came hypocritically and said he would be his man, and he asked Earl Beorn 3 for support. But the king refused him in everything. Then Swein 3 went to his ships at Bosham, and Earl Godwine 51 came from Sandwich to Pevensey with 42 ships, and Earl Beorn 3 along with him. And then the king allowed all the Mercians to go home, and they did so. When the king was informed that Osgod Clapa 1 lay at Wulpe with 29 ships the king sent for all the ships he could summon which were within the Northmouth [of the Kentish Stour]. But Osgod Clapa 1 placed his wife in Bruges and turned back again with 6 ships, and the other went to Essex to Eadulfesness [The Naze, Essex], and there they did damage, and then turned back to the ships. Then Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Beorn 3 were lying at Pevensey with their ships. Then Earl Swein 3 came and treacherously asked Earl Beorn 3 to accompany him to the king at Sandwich, saying that he would swear oaths to him and be faithful to him. Then Beorn 3 thought that because of their kinship he would not be betrayed. He took with him 3 companions [geferan] and, exactly as if they were going to Sandwich, they rode to Bosham where Swein 3’s ships were lying. But he was bound at once and carried on board, and then they went to Dartmouth and there he was put to death, and buried deep. Harold 3, however, his kinsman, fetched him and took him to Winchester and buried him there near Cnut 3 his uncle. And the king and all the host declared Swein 3 a scoundrel [nothing]. He had 8 ships before he murdered Beorn 3, but afterwards all but 2 deserted him, and he then went to Bruges and stayed there with Baldwin 4.

MS D: Then Earl Swein 3 [son of Godwine 51] came back also who had gone from this country into Denmark, and there ruined himself with the Danes. He came here hypocritically and said he wished to submit to the king, and Earl Beorn 3 promised to help him. Then after the agreement between the emperor and Baldwin 4 many of