Event: Campaigning, Decision-making, Defence, Embassy, Flight, Killing/murder, Meeting, Military strategy, Outlawing, Peace agreement, Pursuit, military, Restoration of land/property, Restoration to office, Support-gainingGodwine 51.return to England in 1052 (MSS CD)
||Earl Harold 3 came from Ireland with his ships to the mouth of Somerset and Devon, and there did much damage, and the local people gathered together against him out of Somerset and Devon, and he put them to flight and killed more than 30 good thegns, apart from other people, and immediately after that he went round Landís End. Then King Edward 15 had 40 small boats manned which lay at Sandwich in order that they might keep watch for Earl Godwine 51, who was in Bruges that winter. But despite this, he got into this country without their knowing anything about it. And while he was here in this country he enticed all the men of Kent and all the sailors [butsecarl] from the district of Hastings and from the region round about there by the sea coast, and all Essex and Surrey and much else beside. Then they all said they would live and die with him. When the fleet that was lying at Sandwich found out about Godwine 51ís expedition, they set out after him; and he escaped them, and the fleet turned back to Sandwich, and so homeward to London. When Godwine 51 found out that the fleet that had been lying at Sandwich was on its way home, he went back again to the Isle of Wight, and lay off the coast there long enough for Earl Harold 3 his son to join him. And they would not do any great harm afterwards except that they lived off the countryside. But they enticed all the local people to their side, both along the sea coast and inland also. And they went towards Sandwich and kept on collecting all the sailors that they met, and so they came to Sandwich with an overwhelming force. When Edward 15 found out about this, he sent inland for more help, but it came very slowly, and Godwine 51 kept on advancing towards London with his fleet until he came to Southwark, where he waited some time until the tide came up. In that interval he treated with the citizens so that they nearly all wanted what he wanted. When Godwine 51 had arranged all his expedition, the tide came in, and they forthwith weighed anchor and proceeded through the bridge always keeping to the southern bank, and the land force came from above and drew themselves up along the shore, and they formed a wing with their ships as if they meant to encircle the kingís ships. The king had also a large land force on his side in addition to the sailors. But it was hateful to almost all of them to fight against men of their own race, for there was little else that was worth anything apart from Englishmen on either side; and also they did not wish the country to be laid the more open to foreigners through their destroying each other. Then it was decided that wise men should go between parties, and they made a truce on both sides. And Godwine 51 and his son Harold 3 went ashore and as many of their sailors as suited them, and then there was a meeting of the council, and Godwine 51 was given his earldom unconditionally and as fully and completely as he had ever held it, and all his sons all that they had held before, and his wife [Gytha 1] and his daughter [Eadgyth 3] as fully and completely as they had held it before. And they confirmed full friendship with them, and promised the full benefits of the laws to all the people. And they outlawed all the Frenchmen who had promoted injustices and passed unjust judgments and given bad counsel in this country, with the exception, they decided, of as many as the king should wish to have with him, who were loyal to him and to all the people. And Archbishop Robert 5 and Bishop William 2 and Bishop Ulf 13 escaped with difficulty with the Frenchmen who were with them and so got away overseas.
MS C adds further: ... And Earl Godwine 51 and Harold 3 and their queen [Eadgyth 3] stayed on their estates. Swein 3 had gone to Jerusalem from Bruges, and died on the way home at Constantinople, at Michaelmas. It was on the Monday after St Maryís day [i.e. 14 September] that Godwine 51 came to Southwark with his ships, and the morning after, on the Tuesday, that they came to the agreement which has been stated above. Then Godwine 51 fell ill soon after he landed, and recovered again, but he did all too little reparation about the property of God which he had from many holy places.
Persons associated with this Event:
(Ealdorman of Wessex, d. 1053)
(II, 1022/3??1066, king of England 1066, the second son of Earl Godwine 51)
(the Confessor; king of England, 1042-66)
(Wife of Earl Godwine 51, d. 1068) : Unnamed in this passage.
(Edward 15 the Confessor's queen, c. 1029 ? 1075; Edith.) : Unnamed in this passage.
(Bishop of London, 1044-1051; archbishop of Canterbury, 1051-1052)
(Bishop of London, d. 1075)
(Bishop of Dorchester, 1049-)
Locations associated with this Event:
now Somerset, Somerset
now Devon, Devon
- Land's End:
now Landís End, Cornwall
now Sandwich, Kent
now Bruges, Belgium
now Hastings, Sussex
now Essex, Essex
now Surrey, Surrey
now London, Middlesex
- Isle of Wight:
now Isle of Wight, Isle of Wight
now Southwark, Surrey