Source: CharterS1186a

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Pilheard, comes of Cenwulf, king of the Mercians, declares that he has obtained immunities for his 30-hide estate in Middlesex, in return for 200 solidi and an annual render of 30 solidi. The land is to be free from all public renders and burdens and from fines at folk-moots, but the landowner shall still be liable to construction of bridges and fortifications and shall owe the military service of five men.

Charter information
Sawyer 1186a
Birch 201
Kemble 116
British Academy ---
Source Used Birch
Archive(s) Canterbury, Christ Church
Source Information
Language Latin
Scholarly Source Dating 799 x 801


*Sweet, OET, p. 430 (no. 12); Stevenson 1914, p. 691 n. 16, p. 696 n. 37, on reservation clause; PN Middx, p. 85; Stenton 1955, p. 42, cited; Löfvenberg 1962, p. 40, on a reading; Ch.L.A., iii, no. 186, original, the cross after King Cenwulf's (first) attestation may be autograph; Bruckner 1965, p. 29, on script, p. 41, on cross; Stenton 1971, pp. 291, 298, on reference to military service; Finberg 1972, pp. 448, 463, on reference to folk-moots; Gelling, ECTV, no. 202, original; Brooks 1984, p. 142, Pilheard may be error for Wilheard; Campbell 1989, p. 34; Keynes 1993/1, p. 116 n. 34, note on witness-list; Cubitt 1995, pp. 278-9; Bailey 1996, p. 66; Brown 1996, pp. 166, 168, on script.

Note. Endorsement to S 106.


Editor Article or Book Title Journal or Pub.Loc. Date pp.
Whitelock, Dorothy English Historical Documents, c.400-1042 London and New York 1999 [reprint of 1979 edition] 501-2 [no. 73]