Source: CharterS1508

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Description

Will of Alfred, ealdorman, including bequests of 32 hides at Sanderstead and Selsdon in Surrey, 20 at Westerham in Kent, 6 at Lingfield and 10 at Horsley, both in Surrey, and 6 at Nettlestead, Kent [to his wife, Werburg, and their daughter, Alhthryth]; of a annual render of 200 pence from an estate at Clapham, Surrey [to Chertsey minster]; of 2 hides at Waddington and 1 at Gatton, Surrey [to his son, Ęthelwald]; of 1 hide at Linkfield in Reigate, Surrey, to his kinsman Beorhtsige; of land at Nettlestead, Kent, to his kinsman Sigewulf, burdened with an annual render to Christ Church, Canterbury; of land at Farleigh, Kent, burdened with an annual render to Rochester, to Eadred, after Ęthelred's time, with reversion to Alfred's maternal relatives.

Charter information
Sawyer 1508
Birch 558
Kemble 317
British Academy ---
Source Used Kemble
Archive(s) Canterbury, Christ Church
Source Information
Language Latin
Scholarly Source Dating 871 x 899

Notes

Vinogradoff 1893, pp. 9-11, 16; Maitland 1897, pp. 245-6; Harmer, SEHD, pp. 88-91; Wallenberg, KPN, p. 227, on Kentish names; Parsons 1939, pp. 14, 23-5, genuine; Sisam 1953, p. 124, cited; Wilson 1959, pp. 302-4, on language; Sweet, Reader, p. 288; Stenton 1971, pp. 310-11, on reference to folkland; Finberg 1972, p. 497, cited; Gelling, ECTV, no. 321, original; Whitelock, EHD, p. 537; Brooks 1984, p. 173; Dumville 1987, pp. 157-8, script of MS 1 may be slightly later; Campbell 1989, pp. 26-7 n. 28, on reference to 'value' of land; Keynes 1990, p. 253; Making of England, pp. 263-4 (no. 239); Foot 1992, p. 191, on a formula; Reynolds 1992, p. 217 (= 1994, p. 329); Fleming 1993, p. 120, on bequest to Christ Church; Gretsch 1994, pp. 76-7, on orthography.

Translation(s)

Editor Article or Book Title Journal or Pub.Loc. Date pp.
  EHD     537-9 [no.97]

Event/Transaction List

Factoid Type Source Reference Short Description
1 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 to Eadred 13, his kinsman; bequest of Farleigh (?Kent) after the death of Ęthelred 23. 30 ambers of corn are to be paid to Rochester 1 every year. After Eadred 13's death the land is to be assigned in writing and without dispute to Alfred 18's direct maternal kindred.
2 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 to Sigewulf 6, his kinsman; bequest of 6 hides at Nettlestead after the death of his wife Węrburg 3. 100 pence is to be paid to Canterbury, Christ Church 1 from the land; and each of his heirs is to pay the same amount for Alfred 18's soul.
3 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 to Beorhtsige 3, his kinsman; bequest of 1 hide at Linkfield in Reigate, Surrey
4 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 asked in his will that his wife, Węrburg 3, grant 100 swine to Canterbury, Christ Church for him and the good of his soul.
5 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 to Ęthelwald 33, his son; 3 hides of bookland: 2 hides at Waddington and 1 at Gatton, Surrey. The lands came with 100 swine. The king [Alfred 8] is willing to grant him the folkland along with the bookland, let him have it and use it; if that may not be, then she [Węrburg 3] is to give him either the land at Horsley or at Lingfield, and 100 swine with it.
6 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 stipulated in his will that whoever held his land at Clapham, Surrey was to pay an annual render of 200 pence to Chertsey 1 minster, and 100 swine.
7 Transaction S1508    Ealdorman Alfred 18 to his wife, Węrburg 3; bequest of 32 hides at Sanderstead and Selsdon in Surrey, 20 at Westerham in Kent, 6 at Lingfield and 10 at Horsley, both in Surrey, and 6 at Nettlestead, Kent. 2000 swine were given on condition that Węrburg 3 remains unmarried. After Węrburg 3's life, the land at Sanderstead and Selsdon and Lingfield is to pass to Ealhthryth 1 their daughter. If she has a child, the child is to succeed; if she has no child, the nearest of kin descended from her direct paternal ancestry is to succeed to land and stock. Any one of Alfred 18's paternal kinsmen is to have the opportunity to buy the lands at half price.
8 Event S1508    Will of Alfred 18, ealdorman, including bequests of 32 hides at Sanderstead and Selsdon in Surrey, 20 at Westerham in Kent, 6 at Lingfield and 10 at Horsley, both in Surrey, and 6 at Nettlestead, Kent [to his wife, Węrburg 3, and their daughter, Ealhthryth 1]; of a annual render of 200 pence from an estate at Clapham, Surrey [to Chertsey 1 minster]; of 2 hides at Waddington and 1 at Gatton, Surrey [to his son, Ęthelwald 33]; of 1 hide at Linkfield in Reigate, Surrey, to his kinsman Beorhtsige 3; of land at Nettlestead, Kent, to his kinsman Sigewulf 6, burdened with an annual render to Christ Church, Canterbury; of land at Farleigh, Kent, burdened with an annual render to Rochester 1, to Eadred 13, after Ęthelred 23's time, with reversion to Alfred 18's maternal relatives.