Source: Textual EditionAsser.VitAlfredi

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Source Information
Author Asser
Source Title Life of Alfred
Language Latin

Notes

*Activities of the foreign armies on the Continent and events involving Frankish people that do not directly relate to Anglo-Saxon England that find mention in this source have been omitted.

Edition(s)

Editor Article or Book Title Journal or Pub.Loc. Date pp.
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Asser's Life of King Alfred, Together with the Annals of Saint Neots Erroneously Ascribed to Asser. Edited with an Introduction and Commentary. Stevenson, William Henry Asser's Life of King Alfred, Together with the Annals of Saint Neots Erroneously Ascribed to Asser. Edited with an Introduction and Commentary. Oxford 1959 1-95

Translation(s)

Editor Article or Book Title Journal or Pub.Loc. Date pp.
Keynes, Simon, and Lapidge, Michael Alfred the Great: Asser's 'Life of King Alfred' and Other Contemporary Sources. Translated with an Introduction and Notes. Harmondsworth 1983 67-110

Event/Transaction List

Factoid Type Source Reference Short Description
1 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  77 At the command of Alfred 8, Węrfrith 6 was the first to translate the Dialogues of Gregory 1 from Latin into English.
2 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  106.17-42 Alfred 8 reviewed judicial decisions made in his absence.
3 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  106.46-61 If someone was unable to read, Alfred 8 ordered another to read books in English aloud to him.
4 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  106.2-6 Anonymi 192 used very often to disagree with decisions made in assemblies by comites and praepositi (Anonymi 169).
5 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  106.1-6 Alfred 8 was zealous in judicial cases brought on appeal.
6 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  105 Alfred 8 was a very careful judge.
7 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  104 Alfred 8 devised a lantern to prevent his candles from burning too fast.
8 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  104 Alfred 8 ordered his chaplains (Anonymi 184) to make candles.
9 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  102, 105 Alfred 8 promised to give one half of his mental and corporeal service to God.
10 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  102 Alfred 8 very zealously assembled a school from many nobles of his people and also boys who were commoners (Anonymi 165)
11 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  102 Alfred 8 commanded his ministri (Anonymi 160) to divide his annual income from taxes into four.
12 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  100 Alfred 8 organized his ministri (Anonymi 162) at court into three shifts.
13 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  99-102 Alfred 8 ordered his ministri (Anonymi 160) to divide into two equal portions to begin with the revenue of all taxes of each year.
14 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  99 Alfred 8 promised that he would give half his service, by day and night, and half of all the wealth which customarily accrued annually to him.
15 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  98 [Alfred 8] richly endowed the two monasteria [of Athelney and Shaftesbury] with landed estates and all kinds of wealth.
16 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  98 Alfred 8 appointed Ęthelgifu 4 as abbess.
17 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  98 Alfred 8 ordered that a monasterium appropriate as a dwelling for nuns be built near the west gate at Shaftesbury.
18 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  97 John 21 was not inexperienced in the art of fighting as Asser 1 had heard from certain people who told him about John 21.
19 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  97 The criminals (Anonymi 157) and those who had initiated the great crime [of attacking John 21] (Anonymi 156), after being captured and bound, died a most awful death through various tortures.
20 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  94 Alfred 8 ordered that certain of the children (Anonymi 155) of priests and deacons of Gallic origin (Anonymi 183) be educated in the monasterium and subsequently raised to monastic status.
21 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  92-4 In the monasterium [at Athelney] Alfred 8 assembled monks of diverse ethnicity from everywhere.
22 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  92 A very strongly fortified citadel was built at Athelney by order of Alfred 8.
23 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  92 Alfred 8 ordered that a monasterium be built at Athelney.
24 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.45-72 Alfred 8 commanded citadels to be built, which those who later repented (Anonymi 152) were tardy in doing.
25 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.36-45 Alfred 8 converted bishops and others (Anonymi 151) to his wishes and to the common good of the kingdom.
26 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.21-5 At the command of Alfred 8 royal halls and chambers were built of stone and wood. Royal residences of stone were moved from their old position and at royal command were built in more suitable places.
27 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.19-21 At the behest [of Alfred 8], gold and silver treasures without peer were made.
28 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.18-19 [Alfred 8 was concerned with] the rebuilding of cities and towns and the construction of others where none had been before.
29 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  91.14-16 Alfred 8 was daily involved with nations from the Mediterranean to Ireland.
30 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  89 Alfred 8 was eager to read and translate a passage copied out for him by Asser 1.
31 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  86 Ęthelhelm 7 took the alms of Alfred 8 and the [West] Saxons (Anonymi 150) to Rome.
32 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  88 Asser 1 was on one occasion reading aloud to Alfred 8.
33 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  88 Asser 1 copied passages into the book Alfred 8 called his 'enchiridion'.
34 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  83 All the Angles and Saxons who had been scattered and were not in captivity (Anonymi 149) to the pagans (Anonymi 147) voluntarily submitted to the lordship of Alfred 8.
35 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  83 Alfred 8 gave London to Ęthelred 1 to protect.
36 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Alfred 8 gave Asser 1 permission to ride to the two monasteries [of Congresbury and Banwell] and then return home.
37 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  83 Alfred 8 appropriately restored London and made it habitable.
38 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Asser 1 read aloud to Alfred 8 whatever books he wanted [amongst those] which they had to hand.
39 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Alfred 8 presented Asser 1 with Congresbury and Banwell.
40 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Alfred 8 gave Asser 1 Exeter with jurisdiction over Saxon territory and Cornwall, as well as innumerable daily gifts of worldy wealth.
41 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Asser 1 was honourably received by Alfred 8 at the royal estate known as Leonaford, where he remained for eight months.
42 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  81 All had goodwill, protection and defence in every respect in which the king (Alfred 8) was able to defend himself and all his people.
43 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Ęthelred 15 with the Mercians (Anonymi 144) had agreed to be obedient to the royal wish [i.e., of Alfred 8] in all matters.
44 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Anarawd 1 with all his people (Anonymi 146) submitted himself to the lordship of the king (Alfred 8).
45 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Anarawd 1 was accepted as a son in a confirmation at the hand of a bishop (Anonymous 12).
46 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Anarawd 1 was received honourably by the king (Alfred 8); the latter gave him considerable gifts.
47 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Anarawd 1 and his brothers (Anonymi 143) had an alliance with the Northumbrians (Anonymi 144) which the former broke.
48 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Anarawd 1 came into the presence of the king (Alfred 8) eagerly seeking an alliance with him.
49 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Hywel 1 and others sought the king (Alfred 8) to have his lordship and protection.
50 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Elise 1 sought the lordship of Alfred 8.
51 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Hyfaidd 1 with all the inhabitants of Dyfed (Anonymi 142) submitted himself to the royal lordship of Alfred 8.
52 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79.53-60 Hyfaidd 1 attacked St David's and expelled various people.
53 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79.43-51 Asser 1 agreed to spend six months a year with Alfred 8.
54 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79 Asser 1 met Alfred 8 for the first time at Dean.
55 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79.36-43 Alfred 8 wrote to ask Asser 1 why he delayed in coming; Asser 1 replied explaining about his illness.
56 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79 Asser 1 came, accompanied by guides (Anonymi 190), to Sussex.
57 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79 Asser 1 was called from the western and furthest reaches of Britain to Saxony [i.e. Wessex] by Alfred 8.
58 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  78 Alfred 8 sent legates (Anonymi 189) to Gaul to seek teachers and from there he asked Grimbald 1 and John 21 to come to him.
59 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.29-33 Alfred 8 showed admirable affection for Anonymi 136.
60 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.33-6 Alfred 8 did not cease from giving instruction to Anonymi 137.
61 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.26-9 Alfred 8 habitually listened to the reading of scripture.
62 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.21-3 Many (Anonymi 133) subjected themselves to the lordship of Alfred 8.
63 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.12-16 Alfred 8 participated daily in religious activities.
64 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.16-21 He showed a zeal for almsgiving and generosity to locals and visitors from all peoples (Anonymi 123)
65 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.5-6 Alfred 8 did not cease from the giving of instructions to others.
66 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.6-8,11-12 Alfred 8 did not cease from making treasures.
67 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  76.4, 11-12 Alfred 8 did not cease from pursuing all kinds of hunting.
68 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  75 Edward 2 and Ęlfthryth 5 were nurtured by tutors (Anonymi 125) and nurses (Anonymi 126) in the royal court.
69 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  75 Ęthelweard 5 was educated in the company of others (Anonymi 123).
70 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.20-1 Neot 1 was buried in the same church as Gueriir 1.
71 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  71 Alfred 8 made a request to Marinus 1.
72 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.20 Gueriir 1 was buried in a church in Cornwall.
73 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  75 Ęthelflęd 4 was joined to Ęthelred 1 [= Ęthelred 1] in matrimony.
74 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.19-39 Alfred 8 made a detour to visit a church where Gueriir 1 was buried.
75 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.41-60 Alfred 8 used secretly to get up at cockcrow and visit churches and the relics of saints to pray.
76 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  75 Alfred 8 and his wife (Ealhswith 1) had infants who died numbering ...
77 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.18-19 Alfred 8 went to Cornwall to hunt.
78 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  73 Alfred 8 was married to a wife of Mercian origin (Ealhswith 1).
79 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  74.1-5 Alfred 8 celebrated his marriage in Mercia.
80 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  72 The army of the pagans (Anonymi 79) who lived among the East Angles (Anonymi 107) disgracefully broke the peace they had concluded with Alfred 8.
81 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  71 Marinus 1 had kindly freed the Schola Saxonum from all tribute and tolls out of love and because of the request of Alfred 8.
82 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  68 Ęthelwulf 1 received Judith 1 as queen.
83 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  71 Marinus 1 went the way of all flesh.
84 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  67 Anonymi 116 attacked the pagans (Anonymi 187) and the pagans gained the victory.
85 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  67 The pagans who lived in East Anglia (Anonymi 186) gathered ships (Anonymi 187) from everywhere.
86 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  67 Anonymi 116 with Anonymi 117 engaged in a sea battle against thirteen ships of pagans (Anonymi 118) in which the former were victorious.
87 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  67 Alfred 8 sent his fleet (Anonymi 116) with its warriors (Anonymi 117) from Kent to the East Angles (Anonymi 188) in order to plunder.
88 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 The pagans (Anonymi 112) fled to their ships.
89 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 The pagans were forced that summer to return to Francia.
90 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 Alfred 8 with a great army (Anonymi 114) arrived bringing the citizens of Rochester (Anonymi 113) help.
91 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 In front of the gate of Rochester the pagans (Anonymi 112) quickly built a strong fortification for themselves.
92 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 Anonymi 112 besieged Rochester, on the east bank of the Medway.
93 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 Anonymi 112, coming to Britain, went to Kent.
94 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  66 The army (Anonymi 106) divided into two bands (Anonymi 108 and Anonymi 112).
95 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  64 The commanders of two ships (Anonymi 110) submitted with their crews (Anonymi 111) to Alfred 8.
96 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  64 Alfred 8 engaged in a naval battle against the ships of the pagans (Anonymi 109, Anonymi 110, Anonymi 111), of which he took two, killing all on board (Anonymi 109).
97 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  61 The army of pagans at Fulham (Anonymi 106) went to Ghent.
98 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  60 Dividing up the province, Anonymi 79 began to live there.
99 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  60 Leaving Cirencester, the army of pagans (Anonymi 79) went to the East Angles (Anonymi 107).
100 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  58 Anonymi 106 nevertheless wintered at a place called Fulham, near to the River Thames.
101 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  58 A great army of pagans (Anonymi 106) met up with Anonymi 79.
102 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  57 The army of pagans (Anonymi 79) stayed at Cirencester for one year.
103 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  57 The army of pagans (Anonymi 79) left Chippenham as they had promised and went to Cirencester in the southern part of the land of the Hwicce (Anonymi 185).
104 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8 generously gave many very fine presents to Guthrum 1 and to all his men. Guthrum 1 stayed with him for twelve days after his baptism.
105 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Guthrum 1's loosing of the chrism took place on the eighth day at the royal estate called Wedmore.
106 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8 raised Guthrum 1 from the font of baptism.
107 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Guthrum 1 came with thirty men (Anonymi 105) to Alfred 8 at Aller.
108 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Guthrum 1 promised to accept Christianity and be baptised at the hand of Alfred 8, all of which he fulfilled.
109 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 In addition to giving hostages, the pagans (Anonymi 79) swore to leave the kingdom of Alfred 8 very quickly.
110 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 The pagans (Anonymi 79) made a peace agreement with Alfred 8.
111 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8, moved by pity on hearing the embassy (Anonymi 103), accepted from them as many selected hostages (Anonymi 104) as he wished.
112 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8 boldly established his camp with all his army before the gates of the citadel, where he stayed for fourteen days.
113 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8 pursued those (Anonymi 79) fleeing and cut them down.
114 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 Alfred 8 fought with a tight shield-wall against the whole army of pagans (Anonymi 79) and gained the victory.
115 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 Alfred 8 and the people of Somerset, Wiltshire and Hampshire established a camp there for one night.
116 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 At dawn, moving his camp, the king (Alfred 8) came to Iley Oak.
117 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 There [at Iley Oak] Alfred 8 established a camp for one night.
118 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  56 At dawn, moving his standards, Alfred 8 came to Edington.
119 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 At Selwood Alfred 8 met people from Somerset, Wiltshire and Hampshire.
120 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 Alfred 8 rode to Ecgbrihtesstan.
121 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 From the fortification at Athelney Alfred 8 with the faselli of Somerset (Anonymi 97) fought tirelessly against the pagans (Anonymi 79).
122 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  54 Anonymous 310 and 1,200 men (from Anonymi 92) were killed by ministri of the king (Anonymi 94) before the citadel at Countisbury.
123 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  55 Alfred 8 with a few men (Anonymi 96) built a fortification at Athelney.
124 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  54 The pagans (Anonymi 92) began to besiege Anonymi 94 and Anonymi 95 within Countisbury.
125 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  54 Anonymous 310 with twenty-three ships (Anonymi 92) sailed from Dyfed to Devon.
126 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  54 Anonymous 310 had perpetrated many slaughters of Christians (Anonymi 93) there [in Dyfed].
127 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  54 Anonymous 310 had spent the winter in Dyfed.
128 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  53 Alfred 8 seized material by frequent raids on the pagans (Anonymi 79) and even the Christians (Anonymi 87).
129 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  53 Alfred 8 with a small band (Anonymi 88) was leading a troubled life in great distress through the woods and marshy places of the district of Somerset.
130 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  52 The great majority of the inhabitants of that province (Anonymi 87) submitted to the control [of the army] (Anonymi 79).
131 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  52 Anonymi 79 forced many of that people (Anonymi 86) overseas.
132 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  52 Anonymi 79 wintered there [at Chippenham].
133 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  52 The army (Anonymi 79), leaving Exeter, went to Chippenham.
134 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  50 Halfdan 2 cultivated that [province] with his army (Anonymi 78),
135 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  50 Halfdan 2 divided up the whole province of the Northumbrians for himself and his men (Anonymi 78).
136 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 The army (Anonymi 79) went one night to Exeter.
137 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 Anonymi 79 broke their agreement.
138 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 Anonymi 79 swore an oath on relics.
139 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 The army (Anonymi 79) gave Alfred 8 however many hostages (Anonymi 84) he alone selected without any disagreement.
140 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 Alfred 8 made a treaty with the army (Anonymi 79) on condition that they leave.
141 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  49 The army of the pagans (Anonymi 79) left Cambridge and entered the fortification called Wareham.
142 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 Anonymi 69 stipulated the conditions on which Ceolwulf 11 could hold the kingdom of the Mercians.
143 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  48 Alfred 8 fought a naval battle against six ships (Anonymi 82) and captured one of them.
144 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 The other part [of the pagan army] (Anonymi 79) under three kings (Guthrum 1, Oscytel 1 and Anwend 1) wintered there [in Cambridge].
145 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 The other part [of the pagan army] (Anonymi 79) with three kings (Guthrum 1, Oscytel 1 and Anwend 1) went to Cambridge.
146 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 Anonymi 78 subjected to its control the whole province of the Northumbrians.
147 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 Anonymi 78 ravaged both the Picts (Anonymi 80) and the inhabitants of Strathclyde (Anonymi 81).
148 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 The one part [of the army of pagans] (Anonymi 78) with Halfdan 2 wintered beside the River Tyne.
149 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 One part [of the army of pagans] (Anonymi 78) with Halfdan 2 went into the province of the Northumbrians.
150 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 Ceolwulf 11 swore an oath.
151 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  47 The army (Anonymi 69), leaving Repton, divided into two bands.
152 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The pagans (Anonymi 69) granted the kingdom of the Mercians to Ceolwulf 11 with a wretched stipulation.
153 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 In accordance with the condition laid down Ceolwulf 11 gave hostages (Anonymi 77) to the pagans (Anonymi 69).
154 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The pagans (Anonymi 69) subjected the whole of the kingdom of the Mercians to their control.
155 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 Burgred 5 did not live long [after arriving in Rome]. He died there.
156 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 Burgred 5 was buried honourably in the Schola Saxonum in the church of St Mary.
157 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The army (Anonymi 69) forced Burgred 5 to go overseas to Rome against his will.
158 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The army (Anonymi 69) forced Burgred 5 to give up his kingdom.
159 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The army (Anonymi 69), leaving Lindsey, went to Mercia.
160 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  46 The army (Anonymi 69) wintered in the place called Repton.
161 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  42 Alfred 8 had experienced a very great loss of many men (Anonymi 67) when his brothers (Anonymi 65) were alive.
162 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  45 The army (Anonymi 69) wintered in the province of the Northumbrians in the district called Lindsey.
163 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  45 The Mercians (Anonymi 76) again made peace with the army (Anonymi 69).
164 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  45 Leaving London, Anonymi 69 went to the province of the Northumbrians.
165 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  44 The army of pagans (Anonymi 69) overwintered at London.
166 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  44 The Mercians (Anonymi 76) made peace with the army of pagans (Anonymi 69).
167 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  43 The Saxons (Anonymi 75) made a peace agreement with the pagans (Anonymi 69).
168 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  44 The army of pagans (Anonymi 69) came to London.
169 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  42 In eight battles that year the Saxons (Anonymi 70) were to a large extent destroyed to a man, as were a king and nine duces of the pagans with innumerable men (Anonymi 71).
170 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  42 Alfred 8 and others engaged in numerous skirmishes by day and night in that single year.
171 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  42 Alfred 8 with a few men (Anonymi 68) fought against the whole army of the pagans (Anonymi 69). The latter eventually gained the victory.
172 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  37, 39 Both Anonymi 60 and Asser 1 provided personal information about the battle.
173 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  42 Alfred 8 took over the governance of the whole kingdom.
174 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  35 One of the two comites (Anonymi 53) was killed and a very large part of Anonymi 54 destroyed.
175 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  41 Ęthelred 15 was buried at Wimborne.
176 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  41 Ęthelred 15 went the way of all flesh.
177 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  40 Another army of pagans from overseas (Anonymi 64) joined itself to the group (Anonymi 34).
178 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  40 Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 fought the pagans (Anonymi 34) at Basing, where the latter gained the victory.
179 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  39 The whole army of the pagans (Anonymi 34) was put to flight.
180 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  39 Many thousands of Anonymi 34 fell in that place. Bagsecg 1 was killed, and Sidroc 1, Sidroc 2, Osbern 1, Fręna 2 and Harald 1.
181 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  37-8 Ęthelred 15 delayed engaging in the Battle of Ashdown in order to pray and hear mass.
182 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  36 Ęthelwulf 16 amongst others (Anonymi 57) was killed there [at Reading].
183 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  37-9 The forces of Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 engaged the pagans (Anonymi 34) at Ashdown and gained the victory.
184 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  36 Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 joined forces and assembled an army (Anonymi 56).
185 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  36 Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 went to Reading.
186 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  36 Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 attacked the pagans (Anonymi 34) at Reading, where the latter gained the victory.
187 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  35 Ęthelwulf 16 met Anonymi 53 and Anonymi 54 while the latter were out plundering.
188 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  35 Those of Anonymi 34 who did not go out plundering built a rampart.
189 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  35 Leaving the East Angles, the army of pagans (Anonymi 34) came to Reading.
190 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  34 Ceolnoth 3 was buried in the city of Canterbury.
191 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  34 Ceolnoth 3 went the way of all flesh.
192 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  33 The enemy (Anonymi 34) subjugated the whole province to their lordship.
193 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  33 Edmund 6 was killed with a great portion of his men.
194 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  33 Edmund 6 fought fiercely against the army (Anonymi 34).
195 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  32 The army of pagans (Anonymi 34) wintered in Thetford.
196 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  32 The army of pagans (Anonymi 34) passed through Mercia to the East Angles.
197 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  31 The army of the pagans (Anonymi 34) stayed there [at York] for a whole year.
198 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  31 The army of pagans (Anonymi 34), again riding by horse to the Northumbrians, went to the city of York.
199 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8 returned home with their forces (Anonymi 45).
200 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 The pagans (Anonymi 34) declined battle and peace was made between the Mercians and them.
201 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 The brothers [i.e. Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8] went with their army (Anonymi 45) to Mercia and arrived at Nottingham with the intention of war.
202 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 Burgred 5 and his leading men (Anonymi 43) sought help from Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8.
203 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 The brothers [i.e., Ęthelred 15 and Alfred 8] assembled from every part of their [kingdom] an immense army (Anonymi 45).
204 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 Anonymi 34 spent the winter in that same place [i.e., Nottingham].
205 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  30 The army of the pagans (Anonymi 34), leaving the Northumbrians, came into Mercia to Nottingham.
206 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  29 Asser 1 frequently saw Eadburg 6 over a period of not a few years before her death.
207 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  29 Alfred 8 married a wife, the daughter (Ealhswith 1) of Ęthelred Mucel 1.
208 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  28 Ealhstan 3 was buried in peace at Sherborne.
209 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  29 Alfred 8 was betrothed to a daughter (Ealhswith 1) of Ęthelred Mucel 1.
210 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  28 Ealhstan 3 went the way of all flesh.
211 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 Those who escaped (Anonymi 181) made peace with the pagans (Anonymi 34).
212 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 Osberht 6 and Ęlle 3 with a very large proportion of the Northumbrians (Anonymi 41) were killed.
213 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 Osberht 6 and Ęlle 3 attacked Anonymi 34, who killed a great part of the attacking force (Anonymi 41).
214 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 Osberht 6 and Ęlle 3 travelled to York with the army they had assembled (Anonymi 41).
215 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 Osberht 6 and Ęlle 3 joined forces and assembled an army (Anonymi 41).
216 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 The Northumbrians had expelled their legitimate king, Osberht 6, from the kingdom.
217 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  27 The Northumbrians had appointed Ęlle 3 at the summit of their kingdom.
218 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  26 The army of pagans (Anonymi 34) went from the East Angles (Anonymi 180) to York.
219 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  24 Alfred 8 used to say that there were no good scholars at that time in the whole kingdom of the West Saxons.
220 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  23 Alfred 8 learnt and recited poetry from a book given him by his mother (Osburg 2)
221 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  24 Alfred 8 collected religious material into a book.
222 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  21 The whole army (Anonymi 34) was to very large degree provided with horses.
223 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  21 Anonymi 34 wintered in the kingdom of the East Saxons.
224 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  21 A great fleet of pagans (Anonymi 34) came to Britain from the Danube.
225 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  21 Ęthelred 15 acceded to the kingdom of the West Saxons.
226 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  20 The pagans who overwintered in Thanet (Anonymi 32) made a firm treaty with the dwellers in Kent.
227 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  20 Anonymi 32 ravaged the whole eastern part of Kent.
228 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  20 Pagans (Anonymi 32) wintered on the island of Thanet.
229 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  19 Ęthelberht 9 died after ruling for five years.
230 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  19 Ęthelberht 9 was buried with honour beside his brother [Ęthelbald 13].
231 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  18 Osric 7, Ęthelwulf 16 and others attacked an army of pagans (Anonymi 28).
232 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  18 A great army of pagans (Anonymi 28) aggressively attacked and ravaged Winchester.
233 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  18 Ęthelbald 13 was buried at Sherborne.
234 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  18 Ęthelbald 13 [died].
235 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  17 Ęthelbald 13 married Judith 1.
236 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Eadburg 5 died miserably in Pavia.
237 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  16 Ęthelwulf 1 drew up a letter to prevent quarrels amongst his sons after his death.
238 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Asser 1 had heard from many (Anonymi 178) who had seen Eadburg 5 begging accompanied by a single slave-boy (Anonymous 6).
239 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Accompanied by a single slave-boy (Anonymous 6), Eadburg 5 begged daily in Pavia.
240 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Eadburg 5 was expelled from her convent.
241 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Charlemagne 1 granted Eadburg 5 a convent of nuns.
242 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Eadburg 5 journeyed to Charlemagne 1.
243 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Eadburg 5 met with Charlemagne 1, who offered her a choice.
244 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  14 Eadburg 5 killed Beorhtric 1 and others.
245 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  14 Beorhtric 1 received Eadburg 5 in marriage.
246 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  14 Offa 7 had in recent times ordered a great dyke to be made between Wales and Mercia from sea to sea.
247 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  13 Alfred 8 reported to Asser 1 about the origin of the prohibition against a queen's sitting on the West Saxon throne.
248 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  13 Ęthelwulf 1 ordered that Judith 1 should sit on the throne with him.
249 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  13 The whole people [of Wessex] (Anonymi 19) were willing to expel Ęthelbald 13 and his counsellors (Anonymi 17).
250 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  12 The kingdom [of Wessex] was divided between Ęthelwulf 1 and Ęthelbald 13.
251 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  12 Ęthelbald 13 plotted with others to prevent Ęthelwulf 1 from regaining his kingdom on his return from Rome.
252 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  12 Ęthelbald 13 and his counsellors (Anonymi 17) attempted to expel Ęthelwulf 1 from his kingdom.
253 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  11 Ęthelwulf 1 returned to his fatherland, bringing Judith 1 with him.
254 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  11 Ęthelwulf 1 stayed in Rome for a whole year.
255 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  11 Ęthelwulf 1 went to Rome with Alfred 8.
256 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  11 Ęthelwulf 1 freed a tenth of his whole kingdom from service and tax to God.
257 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  10 A great army of pagans (Anonymi 15) spent the whole winter on the island of Sheppey.
258 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  9 Ęthelwulf 1 gave his daughter (Ęthelswith 1) to Burgred 5 as queen.
259 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  9 Ealhhere 11 and Huda 1 died in the battle on the island of Thanet.
260 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  9 Ealhhere 11 and Huda 1 with others fought against a pagan army (Anonymi 14) on the island of Thanet.
261 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  8 Leo 2 confirmed Alfred 8.
262 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  8 Leo 2 adopted Alfred 8 as his son.
263 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  8 Leo 2, consecrating Alfred 8 in Rome, anointed him as king.
264 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  8 Ęthelwulf 1 sent Alfred 8 to Rome.
265 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  7 Ęthelwulf 1 returned home.
266 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  7 With Burgred 5 Ęthelwulf 1 subjected the Britons (Anonymi 11) to the control of Burgred 5.
267 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  7 Burgred 5 asked Ęthelwulf 1 for assistance against Anonymi 11.
268 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  6 Ęthelstan 3 and Ealhhere 11 destroyed an army (Anonymi 9) and captured ships.
269 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  4 Anonymi 6 put Beorhtwulf 2 and his army (Anonymi 7) to flight.
270 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  5 Ęthelwulf 1 and others destroyed Anonymi 6.
271 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  4 The great army of pagans (Anonymi 6) harried Canterbury [and London].
272 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  3 The pagans (Anonymi 855) overwintered for the first time on the Isle of Sheppey.
273 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  3 Ceorl 2 fought with the people of Devonshire (Anonymi 3) against the pagans (Anonymi 4) and the Christians had the victory.
274 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  2 Stuf 1 and Wihtgar 1 accepted power over the Isle of Wight from Cerdic 1 and Cynric 1.
275 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  2 Stuf 1 and Wihtgar 1 killed at Guuihtgaraburhg the few British inhabitants of the Isle of Wight whom they could find (Anonymi 1).
276 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  1.11-12 There [sc. in Rome] Ine 1 ended the present life with honour.
277 Event Asser.VitAlfredi  1.10-11 Ine 1 went to Rome.
278 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  77 Alfred 8 bestowed [on Ęthelstan 3] many honours and powers within the kingdom of the West Saxons.
279 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  67 All the ships with all their booty were taken.
280 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  71 many gifts, amongst which he [sc. Marinus 1] gave also not a small portion of that most sacred and venerable cross
281 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  91.15-16 letters and gifts sent to him [sc. Alfred 8] by Elias 2
282 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  6 Ęthelstan 3 and Ealhhere 11 seized nine of the ships of Anonymi 9; the rest escaped by flight.
283 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  23 A certain book of English poetry with a beautiful initial letter.
284 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  81 monasteries of Congresbury and Banwell
285 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  81 a very precious silk cloak and a strong man's weight in incense
286 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  81 Exeter with all the jurisdiction pertaining to it in Saxon territory and in Cornwall
287 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  81 not to mention innumerable daily gifts of every kind of mundane wealth
288 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  15 Charlemagne 1 gave her [sc. Eadburg 5] a great convent of nuns.
289 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  78 Alfred 8 enriched and honoured [Grimbald 1] with great power.
290 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  78 Alfred 8 enriched and honoured [John 21] with great power.
291 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  77 Alfred 8 bestowed [on Plegmund 1] many honours and powers within the kingdom of the West Saxons.
292 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  77 Alfred 8 bestowed [on Węrfrith 6] many honours and powers within the kingdom of the West Saxons.
293 Transaction Asser.VitAlfredi  77 Alfred 8 bestowed [on Węrwulf 6] many honours and powers within the kingdom of the West Saxons.
294 Event Asser.VitAlfredi    In the year of the Lord's Incarnation 849 Alfred 8, king of the Anglo-Saxons, was born at the royal estate called Wantage, in the district known as Berkshire (which is so called from Berroc Wood, where the box-tree grows very abundantly).