Source: CharterS1438

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Description

Record of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth and Kings Ecgberht and Ęthelwulf concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters. Confirmations by King Ęthelwulf (at a meeting at Wilton) and (A.D. 839) by bishops south of the Humber, at a synod ęt Astran.

Charter information
Sawyer 1438
Birch 421
Kemble 240
British Academy ---
Source Used Birch
Archive(s) Canterbury, Christ Church
Source Information
Language Latin
Date from Source 838
Scholarly Source Dating 838

Notes

*Bond 1878, p. 7, MSS 1, 2, 3 all contemporary; Sweet, OET, pp. 434-6 (nos 21-3); Stevenson 1914, p. 697 n. 37; Parsons 1939, pp. 13, 14, 32 n., authentic; Barker 1948, pp. 131-2; Stenton 1955, p. 41, MSS 1, 2, 3 cannot be much later than 850; Chaplais 1965, p. 57, MSS 1 and 3 are in part in the same hand as S 298 (= 1973, pp. 38-9); John 1966, p. 37, contemporary; Chaplais 1968, p. 316, example of document issued in more than one exemplar (= 1973, p. 65); Stenton 1971, p. 234 n. 2, meaning often obscure; Vollrath-Reichelt 1971, pp. 223-5; Jones 1976, pp. 26, 28, on estate history, assumes identification with South Malling; Wormald 1982, p. 140, cited; Brooks 1984, pp. 136-7, estate probably at East Malling, pp. 146-7, 197-201, on background, pp. 323-5, on MSS and script, p. 360 n. 70, scribe of MS 1 also wrote S 1268 and 1204a, disputes identification with scribe of S 298; Vollrath 1985, pp. 207-10, on synodal aspects; Brown 1986, p. 129, on script of MS 1; Edwards 1988, p. 279, authentic; Morrish 1988, p. 513, on script; O'Donovan, Sherborne, p. 9; Wormald 1988, no. 16; Fleming 1993, p. 122; Keynes 1993/1, pp. 121, 124, estate probably at South Malling; Keynes 1994/2, pp. 1112-14; Cubitt 1995, pp. 80, 287-8, 314; Brown 1996, pp. 164, 171, on script; Lapidge 1996, pp. 446-7, on latinity; Crick 1997, on script.

Note. MS 2 seems to be the earliest version, with additional passage marked for insertion; MS 1 is a fair copy, incorporating this passage, with separate endorsements recording the confirmations at Wilton and ęt Astran; in MS 3 the records of proceedings at Kingston and Wilton were written by the main scribe, with the confirmation made ęt Astran added as an endorsement.

Event/Transaction List

Factoid Type Source Reference Short Description
1 Event S1438    Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and the Canterbury, Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. In return Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 restore to Canterbury, Christ Church, land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent.
2 Event S1438    Confirmation by Southumbrian bishops of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs.
3 Event S1438    Confirmation by King Ęthelwulf 1 of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs.
4 Event S1438    Record of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters.
5 Transaction S1438    Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 restoring to Canterbury, Christ Church, land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters.
6 Transaction S1438    King Baldred 4 granted the estate at Malling to Christ Church, Canterbury, whilst in flight from Kent.