Source: CharterS1165

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Description

Frithuwald, subregulus of Surrey, to Eorcenwald and to St Peter's, Chertsey; grant of 200 (or 300) hides (manentes) at Chertsey and 5 at Thorpe, with 10 hides by the port of London.

Charter information
Sawyer 1165
Birch 34
Kemble 987
British Academy ---
Source Used Birch
Archive(s) Chertsey
Source Information
Language Latin with Old English
Scholarly Source Dating 672 x 674

Notes

*Plummer 1896, ii. 217, probably forged in 10th century; Stenton 1918, p. 435 n. 11, some genuine original lies behind present Stenton 1933, p. 313 n. 2, composed between 673 and 675 (= Stenton 1970, p. 179 n. 3); PN Surrey, pp. xvi, 88, 98, 105 n., 114 n., 119 n.; Harmer, Writs, p. 202; Stenton 1955, p. 29, 'distended with spurious matter....but the ancient formulas at its core show that it descends from a text of the 7th century'; PN Oxon., i. 146; John 1960, pp. 7-8, reputable, dates c. 674; Chaplais 1968, pp. 320-1, 328, on formulation (= 1973, pp. 70, 78-9); Chaplais 1969, pp. 541-2, on formulation (= 1973, p. 106); Stenton 1971, p. 294, cited; Cox 1976, pp. 19, 25, 31, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 46, on place-names; PN Berks., i. 132-3; Harrison 1976, p. 72, cited; Gelling, ECTV, no. 309, charter is authentic, nos 352-4, bounds; Whitelock, EHD, p. 479, authentic, bounds of much later date; Dyson 1980, land by the port of London was at Southwark; Scharer 1982, pp. 133-6, forgery based on a genuine charter granting 5 hides at Thorpe; Sawyer 1983, p. 297, on reference to Thame; Wormald 1983, p. 112; Dyson and Schofield 1985, pp. 291, 299, on Southwark reference; Fleming 1985, p. 257; Wormald 1985, pp. 9, 25, probably interpolated but basically authentic, may have been drafted by Bishop Eorcenwald; Yorke 1985, p. 32 n. 184, on historical context; Blair 1989, on historical context; Vince 1990, p. 65, cited; Dumville 1992, pp. 51-3, acceptable, discusses Chertsey archive as a whole; Carlin 1996, p. 8 n.; Faith 1997, p. 29, cited.

Translation(s)

Editor Article or Book Title Journal or Pub.Loc. Date pp.
Whitelock, Dorothy English Historical Documents, c.400-1042 London and New York 1999 [reissue of 1979 edition] 479-80

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref Primary Person Short Description
RecordedNames S1165    Hunfrith 2 (Humfrid)
RecordedNames S1165    Frithuwald 4 (Fritheuuald)
RecordedNames S1165    Frithuric 1 (Frithuric)
RecordedNames S1165    Eorcenwald 1 (Erkenuuald)
RecordedNames S1165    Ecgwald 4 (Eguuald)
RecordedNames S1165    Ecgberht 3 (Egbert)
RecordedNames S1165    Ebba 2 (Ebba)
RecordedNames S1165    Ceadda 1 (Ceadd)
RecordedNames S1165    Baduwald 1 (Baduuald)
RecordedNames S1165    Anonymous 321 ( )
RecordedNames S1165    Ęthelwald 10 (Ętheluuold)
PersonInfo S1165    Frithuwald 4 illiterate
Occupation S1165    Frithuwald 4 Monk
Occupation S1165    Anonymous 321 Monk
Personal Relationship S1165    Anonymous 321 was Son of Frithuwald 4
Office S1165    Wulfhere 1 held office of King (king of the Mercians)
Office S1165    Wigheard 3 held office of Sub-king
Office S1165    Osric 3 held office of Sub-king
Office S1165    Frithuwald 4 held office of Sub-king of the province of the people of Surrey, sub-king of Wulfhere 1
Office S1165    Eorcenwald 1 held office of Abbot (abbot of Chertsey)
Office S1165    Ecgberht 3 held office of King
Office S1165    Ęthelwald 10 held office of Subregulus
Event S1165    Frithuwald 4 gave not only the land, but confirmed and delivered himself and his only son [Anonymous 321] to Abbot Eorcenwald 1
Event S1165    Chertsey was first constructed under Ecgberht 3
Event S1165    Frithuwald 4, subregulus of Surrey, to Eorcenwald 1 and to St Peter's minster, Chertsey; grant of 200 (or 300) hides (manentes) at Chertsey and 5 at Thorpe, with 10 hides by the port of London
RecordedNames S1165    Osric 3 (Osric)
RecordedNames S1165    Wigheard 3 (Wigherd)
RecordedNames S1165    Wulfhere 1 (Wlfharius)
Transaction S1165    Wulfhere 1, king of the Mercians, confirming: Frithuwald 4, subregulus of Surrey, to Eorcenwald 1 and to Chertsey, St Peter's 1; grant of 200 (or 300) hides (manentes) at Chertsey and 5 at Thorpe, with 10 hides (manentes) by the port of London. The property comprises land at Chertsey, Thorpe, Egham, Getinges (cf. Eaton Farm, Chobham), Molesey, Woodham in Chertsey and Hunewaldesham (lost) in Weybridge, Surrey.
Transaction S1165    Frithuwald 4, subregulus of Surrey, to Eorcenwald 1 and to Chertsey, St Peter's 1; grant of 200 (or 300) hides (manentes) at Chertsey and 5 at Thorpe, with 10 hides by the port of London. The property comprises land at Chertsey, Thorpe, Egham, Getinges (cf. Eaton Farm, Chobham), Molesey, Woodham in Chertsey and Hunewaldesham (lost) in Weybridge, Surrey.
Possession S1165    Frithuwald 4