Source: CharterS1438

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Description

Record of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth and Kings Ecgberht and Ęthelwulf concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters. Confirmations by King Ęthelwulf (at a meeting at Wilton) and (A.D. 839) by bishops south of the Humber, at a synod ęt Astran.

Charter information
Sawyer 1438
Birch 421
Kemble 240
British Academy ---
Source Used Birch
Archive(s) Canterbury, Christ Church
Source Information
Language Latin
Date from Source 838
Scholarly Source Dating 838

Notes

*Bond 1878, p. 7, MSS 1, 2, 3 all contemporary; Sweet, OET, pp. 434-6 (nos 21-3); Stevenson 1914, p. 697 n. 37; Parsons 1939, pp. 13, 14, 32 n., authentic; Barker 1948, pp. 131-2; Stenton 1955, p. 41, MSS 1, 2, 3 cannot be much later than 850; Chaplais 1965, p. 57, MSS 1 and 3 are in part in the same hand as S 298 (= 1973, pp. 38-9); John 1966, p. 37, contemporary; Chaplais 1968, p. 316, example of document issued in more than one exemplar (= 1973, p. 65); Stenton 1971, p. 234 n. 2, meaning often obscure; Vollrath-Reichelt 1971, pp. 223-5; Jones 1976, pp. 26, 28, on estate history, assumes identification with South Malling; Wormald 1982, p. 140, cited; Brooks 1984, pp. 136-7, estate probably at East Malling, pp. 146-7, 197-201, on background, pp. 323-5, on MSS and script, p. 360 n. 70, scribe of MS 1 also wrote S 1268 and 1204a, disputes identification with scribe of S 298; Vollrath 1985, pp. 207-10, on synodal aspects; Brown 1986, p. 129, on script of MS 1; Edwards 1988, p. 279, authentic; Morrish 1988, p. 513, on script; O'Donovan, Sherborne, p. 9; Wormald 1988, no. 16; Fleming 1993, p. 122; Keynes 1993/1, pp. 121, 124, estate probably at South Malling; Keynes 1994/2, pp. 1112-14; Cubitt 1995, pp. 80, 287-8, 314; Brown 1996, pp. 164, 171, on script; Lapidge 1996, pp. 446-7, on latinity; Crick 1997, on script.

Note. MS 2 seems to be the earliest version, with additional passage marked for insertion; MS 1 is a fair copy, incorporating this passage, with separate endorsements recording the confirmations at Wilton and ęt Astran; in MS 3 the records of proceedings at Kingston and Wilton were written by the main scribe, with the confirmation made ęt Astran added as an endorsement.

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref Primary Person Short Description
Personal Relationship S1438    Ecgberht 10 was Father of Ęthelwulf 1
Office S1438    Cuthwulf 3 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Willred 1 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Beorhtred 5 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Ceolberht 7 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Heahberht 8 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Ręthhun 1 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Cynefrith 4 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Cynred 2 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Humberht 4 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Helmstan 1 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Wulflaf 3 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Ceolred 2 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Osric 8 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Huda 1 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Osmund 7 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Ealhstan 2 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Ecgberht 8 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Ęthelheard 16 held office of Minister
Office S1438    Eadberht 37 held office of Deacon
Office S1438    Eanwulf 4 held office of Princeps
Office S1438    Ęthelwulf 20 held office of Princeps
Office S1438    Eadhun 1 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Ealhstan 3 held office of Bishop
Office S1438    Ceolwulf 8 held office of Subdeacon
Office S1438    Nothwulf 1 held office of Subdeacon
Office S1438    Wealhhere 2 held office of Deacon
Office S1438    Badanoth 1 held office of Deacon
Office S1438    Heahberht 1 held office of Deacon
Office S1438    Osmund 5 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Beornnoth 5 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Wigmund 5 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Hunred 3 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Hysenoth 1 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Brunheard 2 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Węrheard 2 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Węrheard 2 held office of Abbot
Office S1438    Beagmund 3 held office of Priest
Office S1438    Beagmund 3 held office of Abbot
Office S1438    Baldred 4 held office of King
Office S1438    Ęthelwulf 1 held office of King
Office S1438    Ecgberht 10 held office of King
Office S1438    Ceolnoth 3 held office of Archbishop
Event S1438    Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and the Canterbury, Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. In return Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 restore to Canterbury, Christ Church, land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent.
Event S1438    Confirmation by Southumbrian bishops of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs.
Event S1438    Confirmation by King Ęthelwulf 1 of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs.
Event S1438    Record of the agreement made at Kingston, between Archbishop Ceolnoth 3 and Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 concerning the restoration to Canterbury, Christ Church 1, of land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters.
RecordedNames S1438    Ceolnoth 3 (Ceolnoth)
RecordedNames S1438    Ecgberht 10 (Ecgberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Ęthelwulf 1 (Ętheluulf)
RecordedNames S1438    Baldred 4 (Baldred)
RecordedNames S1438    Beagmund 3 (Bęgmund)
RecordedNames S1438    Węrheard 2 (Uuerhard)
RecordedNames S1438    Brunheard 2 (Brunhard)
RecordedNames S1438    Hysenoth 1 (Hysenoth)
RecordedNames S1438    Hunred 3 (Hunred)
RecordedNames S1438    Wigmund 5 (Wigmund)
RecordedNames S1438    Beornnoth 5 (Beornnoš)
RecordedNames S1438    Osmund 5 (Osmund)
RecordedNames S1438    Heahberht 1 (Heaberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Badanoth 1 (Badanoš)
RecordedNames S1438    Wealhhere 2 (Uuealhhere)
RecordedNames S1438    Nothwulf 1 (Nošwulf)
RecordedNames S1438    Ceolwulf 8 (Ceolwulf)
RecordedNames S1438    Ealhstan 3 (Alhstan)
RecordedNames S1438    Eadhun 1 (Eadhun)
RecordedNames S1438    Ęthelwulf 20 (Ęšeluulf)
RecordedNames S1438    Eanwulf 4 (Eanwulf)
RecordedNames S1438    Eadberht 37 (Eadberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Ęthelheard 16 (Ęšelheard)
RecordedNames S1438    Ecgberht 8 (Ecgberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Ealhstan 2 (Alhstan)
RecordedNames S1438    Osmund 7 (Osmund)
RecordedNames S1438    Huda 1 (Huda)
RecordedNames S1438    Osric 8 (Osric)
RecordedNames S1438    Ceolred 2 (Ceolręd)
RecordedNames S1438    Wulflaf 3 (Uulflaf)
RecordedNames S1438    Helmstan 1 (Helmstan)
RecordedNames S1438    Humberht 4 (Humberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Cynred 2 (Cyrred)
RecordedNames S1438    Cynefrith 4 (Cyneferš)
RecordedNames S1438    Ręthhun 1 (Ręšhun)
RecordedNames S1438    Heahberht 8 (Heaberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Ceolberht 7 (Ceolberht)
RecordedNames S1438    Beorhtred 5 (Beorhtred)
RecordedNames S1438    Willred 1 (Uuillred)
RecordedNames S1438    Cuthwulf 3 (Cušuulf)
Transaction S1438    Kings Ecgberht 10 and Ęthelwulf 1 restoring to Canterbury, Christ Church, land at Mallingum (East Malling, Kent or South Malling, Sussex), previously granted by Baldred 4, king of Kent. In return Ceolnoth 3 and the Christ Church community and their successors promise loyalty to the West Saxon kings and their heirs. An additional passage concerns an agreement over the election of abbots and abbesses to the Kentish minsters.
Transaction S1438    King Baldred 4 granted the estate at Malling to Christ Church, Canterbury, whilst in flight from Kent.