Location: England / England

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event Anon.VitGregorii  11   Mellitus 1 is said to have been consecrated in England by Augustine 1.
Event Anon.VitGregorii  11   Laurence 2 is said to have been consecrated by Mellitus 1.
Event Hygeburg.VitWynnebaldi  3   Wynnebald 1 converted neighbours and relatives (Anonymi 552) [in England].
Status Hygeburg.VitWynnebaldi  3 Anonymi 552 held status of Neighbour / Neighbour
Office Anon.VitGregorii  14 Paulinus 1 held office of Bishop
Event ASC  866 ADEG, <867> B, 867 C   A great here (Anonymi 34) came to England and took winter quarters among the East Angles (Anonymi 878).
Event ASC  836 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <836> B   Offa 7 and Beorhtric 1 had caused Ecgberht 10 before he became king to flee from England to Francia for three years.
Event ASC  787 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <787> B   Anonymi 822 slew Anonymous 305.
Event Anon.MiracRicharii  16   The Danes were staying in the English regions with their fleet.
Event Anon.MiracRicharii  16   After having been very ill and close to death, Anonymous 424 remembered that he had entered the church of St Richarius 1, without paying any respect to either God or the saint. He immediately promised to change his life and to stop killing Christians, if he could have his health restored. He ordered that four silver threads and a golden one, as long as his height, should be sent to the church of St Richarius 1. While he was ordering these things to be done, he felt a sudden relief of his condition and after three days his health was totally restored.
Office ASC  900 A, <901> B, 901 CDEFG Alfred 8 ABCG: [Alfred 8] was king over all the English people except the part under the control of the Danes. ABCDEFG: He held the kingdom [ABCG add: for twenty-nine and a half years, DEF substitute: twenty-eight and a half years].
Event ASC (E)  675 E (p. 37)   Agatho 2 and 125 bishops (Anonymi 1321) sent a letter to England in care of Wilfrid 2.
Event ASC (DEF)  785 DEF(OE and Lat.)   At this time messengers (Anonymi 1337) were sent [DE add: from Rome] by Hadrian 3 to England to renew the faith [DE add: and friendship].
Event Byrhtferth.VitEcgwini  ii.1   Ecgwine 1 returned rejoicing to his native land and gave hymns of thanks to Jesus Christ. He entered into the presence of Æthelred 2, who received him with joy, since he knew for certain that Ecgwine 1 had been accused through the incitement of envy.
Event Lantfred.TransMiracSwithuni  16   Anonymi 1507 went to Rome to the shrines of the apostles from the remote areas of England.
Event Lantfred.TransMiracSwithuni  33   Anonymous 568 was taken to the monastery in England were Swithhun 5 was buried. While she was staying there, she was healed.
Status Lantfred.TransMiracSwithuni  20 Anonymous 549 held status of Slave / Slave
Event Byrhtferth.VitOswaldi  iii.4   Oswald 8 and his companions (Anonymi 1670) left Fleury and crossed the sea to go back to England. When they reached Dover, they heard that Oda 1 had died.
Office Byrhtferth.VitOswaldi  iv.17 Edgar 11 held office of King
Event EncomiumEmmae  3.1   Harold 5 was chosen as king by certain Englishmen.
Event EncomiumEmmae  1.2   Anonymous 717 was killed
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.17, 2.19   Many peoples were subdued in war and compelled to pay annual tribute to Cnut 3.
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.18, 3.1   Emma 2 and Cnut 3 sent their other legitimate sons (Alfred 54 and Edward 15) to be brought up in Normandy.
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.16   Emma 2 was conveyed over the seas.
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.15 Cnut 3 Cnut 3 held the kingdom peacefully and uninterruptedly.
Event EncomiumEmmae  2,3   Thorkell 1 sought Cnut 3 with nine ships (Anonymi 1790).
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.3   Anonymous 719 took Swein 1's body by ship to Denmark where it was received and buried by his sons.
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.1   Having heard that the English wanted to expel him, Cnut 3 returned to his native land in order to consult his brother, Harold 4.
Event EncomiumEmmae  1.5   Swein 1 died shortly after appointing Cnut 3 as his successor.
Event EncomiumEmmae  1.5   Swein 1 summoned Cnut 3 and entrusted the royal sceptre to him.
Event EncomiumEmmae  1.3-4   Swein 1 went to his ship and they set out and at length approached England.
Event EncomiumEmmae  1.2   Thorkell 1 acquired the south part of England .
Event EncomiumEmmae  3.13   Harthacnut 1 asked Edward 15 to come and hold the kingdom with him.
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.14 Harthacnut 1 Emma 2, Harthacnut 1 and Edward 15 shared rule of the kingdom.
Office EncomiumEmmae  Argument Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  1.5 Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.14 Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.19 Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae    Cnut 3 held office of Emperor
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.14 Edward 15 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.13 Edward 15 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.3 Emma 2 held office of Queen
Office EncomiumEmmae  Argument Harold 5 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.1 Harold 5 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  Argument Harthacnut 1 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.13 Harthacnut 1 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  3.14 Harthacnut 1 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae  Argument Swein 1 held office of King
Office S456    Æthelstan 18 held office of King (king of England)
Office Gregory III.Ep.B151    Anonymi 1840 held office of Bishop
Office Formosus.Ep.CS8  p. 36 Anonymi 1843 held office of Bishop
Event Alcuin.Ep  8   Greetings, enquiries and requests from Alcuin 1 to Joseph 2.
Event Alcuin.Ep  9   Alcuin 1 gave advice to Æthelred 7 and others.
Event Alcuin.Ep  130   Alcuin 1 feared the pagans (Anonymi 1920), who in previous times had not tried to sail through English seas and devastate the shores of his fatherland.
Event Alcuin.Ep  287   The brethren of the church of Mayo (Anonymi 1963) used to come to Alcuin 1 when he was resident in his fatherland.
Event ASC (A)  1001 AG   A sciphere (Anonymi 2049) raided and burned almost everywhere.
Event ASC (A)  1031 A   Here Cnut 3 came back to England.
Event ASC (A)  1066 A   Here William 1 came and conquered the land of the English.
Event AnnalsFragIrel  56.166   Bede 1 was with Adomnán 1 while the latter was in England.
Event AnnalsUlster  598.4   Augustine 1 came to England.
Event ASC (C-F)  1014 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Æthelred 32 sent Edward 15 here [sc. to England] with his messengers (Anonymi 2284).
Event ASC (C-F)  1012 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   When tribute had been paid [F(Lat.) adds: that had been promised by the king (sc. Æthelred 32)] [CDE: and oaths of peace sworn], the here (Anonymi 2242) dispersed as widely as it had earlier been gathered [F(Lat.) substitutes: departed from England].
Event ASC (C-F)  1005 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   The fleet (Anonymi 2226) this year went from the country [sc. England] to Denmark.
Event ASC (C-F)  1017 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Here in this year Cnut 3 acceded to all the kingdom of the English.
Event ASC (C-F)  1017 C   [Cnut 3] afterwards ordered him [sc. Eadwig 11] to be slain.
Event ASC (C-F)  1017 C   [Cnut 3] afterwards ordered him [sc. Eadwig 11] to be slain.
Event ASC (C-F)  1020 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   [DEF(OE and Lat.): Here] Cnut 3 came back to England.
Office ASC (C-F)  1012 F(OE) Anonymi 2264 held office of Witan
Office ASC (C-F)  1012 F(Lat.) Anonymi 2264 held office of Princeps
Office ASC (C-F)  1014 CD Anonymi 2283 held office of Witan
Office ASC (C-F)  1014 F(OE) Anonymi 2283 held office of Witan
Event ASC (C-F)  1023 C   Here Cnut 3 came back to England.
Event ASC (C-F)  1023 C   The king [sc. Cnut 3] took Thorkell 1's son (Anonymous 895) with him to England.
Event ASC (C-F)  1028 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Here Cnut 3 went [DEF(OE and Lat.): from England] to Norway with fifty ships [F(OE) adds: of English thegns; F(Lat.) adds: of nobles from England] (Anonymi 2359).
Event ASC (C-F)  1029 DEF(OE and Lat.)   Here Cnut 3 came home to England.
Office ASC (C-F)  1036 EF(OE and Lat.) Cnut 3 He [sc. Cnut 3] was king over all England [F(Lat.) substitutes: reigned] for well nigh twenty years.
Event ASC (C-F)  1036 CD   Here Alfred 54 came here [sc. to England] and wished to go to his mother [sc. Emma 2] who was resident in Winchester.
Event ASC (C-F)  1037 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   She [sc. Emma 2] then came to Bruges [E: sought Baldwin 4's protection south of the sea; F(OE): sought Baldwin 4's protection in Flanders; F(Lat.): sought Baldwin 4].
Office ASC (C-F)  1039 E Harold 5 He [sc. Harold 5] ruled England for four years and sixteen weeks.
Event ASC (C-F)  1041 CD, 1040 EF(OE and Lat.)   And in this year Edward 15 came [CD: from beyond the sea; EF(OE): to this land from France; F(Lat.): to England].
Office ASC (C-F)  1041 EF(OE and Lat.) Harthacnut 1 He [sc. Harthacnut 1] was king over all England [F(OE and Lat.) has instead: reigned] for two years less ten days.
Office ASC (C-F)  1031 F(OE) William 1 held office of King (King in England)
Event ASC (F)  957 F(OE and Lat.)   Here Dunstan 1 was driven out [F(OE): of England by Eadwig 4].
Office ASC (F)  1016 F(Lat.) Cnut 3 Cnut 3 afterwards ruled over all England.
Office ASC (F)  1016 F(Lat.) Cnut 3 held office of King (King of England)
Event George.Ep  p. 20   George 1 and Theophylactus 2 travelled to Britain.
Event George.Ep  p. 20   Gregory 1 through Augustine 1 preached true Christian doctrine to the English.
Event AnnalsCamb  1014 ABC   Swein 1 invaded the territory of the English.
Office AnnalsCamb  594 Æthelberht 3 held office of King
PersonInfo Lantfred.TransMiracSwithuni  16 Anonymi 1507 from the remote areas of England
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1047   Earl Swein 3 returned to England.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052   Earl William 1 came from overseas with a great force [werod] of Frenchmen, and the king [Edward 15] received him and as many of his companions [gefera] as suited him, and let him go again.
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.1   The beloved of God Beorhtwald 19 of holy memory, bishop of Wiltshire wept over the forsaken throne of the kingdom. He passed the watches of his weeping in the monastery of Glastonbury, and weary after so many tears the man of God fell asleep. When lo! In the Holy of Holies he saw the blessed Peter... consecrate the image of a seemly man as king, assign him the life of a bachelor, and set the years of his reign by a fixed reckoning of his life. And when the king even at this juncture asked him who of the generations to come would reign in the kingdom, Peter answered: 'The kingdom of the English belongs to God; and after you He has already provided a King according to his own will.'
Event Anon.LiberEliensis  I.1   After the death of Eorpwald 1, Felix 2 came to England with Sigeberht 3 and was made Bishop of East Anglia, taking up his see in the city of Dummoc.
Event Bayeux Tapestry      Here Harold 3, dux, returned home to England. And came to King Edward 15.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.1   Cnut 3 and his father [Swein 1] conquered the English kingdom.
Office WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.1 Harold 5 held office of King
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.3   Godwine 51 went to meet Alfred 54 openly, as if to honour him, promised his help, giving Alfred 54 his kiss and his right hand as a pledge of faith. Godwine 51 also admitted Alfred 54 to his table and his counsels. But in the middle of the following night Godwine 51 tied Alfred 54's hands behind his back while Alfred 54 was unarmed and heavy with sleep. Godwine 51 sent Alfred 54 to King Harold 5 in London with some of Alfred 54's similarly bound followers; of the remainder some were imprisoned and some put to death through disembowelling.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  I.46   On his return to Normandy, William 1 kept Harold 3 as his valued guest for a while longer and then sent him back to Edward 15 with rich gifts for Harold 3 and Edward 15.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.1   William 1 took counsel with his men and decided to claim his inheritance by force of arms, although many argued that the enterprise was too arduous and far beyond the resources of Normandy.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.2   William 1 directed ships to be built and equipped with arms, men, provisions, and the other things necessary for war [with England]. Normandy eagerly bent to the task. Foreign knights flocked to join William 1 in great numbers, attracted by his liberality and the justice of his cause.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.4   Harold 3 was ready to give battle on land or sea and spread out a vast army over the greater part of the sea-coast.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.4   Harold 3 sent spies across the sea to William 1. One was captured and tried to conceal the purpose of his journey from William 1. William 1 exposed him and sent the spy back to Harold 3 with a message: Harold 3 will have nothing to fear from William 1 if, within the space of one year, he has not seen William 1 in the place Harold 3 thinks safest for his fleet.
Event WilliamofPoitiers.GestaGuillelmi  II.32   [William 1] has lifted from [England's] neck the proud and cruel lordship of Harold 3; he has killed the execrable tyrant who was forcing [England] into a servitude that was both disastrous and shameful.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  II.1   When Athelstan (Guthrum 1), king of that kingdom, heard this [news concerning the landing of the Danes], he immediately sent messengers with a request for peace, and obtained it; they were bound together by a mutual pact of firm and indissoluble friendship. After the Danes had asked him to support their expedition, they gathered a large army of men in a short time.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  II.7(13)   Messengers of Athelstan (Guthrum 1), king of the English, arrived, begging Rollo 1 to come immediately to his support, for some rebels, conspiring against him, had taken up arms. [Rollo 1] set off to attack the English. As soon as he arrived he put down the rebels with vigour, took hostages, and set them at the king's feet. Thereupon he again selected a large number of young men and returned to France, laden with rich gifts presented to him by the king.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.4   William of Jumièges claims that Æthelred 32 sent ships with a great and well-equipped army to Normandy in order to devastate the land by robbery and fire, with the exception of Mont-St-Michel... and that they should conquer the duchy [of Normandy], capture Duke Richard 2... and return with him alive to England. Nigel 1 with his knights, together with a multitude of common people, launched an unexpected attack upon the English and slaughtered many of them. Those who returned to Æthelred 32 told him their story, making him blush and feel deeply ashamed.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.6   Æthelred 32 in a sudden fury gave orders to murder the Danes who lived throughout of the kingdom [of England]. Some managed to take hold of a ship and flee to Denmark to Swein 1, who, together with his magnates, decreed to seek vengeance.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.7   As Swein 1 was triumphantly advancing from Yorkshire southwards, King Æthelred 32, who at that time was at Winchester and who found himself completely deserted by the English, dug up his treasure from the earth and went with his wife [Emma 2] and sons, Edward 15 and Alfred 54, to Duke Richard 2 of Normandy, where he was suitably welcomed.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8   The Danes embalmed [Swein 1's] body and carried it aboard one of the ships and with great haste sailed back to bury him in Denmark.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8; VI.9(10)   Having heard of Swein 1's death, Æthelred 32 prepared everything in order to sail to his kingdom [of England] with his wife [Emma 2], leaving his sons Edward 15 and Alfred 54 behind with their uncle [Richard 2].
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  V.8   King Cnut 3 sailed his ships over to England. He made for the River Thames and went swiftly up it to the region of London. He and his men [Anonymi 2297] disembarked from their ships and encountered the English [Anonymi 1764], who had gathered together from all over the country at Ashdon [Ashingdon], to inflict upon them a bloody defeat.
Office S1003    Edward 15 held office of Monarchus
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  VI.10(11)   William of Jumièges claims that Cnut 3 sent envoys to duke Robert 4 [to Normandy] with the message that he was willing to return half the kingdom of England to the sons of King Æthelred 32 [Edward 15 and Alfred 54] and to settle peace for his lifetime, because he was seriously ill.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  VII.6(9)   Soon after [Harthacnut 1] was established as king, he summoned his brother Edward 15 from Normandy to come and live with him.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  VII.(32)   William 1 sent Earl Tosti 2 to England, but Harold 3's fleet forcefully drove him away, so Tosti 2, prevented from entering England safely or returning to Normandy because of a contrary wind, went instead to King Harald 5 Fairhair of Norway and begged him for support as a suppliant. The king granted Tosti 2's request with pleasure.
Office S1026    Edward 15 held office of Basileus
Office S1032    Edward 15 held office of King
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4   Harold 3 and Leofwine 69 crossed to Ireland, so that with military forces drawn from there they could avenge their father [Godwine 51's] wrong. This disturbance in the English kingdom happened about the beginning of October [1051]; and the one party (i.e. Godwine 51) was received into Flanders for winter by Count Baldwin 4 and the other (i.e. Harold 3 and Leofwine 69) into Ireland by king Diarmait 1.
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.4   Many English hurried after Godwine 51 into exile, some sent messages that they were ready, should he want to return, to receive his forcibly in the country, to fight for him, and, if need be, they were willing to die for him as well. And this was proclaimed not secretly or privily but openly and publicly, and not by a few only but by almost all the natives of the country [of England].
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3   When the active earl [Godwine 51] saw that he was wrongfully overthrown and barred from a legal trial, he assembled a large fleet of the River Yser, and in the middle of the summer [of 1052] put to sea; and entered a port on the shore of Britain. All the eastern and southern English who could manage it met his ship; all came to meet him, like children their long-awaited father. At the same time his two sons, [Harold 3 and Leofwine 69] came with large naval forces from Ireland to meet him; and they wasted with sword, fire, and the seizure for booty all the kingdom from the farthest limits of the western Britons or English to the place where the earl was stationed. With the soldiers made more resolute by mutual exhortation, they crossed the Kentish sea and entered the mouth of the River Thames. Although Edward 15 did not believe the news about the invasion, he nevertheless came with such military force as he could muster to London; and he tried to deny them entry into the city where he was encamped. But the whole city went out to help and protect the earl [Godwine 51].
Office S1089    Edward 15 held office of King
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.1.4-7   Theodore 1 expelled Wilfrid 2 wrongfully, and Wilfrid 2 appealed to the pope of Rome, Agatho 2, after being buffeted by many dangers. His appeal was couched in moderate terms: he wished neither to bring charges against the pope's nominee, nor yet to allow his own innocence to be imperilled. these are the words of his memorandum to the pope: 'How has it come about that Theodore 1 should, while I yet lived, in the see which I controlled, ordain three bishops on his own authority, without the consent of any bishop, and against my humble wishes?' Wilfrid 2 was on this occasion adjudged innocent by the Roman council and sent back to his see. But he did not carry his point, thanks to the strong measures of King Ecgfrith 4, particularly as Theodore 1 either purposely obstructed him or let things take their course without interfering. This is also backed up and supported by the letter which Agatho 2 sent to the sixth synod assembled at Constantinople: 'We are hoping to join with our humble self Theodore 1 from Britain, our fellow servant and fellow bishop, archbishop of the great island of Britain, and a lover of wisdom; and this is why we have delayed this council up until now.'
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.6.1   Archbishop Cuthbert 7 immediately sent the full proceedings to this synod [of Clofesho], by the hand of his deacon Cyneberht 5 to Boniface 5 archbishop of Mainz, previously called Winfrith.
Office S1477    Edward 15 held office of King
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.22.1-2   Robert 5, long loved and now newly honoured [by having been made archbishop] by Edward 15, played a leading part in his counsels, able to demote and promote men at his whim. Robert 5 in the end succeeded in having the leading nobles, Godwine 51 and his sons, accused of treason before the king and banished from England. For the moment his opinion held the day; but next year the cause was referred to the popular judgement, and the exiles were restored. The archbishop was clear that this reconciliation would do him no good; he therefore anticipated any judgement and went to Rome. He came back with letters asserting his innocence and asking for his return; but he met his end at Jumièges.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.23.5-8   William 1 duke of Normandy came to England and subdued the country by force for arms. He spread the terror of his name far and wide by winning the battle of Hastings and receiving the surrender of Dover Castle, and then came to London. There, Stigand 1 and the most powerful of the English came out to show their support; after negotiations, William 1 received him as father and archbishop, while Stigand 1 received William 1 as king and son. But the king drew the line at receiving the crown from his hand, with his customary ingenuity arranging for people to forbid it in the pope’s name. Soon afterwards, he sailed over to Normandy, and took with him the reluctant Stigand 1 under a show of Honouring him, for he wanted to make sure the archbishop’s influence did not cause any emergence of treason in his absence. It is difficult to exaggerate the civilities he showed Stigand 1: he rose to his feet to do him honour on every occasion, and made sure he was welcomed by long and elaborate processions in every see and abbey of Normandy. But what lay behind this façade was revealed when there arrived in England Ermenfrid 1, bishop of Sion and Pope Alexander 1’s legate. At the king’s instance he summoned a council and deposed Stigand 1, though he called on William 1 to keep faith with him and protested that he was being subjected to violence. The king made smooth excuses, citing the pope’s command, but he did not efface the impression that he had engineered the deposition, for he kept Stigand 1 in prison at Winchester for the rest of his life. Stigand 1 lived a simple life there; the public purse provided little, and Stigand 1, with his innate obstinacy, refused to have anything brought in from his own estates. Indeed when his friends, especially Eadgyth 3, King Edward 15’s widow, urged him to dress and eat less austerely, he swore by everything sacred a false oath that he had not a penny to his name. That this oath had no basis in truth was proved by the vast riches found after his death in underground caves. They were given away by a key hanging round the neck of the dead man. This turned lock of his private chest, and the records thus disclosed revealed the types of metals he owned, and their weights.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.74.1   The first bishop of the East Angles was a Burgundian, Felix 2, who became friends with Sigeberht 3 when he was in exile in Gaul and came with him to England after the death of Eorpwald 1. When the kingdom fell to Sigeberht 3, Felix 2 was ordained bishop and gave full support to the spirited king. He also founded schools of letters in suitable places, gradually bringing a barbarous people over to Latinate cultivation.