Location: Norway / Norway

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.17, 2.19   Many peoples were subdued in war and compelled to pay annual tribute to Cnut 3.
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.19 Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae    Cnut 3 held office of Emperor
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.7 Eric 2 held office of Princeps (Princeps of the province called Norway)
Office AnnalsFragIrel  118.330 Halfdan 1 held office of King (King of Norway)
Event ASC (C-F)  1028 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Here Cnut 3 went [DEF(OE and Lat.): from England] to Norway with fifty ships [F(OE) adds: of English thegns; F(Lat.) adds: of nobles from England] (Anonymi 2359).
Event ASC (C-F)  1028 DEF(OE and Lat.)   Cnut 3 laid claim to all that land [of Norway] [F(Lat.) has: possessed it].
Event ASC (C-F)  1030 C   Here Olaf 7 was killed in Norway by his own people (Anonymi 2360) and afterwards was holy.
Event ASC (C-F)  1030 DE   Here Olaf 7 came back into Norway.
Event ASC (C-F)  1030 DE   [Olaf 7] was slain there [sc. in Norway].
PersonInfo ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1046 Magnus 1 of Norway
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1066 Harald 5 held office of King
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1066   Earl Tosti 2 came from overseas into the Isle of Wight with as large a fleet as he could muster, and both money and provisions were given them him. And then he went away from there and did damage everywhere along the sea coast wherever he could reach, until he came to Sandwich. When King Harold 3, who was in London, was informed that his brother Tosti 2 was come to Sandwich, he assembled a naval force and a land force larger than any king had assembled before in this country, because he had been told as a fact that Count William 1 from Normandy, King Edward 15’s kinsman, meant to come here and subdue this country. This was exactly what happened afterwards. When Tosti 2 found that King Harold 3 was on his way to Sandwich, he went from Sandwich and took some of the sailors with him, some willingly, some unwillingly, and then went north to [ ] and ravaged in Lindsey and killed many good men there. When Earl Edwin 33 and Earl Morcar 3 understood about this, they came there and drove him out of the country; and then he went to Scotland, and the king of the Scots [Malcolm 5 Canmore] gave him protection, and helped him with provisions, and he stayed there all the summer. Then King Harold 3 came to Sandwich and waited for his fleet there, because it was long before it could be assembled, he went to the Isle of Wight and lay there all that summer and autumn; and a land force was kept everywhere along by the sea, though in the end it was no use. When it was the feast of the Nativity of St Mary [8 September], the provisions of the people were gone, and nobody could keep them there any longer. Then the men were allowed to go home, and the king rode inland, and the ships were brought up to London, and many perished before they reached there. When the ships came home, Harald 5, king of Norway [cynge on Norwegan], came by surprise north into the Tyne with a very large naval force – no small one: it could be [ ] or more. And Earl Tosti 2 came to him with all those he had mustered, just as they had agreed beforehand, and they both went with all the fleet up the Ouse towards York. Then King Harold 3 in the south was informed when he disembarked that Harald 5, king of Norway, and Earl Tosti 2 were come ashore near York. Then he went northwards day and night as quickly as he could assemble his force. Then before Harold 3 could get there Earl Edwin 33 and Morcar 3 assembled from their earldom as large a force as they could muster, and fought against the invaders and caused them heavy casualties, and many of the English host were killed and drowned and put to flight, and the Norwegians remained masters of the field [Fulford]. And this fight was on the eve of St Matthew the Apostle, and that was a Wednesday. And then after the fight Harald 5, king of Norway, and Earl Tosti 2 went into York with as large a force as suited them, and they were given hostages from the city and also helped with provisions, and so went from there on board ship and settled a complete peace, arranging that they should all go with him southwards and subdue this country. Then in the middle of these proceedings Harold 3, king of the English [Engla cyningc], came on the Sunday with all his force to Tadcaster, and there marshalled his troops, and then on Monday went right on through York. And Harald 5 king of Norway, and Earl Tosti 2 and their divisions were gone inland beyond York to Stamford Bridge, because they had been promised for certain that hostages would be brought to them there out of all the shire. Then Harold 3, king of the English, came against them by surprise beyond the bridge, and there they joined battle, and went on fighting strenuously till late in the day. And there Harald 5, king of Norway, was killed and Earl Tosti 2, and numberless men with them both Norwegians and English, and the Norwegians fled from the English. There was one of the Norwegians [Anonymous 10023] there who withstood the English host so that they could not cross the bridge nor win victory. Then an Englishman [Anonymous 10024] shot an arrow, but it was no use, and then another [Anonymous 10025] came under the bridge and stabbed him under the corselet. Then Harold 3, king of the English, came over the bridge and his host with him, and there killed large numbers of both Norwegians and Flemings, and Harold 3 let the king’s son Mundus 1 go home to Norway go home to Norway with all the ships.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1071; E 1070   MS D: The monastery at Peterborough was plundered, namely by the men that Bishop Æthelric 51 had excommunicated because they had taken there all that he had.

MS E: Then the monks of Peterborough heard it said that their own men meant to plunder the monastery – that was Hereweard 1 and his following. That was because they heard it said that the king had given the abbacy to a French abbot called Turold 1, and he was a very stern man, and had then come to Stamford with all his Frenchmen. There was then a sacristan called Yware 1; he took by night all he could, the Gospels and chasubles, and copes and robes, and some such small things – whatever he could – and went at once before dawn to the abbot Turold 1, and told him he was seeking his protection, and informed him how the outlaws were alleged to be coming to Peterborough. He did all that according to the monks’ advice. Then forthwith in the morning all the outlaws came with many ships, and wanted to enter the monastery, and the monks withstood them so that they could not get in. Then they set fire to it and burnt down all the monks’ houses and al the town except one house. Then they got in by means of fire at Bolhithe Gate, and the monks came towards them and asked them for a truce, but they paid no attention, and went into the church, climbed up to the Holy Rood and took the crown off our Lord’s head – all of pure gold – and then took the foot-rest that was underneath his feet, which was all of red gold. They climbed up to the steeple, brought down the altar-frontal that was hidden there – it was all of gold and silver – and took there 2 golden shrines and 9 of silver, and they took 15 great crucifixes, of both gold and silver. They took there so much gold and silver, and so many treasures in money and vestments and books, that no man can reckon it up to another. They said they did it out of loyalty to the monastery. Then they went on board ship and proceeded to Ely, where they deposited all the treasure. The Danes expected that they were going to overcome the Frenchmen. Then all the monks were scattered and none remained there but one monk who was called Leofwine 73 Tall [Lang]; he was lying ill in the infirmary. Then came Abbot Turold 1 and 160 Frenchmen with him, and all fully armed. When he arrived he found everything burnt inside and out except the church. The outlaws were then all afloat – they knew he would be bound to come there. This was done on 2 June. The two kings, William 1 and Swein 5, came to an agreement. Then the Danes proceeded out of Ely with all the above-mentioned treasures, and took them with them. When they were in the middle of the sea there came a great storm, and scattered all the ships carrying the treasures – some went to Norway, some to Ireland, some to Denmark and all that reached there was the altar-frontal and some shrines and crosses and much of the other treasure, and they brought it to a royal town called [blank], and then put it all in the church. Then afterwards through their carelessness and drunkenness the church was burnt one night with everything in it. Thus was the monastery of Peterborough burnt down and plundered. Almighty God have pity on it through his great mercy! And thus Abbot Turold 1 came to Peterborough, and the monks came back, and performed the service of Christ in the church, which had stood a whole week without any kind of service. When Bishop Æthelric 51 heard tell about it, he excommunicated all the men who had done this wicked deed.
Event WilliamofJumieges.Gesta Normannorum Ducum  VII.(32)   William 1 sent Earl Tosti 2 to England, but Harold 3's fleet forcefully drove him away, so Tosti 2, prevented from entering England safely or returning to Normandy because of a contrary wind, went instead to King Harald 5 Fairhair of Norway and begged him for support as a suppliant. The king granted Tosti 2's request with pleasure.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.259   Ælfhild 9 was an English woman taken prisoner to Scandinavia; there she was made a concubine of a Norwegian king, by whom she had a son called Magnus 2. After the death of her lord and her son she set off to England, making vow to God not to eat meat if He granted her a safe journey. On her happy homecoming she bought three vills and lived on their revenues. During one of the feasts she was persuaded by her friends to eat some meat, abandoning her vow, and was struck by paralysis. Three years later she visited the shrine of St Aldhelm 3 on his feast day, 25 may, and was healed. In her gratitude Ælfhild 9 gave all her goods to the monastery of Malmesbury and made profession as a nun, living close to the church, and on her death she was given a distinguished burial place in the cloister.