Location: Wales / Wales

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Office Asser.VitAlfredi  80 Alfred 8 At that time and for a long time before all the regions of right-hand [i.e., southern] Wales belonged to Alfred 8, and still did [i.e., at the time of the writing of this source].
Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79.43-51   Asser 1 agreed to spend six months a year with Alfred 8.
Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79   Asser 1 came, accompanied by guides (Anonymi 190), to Sussex.
Event Asser.VitAlfredi  79   Asser 1 was called from the western and furthest reaches of Britain to Saxony [i.e. Wessex] by Alfred 8.
Event Asser.VitAlfredi  14   Offa 7 had in recent times ordered a great dyke to be made between Wales and Mercia from sea to sea.
Event Asser.VitAlfredi  7   With Burgred 5 Æthelwulf 1 subjected the Britons (Anonymi 11) to the control of Burgred 5.
Occupation Asser.VitAlfredi  102 Anonymi 166 Monk
Event ASC  813 ADEG, <813> BC, 815 F(OE and Lat.)   [ABCDEG: In that year] Ecgberht 10 harried the Westwealas (Anonymi 824) [F(Lat.) substitutes: West Wales] from the east to the west.
Event EncomiumEmmae  2.17, 2.19   Many peoples were subdued in war and compelled to pay annual tribute to Cnut 3.
Office EncomiumEmmae  2.19 Cnut 3 held office of King
Office EncomiumEmmae    Cnut 3 held office of Emperor
Event Æthelweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 50)   Hæsten 1, breaking out from Benfleet, attacked with others the lands of the Mercians up to the borders of the British.
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1050 Gruffudd 1 King of the Welsh
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  C 1046   Earl Swein 3 went into Wales, and Gruffudd 1 the northern king with him, and hostages were given him. When he was on his way home, he ordered the abbess of Leominster [Eadgifu 17] to be brought to him and kept her as long as it suited him, and then he let her go home.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1055   MS C: There was a council at London, and Earl Ælfgar 46, son of Earl Leofric 49, was outlawed without any guilt; and he then went to Ireland and there got himself a fleet – it was 18 ships apart from his own – and then they went to Wales to King Gruffudd 1 [ap Llewelyn] with that force, and he took him into his protection. And then they gathered a large force with the Irishmen and with the Welsh, and Earl Ralph 1 gathered a large force against them at Hereford town, and there battle was joined. But before any spear was thrown the English army fled because they were on horseback, and many were killed there – about four or five hundred men – and they killed none in return. And then they went back to the town and burnt it with the glorious minster which Æthelstan 64 the venerable bishop had had built. They stripped and robbed it of relics and vestments and everything, and killed the people and some they carried off. Then a force was collected from very nearly all over England, and they came to Gloucester, and went a little way out into Wales, and stayed there for some time. And Earl Harold 3 had a ditch made about the town during that time. Then meanwhile peace was discussed and Earl Harold 3 and those who were with him came to Billingsley and there confirmed peace and friendship between them. And Ælfgar 46 was reinstated and given all that had been taken from him, and the fleet went to Chester and there waited for their pay which Earl Ælfgar 46 promised them. This slaughter was on 24 October.

MS D: Earl Ælfgar 46, Earl Leofric 49’s son, was outlawed, having committed hardly any crime. But he went to Ireland and Wales and got himself a large force and so came to Hereford. But Earl Ralph 1 came against him with a large force, but after a little struggle this was put to flight and many people killed in the flight. The invaders then went to Hereford town and ravaged it, and burnt the glorious minster which Bishop Æthelstan 64 had built, and killed the priests inside the minster and many others as well, and captured all the treasures and took them away. And when they had done the greatest damage, it was decided to reinstate Earl Ælfgar 46 and give him his earldom, and all that had been taken from him. This devastation happened on 24 October.

MS E: Earl Ælfgar 46 was outlawed because he was charged with being a traitor to the king and to all the people of the country. And he admitted this before all the people who were assembled there, though the words escaped him against his will. ... and Earl Ælfgar 46 sought the protection of Gruffudd 1 in Wales; and in this year Gruffudd 1 and Ælfgar 46 burned down St Æthelberht’s minster and all the city of Hereford.