Location: Humber (Lincolnshire, Yorkshire) / River

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event ASC  867 ADEG, <868> B, 868 C   The here (Anonymi 34) went from the East Angles (Anonymi 878) over the mouth of the Humber to York in among the Northumbrians (Anonymi 879).
Office S1428a    Ecgfrith 4 held office of King (king of the people of the Humber)
Event ASC  942.1-8 ACDG, <942> B   Edmund 14 overran the Mercians (Anonymi 1536) and the five boroughs.
Event ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   [Swein 1] went very quickly past the East Angles (Anonymi 2323) into the mouth of the Humber [CDE: and then up along the Trent until he came to Gainsborough].
Event ASC (C-F)  993 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   The here (Anonymi 2193) did much harm there, both in Lindsey and among the Northumbrians (Anonymi 2197).
Event ASC (C-F)  993 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Here in this year Bamburgh was destroyed and much booty taken there; afterwards the here (Anonymi 2193) came to the mouth of the Humber.
Event Ęthelweard.Chron  iv.2 (p. 35)   The army (Anonymi 34), having left the eastern region, were transported across the River Humber into the province of the Northumbrians to York.
Event Ęthelweard.Chron  iii.3 (p. 29)   Ecgberht 10 subjected to his power the whole kingdom which lay south of the river Humber.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  E 1066   In the same year that he [Harold 3] became king he went out with a naval force against William 1, and meanwhile Earl Tosti 2 came into the Humber with 60 ships; and Earl Edwin 33 came with a land force and drove him out and the sailors deserted him, and he went to Scotland with 12 small vessels, and Harold 3, the Norse king, met him with 300 ships, and Tosti 2 submitted to him; and they both went up the Humber until they reached York. And Earl Morcar 3 and Earl Edwin 33 fought against them, and the Norse king had the victory. And King Harold 3 was informed as to what had been done, and what had happened, and he came with a very great force of Englishmen and me him at Stamford Bridge, and killed him and Earl Tosti 2 and valiantly overcame all the invaders. Meanwhile Count William 1 landed at Hastings on Michaelmas day, and Harold 3 came from the north and fought with him before all the army had come, and there he fell and his two brothers Gyrth 1 and Leofwine 69; and William 1 conquered this country, and came to Westminster, and Archbishop Ealdred 37 consecrated him king, and people paid taxes to him, and gave him hostages and afterwards bought their lands. And Leofric 23, abbot of Peterborough, was at that campaign and fell ill there, and came home died soon after, on the eve of All Saints. God have mercy on his soul.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1066   MS C: Then King Harold 3 in the south was informed when he disembarked that Harald 5, king of Norway, and Earl Tosti 2 were come ashore near York. Then he went northwards day and night as quickly as he could assemble his force. Then before Harold 3 could get there Earl Edwin 33 and Morcar 3 assembled from their earldom as large a force as they could muster, and fought against the invaders and caused them heavy casualties, and many of the English host were killed and drowned and put to flight, and the Norwegians remained masters of the field [Fulford]. And this fight was on the eve of St Matthew the Apostle, and that was a Wednesday. And then after the fight Harald 5, king of Norway, and Earl Tosti 2 went into York with as large a force as suited them, and they were given hostages from the city and also helped with provisions, and so went from there on board ship and settled a complete peace, arranging that they should all go with him southwards and subdue this country.

MS D: And he went to Scotland with 12 small vessels, and there Harald 5, king of Norway, met him with 300 ships, and Tosti 2 submitted to him and became his vassal [him to beah 7 his man wearth]; and they both went up the Humber until they reached York. And there Earl Edwin 33 and Morcar 3 his brother fought against them; but the Norwegians had the victory. Harold 3, king of the English, was informed that things had gone thus; and the fight was on the Vigil of St Matthew.

MS E: Harald 5, the Norse king, met him with 300 ships, and Tosti 2 submitted to him; and they both went up the Humber until they reached York. And Earl Morcar 3 and Earl Edwin 33 fought against them, and the Norse king had the victory.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1068; E 1069   MS D: Three sons of King Swein 5 came from Denmark with 240 ships into the Humber, together with Earl Osbeorn 3 and Earl Thorkil 1. And there came to meet them Edgar 14 Cild and Earl Waltheof 2 and Męrleswein 1 and Earl Gospatric 1 with the Northumbrians and all the people, riding and marching with an immense army rejoicing exceedingly; and so they all went resolutely to York, and stormed and raised the castle and captured an incalculable treasure in it, and killed many hundreds of Frenchmen and took many with them to the ships. And before the shipmen got there the Frenchmen had burned the city, and had also thoroughly ravaged and burnt the holy minster of St Peter. When the king found out about this, he went northwards with all his army that he could collect, and utterly ravaged and laid waste that shire. And the fleet lay all the winter in the Humber where the king could not get them. And the king was in York on Christmas day, and so was in the country all the winter. And he came to Winchester that same Easter.

MS E: Then between the two feasts of St Mary they – that is the sons of King Swein 5 and his brother Earl Osbeorn 3 – came from the east from Denmark with 300 ships. And then Earl Waltheof 2 went out, and he and the atheling Edgar 14 and many hundreds of men with them came and met the fleet in the Humber, and went to York and landed and won the castles, and killed many hundreds of men and took a large amount of treasure on board ship, and kept the chief men in bonds, and lay between the Ouse and the Trent all that winter. And King William 1 went into the shire and ruined it completely.
Event Anon.LiberEliensis  I.13   Ęthelthryth 2, Sewara 1 and Sewenna 1, fleeing from King Ecgfrith 4, crossed the Humber and arrived at Winteringham and then proceeded to Alftham where she built a church. Stopping one day she fell asleep and woke to find that her staff had taken root and sprouted leaves. That place became known as Ędeledrethestowe.
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  II.Prologue   Who will write that Humber, vast and swollen with raging seas, where namesake kings [Harold 3 and Harold 5] had fought, has dyed the ocean waves for miles around with Viking gore? Report feels shame at such a crime. This murderous page will hardly please the queen their [Harold 3 and Tosti 2's] sister [Eadgyth 3].
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.1.3   [Theodore 1], as Bede 1 tells us, was sent by the pope, and was the first of all the bishops at Canterbury who exercised episcopal power over all Britain. For example, he removed and installed bishops on both sides of the Humber as he pleased. At York itself, according to Bede 1, he consecrated the bishops of other cities, and as we read in the Life of St Wilfrid 2, he drove out, for good reason or by brute force, Chad 1 and Wilfrid 2 himself, bishops of the place.
Office EMC Coin  2001.1111 (Ęthelstan (no further details)) Ragnald 5 held office of Moneyer for Ęthelstan 18
RecordedNames EMC Coin  2001.1111 (Ęthelstan (no further details)) Ragnald 5
Office EMC Coin  2001.1111 (Ęthelstan (no further details)) Ęthelstan 18 held office of King