Location: Oxford / Oxfordshire

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event ASC  911 A, <912> B, 912 CDG   Edward 2 acceded to London and Oxford and to all those lands which belonged to them.
Event ASC (MR)  [924] B, 924 CD   Very soon [D adds: 16 days] after Ælfweard 4 departed at Oxford.
Event ASC (DEF)  910 DE   Edward 2 acceded to London, Oxford and all the lands belonging to them.
Event ASC (C-F)  1015 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   There [sc. at the meeting in Oxford] Eadric 35 betrayed Sigefrith 21 and Morcar 2.
Event ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   The dwellers in the burh [sc. at Oxford] (Anonymi 2273) gave hostages (Anonymi 2274) [to Swein 1].
Event ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE)   The dwellers in the burh [sc. at Oxford] (Anonymi 2273) immediately submitted [to Swein 1].
Event ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   [Swein 1] then went to Oxford.
Event ASC (C-F)  1009 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   They [sc. Anonymi 2242] burned the burh [at Oxford].
Event ASC (C-F)  1009 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   After midwinter they [sc. Anonymi 2242] made a foray through the Chilterns to Oxford.
Event ASC (C-F)  1018 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   The Danes (Anonymi 2334) and the English (Anonymi 2335) made an agreement [F(Lat.) has: made peace] at Oxford [D adds: according to Edgar 11's law].
Status ASC (C-F)  1013 CDE Anonymi 2273 held status of Burhwara / Burhwara
Status ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE) Anonymi 2274 held status of Hostage / Hostage
Status ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.) Anonymi 2274 held status of Hostage / Hostage
Status ASC (C-F)  1013 CDEF(OE) Anonymi 2276 held status of Hostage / Hostage
Status ASC (C-F)  1013 F(Lat.) Anonymi 2276 held status of Hostage / Hostage
Event ASC (C-F)  1036 E   Immediately after the death [of Cnut 3] there was a meeting of all the counsellors (Anonymi 2361) at Oxford.
Office S883    Wynnsige 22 held office of Praepositus (praepositus of Oxford)
Transaction S964      King Cnut 3 to Abingdon 1 Abbey; grant of 2 hides (manentes) at Lyford, Berks., and of St Martin's monasteriolum with adjacent prediolum in Oxford
Transaction S1467      King Harold 5 Harefoot to Canterbury, Christ Church 1; restoration of Sandwich, Kent.
Event S1467      Account of the restoration of Sandwich to Christ Church, Canterbury, by King Harold 5, and of a dispute between Christ Church and St Augustine's, Canterbury, concerning Sandwich.
Event Cnut.Proc1020      King Cnut 3 to his archbishops and his diocesan bishops and Eorl Thorkell 1 and all his eorls and all his subjects in England, nobles and commoners, ecclesiastics and laymen.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1065; E 1064   MS C: And then after Michaelmas all the thegns of Yorkshire (Anonymi 10016) went to York and killed there all Tosti 2’s housecarls (Anonymi 10017) that they could find and took his treasure. And Tosti 2 was then at Britford with the king. And very soon after this there was a big council meeting at Northampton, and likewise one at Oxford on the feast of St Simon and St Jude [28 October]. And Earl Harold 3 was there and wanted to bring about an agreement between them if he could. But he could not. But all Tosti 2’s earldom unanimously deserted him, and outlawed him, and all those with him who had committed lawless deeds; because first he robbed God, and all those who were less powerful than himself he deprived of life and land. And they adopted Morcar 3 as their earl, and Tosti 2 went overseas and his wife [Judith 2] with him to Baldwin 4’s country, and took up winter quarters at St Omer.

MS DE: (MS D) And soon after this all the thegns in Yorkshire and in Northumberland ... / (MS E) In this year the men of Northumbria ... (MSS DE) ... came together and outlawed their Earl Tosti 2 and killed his hiredmen, and all they could get at, both English and Danish, and took all his weapons in York, and gold and silver and all his treasure they could hear about anywhere. And they sent for Morcar 3, son of Earl Ælfgar 46, and chose him as their earl, and he went south with all the people of the shire, and of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, and Lincolnshire until he came to Northampton. And his brother Edwin 33 came to meet him with the men that were in his earldom, and also many Welsh came with him. Thereupon Earl Harold 3 came to meet them, and they entrusted him with a message to King Edward 15, and also sent messengers with him, and asked that they might be allowed to have Morcar 3 as their earl. And the king granted this and sent Harold 3 back to them at Northampton on the eve of St Simon and St Jude [28 December]. And he proclaimed this to them and gave them surety for it, and he renewed there the law of King Cnut 3. And the northern men did much damage round Northampton while he was gone on their errand, in that they killed people and burned houses and corn and took all the cattle that they could get at – which was many thousands – and captured many hundreds of people and took them north with them, so that that shire and other neighbouring shires were the worse for it for many years. And Earl Tosti 2 and his wife [Judith 2] and all those who wanted what he wanted went south overseas to Count Baldwin 4, and he received them all and there they remained all the winter.
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.7   In 1065 Tosti 2 was at the king [Edward 15's] court, dealing with some palace business which had been put on him. Meanwhile, a party of nobles, whom Tosti 2 had repressed with the heavy yoke of his rule because of their misdeeds, conspired against him. The broke into his house, killed those of his knights who were surprised and could not get away, and finally with fire and sword laid waste all his possessions. To give them authority for their savage rashness, they made the younger son of Earl Ælfgar 46 [Morcar 3] their leader and lord, and invited his elder brother [Edwin 33] to join their mad conspiracy, for there was ill will from long-standing rivalry between these boys of royal stock and Earl Tosti 2. Anyone put on the list by any member of that band out of personal enmity was ordered to be killed either by open force or in ambush. Many were slaughtered in the cities of York and Lincoln, in the streets, on water, in woods, and on roads. Whosoever could be identified as having been at some time a member of Tosti 2's household was dragged to the torments of death without trial. The rebels gathered together in an immense body, and, having passed some distance beyond the boundary of the Middle Angles, they came in hostile array to Oxford town. King Edward 15 sent them through messengers goodly orders, to desist from the madness they had begun and receive right and justice for every injury which they could prove against him. But they rejected the conciliatory message, and replied to the king that either he should straightaway dismiss that earl [Tosti 2] of his from his person and the whole kingdom, or he himself would be treated as an enemy and have all them as enemies. And when the most gracious king had a second and third time though messengers tried to turn them from their mad purpose, and failed, he moved from the forests, in which he was as usual staying for the sake of hunting, to Britford, a royal manor near the royal town of Wilton. And when he had summoned the magnates from all over the kingdom, he took counsel there on what was to be done. Not a few charged that glorious earl with being too cruel; and he was accused of punishing disturbers more of desire of their property which would be confiscated than for the love of justice. It was also said, if it be worthy of credence, that they had undertaken this madness against their earl at the artful persuasion of his brother, Earl Harold 3. Earl Tosti 2, publicly testifying before the king and his assembled courtiers, charged him with this; but Harold 3, rather too generous with oaths, cleared this charge too with oaths. When the rebels, after many negotiations with the king through messengers, would not agree, but rather raged more furiously, Edward 15 stirred up the whole population of the rest of England by a royal edict and decided to crush them by force. But because of changeable weather was already setting in from hard winter, it was not easy to raise a sufficient number of troops. Seeing this, Edward 15 fell ill with a sickness of the mind.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.178.1-4   Frithuswith 1 rejected the attentions of a king [Anonymous 10088], for she vowed her virginity to Christ. Her suitor was set on marriage, and, after wasting prayers and blandishments on the empty air, he resolved to use force. Learning this, Frithuswith 1 took refuge in a forest. But she could not remain hidden from her admirer, and he was not so indolent as to fail to go in pursuit of the fugitive. So yet again the girl took to obscure paths and came at dead of night into Oxford. Her attentive lover arrived there in the morning, and the girl, now with no hope to escape and in any case too tired to go on, prayed to God to help her and punish her lover. He was just coming up to the city gates with his company when bolt from heaven blinded him. He realized he was at fault for his obstinate pursuit, sent messengers to ask Frithuswith 1's forgiveness, and recovered his sight as quickly as he had lost it. It was at Oxford that his woman founded a monastery, and, when her time came, was summoned to death by her Bridegroom. Under King Æthelred 32 some Danes who had been condemned to death took refuge in the monastery, and were burned up, together with the buildings. But the king soon repented; he had the shrine cleansed, the monastery restored, old lands returned, and new estates added.
Office S1425    Godwine 72 held office of Praepositus
Event NorthernAnnals.SecondSet  82   In 910 the English and the Danes fought at Tettenhall. King Edward 2 took London and Oxford and what belonged to it.
Event RestingPlaces  II.46   St Frithuswith 1 rests in Oxford.
Office EMC Coin  1999.0153 (N 240 (Abp Wulfred Group II transitional monogram)) Sæbeorht 2 held office of Moneyer for Wulfred 6
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1999.0153 (N 240 (Abp Wulfred Group II transitional monogram)) Sæbeorht 2
Office EMC Coin  1999.0153 (N 240 (Abp Wulfred Group II transitional monogram)) Wulfred 6 held office of Archbishop
Possession GDB  157 (Oxfordshire 14:1) Oxford, St Frideswide's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  158 (Oxfordshire 28:8) Robert 51 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 42 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  157 (Oxfordshire 14:1) Oxford, St Frideswide's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4 hides in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwine 10 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Sæweald 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Segrim 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwig 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Swetmann 3 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Swetmann 3 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Godric 56 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Guthrun 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Wulfmær 31 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Godwine 84 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Swetmann 3 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Deorwynn 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwine 10 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Leofric 79 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Wulfric 85 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwig 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alweard 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwine 10 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Beorhtræd 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: .5 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Deormann 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: .5 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Ælfgifu 27 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Leofgifu 4 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Swetmann 3 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Sæwig 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Smeawine 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Goldwine 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Eadgyth 13 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Segrim 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Segrim 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Deormann 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Æthelric 96 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Leofgifu 4 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.5 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Hearding 5 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 4.5 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Eadric 84 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Alwine 10 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 5 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Wulfwig 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Coleman 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Oxford, St Frideswide's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Oxford, St Frideswide's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 15 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Eynsham, St Mary's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 13 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B9) Edward 34 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B9) Walter 18 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 17 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Oxford, St Michael's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B10) Oxford, St Michael's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Stow, St Mary's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 13 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Baldwin 5 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Bury, St Edmund's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Ordric 4 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 14 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Abingdon, St Mary's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 14 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Reginald 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 14 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Abingdon, St Mary's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 14 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Bury, St Edmund's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Baldwin 5 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Hereford, St Mary and St Æthelbert's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Richard 18 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Hereford, St Mary and St Æthelbert's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Walter 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 3 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Lincoln, St Mary's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Dorchester-on-Thames 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Wulfwig 10 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 30 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Winchester, St Swithun 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Winchester, St Swithun 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Stigand 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 9 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Canterbury, Christ Church 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Canterbury, Christ Church 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B8) Stigand 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 7 urban tenements in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B1) William 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  154 (Oxfordshire B1) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Oxford, Oxfordshire (in 1066)
Office EMC Coin  1009.0322 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Hereric 3 held office of Moneyer for Æthelstan 18
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1009.0322 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Hereric 3
Office EMC Coin  1009.0322 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Æthelstan 18 held office of King
Office EMC Coin  2000.0023 (N 752 (Reform portrait)) Deorwulf 11 held office of Moneyer for Edgar 11
RecordedNames EMC Coin  2000.0023 (N 752 (Reform portrait)) Deorwulf 11
Office EMC Coin  2000.0023 (N 752 (Reform portrait)) Edgar 11 held office of King
RecordedNames EMC Coin  2000.0023 (N 752 (Reform portrait)) Edgar 11
Office EMC Coin  1009.032 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Abba 11 held office of Moneyer for Æthelstan 18
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1009.032 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Abba 11
Office EMC Coin  1009.032 (N 668 (Two-Line (H): HT 1)) Æthelstan 18 held office of King
Office EMC Coin  1967.8453 (N 766 (First Hand) (Hild. B1)) Æthelred 32 held office of King
Office EMC Coin  1009.0333 (N 672 (Circumscription Cross, with mint)) Æthelstan 18 held office of King
Office EMC Coin  1974.0003 (Edward the Confessor, Pacx type (no further details, N 813/N 814)) Edward 15 held office of King
Office EMC Coin  1009.031 (N 651 (Portrait)) Edward 2 held office of King
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1987.0149 (N 803 (Harold I, Fleur-de-lis, fleur reverse)) Harold 5
Office EMC Coin  1987.0149 (N 803 (Harold I, Fleur-de-lis, fleur reverse)) Harold 5 held office of King
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1987.0149 (N 803 (Harold I, Fleur-de-lis, fleur reverse)) Wulfwine 56
Office EMC Coin  1987.0149 (N 803 (Harold I, Fleur-de-lis, fleur reverse)) Wulfwine 56 held office of Moneyer for Harold 5