Location: Durham / Durham

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1056 Æthelwine 40 held office of Bishop
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1056 Æthelric 51 held office of Bishop
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  DE 1068   MS D: In this year King William 1 gave Earl Robert 6 the aldermanry of Northumberland; but the local people surrounded him in the city of Durham and killed him and 900 men with him. And soon after that the atheling Edgar 14 came to York with all the Northumbrians, and the citizens made peace with him. And King William 1 came on them by surprise from the south with an overwhelming army and routed them, and killed those who could not escape, which was many hundreds of men, and ravaged the city, and made St Peter’s minster an object of scorn, and ravaged and humiliated all the others. And the atheling went back to Scotland.

MS E: In this year King William 1 gave Earl Robert 6 the earldom of Northumberland. Then the local people came against him and killed him and 900 men with him. And the atheling Edgar 14 came then with all the Northumbrians to York, and the citizens made peace with him. And King William 1 came from the south with all his army and ravaged the city, and killed many hundreds of men. And the atheling went back to Scotland.
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1073; E 1072 Æthelric 51 held office of Bishop
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1075; E 1074   MS D: In this year King William 1 went overseas to Normandy. And Edgar 14 Cild came from Flanders into Scotland on St Grimbald’s day. And King Malcolm 5 and Edgar 14’s sister, Margaret 1, received him with great honour. At the same time the king of France, Philip 1, sent a letter to him and ordered him to come to him, saying he would give him the castle of Montreuil so that he could do daily harm to those who were not his friends. So now King Malcolm 5 and Edgar 14’s sister, Margaret 1, gave him and all his men great gifts and many treasures consisting of skins covered with purple cloth, and robes of marten’s skin and of grey fur and ermine, and costly robes and golden vessels and silver, and led him and all his naval force out of his jurisdiction with great honour. But on the journey it turned out badly for them when they were out at sea, in that they met very rough weather, and the raging sea and the strong wind cast them ashore so that all their ships foundered and they themselves got to land with difficulty and their treasure was nearly all lost. And some of his men were captured by the French, but he and his fittest men went back to Scotland, some walking miserably on foot, and some riding wretchedly. Then King Malcolm 5 advised him to send overseas to King William 1 and ask for his protection, and he did so; and the king granted it to him and sent for him. And again King Malcolm 5 and Edgar 14’s sister gave him and all his men immense treasure, and again very honourably sent him out of their jurisdiction. And the sheriff of York came to meet them at Durham and went all the way with them and had them provided with food and fodder at every castle they came to, until they got overseas to the king. And King William 1 received him with great honour and he stayed at court and received such dues as were appointed him.

MS E: In this year King William 1 went overseas to Normandy. And Edgar 14 Cild came from Scotland to Normandy, and the king reversed his outlawry and that of all his men. And he was in the king’s court and received such dues as the king granted him.
Event Anon.LiberEliensis  I.9   Æthelthryth 2 advanced into her grace and favour a man distinguished by the glory of his life of sanctity, the most blessed hermit Cuthbert 1, when, in point of fact, he was not yet a bishop, and she supplied him with much assistance from out of the abundance of her private resources. Being skilled in handiwork, Æthelthryth 2 made with her own hands, but the technique of gold-embroidery, an outstanding and famous piece of work, namely a stole and maniple of matching materials of gold and precious stones, and she sent this work to be offered to Cuthbert 1 as a blessing in recognition of a deep-seated affection.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.82.5-6   Ælfwald 68 was a warm devotee of St Cuthbert 1, and once he set off for Durham to visit the saint.
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.130.5 Edmund 26 held office of Bishop
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.130.6-7   On the death of Bishop Ealdhun 6 the clerics discussed the choice of their future ruler, and Edmund 26 said in his usual joking manner: 'Take me and make me bishop'. They all, as if God had inspired them, snatched the words out of his mouth. Aghast and repenting what he had said, he was made monk; then they asked Cnut 3 [other manuscript says Æthelred 32, which is wrong], who was king at that time, to make him bishop. Under Edmund 26's rule the church's prosperity was much advanced. The holy body [of Cuthbert 1] was taken to Durham.
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.131 Æthelric 51 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.131 Æthelwine 40 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.132.1 William 15 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.132.1 William 15 held office of Dux
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.132   William 15 was both earl and bishop of the province [of Northumbria]. He put his kinsman Gilbert 1 in charge of his external affairs, and a cleric, Leobwine 1, of his domestic. They both acted energetically in their posts, though they showed no restraint. This Leobwine 1 brought about, through Gilbert 1, the killing of Ligwulf 1, the devout servant of St Cuthbert 1, so loved by him that the saint would stand by him in person while he was awake and tell him to carry out his will. Leobwine 1's motive was envy; he felt that Ligwulf 1 had a bigger share in the bishop's affections because he was so knowledgeable and fair in judgement. Under the impact of these news, William 15 met the rage of the relatives [Anonymi 10050] with the offer of a legal case, asserting forcibly that Leobwine 1 was his murderer and his people's murderer. When the case came up, the family in their fury would not listen to reason, but put the blame on the bishop, saying that they had seen both murderers making themselves at home in his court after Ligwulf 1's death. Shouting and angry scenes ensued, and when Gilbert 1 chose to go out of the church, where he had been seated with the bishop, to try to purchase his master's life at the risk of his own, he was ruthlessly killed. The bishop was too sent to his death as he stood at the doors displaying the olive branch of peace. Leobwine 1, who had supplied the tinder for the calamity, shot out of the church half-charred, for he insisted on staying inside the church until it was on fire, only to be received on a thousand sword points. The even had been foretold by Queen Eadgyth 3, widow of King Edward 15. Seeing William 15 in Winchester being led to his consecration, tall, white-haired, and rosy of cheek, she said: 'Here we have a pretty martyr'. Her prophecy rested on an inference from the violent character of the Northumbrians. Such was the end of William 15, a modest and educated man. He imposed a clerical rule on the canons, who had been used to serving as monks, having always had a monk as bishop.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.134.4-5   In Durham the elevation of holy bodies took place: the body of St Cuthbert 1 was found incorrupt; all the clothes shone as though new. On the breast was a chalice, the upper part of gold, the lower of onyx. The head of Oswald 1 king and martyr was found between the arms. The bones of the saints Bede 1 and King Ceolwulf 3, who had been monk and saint at Lindisfarne, were discovered in separate linen bags.
Event SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  1(215-6)   During the reign of Æthelred 32 Malcolm 2 arrived with the entire military force of Scotland, devastated Northumbria and laid siege to Durham. At this time bishop Ealdhun 6 held the government there, for Waltheof 4, earl of Northumbria, had shut himself up in Bamburgh. His son Uchtred 2, a youth of great energy and well skilled in military affairs, collected a considerable number of the men of Northumbria and Yorkshire and defeated the Scots. The king himself and a few other escaped with difficulties. Uchtred 2 commanded to have the best-looking heads of the slain carried to Durham, washed by four women [Anonymi 10054] (to each of whom he gave a cow for her trouble) and placed around the city wall on stakes.
Office SymeonofDurham.DeObsessioneDunelmi  1(215) Ealdhun 6 held office of Bishop
Event RestingPlaces  II.4   Cuthbert 1 rests in a place called Ubbanford by the river Tweed [the other version reads: in Dunholm (Durham)].