Location: Gloucester / Gloucestershire

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event S74      Æthelred 2, king of Mercians, to the church of Gloucester, St Peter's 1; grant of privileges
Transaction S70      Æthelred 2, king of Mercians, to Osric 2 grant of 300 hides (tributarii) at Gloucester, Gloucs. for the foundation of a minster
Transaction S74      Æthelred 2, king of the Mercians, to the church of Gloucester, St Peter's 1; grant of privileges as they were in Osric 2's day
Transaction S209      Burgred 5, king of the Mercians, to the church of Gloucester, St Peter's 1; confirmation of privileges
Event ASC (MR)  [918] B, 918 CD   Her [sc. Æthelflæd 4's] body lay within Gloucester in the east porticus of St Peter's church.
Event ASC  940 ACDF(OE and Lat.), <940> B, 941 G   Æthelstan 18 passed away [D: in Gloucester] [ABCDF(Lat.)G: on 27 October, 40 years but a day after Alfred 8 passed away].
Event S1441      Record of an agreement between Wærfrith 6, bishop of Worcester, and Æthelwald 31 concerning woodland at Woodchester, Bisley, Avening, Gloucs.; and at Scorranstone (? Sherston, Wilts.) and Thornbyrig (? Thornbury, Gloucs.) and swine-pasture at Longridge, Gloucs
Event ASC (C-F)  1016 CDEF(OE and Lat.)   Cnut 3 went inland with his here (Anonymi 2297) to Gloucestershire [F(Lat.) has: Gloucester], where he had learned Edmund 24 was.
Office ASC (C-F)  1038 F(Lat.) Leofing 4 held office of Bishop (Bishop of the church of Worcester and Gloucester)
Transaction S731      King Edgar 11 to Worcester, St Mary's 1 Abbey; grant of privileges for land at Cropthorne, Overbury, Pendock, Worcs.; Teddington, Gloucs.; Mitton in Bredon, Sedgeberrow, Worcs.; Northwick in Blockley, Evenlode, Daylesford, Dorn in Batsford, Icomb, Gloucs.; Shipston-on-Stour, Blackwell in Tredington, Warwicks.; Grimley, Little Witley, Knightwick, Hallow, Harvington, Bredon, Worcs.; Blockley, Gloucs.; Tredington, Warwicks; together with the creation of the triple Hundred of Oswaldslow
Event S731      King Edgar 11 to Worcester, St Mary’s Abbey; grant of privileges for land at Cropthorne, Overbury, Pendock, Worcs.; Teddington, Gloucs.; Mitton in Bredon, Sedgeberrow, Worcs.; Northwick in Blockley, Evenlode, Daylesford, Dorn in Batsford, Icomb, Gloucs.; Shipston-on-Stour, Blackwell in Tredington, Warwicks.; Grimley, Little Witley, Knightwick, Hallow, Harvington, Bredon, Worcs.; Blockley, Gloucs.; Tredington, Warwicks; together with the creation of the triple Hundred of Oswaldslow
Event Æthelweard.Chron  iv.4 (pp. 53-4)   The body of [Æthelflæd 4] was buried in the citadel of Gloucester.
Event Æthelweard.Chron  iv.4 (p. 53)   Æthelred 1 was buried in peace in the citadel called Gloucester.
Event Æthelweard.Chron  iv.3 (p. 42)   In a complex attack Anonymi 2507 made a settlement in the town called Gloucester.
Office S1424    Eadric 45 held office of Abbot (abbot of St Peter's, Gloucester)
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1043   MS D: A fortnight before St Andrew’s day, the king was advised to ride from Gloucester, together with Earl Leofric 49 and Earl Godwine 51 and Earl Siweard 11 and their retinue to Winchester. And they came unexpectedly upon the lady [i.e. Ælfgifu Emma 2], and deprived her of all the treasures which she owned, and which were beyond counting, because she had formerly been very hard to the king, her son, in that she did less for him than he wished both before he became king and afterwards as well. And they allowed her to stay there afterwards.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1052   Eustace 1, who had married King Edward 15’s sister [Gode 2], landed at Dover. Then his men [Anonymi 10005] went foolishly looking for billets and killed a certain man of the town [Anonymous 10016], and another of the townsmen [Anonymous 10017] [killed] their comrades, so that 7 of his comrades [gefera] [Anonymi 10006] were struck down. And great damage was done on either side with horses and with weapons until the people assembled, and then Eustace 1’s men fled to the king at Gloucester, who granted them protection.

Then Earl Godwine 51 was indignant that such things should happen in his earldom, and he began to gather his people from all over his earldom, and Earl Swein 3 his son did the same over all his, and Harold 3 his other son over all his. And they all assembled in Gloucestershire at Langtree, a great and innumerable force all ready to do battle against the king unless Eustace 1 were surrendered and his men handed over to them, as well as the Frenchmen [Anonymi 10007] who were in the castle. This was done a week before the feast of St Mary [8 September].

King Edward 15 was then residing at Gloucester. He sent for Earl Leofric 49, and to the north for Earl Siweard 11, and asked for their troops. And they came to him at first with a small force, but after they had understood how things were in the south, they sent north throughout all their earldoms and had a great army [fyrd] called out for the help of their lord [hlaford], and Ralph 1 [John of Worcester says: son of Gode 2, King Edward 15’s sister] did the same throughout his earldom; and they all came to Gloucester to the help of the king, though it was late. They were all so much in agreement with the king that they were willing to attack the army of Godwine 51 if the king had wished them to do so.

Then some of them thought it would be a great piece of folly if they joined battle, for in the two hosts there was most of what was noblest in England, and they considered that they would be opening a way for our enemies to enter the country and to cause great ruin among ourselves. They advised the exchange of hostages, and they issued summonses for a meeting at London; the folk throughout all this northern province, in Siweard 11’s earldom and Leofric 49’s and elsewhere, were ordered to go there. And Earl Godwine 51 and his sons were to come there to defend themselves. Then they came to Southwark, and a great number of them from Wessex, but his force dwindled more and more as time passed. And all the thegns [Anonymi 10008] of Earl Harold 3 his son were transferred to the king’s allegiance, and Earl Swein 3 his other son was outlawed. Then it did not suit him to come to defend himself against the king and against the force that was with the king.

Then Godwine 51 went away by night, and next morning the king held a meeting of his council and he and all the army declared him an outlaw, and all his sons with him. And he went south to Thorney and so did his wife [Gytha 1] and his sons Swein 3 and Tosti 2, with his wife [Judith 2] who was a kinswoman [mage] of Baldwin 4 of Bruges [Baldwines æt Brycge], and his son Gyrth 1. And Earl Harold 3 and Leofwine 69 went to Bristol to the ship which Earl Swein 3 had equipped and provisioned for himself. And the king sent Bishop Ealdred 37 from London with a force, and they were to intercept him before he got on board, but they could not – or would not. And he went out from the estuary of the Avon, and had such stiff weather that he escaped with difficulty, and he suffered great losses there. He continued his course to Ireland when sailing weather came. And Godwine 51 and those who were with him went from Thorney to Bruges, to Baldwin 4’s country, in one ship with as much treasure for each person as they could stow away. It would have seemed remarkable to everyone in England if anybody had told them that it could happen, because he had been exalted so high, even to the point of ruling the king and all England, and his sons were earls and the king’s favourites [dyrlingas], and his daughter [Eadgyth 3] was married to the king. She was brought to Wherwell and they entrusted her to the abbess [Anonymous 10018].

Then forthwith Earl William 1 came from overseas with a great force [werod] of Frenchmen, and the king received him and as many of his companions [gefera] as suited him, and let him go again.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1055   MS C: There was a council at London, and Earl Ælfgar 46, son of Earl Leofric 49, was outlawed without any guilt; and he then went to Ireland and there got himself a fleet – it was 18 ships apart from his own – and then they went to Wales to King Gruffudd 1 [ap Llewelyn] with that force, and he took him into his protection. And then they gathered a large force with the Irishmen and with the Welsh, and Earl Ralph 1 gathered a large force against them at Hereford town, and there battle was joined. But before any spear was thrown the English army fled because they were on horseback, and many were killed there – about four or five hundred men – and they killed none in return. And then they went back to the town and burnt it with the glorious minster which Æthelstan 64 the venerable bishop had had built. They stripped and robbed it of relics and vestments and everything, and killed the people and some they carried off. Then a force was collected from very nearly all over England, and they came to Gloucester, and went a little way out into Wales, and stayed there for some time. And Earl Harold 3 had a ditch made about the town during that time. Then meanwhile peace was discussed and Earl Harold 3 and those who were with him came to Billingsley and there confirmed peace and friendship between them. And Ælfgar 46 was reinstated and given all that had been taken from him, and the fleet went to Chester and there waited for their pay which Earl Ælfgar 46 promised them. This slaughter was on 24 October.

MS D: Earl Ælfgar 46, Earl Leofric 49’s son, was outlawed, having committed hardly any crime. But he went to Ireland and Wales and got himself a large force and so came to Hereford. But Earl Ralph 1 came against him with a large force, but after a little struggle this was put to flight and many people killed in the flight. The invaders then went to Hereford town and ravaged it, and burnt the glorious minster which Bishop Æthelstan 64 had built, and killed the priests inside the minster and many others as well, and captured all the treasures and took them away. And when they had done the greatest damage, it was decided to reinstate Earl Ælfgar 46 and give him his earldom, and all that had been taken from him. This devastation happened on 24 October.

MS E: Earl Ælfgar 46 was outlawed because he was charged with being a traitor to the king and to all the people of the country. And he admitted this before all the people who were assembled there, though the words escaped him against his will. ... and Earl Ælfgar 46 sought the protection of Gruffudd 1 in Wales; and in this year Gruffudd 1 and Ælfgar 46 burned down St Æthelberht’s minster and all the city of Hereford.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  D 1058   Bishop Ealdred 37 consecrated the monastic church at Gloucester that he himself brought to completion to the glory of God and of St Peter.
Event ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  DE 1063   MS D: In this year after Christmas Earl Harold 3 went from Gloucester to Rhuddlan, which belonged to Gruffudd 1, and there he burnt the residence and the ships and all the equipment which belonged to them; and he put him to flight. And then at Rogationtide Harold 3 went with ships from Bristol round Wales, and that people made peace and gave hostages. And Tosti 2 went against them with a large land force and they subdued the country. But in the same year in autumn King Gruffudd 1 was killed on 5 August by his own men because of the fight he fought against Earl Harold 3. He was king over all the Welsh, and his head was brought to Earl Harold 3, and Harold 3 brought it to the king, and the figurehead of his ship and the ornaments with it. And King Edward 15 entrusted the country to the two brothers of Gruffudd 1, Bleddyn 1 and Rhiwallon 1, and they swore oaths and gave hostages to the king and earl, promising that they would be faithful to him in everything, and be everywhere ready on water and on land, and likewise would pay such dues from that country as had been given before to any other king.

MS E: In this year Earl Harold 3 and his brother Earl Tosti 2 went into Wales with both a land force and a naval force and subdued the country. And that people gave hostages and surrendered, and then went out and killed their king, Gruffudd 1, and brought his head to Harold 3, who appointed another king for them.
Event Anon.VitaEdwardiRegis  I.3   Edward 15 believed the accusations of Robert 5 against Godwine 51, and all the nobles and earls from the whole of Britain assembled in the royal palace of Gloucester; and there, after Edward 15 had complained of all these things, he guiltless earl [Godwine 51] was formally charged with [killing of Alfred 54 and plotting against the king's life]. Godwine 51 asked through messengers for the king's peace, and offered to purge himself by ordeal of the crime with which he had been charged. Edward 15 refused. Gathered there were Siweard 11, Earl Leofric 49, and Ælfgar 46. And after they had all struggled in vain to get the foul charge put to the ordeal, the royal court moved from that palace to London. The earl [Godwine 51] too, guiltless and trusting in his conscience, which was for ever clear of such a crime, approached it with his men from the other side, and took up position outside the walls of that city on the River Thames, on a manor that belonged to him. From here he again sent messengers and showed himself in every way ready to satisfy the king in accordance to the law or beyond it. Whereupon by the efforts of Stigand 1, bishop of Winchester, the day of judgment was postponed. Meanwhile Archbishop Robert 5 stood fiercely in the way of the earl, and at length at his instigation there was declared by the king against the earl this insoluble judgment: that he could hope for the king's peace only when Godwine 51 gave him back his brother [Alfred 54] alive together with all his men and all their possessions.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.155.3   In Gloucester at the time of King Alfred 8 his daughter Æthelflæd 4 and her husband Æthelred 1 had built a well-provisioned monastery on which no expense was spared; and they had transferred there from Bardney the remains of King Oswald 1, all Mercia being under their sway.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  v.246.4   Æthelstan 18 died at Gloucester. He was carried to Malmesbury, to be buried there in the tower beneath the altar of St Mary.
Office Hemming.Codicellus  259 Wulfstan 60 held office of Abbot
Office TRW Non-royal charters/Wells2    Serlo 1 held office of Abbot
Event RestingPlaces  II.5   St king Oswald 1's head is buried with St Cuthbert 1, his right arm is in Bebbanburg (Bamburgh), and the rest of the body is in the new monastery in Gloucester.
Office EMC Coin  1977.8404 (N 649 (Two-Line)) Rægenulf 5 held office of Moneyer for Edward 2
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1977.8404 (N 649 (Two-Line)) Rægenulf 5
Office EMC Coin  1977.8404 (N 649 (Two-Line)) Edward 2 held office of King
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1977.8404 (N 649 (Two-Line)) Edward 2
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:1) William 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:1) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  165v (Gloucestershire 10:14) Gloucester, St Peter's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  165v (Gloucestershire 10:14) Gloucester, St Peter's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  165v (Gloucestershire 10:14) Wulfstan 60 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Dunning 3 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Durand 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Durand 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Durand 2 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) William 40 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Exeter, St Peter's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Osbern 19 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) William 40 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 1 urban tenement in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) William 40 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 6 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:4) Edward 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 2 urban tenements in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:3) Exeter, St Peter's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:3) Osbern 19 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:3) Eadmær 15 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  162 (Gloucestershire G:2) Baldwin 14 Property recorded in Domesday Book: [fiscal data not specified] in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (in 1066)
Office EMC Coin  1973.9042 (N 775 (Helmet) (Hild. E)) Leofsige 50 held office of Moneyer for Æthelred 32
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1973.9042 (N 775 (Helmet) (Hild. E)) Leofsige 50
Office EMC Coin  1973.9042 (N 775 (Helmet) (Hild. E)) Æthelred 32 held office of King
RecordedNames EMC Coin  1973.9042 (N 775 (Helmet) (Hild. E)) Æthelred 32
Office EMC Coin  2000.0103 (Edward the Confessor (no further details)) Edward 15 held office of King