Location: Lichfield / Staffordshire

Factoid List

View Factoid Type Source Ref. Primary Person Short Description
Event Stephen.VitWilfridi  15   After being deposed from York, Chad 1 was ordained through all the ecclesiastical degrees as bishop of Lichfield.
Office Stephen.VitWilfridi  15 Chad 1 held office of Bishop
Office Stephen.VitWilfridi  25 Wynnfrith 1 held office of Bishop
Possession Stephen.VitWilfridi  15 Wilfrid 2 A place which had been granted to him [sc. Wilfrid 2] at Lichfield ... suitable as an episcopal see.
Transaction Stephen.VitWilfridi  15   Place at Lichfield
Office Bede.HE  iv.3 Chad 1 held office of Bishop
Event Bede.HE  iv.3   A madman (Anonymous 244), who had been wondering from one place to another, came to Chad 1's burial unregarded by the guardians of the church, and spent the whole night there. The next morning he was healed.
Event Bede.HE  iv.3   Chad 1 was first buried close to the church of St Mary.
Event Bede.HE  iv.3   Chad 1's bones were translated to the church of St Peter.
Event Bede.HE  iv.3   Chad 1 built himself a dwelling-place in which he could read and pray privately with a few other brothers.
Event Bede.HE  iv.3   He died because of a plague and was buried in Lichfield.
Office Bede.HE  v.23 Ealdwine 2 held office of Bishop
Office S66    Chad 1 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office Herewine.ProfEpis.R9  Tit. Herewine 1 held office of Bishop (Bishop of Lichfield)
Office Herewine.ProfEpis.R9    Herewine 1 held office of Bishop-elect (Elect to the episcopal see of the church of Lichfield)
Office Hunberht.ProfEpis.R15  Tit. Humberht 3 held office of Bishop (Bishop of Lichfield)
Office Hunberht.ProfEpis.R15    Humberht 3 held office of Bishop-elect (elected to the episcopal see of the church of Lichfield)
Office Tunberht.ProfEpis.R21  Tit. Tunberht 3 held office of Bishop (Bishop of Lichfield)
Office Tunberht.ProfEpis.R21  2 Tunberht 3 held office of Bishop-elect (elected to the episcopal see of the church of Lichfield)
Office Tunberht.ProfEpis.R21  2 Tunberht 3 held office of Bishop (consecrated to the episcopal see of the church of Lichfield)
Event ASC  716 ADEG, <716/17> B, <717> C   His [sc. Ceolred 1's] body rested at Lichfield.
Office S1431b    Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S1431    Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office S1430a    Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop
Office S1187    Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office S167    Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Event S1431a      Archbishop Æthelheard 13, by the gift of the grace of God, happened to visit the thresholds of the Apostles and Leo 1, the most blessed pope of the apostolic see, about many rights of the churches of God. Among other necessary matters of business he related also the division that had wrongfully been made of the archiepiscopal see; and the apostolic pope, as he heard and understood that it had been done wrongfully, immediately made a decree by the privilege of his authority, and sent to Britain and ordered that the honour of the see of St Augustine 1 should be completely restored with all its dioceses, according as St Gregory 1, the apostle and teacher of our race, had arranged, and should be given back in all things to the honourable Archbishop Æthelheard 13 when he returned to his country; and Cenwulf 3 the pious king of the Mercians, carried this out along with his councillors, in the year of our Lord's incarnation 803, the eleventh indiction, on 12 October.
Office ASC (DEF)  731 DEF(OE and Lat.) Ealdwine 2 held office of Bishop (Bishop of Lichfield)
Office S436    Cynesige 2 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Event ASC  785 ACDEF(OE and Lat.)G, <785> B   Hygeberht 1 was chosen by Offa 7 [as archbishop of Lichfield].
Event ASC (C-F)  1039 C   Bishop Beorhtmær 15 passed away at Lichfield
Office S726    Wynnsige 20 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office George.Ep  p. 28 line 27 Hygeberht 1 held office of Bishop (Bishop of the Church of Lichfield)
Office NewMinster.LiberVitae  Fol 18r.16.ix Ælfheah 36 held office of Bishop (Bishop of the Church of Lichfield)
Office S909    Godwine 28 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S899    Sigefrith 20 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S899    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S892    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S891    Sigefrith 20 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S891    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S887    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S885    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S883    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S879    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S878    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S876    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Office S995    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office S994    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop (bishop of Lichfield)
Office S983    Beorhtmær 15 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Event S1431a      Offa 7, king of the Mercians, presumed in the days of Archbishop Jænberht 1 with very great fraud to divide and cut asunder the honour and unity of the see of St Augustine our father in the city of Canterbury
Office S1380    Ælfheah 45 held office of Bishop (bishop of the church of Lichfield)
Event S1462a      Declaration that Godwine 46, son of Earwig 1, has been cleared of the accusation of unrihtwife brought by Leofgar 3, bishop [of Lichfield].
Office S1000    Wulfsige 56
Office S1001    Wulfsige 56
Office S1002    Wulfsige 56
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CDE 1053 Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1053 Leofwine 72 held office of Bishop of Lichfield
Office S1007    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office S1006    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office S1008    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office S1009    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office S1012    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office S1055    Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  i.7.2-4   Offa 7 king of the Mercians quarrelled with the people of Kent and tried to rob Jænberht 1 of his primacy. At the same time, in his concern to give the realm of the Mercians the distinction of an archbishopric, he communicated with Pope Hadrian 3 by letters, with which, perhaps, went bribes, and prevailed upon him, against all precedent, to mark out the bishop of Lichfield with a pallium and subordinate to him all the bishops of the Mercians (their names were Deneberht 1 of Worcester, Werenberht 1 of Leicester, Eadwulf 7 of Sidnacester, Wulfheard 5 of Hereford), together with two bishops of the East Angles, Ealhheard 1 of Elmham and Tidfrith 1 of Dunwich. The bishop of Lichfield was also called Ealdwulf 13. (Of the bishoprics some have been moved, like Elmham to Norwich, some merged with others, like Dunwich with Norwich, while some no longer exist, like Leicester and Sidnacester.) But the archbishop of Canterbury retained four bishops, London, Winchester, Rochester, and Selsey. This unsatisfactory situation prevailed throughout the tenure of Jænberht 1, though he spared no expense or trouble to press the rights of his see and stamp on the greed of the usurpers.
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  ii.73.8 Chad 1 held office of Bishop
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.19-23   When Wilfrid 2 discovered that Chad 1 had been appointed to his see, her retired to Ripon for three years, acting as a priest. He was often called in by Wulfhere 1 king of the Mercians, who gave him a site called Lichfield on which to build a cathedral or a monastery. He was honoured with equal generosity by Ecgberht 3 king of Kent; and when Ecgberht 3 summoned him there Wilfrid 2 advanced many of his subjects up the grades of church preferment. One was Putta 1, whom he made a priest (later Theodore 1 promoted him to be bishop of Rochester). When Theodore 1 arrived to England, he saw that the canons had been flouted, and he degraded Chad 1, whose long-suffering touched Wilfrid 2's heard; by his help, Chad 1 was advanced for a second time though all the degrees and installed as bishop of Lichfield. At York Wilfrid 2 repaired and rebuilt a church built long ago by King Edwin 2; he also had a church built in Ripon. To its consecration were invited the brother kings Ecgfrith 4 and Ælfwine 4. For their father Oswiu 1 had died meanwhile, and it was they who endowed the place with vast estates.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.32-101.10   So long as the blessed Æthelthryth 2 shared Ecgfrith 4's bed, she strove to keep Wilfrid 2 on good terms with her husband. But Ecgfrith 4's new wife, Eormenburg 1, stirred up hostility to the bishop on the grounds of his great wealth and influence. On hearing that, Archbishop Theodore 1 took measures against Wilfrid 2. Wilfrid 2 went to the Continent to appeal to the pope. In his absence Æthelred 2, king of the Mercians and Wulfhere 1's brother, began a campaign against the Northumbrians to avenge the injuries done to his brother. He put Ecgfrith 4 to flight, slaying his brother Ælfwine 4. Æthelred 2 then banished Bishop Wynnfrith 1, successor of Chad 1 at Lichfield, because he had favoured Ecgfrith 4. Wynnfrith 1, driven by chance on to the coast of the Gaul, came upon King Theoderic 2 and Ebroin 1 duke of the Franks. They had received instructions from Britain to seize and despoil Bishop Wilfrid 2. Mistaken by the name, they killed Wynnfrith 1's company, Anonymi 337 and took away his property, though they let him get away. Meanwhile, Wilfrid 2 befriended Aldgisl 1 and converted him to Christianity; then he moved to Dagobert 3. Dagobert 3 offered Wilfrid 2 the see of Strasbourg, but the latter put off an answer till he should come back from Rome, and Dagobert 3 sent him freely on his way in the company of bishop Deodatus 1. On their way they encountered Perctarit 1, who first wanted to harm Wilfrid 2, but when he heard the true story he helped Wilfrid 2 to crown his business with success. Finally, he arrived to Rome. There had arrived earlier from Theodore 1 a monk of impeccable devoutness, one Cenwald 1, with written accusations against the bishop. Disturbed by this, Pope Agatho 2 summoned a council of fifty bishops and abbots. Andrew 1 and John 10 were present; John 12 kept the records. The council decided that Wilfrid 2's bishopric should be restored to him. Wilfrid 2 then returned to Britain, obtained audience of Ecgfrith 4 and gave him the papal decree. The king, however, showed no respect for the see of Rome, robbed the bishop of his property and handed him over to a certain reeve Osfrith 2, a man notorious for his cruelty. The court itched to do Wilfrid 2 some injury, and Eormenburg 1 went as far as to seize the bishop’s reliquary from him by force and carried it around, relics and all, on her neck or in her carriage. Osfrith 2 put the bishop into a dark prison, but through its darkness a light burst to shine on Wilfrid 2. The reeve was in fear when he heard about it, but he was even more afraid of Ecgfrith 4. Meanwhile his wife [Æbbe 1] grew very ill, first foaming at the mouth and then becoming paralyzed; Osfrith 2 threw himself at the bishop’s feet, and his wife’s health was restored; he then begged the king not to impose on him the guilt of punishing the innocent bishop. Ecgfrith 4 then passed Wilfrid 2 on to a more cruel man called Tydlin 1, who ordered the bishop to be chained – but the chains kept slipping off Wilfrid 2’s hands. The king and his wife continued to ignore these signs and treated the bishop with scorn and hostility, keeping him under arrest. But one night, on a visit from Ecgfrith 4’s aunt, Abbess Æbbe 2, Eormenburg 1 was seized with the Devil. The abbess understood what had happened and prevailed upon her nephew to restore the blessed man’s reliquary. To restore his spouse’s health, the king had to allow Wilfrid 2 to go free. The queen made a good recovery; later, after her husband’s death, she took the habit and was a religious repented of what she had done.
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.100.37 Wynnfrith 1 held office of Bishop
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iii.104-108   Under the influence of venomous counsels, King Aldfrith 1 stripped the monastery of Ripon of its possessions, and began to think of setting up a bishopric there, following the plans of the middle years of Archbishop Theodore 1, that had so notoriously caused trouble [between Wilfrid 2 and Ecgfrith 4]. Wilfrid 2 took offence, and went off to his friend Æthelred 2 king of the Mercians. When Seaxwulf 1 bishop of Lichfield died he governed that see. But King Aldfrith 1 and Beorhtwald 6, Theodore 1’s successor, thought up many schemes against Wilfrid 2. They lured him to a council, trying to make him renounce his property and bishopric. Wilfrid 2, that time already 70, decided to appeal to Rome and soon made his entrance to the great city. There he wrote a letter to Pope John 17, outlining the essence of the conflict. The accusers sent by Beorhtwald 6 maintained that Wilfrid 2 had refused to obey the decisions of the archbishop. Wilfrid 2 responded that he would only obey the decisions which did not conflict with canon law. This reply satisfied the Romans, and matter was decided in favour of Wilfrid 2, who, being an old man, wanted to stay in Rome and die on the holy city, but Pope John 17 insisted that he was needed in England. So back he went, bringing letters from the pope to Æthelred 2, who was now a monk. Æthelred 2 had no difficulty in obtaining the fulfilment of their instructions from Cenred 2, son of his brother Wulfhere 1, whom he had appointed as his successor. With equal promptness Archbishop Beorhtwald 6, genuinely desiring peace, hastened to be reconciled with Wilfrid 2. Only Aldfrith 1 king of the Northumbrians persevered in obstinacy, but he had not much longer to live, before his death regretting his disregard for the pope’s letter. The letter, addressed to Æthelred 2, cleared Wilfrid 2 before all those persons of great holiness on record who assailed Wilfrid 2 with such deadly hatred: Theodore 1, Beorhtwald 6, John 17, Bosa 1, and abbess Hild 1.
Event WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.Prologue   The kingdom of Mercia was always large, and so was divided into several episcopal sees. The high spirit of King Offa 7, in particular, was responsible for this; and he set up the archbishopric in Lichfield, not because the place was important but because of the pleasantness of this central district.
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Headda 7 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Hwita 1 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Hemele 1 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Cuthfrith 2 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Beorhthun 3 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Hygeberht 1 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Ealdwulf 13 held office of Bishop for Offa 7
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Herewine 1 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Æthelwald 18 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Humberht 3 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Cynefrith 4 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Tunberht 3 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Ælfwine 8 held office of Bishop for Æthelstan 18
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Cynesige 2 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Wulfgar 9 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Wynnsige 20 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Ælfheah 36 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Godwine 28 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Leofwine 72 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Leofgar 3 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Beorhtmær 15 held office of Bishop
Office WilliamofMalmesbury.GestaPontificumAnglorum  iv.172.2 Wulfsige 56 held office of Bishop
Office ASC (C-F) 1042-1087  CD 1053 Leofwine 72 held office of Bishop
Event NorthernAnnals.FirstSet  45   In 765 Hemele 1, bishop of the Mercians, died, in whose stead Cuthfrith 2 was consecrated bishop of Lichfield.
Event RestingPlaces  II.6a   St Chad 1, St Cedd 1 and St Headda 13 are buried in the monastery at Lichfield near river Tame.
Possession GDB  247 (Staffordshire 2:16) Chester, St John's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25.50 hides, 1 virgate in Lichfield, Staffordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  247 (Staffordshire 2:16) Robert 51 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25.50 hides, 1 virgate in Lichfield, Staffordshire (in 1086)
Possession GDB  247 (Staffordshire 2:16) Lichfield, St Chad's 1 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25.50 hides, 1 virgate in Lichfield, Staffordshire (in 1066)
Possession GDB  247 (Staffordshire 2:16) Leofwine 72 Property recorded in Domesday Book: 25.50 hides, 1 virgate in Lichfield, Staffordshire (in 1066)